Microbiology Final Review

210 Questions  I  By Tgerdel
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Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  The virulence of Vibrio cholerae is due to its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Orchitis and epididymitis is seen in young adult males as a complication of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which is incorrect about complement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Pasteurization of milk helps to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  This type of anthrax is called "wool-sorter's disease"
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following lymphoid organs and tissues has the immunological function of filtering pathogens from the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  This organism commonly contaminates grains, corn, and peanuts and produces a potent mycotoxin called aflatoxin:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  STORCH is an acronym that represents the most common
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B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Cholera symptoms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The four classic signs and symptoms of inflammation include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  An agent of acute communicable conjunctivitis (pinkeye) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Cryptococcosis can include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Yaws, Pinta, and Bejel are all diseases that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Important characteristics of antimicrobic drugs include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Brucellosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Drug susceptibility testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Relapsing fever involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Scarlet fever is caused by strains of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  E. coli 0157:H7 characteristics include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  This febrile disease with a rash has a pathogen that can cross the placenta and cause serious fetal damage:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which color pigment is produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Oral flora bacteria on the tooth surface
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The indirect ELISA test detects __________ in a patient's blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Streptococcus pyogenes causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Inhalation of respiratory secretions is involved in the transmission of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following is involved in the in vitro diagnostic testing of serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Pertussis has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Yersinia pestis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Substances that are naturally produced by certain microorganisms that can inhibit or destroy other microorganisms are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Penicillins and cephalosporins
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B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  This organism can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  These structures are found along lymphatic vessels but are heavily clustered in the armpit, groin, and neck:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  All coliforms are
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B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Reye's syndrome involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Treatment of an animal bite for possible rabies includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Adenoviruses are
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B.
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D.
E.
47.  An inanimate object that harbors and transmits a pathogen is a
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B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Whole antigens are detected in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  This pathogen has drug resistant strains called MRSA:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  All of the following areas are subject to inertriginous infections except
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B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The most immediate and important treatment needed to prevent death in Cholera victims is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The toxin of Staphylococcus aureus strains that causes blisters and desquamation of skin in scalded skin syndrome is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  All of the following are routine biochemical tests to aid in identifying a species except
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B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Someone who inconspicuously harbors a pathogen and spreads it to others is a
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B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Chickenpox
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B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Erythema migrans, a bull's-eye rash, at the portal of entry is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Disease/s caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae include
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B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The objective, measurable evidence of disease evaluated by an observer is termed
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B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  A positive Quellung, or capsular swelling, is confirmatory for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  An organism found in coastal waters that causes a food infection and gastroenteritis due to a variety of contaminated raw and undercooked seafood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Nosocomial infections involve all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The common soil mycobacteria that frequently cause systemic infection and death in AIDS patients is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The drug used for several protozoan infections is
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B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Which of the following tests is too nonspecific to be applicable as a precise identification tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Antimicrobics effective against a wide variety of microbial types are termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes the peptidoglycan in certain bacterial cell walls is
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B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Oral thrush is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  A superinfection results from
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B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Legionella pneumophila
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Escherichia coli infections
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B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Salmonella typhi
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The viridans streptococci are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Respiratory syncytial virus (Pneumovirus)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Aspergillosis includes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Resident flora of the intestines include
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B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Polyomaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Leprosy is a disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Documented transmission of HIV involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Which is not correct about Mycobacterium species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  A "shotgun" approach to antimicrobial therapy involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  The body region where a ciliary escalator helps to sweep microbes trapped in mucus away from that body site is the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Aminoglycosides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Which technique is able to amplify DNA present in samples even in tiny amounts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Which of the following is incorrect regarding the complement fixation test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Which is incorrect about Parvoviruses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  All infectious diseases
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Decaying vegetation, such as piles of leaves and compost heaps, allows growth and transmission of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Which genus is the most common resident flora of mouth surfaces?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Retroviruses have the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Chlamydia trachomatis causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  The subjective evidence of disease sensed by the patient is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Which is incorrect about rabies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  Antivirals that target reverse transcriptase would be used to treat
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  All of the following pertain to coccidioidomycosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  This opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Sin Nombre hantavirus has all the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Parainfluenza virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Components of the first line of defense include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Dermatophytoses are
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B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  The most common site where carriers of Staphylococcus aureus carry this pathogen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  Mebendazole, niclosamide, and ivermectin are drugs used to treat __________ infections.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Tuberculin skin testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  The causative agent of Lyme disease is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  Joe cut his finger on a sharp twig and now is experiencing dolor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  The property of a test to detect only a certain antibody or antigen, and not to react with any others, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Which of the following methods is categorized as a direct test in order to analyze a specimen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Varicella-zoster virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Salmonelloses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Oral lesions called Koplik's spots are seen in patients with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  The cellular basis for bacterial resistance to antimicrobics include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  All of the following are correct about the indirect ELISA except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Endogenous infectious agents arise from microbes that are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Cytomegalovirus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  The majority of otitis media in children is mainly due to infection with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  The routes of entry for most fungi into the body are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  The secondary stage of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  This pathogen is the most common cause of neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  All of the following are characteristics of Campylobacter jejuni except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Which of the following is not a mode of action of antivirals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  All of the following pertain to listeriosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Which fastidious genus requires hemin (X factor) and NAD (Y factor) in its growth medium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  This organism is associated with commonly causing urinary tract infections in sexually active young adult and adolescent females:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  The gram negative bacillus associated with abscesses from dog and cat bites or scratches is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  A rising antibody titer a few days apart indicates
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  Which of the following are ways to control or treat hepatitis B?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  The Group A streptococcal infection that has symptoms of fever, edema of skin near portal of entry, and an elevated red, hot vesicular lesion is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  Influenza vaccines include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  An animal, such as an arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from one host to another is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  All of the following pertain to Listeria monocytogenes except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  Symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Gingivitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  All of the following pertain to Enterococcus faecalis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  Ampicillin, amoxicillin, mezlocillin, and penicillin G all have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  Infected animals shed Leptospira interrogans in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  Cryptococcus neoformans has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  The time from when pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Branhamella (Moraxella) catarrhalis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  All of the following pertain to Neisseria meningitidis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  Which is incorrect about Mycoplasma pneumoniae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Herpes whitlow is a deep set herpes simplex virus infection of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Affixing antigen to an inert particle such as a latex bead is sometimes used in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  The antifungal drug that can be used to treat serious systemic fungal infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  Antibiotics are derived from all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  All of the following could be reasons why antimicrobic treatment fails except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  All of the following pertain to monkeypox except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  The drug used against intestinal anaerobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic-associated colitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  Anthrax is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  Rebecca Lancefield differentiated streptococci on the basis of differences in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  All of the following pertain to tuberculosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  All of the following pertain to patients with AIDS except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that causes serious systemic effects is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.