Microbiology Final Review

210 Questions  I  By Tgerdel
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  The enzyme that coagulates plasma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Relapsing fever involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Resident flora of the intestines include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  All of the following pertain to Clostridium difficile infection except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Chlamydia trachomatis causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which is incorrect about Mycoplasma pneumoniae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Cryptococcosis can include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  All of the following pertain to platelets except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Chickenpox
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which is incorrect about Parvoviruses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which is not correct about Mycobacterium species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The blood cells that function in allergic reactions and inflammation, contain peroxidase and lysozyme, and particularly target parasitic worms and fungi are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The reticuloendothelial system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Oral flora bacteria on the tooth surface
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Plasma cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  This opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The indirect ELISA test detects __________ in a patient's blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Antivirals that target reverse transcriptase would be used to treat
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which of the following are ways to control or treat hepatitis B?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The drug used for several protozoan infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Diapedesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The four classic signs and symptoms of inflammation include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The causative agent of Lyme disease is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  All of the following could be reasons why antimicrobic treatment fails except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following lymphoid organs and tissues has the immunological function of filtering pathogens from the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The human body typically begins to be colonized by its normal flora
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Drug susceptibility testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Retroviruses have the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The highest incidence of histoplasmosis in the United States occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The drug used against intestinal anaerobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic-associated colitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Reye's syndrome involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The property of a test to detect only a certain antibody or antigen, and not to react with any others, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Menthol and camphor (Vicks™) are effective treatments against
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which drug/s interfere with the action of an HIV enzyme needed for final assembly and maturation of the virus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Affixing antigen to an inert particle such as a latex bead is sometimes used in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which is incorrect about rabies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  This organism commonly contaminates grains, corn, and peanuts and produces a potent mycotoxin called aflatoxin:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Disease/s caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Oral lesions called Koplik's spots are seen in patients with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of the following is not a mode of action of antivirals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Neisseria gonorrhoeae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  All of the following pertain to listeriosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Gingivitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Anthrax is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The body region where a ciliary escalator helps to sweep microbes trapped in mucus away from that body site is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  All of the following areas are subject to inertriginous infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which fastidious genus requires hemin (X factor) and NAD (Y factor) in its growth medium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Tuberculin skin testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  This pathogen is the most common cause of neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The toxin of Staphylococcus aureus strains that causes blisters and desquamation of skin in scalded skin syndrome is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Leprosy is a disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Which of the following is involved in the in vitro diagnostic testing of serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Sulfonamides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  All of the following pertain to Listeria monocytogenes except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Legionella pneumophila
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Antibiotics are derived from all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  An organism found in coastal waters that causes a food infection and gastroenteritis due to a variety of contaminated raw and undercooked seafood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  All of the following genera are considered resident flora of skin sites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  These structures are found along lymphatic vessels but are heavily clustered in the armpit, groin, and neck:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  All of the following pertain to tuberculosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  All of the following are associated with bubonic plague except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The routes of entry for most fungi into the body are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  The dyes fluorescein and rhodamine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Mebendazole, niclosamide, and ivermectin are drugs used to treat __________ infections.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Brucellosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Which genus is the most common resident flora of mouth surfaces?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  An agent of acute communicable conjunctivitis (pinkeye) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  All of the following pertain to herpes simplex-1 (HSV-1) except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  The majority of otitis media in children is mainly due to infection with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that causes serious systemic effects is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  The ability of a fungus to grow as a yeast or a mold depending on its environmental temperature is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  All of the following are correct about the indirect ELISA except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Components of the first line of defense include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Pasteurization of milk helps to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Erythema migrans, a bull's-eye rash, at the portal of entry is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  The more a sample can be diluted and yet still react with antigen, the __________ the concentration of antibodies in that sample and the __________ is its titer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  The subjective evidence of disease sensed by the patient is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Mycetoma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  This febrile disease with a rash has a pathogen that can cross the placenta and cause serious fetal damage:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  STORCH is an acronym that represents the most common
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  The property of a test to detect even small amounts of antibodies or antigens that are test targets is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  The Group A streptococcal infection that has symptoms of fever, edema of skin near portal of entry, and an elevated red, hot vesicular lesion is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Important characteristics of antimicrobic drugs include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Streptococcus pyogenes causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Pertussis has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Adenoviruses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Amphotericin B, nystatin, and the imidazoles are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  The viridans streptococci are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  Penicillins and cephalosporins
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  Which is incorrect about warts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Aspergillosis includes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Salmonelloses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  All of the following pertain to coccidioidomycosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Parainfluenza virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  The enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Hemopoiesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Salmonella typhi
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Treatment of an animal bite for possible rabies includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  All of the following pertain to Neisseria meningitidis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Cholera symptoms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Respiratory syncytial virus (Pneumovirus)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Scarlet fever is caused by strains of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  The common soil mycobacteria that frequently cause systemic infection and death in AIDS patients is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Which of the following tests is too nonspecific to be applicable as a precise identification tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  The secondary stage of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Sin Nombre hantavirus has all the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  Cytomegalovirus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  A "shotgun" approach to antimicrobial therapy involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  The virulence of Vibrio cholerae is due to its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Whole antigens are detected in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Nonspecific chemical defenses include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Which is not terminology used for resident flora?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Which of the following methods is categorized as a direct test in order to analyze a specimen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Which is incorrect about complement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes the peptidoglycan in certain bacterial cell walls is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  This organism can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  An animal, such as an arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from one host to another is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  All of the following pertain to monkeypox except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  Dermatophytoses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  The most common site where carriers of Staphylococcus aureus carry this pathogen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  The gram negative bacillus associated with abscesses from dog and cat bites or scratches is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  A chemical that inhibits beta-lactamase enzymes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  Oral thrush is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  Production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  Branhamella (Moraxella) catarrhalis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Antimicrobics effective against a wide variety of microbial types are termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  The chancre of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  The time from when pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Fifth disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Yaws, Pinta, and Bejel are all diseases that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Escherichia coli infections
A.
B.
C.