Microbiology Final Review

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Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  Which is incorrect about rabies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Varicella-zoster virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The human body typically begins to be colonized by its normal flora
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Yersinia pestis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following lymphoid organs and tissues has the immunological function of filtering pathogens from the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This type of anthrax is called "wool-sorter's disease"
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The drug used against intestinal anaerobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic-associated colitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Reye's syndrome involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Nonspecific chemical defenses include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Yaws, Pinta, and Bejel are all diseases that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  E. coli 0157:H7 characteristics include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  All of the following pertain to herpes simplex-1 (HSV-1) except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  This organism can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Sulfonamides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  An animal, such as an arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from one host to another is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The dyes fluorescein and rhodamine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The property of a test to detect only a certain antibody or antigen, and not to react with any others, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  An inanimate object that harbors and transmits a pathogen is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Joe cut his finger on a sharp twig and now is experiencing dolor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The antifungal drug that can be used to treat serious systemic fungal infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Retroviruses have the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Oral thrush is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Substances that are naturally produced by certain microorganisms that can inhibit or destroy other microorganisms are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following is incorrect regarding the complement fixation test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Enterotoxins are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  All of the following pertain to patients with AIDS except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Chickenpox
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Influenza vaccines include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Scarlet fever is caused by strains of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  All of the following pertain to tuberculosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The four classic signs and symptoms of inflammation include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  All infectious diseases
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Leprosy is a disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Neisseria gonorrhoeae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Orchitis and epididymitis is seen in young adult males as a complication of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which is not terminology used for resident flora?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The time from when pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  All of the following pertain to coccidioidomycosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The foodborne disease that involves neurotoxin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Resident flora of the intestines include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Pertussis has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Brucellosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Aspergillosis includes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Dermatophytoses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Legionella pneumophila
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  All of the following are correct about the indirect ELISA except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The routes of entry for most fungi into the body are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  All coliforms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Amphotericin B, nystatin, and the imidazoles are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  This febrile disease with a rash has a pathogen that can cross the placenta and cause serious fetal damage:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Which is incorrect about Sporothrix schenckii?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Which of the following is not a mode of action of antivirals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  All of the following pertain to Clostridium difficile infection except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  An organism found in coastal waters that causes a food infection and gastroenteritis due to a variety of contaminated raw and undercooked seafood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  The enzyme that coagulates plasma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The indirect ELISA test detects __________ in a patient's blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Serotyping of the pneumococcus based on capsular polysaccharide is performed in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Rebecca Lancefield differentiated streptococci on the basis of differences in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  The hepadnaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Plasma cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Inflammation of the liver with necrosis of the hepatocytes and swelling due to a mononuclear response is a disease called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The toxin of Staphylococcus aureus strains that causes blisters and desquamation of skin in scalded skin syndrome is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Coronaviruses cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Transmission of tineas include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Which of the following tests is too nonspecific to be applicable as a precise identification tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Aminoglycosides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Cholera symptoms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Nosocomial infections involve all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Disease/s caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  This pathogen is the most common cause of neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Cryptococcus neoformans has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  This organism is associated with commonly causing urinary tract infections in sexually active young adult and adolescent females:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Treponena pallidum subspecies pallidum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  The virulence of Vibrio cholerae is due to its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The reticuloendothelial system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  All of the following can positively influence the structure of tooth enamel except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Documented transmission of HIV involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Which is incorrect about Mycoplasma pneumoniae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  The following are characteristics of Chlamydias except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Diapedesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Whole antigens are detected in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  All of the following areas are subject to inertriginous infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  The objective, measurable evidence of disease evaluated by an observer is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  Gingivitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  All of the following genera are considered resident flora of skin sites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Menthol and camphor (Vicks™) are effective treatments against
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Important characteristics of antimicrobic drugs include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  All of the following are routine biochemical tests to aid in identifying a species except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Relapsing fever involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  The gram negative bacillus associated with abscesses from dog and cat bites or scratches is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  The body region where a ciliary escalator helps to sweep microbes trapped in mucus away from that body site is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  Which of the following is involved in the in vitro diagnostic testing of serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Antibiotics are derived from all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  An agent of acute communicable conjunctivitis (pinkeye) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that causes serious systemic effects is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  All of the following are associated with bubonic plague except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  The secondary stage of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  A positive Quellung, or capsular swelling, is confirmatory for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Salmonella typhi
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Infected animals shed Leptospira interrogans in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Fifth disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  A chemical that inhibits beta-lactamase enzymes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Salmonelloses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Endogenous infectious agents arise from microbes that are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  STORCH is an acronym that represents the most common
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Cytomegalovirus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  The chancre of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  A rising antibody titer a few days apart indicates
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  Erythema migrans, a bull's-eye rash, at the portal of entry is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  All of the following pertain to Enterococcus faecalis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  This infection is marked by labored, noisy breathing and a hoarse cough:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Escherichia coli infections
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Which is incorrect about warts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  The study of the frequency and distribution of a disease in a defined population is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  If the ID for gonorrhea is 1,000 cells and the ID for tuberculosis is 10 cells, which organism is more virulent?
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  Streptococcus pneumoniae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  All of the following pertain to listeriosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  Branhamella (Moraxella) catarrhalis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  This organism commonly contaminates grains, corn, and peanuts and produces a potent mycotoxin called aflatoxin:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  The highest incidence of histoplasmosis in the United States occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  The subjective evidence of disease sensed by the patient is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Hemopoiesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Inhalation of respiratory secretions is involved in the transmission of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  Ampicillin, amoxicillin, mezlocillin, and penicillin G all have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  The drug used for several protozoan infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  Rabbits and rodents are the reservoirs of the causative agent of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  Plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Treatment of an animal bite for possible rabies includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  Herpes simplex-2 (HSV-2) causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  Which is incorrect about complement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Pasteurization of milk helps to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Which drug/s interfere with the action of an HIV enzyme needed for final assembly and maturation of the virus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  The most immediate and important treatment needed to prevent death in Cholera victims is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  The ability of a fungus to grow as a yeast or a mold depending on its environmental temperature is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  The property of a test to detect even small amounts of antibodies or antigens that are test targets is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  Drug susceptibility testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Adenoviruses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  Polyomaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  Which is not correct about Mycobacterium species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  Chlamydia trachomatis causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.