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Microbiology Final Review

210 Questions  I  By Tgerdel
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Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  The virulence of Vibrio cholerae is due to its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  A rising antibody titer a few days apart indicates
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which is incorrect about complement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The drug used for several protozoan infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following methods is categorized as a direct test in order to analyze a specimen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Oral thrush is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Polyomaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Aminoglycosides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Nosocomial infections involve all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The routes of entry for most fungi into the body are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Whole antigens are detected in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which is incorrect about warts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The majority of otitis media in children is mainly due to infection with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Penicillins and cephalosporins
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The Group A streptococcal infection that has symptoms of fever, edema of skin near portal of entry, and an elevated red, hot vesicular lesion is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of the following is incorrect regarding the complement fixation test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  These structures are found along lymphatic vessels but are heavily clustered in the armpit, groin, and neck:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Brucellosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  All of the following are routine biochemical tests to aid in identifying a species except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The four classic signs and symptoms of inflammation include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Cytomegalovirus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Adenoviruses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Resident flora of the intestines include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Substances that are naturally produced by certain microorganisms that can inhibit or destroy other microorganisms are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  All of the following could be reasons why antimicrobic treatment fails except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The blood cells that function in allergic reactions and inflammation, contain peroxidase and lysozyme, and particularly target parasitic worms and fungi are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which is not correct about Mycobacterium species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The time from when pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Herpes simplex-2 (HSV-2) causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The most immediate and important treatment needed to prevent death in Cholera victims is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Treponena pallidum subspecies pallidum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  All of the following pertain to Enterococcus faecalis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the following is not a mode of action of antivirals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The objective, measurable evidence of disease evaluated by an observer is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Botulin, the toxin of botulism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Yersinia pestis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Rabbits and rodents are the reservoirs of the causative agent of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The property of a test to detect even small amounts of antibodies or antigens that are test targets is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Documented transmission of HIV involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which color pigment is produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  A chemical that inhibits beta-lactamase enzymes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Antivirals that target reverse transcriptase would be used to treat
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  All of the following genera are considered resident flora of skin sites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  All of the following are characteristics of Campylobacter jejuni except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Orchitis and epididymitis is seen in young adult males as a complication of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The indirect ELISA test detects __________ in a patient's blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  All of the following are correct about the indirect ELISA except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Mebendazole, niclosamide, and ivermectin are drugs used to treat __________ infections.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The gram negative bacillus associated with abscesses from dog and cat bites or scratches is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Yaws, Pinta, and Bejel are all diseases that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Hemopoiesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The study of the frequency and distribution of a disease in a defined population is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Enterotoxins are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Pertussis has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Retroviruses have the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Neisseria gonorrhoeae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Amphotericin B, nystatin, and the imidazoles are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  This organism commonly contaminates grains, corn, and peanuts and produces a potent mycotoxin called aflatoxin:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Important characteristics of antimicrobic drugs include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Anthrax is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  This type of anthrax is called "wool-sorter's disease"
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Infected animals shed Leptospira interrogans in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Joe cut his finger on a sharp twig and now is experiencing dolor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Salmonella typhi
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  This pathogen is the most common cause of neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  All of the following pertain to Listeria monocytogenes except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  The secondary stage of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Oral flora bacteria on the tooth surface
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Which of the following is involved in the in vitro diagnostic testing of serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Endogenous infectious agents arise from microbes that are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which fastidious genus requires hemin (X factor) and NAD (Y factor) in its growth medium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The chancre of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  All of the following pertain to coccidioidomycosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  All of the following pertain to Clostridium difficile infection except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  The reticuloendothelial system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Which of the following are ways to control or treat hepatitis B?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Mycetoma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  All of the following pertain to herpes simplex-1 (HSV-1) except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  The causative agent of Lyme disease is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  All of the following pertain to patients with AIDS except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  All infectious diseases
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  STORCH is an acronym that represents the most common
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  Chlamydia trachomatis causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  The bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Herpes whitlow is a deep set herpes simplex virus infection of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Dermatophytoses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Erythema migrans, a bull's-eye rash, at the portal of entry is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  Which of the following lymphoid organs and tissues has the immunological function of filtering pathogens from the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  The more a sample can be diluted and yet still react with antigen, the __________ the concentration of antibodies in that sample and the __________ is its titer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  The highest incidence of histoplasmosis in the United States occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  All of the following pertain to platelets except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Leprosy is a disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Varicella-zoster virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  The cellular basis for bacterial resistance to antimicrobics include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Which is incorrect about Sporothrix schenckii?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  An agent of acute communicable conjunctivitis (pinkeye) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Which of the following tests is too nonspecific to be applicable as a precise identification tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  This organism is associated with commonly causing urinary tract infections in sexually active young adult and adolescent females:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Sin Nombre hantavirus has all the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Antimicrobics effective against a wide variety of microbial types are termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Affixing antigen to an inert particle such as a latex bead is sometimes used in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  The most common site where carriers of Staphylococcus aureus carry this pathogen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  This opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Branhamella (Moraxella) catarrhalis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Sulfonamides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Chickenpox
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  The drug used against intestinal anaerobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic-associated colitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  Gingivitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  All of the following pertain to monkeypox except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  This pathogen has drug resistant strains called MRSA:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Disease/s caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Cholera symptoms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Escherichia coli infections
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Components of the first line of defense include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  All of the following pertain to listeriosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Fifth disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  Which technique is able to amplify DNA present in samples even in tiny amounts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  The human body typically begins to be colonized by its normal flora
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  Ampicillin, amoxicillin, mezlocillin, and penicillin G all have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  All of the following pertain to tuberculosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  The foodborne disease that involves neurotoxin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  This infection is marked by labored, noisy breathing and a hoarse cough:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  The hepadnaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes the peptidoglycan in certain bacterial cell walls is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  The viridans streptococci are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that causes serious systemic effects is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  All of the following pertain to Neisseria meningitidis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  The body region where a ciliary escalator helps to sweep microbes trapped in mucus away from that body site is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Aspergillosis includes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  An animal, such as an arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from one host to another is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  Which is not terminology used for resident flora?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  Scarlet fever is caused by strains of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  Which is incorrect about Mycoplasma pneumoniae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  The common soil mycobacteria that frequently cause systemic infection and death in AIDS patients is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Streptococcus pyogenes causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  All coliforms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  A "shotgun" approach to antimicrobial therapy involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  A positive Quellung, or capsular swelling, is confirmatory for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  If the ID for gonorrhea is 1,000 cells and the ID for tuberculosis is 10 cells, which organism is more virulent?
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  Parainfluenza virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  Cryptococcus neoformans has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  This febrile disease with a rash has a pathogen that can cross the placenta and cause serious fetal damage:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
163.  Which drug/s interfere with the action of an HIV enzyme needed for final assembly and maturation of the virus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
164.  Reye's syndrome involves
A.
B.