Mini Quiz Review- Blood Composition

38 Questions  I  By Mnathan21
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Blood Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers

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1.  Blood is what type of connective tissue?
2.  The liquid part of blood, or extracellular part, is called what?
3.  Many different types of cells and cell fragments that are suspended within the plasma are called what?
4.  Plasma makes up more than how much of total blood volume?
5.  Plasma is made up of about ____(#)% water, ____(#)% proteins and ____(#)% other solutes
6.  The four plasma proteins found in blood are...(Mnemonic- All Good Friends Play)
7.  This plasma protein is the most abundant protein in blood, is produced in the liver, and helps thicken the blood.
8.  This plasma protein is composed of antibodies that help protect against infection
9.  _____________ and ___________ are clotting factors that are necessary for blood coagulation
10.  ___________ is plasma minus its clotting factors, fibrinogen and prothrombin, and is the liquid that remains after blood clotting.
11.  This nutrient found in the plasma is the principle carbohydrate absorbed by the capillaries of the intestines after digestion. It is stored mainly in the liver as glycogen and released as needed.
12.  This nutrient found in the plasma is the product of protein digestion absorbed in the intestines
13.  This nutrient found in the plasma contains fats, cholesterol, and lipoproteins.
14.  This nutrient found in the plasma consists of salts that function to form bone, produce certain hormones and maintain acid-base balance.
15.  What are the three main types of formed elements?
16.  Red blood cells are also known as...
17.  Cells that are "caved in" on both sides so that the central areas are thinner than its edges are what kind of cells?
18.  Mature RBC's lack a nucleus and organelles which provides more cellular space for _____________.
19.  Hemoglobin is bound in RBC's and is of critical importance in the maintenance of ______________
20.  The first major role of hemoglobin is the _______________ ______ _______________
21.  Hemoglobin allows the blood to carry ____ (#) times more oxygen than if oxygen were dissolved in plasma alone.
22.  Hemoglobin also carries _______________ ions once oxygen is released and also carries ________________ _________________
23.  What is the most numerous blood cell?
24.  True or False- RBC's have a nucleus, therefore they do not need to be replaced often
25.  _______________ stimulates the production of RBC's by being released into the kidney in response to a decreased oxygen supply
26.  White blood cells are also known as...
27.  WBC's are characterized by the presence or absence of _____________ in the cytoplasm when cells are stained.
28.  The three types of granulocytes are...
29.  The two types of agranulocytes are...
30.  This leukocyte is the most numerous of the WBC's and protects the body from invading microorganisms by taking them into their own cell bodies and digesting them (phagocytosis)
31.  This leukocyte serves as a weak phagocyte, but protect the body against infection by parasites and parasitic worms
32.  This leukocyte secretes histamine which is released during inflammatory reactions, and produces heparin which is used as a blood anticoagulant to prevent blood clots.
33.  This leukocyte is the second most common WBC, and help protect the body against infection by producing antibodies that attack and destroy cells
34.  This leukocyte is the largest of the WBC's and is an aggressive phagocyte
35.  The monocytes that enter tissue, enlarge and mature are called....
36.  This mature monocyte is highly active in disposing of invaders and foreign material
37.  Thrombocytes are...
38.  These are the smallest of the formed elements and are not whole cells, but cell fragments and are essential to blood coagulation.
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