Mini Quiz Review- Blood Composition

38 Questions  I  By Mnathan21
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Blood Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers

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1.  Hemoglobin allows the blood to carry ____ (#) times more oxygen than if oxygen were dissolved in plasma alone.
2.  The two types of agranulocytes are...
3.  Plasma is made up of about ____(#)% water, ____(#)% proteins and ____(#)% other solutes
4.  This leukocyte is the largest of the WBC's and is an aggressive phagocyte
5.  Many different types of cells and cell fragments that are suspended within the plasma are called what?
6.  This plasma protein is the most abundant protein in blood, is produced in the liver, and helps thicken the blood.
7.  _____________ and ___________ are clotting factors that are necessary for blood coagulation
8.  ___________ is plasma minus its clotting factors, fibrinogen and prothrombin, and is the liquid that remains after blood clotting.
9.  Hemoglobin is bound in RBC's and is of critical importance in the maintenance of ______________
10.  This leukocyte is the second most common WBC, and help protect the body against infection by producing antibodies that attack and destroy cells
11.  _______________ stimulates the production of RBC's by being released into the kidney in response to a decreased oxygen supply
12.  The four plasma proteins found in blood are...(Mnemonic- All Good Friends Play)
13.  These are the smallest of the formed elements and are not whole cells, but cell fragments and are essential to blood coagulation.
14.  This nutrient found in the plasma contains fats, cholesterol, and lipoproteins.
15.  This leukocyte secretes histamine which is released during inflammatory reactions, and produces heparin which is used as a blood anticoagulant to prevent blood clots.
16.  Thrombocytes are...
17.  Red blood cells are also known as...
18.  This nutrient found in the plasma is the principle carbohydrate absorbed by the capillaries of the intestines after digestion. It is stored mainly in the liver as glycogen and released as needed.
19.  The three types of granulocytes are...
20.  White blood cells are also known as...
21.  This leukocyte serves as a weak phagocyte, but protect the body against infection by parasites and parasitic worms
22.  This nutrient found in the plasma is the product of protein digestion absorbed in the intestines
23.  The first major role of hemoglobin is the _______________ ______ _______________
24.  Hemoglobin also carries _______________ ions once oxygen is released and also carries ________________ _________________
25.  The monocytes that enter tissue, enlarge and mature are called....
26.  What are the three main types of formed elements?
27.  Plasma makes up more than how much of total blood volume?
28.  What is the most numerous blood cell?
29.  This leukocyte is the most numerous of the WBC's and protects the body from invading microorganisms by taking them into their own cell bodies and digesting them (phagocytosis)
30.  WBC's are characterized by the presence or absence of _____________ in the cytoplasm when cells are stained.
31.  Blood is what type of connective tissue?
32.  This mature monocyte is highly active in disposing of invaders and foreign material
33.  Mature RBC's lack a nucleus and organelles which provides more cellular space for _____________.
34.  True or False- RBC's have a nucleus, therefore they do not need to be replaced often
35.  The liquid part of blood, or extracellular part, is called what?
36.  This nutrient found in the plasma consists of salts that function to form bone, produce certain hormones and maintain acid-base balance.
37.  This plasma protein is composed of antibodies that help protect against infection
38.  Cells that are "caved in" on both sides so that the central areas are thinner than its edges are what kind of cells?
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