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Microbiology Final Review

210 Questions  I  By Tgerdel
Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  Varicella-zoster virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Salmonelloses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The four classic signs and symptoms of inflammation include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Enterotoxins are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The routes of entry for most fungi into the body are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The most common site where carriers of Staphylococcus aureus carry this pathogen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which color pigment is produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Escherichia coli infections
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Antimicrobics effective against a wide variety of microbial types are termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Salmonella typhi
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  A positive Quellung, or capsular swelling, is confirmatory for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Parainfluenza virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The causative agent of Lyme disease is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which drug/s interfere with the action of an HIV enzyme needed for final assembly and maturation of the virus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Sin Nombre hantavirus has all the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The following are characteristics of Chlamydias except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  An organism found in coastal waters that causes a food infection and gastroenteritis due to a variety of contaminated raw and undercooked seafood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which is incorrect about complement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The property of a test to detect only a certain antibody or antigen, and not to react with any others, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Influenza vaccines include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Ampicillin, amoxicillin, mezlocillin, and penicillin G all have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Orchitis and epididymitis is seen in young adult males as a complication of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Mycetoma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  All of the following pertain to Neisseria meningitidis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Infected animals shed Leptospira interrogans in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Someone who inconspicuously harbors a pathogen and spreads it to others is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The secondary stage of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The toxin of Staphylococcus aureus strains that causes blisters and desquamation of skin in scalded skin syndrome is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following is involved in the in vitro diagnostic testing of serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which is not correct about Mycobacterium species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Reye's syndrome involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  This febrile disease with a rash has a pathogen that can cross the placenta and cause serious fetal damage:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  All of the following pertain to Clostridium difficile infection except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Components of the first line of defense include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Antibiotics are derived from all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  All of the following pertain to coccidioidomycosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes the peptidoglycan in certain bacterial cell walls is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The majority of otitis media in children is mainly due to infection with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  All of the following are characteristics of Campylobacter jejuni except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Herpes simplex-2 (HSV-2) causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  An inanimate object that harbors and transmits a pathogen is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Tuberculin skin testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Resident flora of the intestines include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Retroviruses have the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The virulence of Vibrio cholerae is due to its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  All of the following pertain to Listeria monocytogenes except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Mebendazole, niclosamide, and ivermectin are drugs used to treat __________ infections.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Respiratory syncytial virus (Pneumovirus)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Which of the following lymphoid organs and tissues has the immunological function of filtering pathogens from the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Erythema migrans, a bull's-eye rash, at the portal of entry is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Polyomaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  The reticuloendothelial system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  All of the following pertain to Enterococcus faecalis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  An agent of acute communicable conjunctivitis (pinkeye) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  A superinfection results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Which is incorrect about Sporothrix schenckii?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The hepadnaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Yaws, Pinta, and Bejel are all diseases that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The more a sample can be diluted and yet still react with antigen, the __________ the concentration of antibodies in that sample and the __________ is its titer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  A rising antibody titer a few days apart indicates
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Yersinia pestis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  A chemical that inhibits beta-lactamase enzymes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Transmission of tineas include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Important characteristics of antimicrobic drugs include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Cryptococcus neoformans has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The antifungal drug that can be used to treat serious systemic fungal infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  This type of anthrax is called "wool-sorter's disease"
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Plasma cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  The subjective evidence of disease sensed by the patient is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Menthol and camphor (Vicks™) are effective treatments against
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  The body region where a ciliary escalator helps to sweep microbes trapped in mucus away from that body site is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Nosocomial infections involve all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which of the following tests is too nonspecific to be applicable as a precise identification tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Which fastidious genus requires hemin (X factor) and NAD (Y factor) in its growth medium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Oral lesions called Koplik's spots are seen in patients with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Which of the following is incorrect regarding the complement fixation test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  A "shotgun" approach to antimicrobial therapy involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  The bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that causes serious systemic effects is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  All of the following pertain to monkeypox except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Adenoviruses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Pertussis has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Oral thrush is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Which genus is the most common resident flora of mouth surfaces?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  Anthrax is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  If the ID for gonorrhea is 1,000 cells and the ID for tuberculosis is 10 cells, which organism is more virulent?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Inflammation of the liver with necrosis of the hepatocytes and swelling due to a mononuclear response is a disease called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Endogenous infectious agents arise from microbes that are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  The gram negative bacillus associated with abscesses from dog and cat bites or scratches is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  The common soil mycobacteria that frequently cause systemic infection and death in AIDS patients is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  All of the following can positively influence the structure of tooth enamel except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  All of the following pertain to herpes simplex-1 (HSV-1) except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  Serotyping of the pneumococcus based on capsular polysaccharide is performed in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  All of the following are correct about the indirect ELISA except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  The blood cells that function in allergic reactions and inflammation, contain peroxidase and lysozyme, and particularly target parasitic worms and fungi are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Cholera symptoms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Treponena pallidum subspecies pallidum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  All of the following pertain to tuberculosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  Nonspecific chemical defenses include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  These structures are found along lymphatic vessels but are heavily clustered in the armpit, groin, and neck:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Hemopoiesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  This organism can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Herpes whitlow is a deep set herpes simplex virus infection of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Botulin, the toxin of botulism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Fifth disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  The highest incidence of histoplasmosis in the United States occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  The objective, measurable evidence of disease evaluated by an observer is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Pasteurization of milk helps to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  E. coli 0157:H7 characteristics include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Inhalation of respiratory secretions is involved in the transmission of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  The dyes fluorescein and rhodamine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  All of the following genera are considered resident flora of skin sites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  The human body typically begins to be colonized by its normal flora
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Diapedesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  The study of the frequency and distribution of a disease in a defined population is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  This opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  The enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Which is incorrect about Mycoplasma pneumoniae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  Gingivitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Which is not terminology used for resident flora?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  Dermatophytoses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  Chickenpox
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  Leprosy is a disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  All of the following could be reasons why antimicrobic treatment fails except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Neisseria gonorrhoeae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  The foodborne disease that involves neurotoxin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  STORCH is an acronym that represents the most common
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  Branhamella (Moraxella) catarrhalis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Which is incorrect about Parvoviruses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  Relapsing fever involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  Streptococcus pneumoniae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  The ability of a fungus to grow as a yeast or a mold depending on its environmental temperature is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Treatment of an animal bite for possible rabies includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  This pathogen has drug resistant strains called MRSA:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  All of the following are associated with bubonic plague except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  Brucellosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  Aspergillosis includes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Which of the following is not a mode of action of antivirals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  Joe cut his finger on a sharp twig and now is experiencing dolor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  Streptococcus pyogenes causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  Disease/s caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  This organism commonly contaminates grains, corn, and peanuts and produces a potent mycotoxin called aflatoxin:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  All of the following pertain to platelets except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  The drug used against intestinal anaerobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic-associated colitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
163.  Documented transmission of HIV involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
164.  The chancre of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
165.  The indirect ELISA test detects __________ in a patient's blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
166.  Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.