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Microbiology Final Review

210 Questions  I  By Tgerdel
Microbiology Final Review
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  Chlamydia trachomatis causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Decaying vegetation, such as piles of leaves and compost heaps, allows growth and transmission of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Polyomaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  A chemical that inhibits beta-lactamase enzymes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Infected animals shed Leptospira interrogans in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Influenza vaccines include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The Group A streptococcal infection that has symptoms of fever, edema of skin near portal of entry, and an elevated red, hot vesicular lesion is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Rebecca Lancefield differentiated streptococci on the basis of differences in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Enterotoxins are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Varicella-zoster virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Antimicrobics effective against a wide variety of microbial types are termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The four classic signs and symptoms of inflammation include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Dermatophytoses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The foodborne disease that involves neurotoxin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The causative agent of Lyme disease is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Herpes whitlow is a deep set herpes simplex virus infection of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The ability of a fungus to grow as a yeast or a mold depending on its environmental temperature is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Tuberculin skin testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which drug/s interfere with the action of an HIV enzyme needed for final assembly and maturation of the virus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  All of the following pertain to platelets except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Oral flora bacteria on the tooth surface
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The time from when pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Chickenpox
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This organism is associated with commonly causing urinary tract infections in sexually active young adult and adolescent females:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Leprosy is a disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The objective, measurable evidence of disease evaluated by an observer is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The viridans streptococci are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Nonspecific chemical defenses include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Botulin, the toxin of botulism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Retroviruses have the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which is incorrect about warts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Amphotericin B, nystatin, and the imidazoles are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Orchitis and epididymitis is seen in young adult males as a complication of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The more a sample can be diluted and yet still react with antigen, the __________ the concentration of antibodies in that sample and the __________ is its titer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The reticuloendothelial system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Drug susceptibility testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  If the ID for gonorrhea is 1,000 cells and the ID for tuberculosis is 10 cells, which organism is more virulent?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The cellular basis for bacterial resistance to antimicrobics include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which genus is the most common resident flora of mouth surfaces?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Streptococcus pyogenes causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Relapsing fever involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Nosocomial infections involve all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Treponena pallidum subspecies pallidum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Gingivitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  This pathogen has drug resistant strains called MRSA:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The majority of otitis media in children is mainly due to infection with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  All of the following pertain to coccidioidomycosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Joe cut his finger on a sharp twig and now is experiencing dolor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Anthrax is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  A rising antibody titer a few days apart indicates
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Disease/s caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  All of the following pertain to monkeypox except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Inhalation of respiratory secretions is involved in the transmission of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The enzyme that coagulates plasma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The chancre of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Which of the following is involved in the in vitro diagnostic testing of serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Which is incorrect about Sporothrix schenckii?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that causes serious systemic effects is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  STORCH is an acronym that represents the most common
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Streptococcus pneumoniae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  All of the following are correct about the indirect ELISA except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Components of the first line of defense include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The highest incidence of histoplasmosis in the United States occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  All of the following pertain to herpes simplex-1 (HSV-1) except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Respiratory syncytial virus (Pneumovirus)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  A superinfection results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Cytomegalovirus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Scarlet fever is caused by strains of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Parainfluenza virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  The common soil mycobacteria that frequently cause systemic infection and death in AIDS patients is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The study of the frequency and distribution of a disease in a defined population is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  All of the following pertain to patients with AIDS except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Reye's syndrome involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The dyes fluorescein and rhodamine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  The human body typically begins to be colonized by its normal flora
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Which of the following methods is categorized as a direct test in order to analyze a specimen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The toxin of Staphylococcus aureus strains that causes blisters and desquamation of skin in scalded skin syndrome is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  This organism can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Someone who inconspicuously harbors a pathogen and spreads it to others is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Which is incorrect about Mycoplasma pneumoniae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Penicillins and cephalosporins
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  All of the following pertain to tuberculosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  All of the following pertain to Neisseria meningitidis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  All of the following are characteristics of Campylobacter jejuni except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  All of the following pertain to Enterococcus faecalis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  Treatment of an animal bite for possible rabies includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  Menthol and camphor (Vicks™) are effective treatments against
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  This pathogen is the most common cause of neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Documented transmission of HIV involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Which of the following are ways to control or treat hepatitis B?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  All of the following pertain to Clostridium difficile infection except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  Neisseria gonorrhoeae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  This infection is marked by labored, noisy breathing and a hoarse cough:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  Endogenous infectious agents arise from microbes that are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  An organism found in coastal waters that causes a food infection and gastroenteritis due to a variety of contaminated raw and undercooked seafood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  The routes of entry for most fungi into the body are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Whole antigens are detected in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Pertussis has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Coronaviruses cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Antibiotics are derived from all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  This organism commonly contaminates grains, corn, and peanuts and produces a potent mycotoxin called aflatoxin:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  The subjective evidence of disease sensed by the patient is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  All infectious diseases
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Aspergillosis includes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  A positive Quellung, or capsular swelling, is confirmatory for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  This opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Aminoglycosides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  The property of a test to detect even small amounts of antibodies or antigens that are test targets is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Important characteristics of antimicrobic drugs include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  Substances that are naturally produced by certain microorganisms that can inhibit or destroy other microorganisms are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  Yersinia pestis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Brucellosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  All of the following genera are considered resident flora of skin sites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Antivirals that target reverse transcriptase would be used to treat
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  E. coli 0157:H7 characteristics include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Which is incorrect about complement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Which fastidious genus requires hemin (X factor) and NAD (Y factor) in its growth medium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  Which is incorrect about Parvoviruses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Mebendazole, niclosamide, and ivermectin are drugs used to treat __________ infections.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  Resident flora of the intestines include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  Affixing antigen to an inert particle such as a latex bead is sometimes used in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  Legionella pneumophila
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  Adenoviruses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  An agent of acute communicable conjunctivitis (pinkeye) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  The property of a test to detect only a certain antibody or antigen, and not to react with any others, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes the peptidoglycan in certain bacterial cell walls is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  The indirect ELISA test detects __________ in a patient's blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  Rabbits and rodents are the reservoirs of the causative agent of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  Yaws, Pinta, and Bejel are all diseases that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  All coliforms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Erythema migrans, a bull's-eye rash, at the portal of entry is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  Which of the following is incorrect regarding the complement fixation test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  Which color pigment is produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  An inanimate object that harbors and transmits a pathogen is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Cryptococcosis can include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  The body region where a ciliary escalator helps to sweep microbes trapped in mucus away from that body site is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  Sulfonamides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  The drug used for several protozoan infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  The hepadnaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Plasma cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  Which is not correct about Mycobacterium species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  Escherichia coli infections
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  Oral thrush is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  Serotyping of the pneumococcus based on capsular polysaccharide is performed in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  Salmonelloses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  All of the following areas are subject to inertriginous infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
163.  The enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
164.  Diapedesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
165.  All of the following pertain to listeriosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
166.  Branhamella (Moraxella) catarrhalis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
167.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
168.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
169.  Which is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
170.  Oral lesions called Koplik's spots are seen in patients with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
171.  Mycetoma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
172.  The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
173.  Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
174.  All of the following pertain to Listeria monocytogenes except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
175.  All of the following could be reasons why antimicrobic treatment fails except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
176.  Fifth disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
177.  Herpes simplex-2 (HSV-2) causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
178.  Cryptococcus neoformans has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
179.  Transmission of tineas include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
180.  Pasteurization of milk helps to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
181.  The gram negative bacillus associated with abscesses from dog and cat bites or scratches is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
182.  Which of the following is not a mode of action of antivirals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
183.  The following are characteristics of Chlamydias except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
184.  The most immediate and important treatment needed to prevent death in Cholera victims is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
185.  Sin Nombre hantavirus has all the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
186.  All of the following are routine biochemical tests to aid in identifying a species except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
187.  A "shotgun" approach to antimicrobial therapy involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
188.  Which of the following tests is too nonspecific to be applicable as a precise identification tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
189.  Symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
190.  Which technique is able to amplify DNA present in samples even in tiny amounts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
191.  All of the following are associated with bubonic plague except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
192.  Which is incorrect about rabies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
193.  Which of the following lymphoid organs and tissues has the immunological function of filtering pathogens from the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
194.  The antifungal drug that can be used to treat serious systemic fungal infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
195.  Inflammation of the liver with necrosis of the hepatocytes and swelling due to a mononuclear response is a disease called
A.
B.
C.