Microbiology Final Review

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Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  Substances that are naturally produced by certain microorganisms that can inhibit or destroy other microorganisms are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Antimicrobics effective against a wide variety of microbial types are termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Important characteristics of antimicrobic drugs include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Aminoglycosides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  A chemical that inhibits beta-lactamase enzymes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Antibiotics are derived from all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Penicillins and cephalosporins
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Sulfonamides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Ampicillin, amoxicillin, mezlocillin, and penicillin G all have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The drug used against intestinal anaerobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic-associated colitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The antifungal drug that can be used to treat serious systemic fungal infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The drug used for several protozoan infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Mebendazole, niclosamide, and ivermectin are drugs used to treat __________ infections.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following is not a mode of action of antivirals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Antivirals that target reverse transcriptase would be used to treat
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The cellular basis for bacterial resistance to antimicrobics include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  A superinfection results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Drug susceptibility testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  A "shotgun" approach to antimicrobial therapy involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  All of the following could be reasons why antimicrobic treatment fails except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  All infectious diseases
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which is not terminology used for resident flora?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Endogenous infectious agents arise from microbes that are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The human body typically begins to be colonized by its normal flora
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  All of the following genera are considered resident flora of skin sites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Resident flora of the intestines include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which genus is the most common resident flora of mouth surfaces?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  STORCH is an acronym that represents the most common
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Enterotoxins are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The time from when pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The subjective evidence of disease sensed by the patient is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The objective, measurable evidence of disease evaluated by an observer is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The study of the frequency and distribution of a disease in a defined population is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Someone who inconspicuously harbors a pathogen and spreads it to others is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  An animal, such as an arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from one host to another is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  An inanimate object that harbors and transmits a pathogen is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Nosocomial infections involve all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  If the ID for gonorrhea is 1,000 cells and the ID for tuberculosis is 10 cells, which organism is more virulent?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Components of the first line of defense include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Nonspecific chemical defenses include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes the peptidoglycan in certain bacterial cell walls is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The body region where a ciliary escalator helps to sweep microbes trapped in mucus away from that body site is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The blood cells that function in allergic reactions and inflammation, contain peroxidase and lysozyme, and particularly target parasitic worms and fungi are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  All of the following pertain to platelets except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Hemopoiesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Diapedesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Plasma cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The reticuloendothelial system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Which of the following lymphoid organs and tissues has the immunological function of filtering pathogens from the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  These structures are found along lymphatic vessels but are heavily clustered in the armpit, groin, and neck:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The four classic signs and symptoms of inflammation include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which is incorrect about complement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Joe cut his finger on a sharp twig and now is experiencing dolor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Which of the following is involved in the in vitro diagnostic testing of serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The property of a test to detect even small amounts of antibodies or antigens that are test targets is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  The property of a test to detect only a certain antibody or antigen, and not to react with any others, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Whole antigens are detected in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Affixing antigen to an inert particle such as a latex bead is sometimes used in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Which of the following is incorrect regarding the complement fixation test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Serotyping of the pneumococcus based on capsular polysaccharide is performed in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Which of the following methods is categorized as a direct test in order to analyze a specimen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  All of the following are routine biochemical tests to aid in identifying a species except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The more a sample can be diluted and yet still react with antigen, the __________ the concentration of antibodies in that sample and the __________ is its titer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  A rising antibody titer a few days apart indicates
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Which technique is able to amplify DNA present in samples even in tiny amounts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The indirect ELISA test detects __________ in a patient's blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  All of the following are correct about the indirect ELISA except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Which of the following tests is too nonspecific to be applicable as a precise identification tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The dyes fluorescein and rhodamine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  The enzyme that coagulates plasma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  The toxin of Staphylococcus aureus strains that causes blisters and desquamation of skin in scalded skin syndrome is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  The bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Scarlet fever is caused by strains of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  This pathogen is the most common cause of neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  This organism is associated with commonly causing urinary tract infections in sexually active young adult and adolescent females:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  This pathogen has drug resistant strains called MRSA:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The most common site where carriers of Staphylococcus aureus carry this pathogen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Rebecca Lancefield differentiated streptococci on the basis of differences in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Streptococcus pyogenes causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The Group A streptococcal infection that has symptoms of fever, edema of skin near portal of entry, and an elevated red, hot vesicular lesion is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  All of the following pertain to Enterococcus faecalis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  The viridans streptococci are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Streptococcus pneumoniae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Disease/s caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Neisseria gonorrhoeae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  All of the following pertain to Neisseria meningitidis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Branhamella (Moraxella) catarrhalis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  A positive Quellung, or capsular swelling, is confirmatory for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  The majority of otitis media in children is mainly due to infection with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Anthrax is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  This type of anthrax is called "wool-sorter's disease"
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  The foodborne disease that involves neurotoxin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  This organism can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  Botulin, the toxin of botulism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  All of the following pertain to Clostridium difficile infection except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  All of the following pertain to Listeria monocytogenes except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  All of the following pertain to listeriosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that causes serious systemic effects is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  Which is not correct about Mycobacterium species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  All of the following pertain to tuberculosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Tuberculin skin testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Leprosy is a disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  The common soil mycobacteria that frequently cause systemic infection and death in AIDS patients is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Which color pigment is produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Brucellosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Pasteurization of milk helps to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Rabbits and rodents are the reservoirs of the causative agent of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Pertussis has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Legionella pneumophila
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  All coliforms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  Escherichia coli infections
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  E. coli 0157:H7 characteristics include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Salmonelloses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Salmonella typhi
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Yersinia pestis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  All of the following are associated with bubonic plague except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  The gram negative bacillus associated with abscesses from dog and cat bites or scratches is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  Which fastidious genus requires hemin (X factor) and NAD (Y factor) in its growth medium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  An agent of acute communicable conjunctivitis (pinkeye) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  Treponena pallidum subspecies pallidum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  The chancre of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  The secondary stage of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Yaws, Pinta, and Bejel are all diseases that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Infected animals shed Leptospira interrogans in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  Relapsing fever involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  The causative agent of Lyme disease is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  Erythema migrans, a bull's-eye rash, at the portal of entry is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  The virulence of Vibrio cholerae is due to its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Cholera symptoms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  The most immediate and important treatment needed to prevent death in Cholera victims is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  An organism found in coastal waters that causes a food infection and gastroenteritis due to a variety of contaminated raw and undercooked seafood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  All of the following are characteristics of Campylobacter jejuni except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  The following are characteristics of Chlamydias except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  Chlamydia trachomatis causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  Which is incorrect about Mycoplasma pneumoniae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  Oral flora bacteria on the tooth surface
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  Gingivitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  All of the following can positively influence the structure of tooth enamel except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  The ability of a fungus to grow as a yeast or a mold depending on its environmental temperature is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  The routes of entry for most fungi into the body are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  Amphotericin B, nystatin, and the imidazoles are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  The highest incidence of histoplasmosis in the United States occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  All of the following pertain to coccidioidomycosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  Which is incorrect about Sporothrix schenckii?
A.
B.
C.
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