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Microbiology Final Review

210 Questions  I  By Tgerdel
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Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  The highest incidence of histoplasmosis in the United States occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  All of the following can positively influence the structure of tooth enamel except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Amphotericin B, nystatin, and the imidazoles are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Important characteristics of antimicrobic drugs include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Treatment of an animal bite for possible rabies includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Legionella pneumophila
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Ampicillin, amoxicillin, mezlocillin, and penicillin G all have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The enzyme that coagulates plasma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Nonspecific chemical defenses include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The property of a test to detect even small amounts of antibodies or antigens that are test targets is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Neisseria gonorrhoeae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following is incorrect regarding the complement fixation test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  E. coli 0157:H7 characteristics include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Reye's syndrome involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  All of the following are routine biochemical tests to aid in identifying a species except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The viridans streptococci are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Dermatophytoses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Hemopoiesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The foodborne disease that involves neurotoxin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which is not correct about Mycobacterium species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Serotyping of the pneumococcus based on capsular polysaccharide is performed in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Rebecca Lancefield differentiated streptococci on the basis of differences in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Coronaviruses cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Pasteurization of milk helps to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The body region where a ciliary escalator helps to sweep microbes trapped in mucus away from that body site is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The following are characteristics of Chlamydias except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Cytomegalovirus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Respiratory syncytial virus (Pneumovirus)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  All infectious diseases
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Yersinia pestis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Aminoglycosides
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B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Yaws, Pinta, and Bejel are all diseases that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The study of the frequency and distribution of a disease in a defined population is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The ability of a fungus to grow as a yeast or a mold depending on its environmental temperature is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  All of the following pertain to Neisseria meningitidis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Herpes simplex-2 (HSV-2) causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The drug used against intestinal anaerobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic-associated colitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Relapsing fever involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  All of the following pertain to tuberculosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Aspergillosis includes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  All of the following genera are considered resident flora of skin sites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which fastidious genus requires hemin (X factor) and NAD (Y factor) in its growth medium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Cryptococcosis can include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Chlamydia trachomatis causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which is not terminology used for resident flora?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Varicella-zoster virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which of the following lymphoid organs and tissues has the immunological function of filtering pathogens from the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Whole antigens are detected in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Rabbits and rodents are the reservoirs of the causative agent of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  These structures are found along lymphatic vessels but are heavily clustered in the armpit, groin, and neck:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  An inanimate object that harbors and transmits a pathogen is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The common soil mycobacteria that frequently cause systemic infection and death in AIDS patients is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  All coliforms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Enterotoxins are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  All of the following pertain to herpes simplex-1 (HSV-1) except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The reticuloendothelial system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  A "shotgun" approach to antimicrobial therapy involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The Group A streptococcal infection that has symptoms of fever, edema of skin near portal of entry, and an elevated red, hot vesicular lesion is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Infected animals shed Leptospira interrogans in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The subjective evidence of disease sensed by the patient is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Mycetoma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Sulfonamides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  This organism is associated with commonly causing urinary tract infections in sexually active young adult and adolescent females:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Treponena pallidum subspecies pallidum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  The virulence of Vibrio cholerae is due to its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  All of the following pertain to Listeria monocytogenes except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Which is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Disease/s caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Antivirals that target reverse transcriptase would be used to treat
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Cholera symptoms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  This pathogen has drug resistant strains called MRSA:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Adenoviruses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Someone who inconspicuously harbors a pathogen and spreads it to others is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  This organism can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  The majority of otitis media in children is mainly due to infection with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  This opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  The human body typically begins to be colonized by its normal flora
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Which is incorrect about complement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  A superinfection results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Leprosy is a disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that causes serious systemic effects is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  Parainfluenza virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  The bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  The gram negative bacillus associated with abscesses from dog and cat bites or scratches is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  This type of anthrax is called "wool-sorter's disease"
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Plasma cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Inflammation of the liver with necrosis of the hepatocytes and swelling due to a mononuclear response is a disease called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  This pathogen is the most common cause of neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  The more a sample can be diluted and yet still react with antigen, the __________ the concentration of antibodies in that sample and the __________ is its titer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  All of the following are characteristics of Campylobacter jejuni except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes the peptidoglycan in certain bacterial cell walls is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  The blood cells that function in allergic reactions and inflammation, contain peroxidase and lysozyme, and particularly target parasitic worms and fungi are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Orchitis and epididymitis is seen in young adult males as a complication of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  The indirect ELISA test detects __________ in a patient's blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  Antibiotics are derived from all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Fifth disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Which technique is able to amplify DNA present in samples even in tiny amounts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  All of the following pertain to platelets except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  The property of a test to detect only a certain antibody or antigen, and not to react with any others, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  An animal, such as an arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from one host to another is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  The dyes fluorescein and rhodamine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Which of the following are ways to control or treat hepatitis B?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  If the ID for gonorrhea is 1,000 cells and the ID for tuberculosis is 10 cells, which organism is more virulent?
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  Sin Nombre hantavirus has all the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Penicillins and cephalosporins
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Salmonelloses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Retroviruses have the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Botulin, the toxin of botulism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  Salmonella typhi
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  A chemical that inhibits beta-lactamase enzymes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Which is incorrect about warts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Transmission of tineas include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Tuberculin skin testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Documented transmission of HIV involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Escherichia coli infections
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  This infection is marked by labored, noisy breathing and a hoarse cough:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  The secondary stage of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Oral thrush is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  Endogenous infectious agents arise from microbes that are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  All of the following pertain to Clostridium difficile infection except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  The four classic signs and symptoms of inflammation include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  Branhamella (Moraxella) catarrhalis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  The time from when pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Gingivitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  Formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  All of the following pertain to patients with AIDS except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  An agent of acute communicable conjunctivitis (pinkeye) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  Decaying vegetation, such as piles of leaves and compost heaps, allows growth and transmission of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  A positive Quellung, or capsular swelling, is confirmatory for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  Resident flora of the intestines include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  Which is incorrect about Mycoplasma pneumoniae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Anthrax is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  The objective, measurable evidence of disease evaluated by an observer is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Which is incorrect about rabies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  The antifungal drug that can be used to treat serious systemic fungal infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  The routes of entry for most fungi into the body are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  The cellular basis for bacterial resistance to antimicrobics include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  The toxin of Staphylococcus aureus strains that causes blisters and desquamation of skin in scalded skin syndrome is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Which of the following is not a mode of action of antivirals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  Mebendazole, niclosamide, and ivermectin are drugs used to treat __________ infections.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  The chancre of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  Oral flora bacteria on the tooth surface
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  Polyomaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  Brucellosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  Influenza vaccines include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  Affixing antigen to an inert particle such as a latex bead is sometimes used in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
163.  This organism commonly contaminates grains, corn, and peanuts and produces a potent mycotoxin called aflatoxin:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
164.  The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
A.
B.