Microbiology Final Review

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Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  This pathogen is the most common cause of neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Pasteurization of milk helps to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Yaws, Pinta, and Bejel are all diseases that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Joe cut his finger on a sharp twig and now is experiencing dolor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes the peptidoglycan in certain bacterial cell walls is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Sulfonamides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that causes serious systemic effects is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The ability of a fungus to grow as a yeast or a mold depending on its environmental temperature is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  All of the following could be reasons why antimicrobic treatment fails except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Sin Nombre hantavirus has all the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  A rising antibody titer a few days apart indicates
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  All of the following are characteristics of Campylobacter jejuni except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Botulin, the toxin of botulism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Orchitis and epididymitis is seen in young adult males as a complication of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which is incorrect about Parvoviruses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  This organism is associated with commonly causing urinary tract infections in sexually active young adult and adolescent females:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Nonspecific chemical defenses include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The following are characteristics of Chlamydias except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Oral thrush is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The most immediate and important treatment needed to prevent death in Cholera victims is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following methods is categorized as a direct test in order to analyze a specimen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This organism commonly contaminates grains, corn, and peanuts and produces a potent mycotoxin called aflatoxin:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Gingivitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Components of the first line of defense include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Ampicillin, amoxicillin, mezlocillin, and penicillin G all have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  This febrile disease with a rash has a pathogen that can cross the placenta and cause serious fetal damage:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Reye's syndrome involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which fastidious genus requires hemin (X factor) and NAD (Y factor) in its growth medium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Serotyping of the pneumococcus based on capsular polysaccharide is performed in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  All of the following pertain to coccidioidomycosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Inhalation of respiratory secretions is involved in the transmission of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  These structures are found along lymphatic vessels but are heavily clustered in the armpit, groin, and neck:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which is incorrect about Sporothrix schenckii?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Coronaviruses cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  A positive Quellung, or capsular swelling, is confirmatory for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The gram negative bacillus associated with abscesses from dog and cat bites or scratches is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The indirect ELISA test detects __________ in a patient's blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  If the ID for gonorrhea is 1,000 cells and the ID for tuberculosis is 10 cells, which organism is more virulent?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Adenoviruses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The viridans streptococci are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Parainfluenza virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Varicella-zoster virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Enterotoxins are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Diapedesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The highest incidence of histoplasmosis in the United States occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The common soil mycobacteria that frequently cause systemic infection and death in AIDS patients is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  All of the following are correct about the indirect ELISA except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Anthrax is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Which of the following is incorrect regarding the complement fixation test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which technique is able to amplify DNA present in samples even in tiny amounts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  An animal, such as an arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from one host to another is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Resident flora of the intestines include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The time from when pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  All of the following are routine biochemical tests to aid in identifying a species except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Which is not terminology used for resident flora?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  All of the following are associated with bubonic plague except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Polyomaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  STORCH is an acronym that represents the most common
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Rabbits and rodents are the reservoirs of the causative agent of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Influenza vaccines include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The Group A streptococcal infection that has symptoms of fever, edema of skin near portal of entry, and an elevated red, hot vesicular lesion is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Scarlet fever is caused by strains of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Which drug/s interfere with the action of an HIV enzyme needed for final assembly and maturation of the virus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The hepadnaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Chickenpox
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Cryptococcosis can include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Amphotericin B, nystatin, and the imidazoles are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  All of the following areas are subject to inertriginous infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Substances that are naturally produced by certain microorganisms that can inhibit or destroy other microorganisms are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Leprosy is a disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  The property of a test to detect only a certain antibody or antigen, and not to react with any others, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  The foodborne disease that involves neurotoxin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Which of the following are ways to control or treat hepatitis B?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  A superinfection results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Mebendazole, niclosamide, and ivermectin are drugs used to treat __________ infections.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  This pathogen has drug resistant strains called MRSA:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Branhamella (Moraxella) catarrhalis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  All of the following pertain to tuberculosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Rebecca Lancefield differentiated streptococci on the basis of differences in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Hemopoiesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Which genus is the most common resident flora of mouth surfaces?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Mycetoma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  A "shotgun" approach to antimicrobial therapy involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Chlamydia trachomatis causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  The enzyme that coagulates plasma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Inflammation of the liver with necrosis of the hepatocytes and swelling due to a mononuclear response is a disease called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Cytomegalovirus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  Herpes whitlow is a deep set herpes simplex virus infection of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  All of the following pertain to herpes simplex-1 (HSV-1) except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  Respiratory syncytial virus (Pneumovirus)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Which is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Salmonella typhi
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  The dyes fluorescein and rhodamine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  The routes of entry for most fungi into the body are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Treponena pallidum subspecies pallidum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Which is not correct about Mycobacterium species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  All of the following pertain to monkeypox except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  Pertussis has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Treatment of an animal bite for possible rabies includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Tuberculin skin testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Which color pigment is produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Fifth disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  The bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  The objective, measurable evidence of disease evaluated by an observer is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Salmonelloses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Dermatophytoses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  An inanimate object that harbors and transmits a pathogen is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Disease/s caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  This organism can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  All of the following pertain to Clostridium difficile infection except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Infected animals shed Leptospira interrogans in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Oral lesions called Koplik's spots are seen in patients with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  All of the following pertain to Neisseria meningitidis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Legionella pneumophila
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Which is incorrect about complement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Whole antigens are detected in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  The four classic signs and symptoms of inflammation include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  This opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  Aminoglycosides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  All of the following pertain to platelets except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  This type of anthrax is called "wool-sorter's disease"
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  The drug used for several protozoan infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  All coliforms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Transmission of tineas include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Decaying vegetation, such as piles of leaves and compost heaps, allows growth and transmission of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  All of the following genera are considered resident flora of skin sites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  Which of the following tests is too nonspecific to be applicable as a precise identification tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  Streptococcus pneumoniae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  Penicillins and cephalosporins
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  All of the following pertain to patients with AIDS except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  The subjective evidence of disease sensed by the patient is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  The drug used against intestinal anaerobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic-associated colitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  The causative agent of Lyme disease is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  Aspergillosis includes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  Drug susceptibility testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  All of the following pertain to Listeria monocytogenes except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  The cellular basis for bacterial resistance to antimicrobics include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  The most common site where carriers of Staphylococcus aureus carry this pathogen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  A chemical that inhibits beta-lactamase enzymes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  Antivirals that target reverse transcriptase would be used to treat
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  The property of a test to detect even small amounts of antibodies or antigens that are test targets is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  Escherichia coli infections
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  Herpes simplex-2 (HSV-2) causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  The blood cells that function in allergic reactions and inflammation, contain peroxidase and lysozyme, and particularly target parasitic worms and fungi are