Microbiology Final Review

210 Questions  I  By Tgerdel
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  Resident flora of the intestines include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The gram negative bacillus associated with abscesses from dog and cat bites or scratches is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Antimicrobics effective against a wide variety of microbial types are termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  All of the following pertain to listeriosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Legionella pneumophila
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  All of the following could be reasons why antimicrobic treatment fails except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Cryptococcus neoformans has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  All of the following genera are considered resident flora of skin sites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The majority of otitis media in children is mainly due to infection with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  All of the following pertain to patients with AIDS except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Whole antigens are detected in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Dermatophytoses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Chickenpox
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Neisseria gonorrhoeae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  This organism can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which genus is the most common resident flora of mouth surfaces?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The drug used against intestinal anaerobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic-associated colitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Salmonella typhi
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Tuberculin skin testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  All of the following pertain to monkeypox except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Mebendazole, niclosamide, and ivermectin are drugs used to treat __________ infections.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which is incorrect about Sporothrix schenckii?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Varicella-zoster virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The reticuloendothelial system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The dyes fluorescein and rhodamine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Retroviruses have the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  All infectious diseases
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Yaws, Pinta, and Bejel are all diseases that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which is incorrect about complement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The most immediate and important treatment needed to prevent death in Cholera victims is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which is not terminology used for resident flora?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Joe cut his finger on a sharp twig and now is experiencing dolor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Menthol and camphor (Vicks™) are effective treatments against
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  All of the following are routine biochemical tests to aid in identifying a species except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Orchitis and epididymitis is seen in young adult males as a complication of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Influenza vaccines include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The indirect ELISA test detects __________ in a patient's blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  All of the following are characteristics of Campylobacter jejuni except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The antifungal drug that can be used to treat serious systemic fungal infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  All of the following pertain to tuberculosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Sin Nombre hantavirus has all the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  These structures are found along lymphatic vessels but are heavily clustered in the armpit, groin, and neck:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  If the ID for gonorrhea is 1,000 cells and the ID for tuberculosis is 10 cells, which organism is more virulent?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  A chemical that inhibits beta-lactamase enzymes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  This organism is associated with commonly causing urinary tract infections in sexually active young adult and adolescent females:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which of the following is not a mode of action of antivirals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The enzyme that coagulates plasma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Yersinia pestis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Drug susceptibility testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The human body typically begins to be colonized by its normal flora
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  All of the following pertain to coccidioidomycosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Which is incorrect about warts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Cholera symptoms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Herpes simplex-2 (HSV-2) causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  A rising antibody titer a few days apart indicates
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Polyomaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  This organism commonly contaminates grains, corn, and peanuts and produces a potent mycotoxin called aflatoxin:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The time from when pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Streptococcus pyogenes causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  The objective, measurable evidence of disease evaluated by an observer is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Oral lesions called Koplik's spots are seen in patients with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Plasma cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Serotyping of the pneumococcus based on capsular polysaccharide is performed in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  The chancre of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Nonspecific chemical defenses include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Important characteristics of antimicrobic drugs include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Aspergillosis includes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Herpes whitlow is a deep set herpes simplex virus infection of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Respiratory syncytial virus (Pneumovirus)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Documented transmission of HIV involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  A positive Quellung, or capsular swelling, is confirmatory for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  All of the following are correct about the indirect ELISA except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The cellular basis for bacterial resistance to antimicrobics include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Which of the following methods is categorized as a direct test in order to analyze a specimen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  The routes of entry for most fungi into the body are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  The secondary stage of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  A "shotgun" approach to antimicrobial therapy involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Nosocomial infections involve all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Which is not correct about Mycobacterium species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  All of the following can positively influence the structure of tooth enamel except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  This pathogen is the most common cause of neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  Transmission of tineas include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Branhamella (Moraxella) catarrhalis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Erythema migrans, a bull's-eye rash, at the portal of entry is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Which of the following tests is too nonspecific to be applicable as a precise identification tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  The most common site where carriers of Staphylococcus aureus carry this pathogen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Inflammation of the liver with necrosis of the hepatocytes and swelling due to a mononuclear response is a disease called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  The foodborne disease that involves neurotoxin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  Penicillins and cephalosporins
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  Antibiotics are derived from all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Inhalation of respiratory secretions is involved in the transmission of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Leprosy is a disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  Treponena pallidum subspecies pallidum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  An agent of acute communicable conjunctivitis (pinkeye) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Which of the following lymphoid organs and tissues has the immunological function of filtering pathogens from the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Hemopoiesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  The four classic signs and symptoms of inflammation include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Which fastidious genus requires hemin (X factor) and NAD (Y factor) in its growth medium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Oral thrush is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  All of the following areas are subject to inertriginous infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  The more a sample can be diluted and yet still react with antigen, the __________ the concentration of antibodies in that sample and the __________ is its titer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  Oral flora bacteria on the tooth surface
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  All coliforms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Which color pigment is produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Diapedesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  Affixing antigen to an inert particle such as a latex bead is sometimes used in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  Antivirals that target reverse transcriptase would be used to treat
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  All of the following are associated with bubonic plague except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Pertussis has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  The subjective evidence of disease sensed by the patient is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  This opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Aminoglycosides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  Disease/s caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that causes serious systemic effects is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  Fifth disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  The common soil mycobacteria that frequently cause systemic infection and death in AIDS patients is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  Rabbits and rodents are the reservoirs of the causative agent of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  All of the following pertain to platelets except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  Escherichia coli infections
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Scarlet fever is caused by strains of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  The hepadnaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  The body region where a ciliary escalator helps to sweep microbes trapped in mucus away from that body site is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  The following are characteristics of Chlamydias except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  Rebecca Lancefield differentiated streptococci on the basis of differences in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  This type of anthrax is called "wool-sorter's disease"
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  The ability of a fungus to grow as a yeast or a mold depending on its environmental temperature is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  Cryptococcosis can include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  The property of a test to detect even small amounts of antibodies or antigens that are test targets is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Someone who inconspicuously harbors a pathogen and spreads it to others is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Which is incorrect about Parvoviruses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  Anthrax is
A.