Microbiology Final Review

210 Questions  I  By Tgerdel
Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  Which genus is the most common resident flora of mouth surfaces?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Sulfonamides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The majority of otitis media in children is mainly due to infection with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  All of the following are associated with bubonic plague except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The body region where a ciliary escalator helps to sweep microbes trapped in mucus away from that body site is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that causes serious systemic effects is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Adenoviruses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Escherichia coli infections
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  This opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Herpes simplex-2 (HSV-2) causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Yaws, Pinta, and Bejel are all diseases that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The Group A streptococcal infection that has symptoms of fever, edema of skin near portal of entry, and an elevated red, hot vesicular lesion is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The ability of a fungus to grow as a yeast or a mold depending on its environmental temperature is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  All of the following genera are considered resident flora of skin sites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The chancre of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Documented transmission of HIV involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Antivirals that target reverse transcriptase would be used to treat
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Fifth disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Hemopoiesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This pathogen is the most common cause of neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Tuberculin skin testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Transmission of tineas include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Reye's syndrome involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The property of a test to detect only a certain antibody or antigen, and not to react with any others, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Endogenous infectious agents arise from microbes that are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  These structures are found along lymphatic vessels but are heavily clustered in the armpit, groin, and neck:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  All of the following pertain to coccidioidomycosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The subjective evidence of disease sensed by the patient is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Legionella pneumophila
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Ampicillin, amoxicillin, mezlocillin, and penicillin G all have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  This organism can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Inflammation of the liver with necrosis of the hepatocytes and swelling due to a mononuclear response is a disease called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  A rising antibody titer a few days apart indicates
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Branhamella (Moraxella) catarrhalis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Nosocomial infections involve all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Someone who inconspicuously harbors a pathogen and spreads it to others is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The causative agent of Lyme disease is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  All of the following pertain to Neisseria meningitidis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Pasteurization of milk helps to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which fastidious genus requires hemin (X factor) and NAD (Y factor) in its growth medium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following is incorrect regarding the complement fixation test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Substances that are naturally produced by certain microorganisms that can inhibit or destroy other microorganisms are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Antimicrobics effective against a wide variety of microbial types are termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  This pathogen has drug resistant strains called MRSA:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Resident flora of the intestines include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The hepadnaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The gram negative bacillus associated with abscesses from dog and cat bites or scratches is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  E. coli 0157:H7 characteristics include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Cytomegalovirus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Salmonelloses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  All coliforms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Retroviruses have the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The blood cells that function in allergic reactions and inflammation, contain peroxidase and lysozyme, and particularly target parasitic worms and fungi are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The virulence of Vibrio cholerae is due to its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  A positive Quellung, or capsular swelling, is confirmatory for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  All of the following are routine biochemical tests to aid in identifying a species except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The foodborne disease that involves neurotoxin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  STORCH is an acronym that represents the most common
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Nonspecific chemical defenses include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The property of a test to detect even small amounts of antibodies or antigens that are test targets is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Polyomaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The indirect ELISA test detects __________ in a patient's blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Aspergillosis includes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  The enzyme that coagulates plasma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Dermatophytoses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  All of the following pertain to Enterococcus faecalis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Which drug/s interfere with the action of an HIV enzyme needed for final assembly and maturation of the virus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Orchitis and epididymitis is seen in young adult males as a complication of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Streptococcus pneumoniae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  This type of anthrax is called "wool-sorter's disease"
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes the peptidoglycan in certain bacterial cell walls is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  An animal, such as an arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from one host to another is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Which is incorrect about Sporothrix schenckii?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Brucellosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Treatment of an animal bite for possible rabies includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Influenza vaccines include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  A superinfection results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Botulin, the toxin of botulism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Respiratory syncytial virus (Pneumovirus)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  If the ID for gonorrhea is 1,000 cells and the ID for tuberculosis is 10 cells, which organism is more virulent?
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Important characteristics of antimicrobic drugs include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  An organism found in coastal waters that causes a food infection and gastroenteritis due to a variety of contaminated raw and undercooked seafood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  The toxin of Staphylococcus aureus strains that causes blisters and desquamation of skin in scalded skin syndrome is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  The enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  This infection is marked by labored, noisy breathing and a hoarse cough:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  An inanimate object that harbors and transmits a pathogen is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Affixing antigen to an inert particle such as a latex bead is sometimes used in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Coronaviruses cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  This organism is associated with commonly causing urinary tract infections in sexually active young adult and adolescent females:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  All of the following pertain to listeriosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  Amphotericin B, nystatin, and the imidazoles are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  The study of the frequency and distribution of a disease in a defined population is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Which of the following is involved in the in vitro diagnostic testing of serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Joe cut his finger on a sharp twig and now is experiencing dolor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  All of the following could be reasons why antimicrobic treatment fails except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  The cellular basis for bacterial resistance to antimicrobics include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Herpes whitlow is a deep set herpes simplex virus infection of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Which of the following are ways to control or treat hepatitis B?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Anthrax is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Treponena pallidum subspecies pallidum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Salmonella typhi
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  All of the following pertain to platelets except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Which is incorrect about rabies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Whole antigens are detected in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  This febrile disease with a rash has a pathogen that can cross the placenta and cause serious fetal damage:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Erythema migrans, a bull's-eye rash, at the portal of entry is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Rebecca Lancefield differentiated streptococci on the basis of differences in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  Enterotoxins are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  Infected animals shed Leptospira interrogans in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Decaying vegetation, such as piles of leaves and compost heaps, allows growth and transmission of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Cryptococcus neoformans has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Which of the following is not a mode of action of antivirals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Antibiotics are derived from all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Aminoglycosides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Plasma cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  The following are characteristics of Chlamydias except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Which is incorrect about Parvoviruses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  Oral thrush is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  The more a sample can be diluted and yet still react with antigen, the __________ the concentration of antibodies in that sample and the __________ is its titer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  Which is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  Oral flora bacteria on the tooth surface
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Drug susceptibility testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Which of the following methods is categorized as a direct test in order to analyze a specimen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  The most common site where carriers of Staphylococcus aureus carry this pathogen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  The drug used against intestinal anaerobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic-associated colitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  The human body typically begins to be colonized by its normal flora
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  Which is incorrect about warts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Cryptococcosis can include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  The secondary stage of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  Rabbits and rodents are the reservoirs of the causative agent of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  A chemical that inhibits beta-lactamase enzymes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  The viridans streptococci are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Inhalation of respiratory secretions is involved in the transmission of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  The objective, measurable evidence of disease evaluated by an observer is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  Chlamydia trachomatis causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  Mycetoma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  The highest incidence of histoplasmosis in the United States occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  Components of the first line of defense include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  The common soil mycobacteria that frequently cause systemic infection and death in AIDS patients is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  The reticuloendothelial system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  The dyes fluorescein and rhodamine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  All of the following are correct about the indirect ELISA except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  Which is incorrect about Mycoplasma pneumoniae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  All of the following pertain to herpes simplex-1 (HSV-1) except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
163.  Cholera symptoms are
A.