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Microbiology Final Review

210 Questions  I  By Tgerdel
Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  Endogenous infectious agents arise from microbes that are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Antivirals that target reverse transcriptase would be used to treat
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Chickenpox
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The time from when pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Yaws, Pinta, and Bejel are all diseases that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Resident flora of the intestines include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The chancre of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The blood cells that function in allergic reactions and inflammation, contain peroxidase and lysozyme, and particularly target parasitic worms and fungi are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Cholera symptoms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following is incorrect regarding the complement fixation test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The property of a test to detect even small amounts of antibodies or antigens that are test targets is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The property of a test to detect only a certain antibody or antigen, and not to react with any others, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Inhalation of respiratory secretions is involved in the transmission of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Transmission of tineas include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  This pathogen has drug resistant strains called MRSA:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Menthol and camphor (Vicks™) are effective treatments against
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Ampicillin, amoxicillin, mezlocillin, and penicillin G all have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Leprosy is a disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes the peptidoglycan in certain bacterial cell walls is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  An organism found in coastal waters that causes a food infection and gastroenteritis due to a variety of contaminated raw and undercooked seafood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The foodborne disease that involves neurotoxin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  All of the following pertain to tuberculosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Whole antigens are detected in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Adenoviruses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Brucellosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Treponena pallidum subspecies pallidum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  All of the following are associated with bubonic plague except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of the following lymphoid organs and tissues has the immunological function of filtering pathogens from the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Herpes whitlow is a deep set herpes simplex virus infection of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Documented transmission of HIV involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Antimicrobics effective against a wide variety of microbial types are termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of the following is not a mode of action of antivirals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Penicillins and cephalosporins
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Orchitis and epididymitis is seen in young adult males as a complication of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Important characteristics of antimicrobic drugs include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Amphotericin B, nystatin, and the imidazoles are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Reye's syndrome involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  This pathogen is the most common cause of neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Polyomaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The antifungal drug that can be used to treat serious systemic fungal infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Cryptococcosis can include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Oral thrush is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Salmonelloses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The viridans streptococci are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Decaying vegetation, such as piles of leaves and compost heaps, allows growth and transmission of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  All of the following pertain to Enterococcus faecalis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The most immediate and important treatment needed to prevent death in Cholera victims is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The major virulence factor of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that causes serious systemic effects is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the following tests is too nonspecific to be applicable as a precise identification tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Mebendazole, niclosamide, and ivermectin are drugs used to treat __________ infections.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The gram negative bacillus associated with abscesses from dog and cat bites or scratches is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Cryptococcus neoformans has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Tuberculin skin testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Herpes simplex-2 (HSV-2) causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Cytomegalovirus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  This infection is marked by labored, noisy breathing and a hoarse cough:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  All of the following can positively influence the structure of tooth enamel except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The subjective evidence of disease sensed by the patient is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Plasma cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  All of the following pertain to coccidioidomycosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Which is incorrect about Mycoplasma pneumoniae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Which is not terminology used for resident flora?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Pertussis has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Relapsing fever involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The causative agent of Lyme disease is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Oral lesions called Koplik's spots are seen in patients with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The drug used for several protozoan infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Which of the following is involved in the in vitro diagnostic testing of serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  This organism can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Diapedesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  All of the following pertain to monkeypox except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Antibiotics are derived from all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Streptococcus pneumoniae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The reticuloendothelial system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  The bright red rash and fever of scarlet fever is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Salmonella typhi
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  All of the following could be reasons why antimicrobic treatment fails except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  All of the following pertain to Listeria monocytogenes except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Affixing antigen to an inert particle such as a latex bead is sometimes used in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Drug susceptibility testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Disease/s caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Respiratory syncytial virus (Pneumovirus)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  These structures are found along lymphatic vessels but are heavily clustered in the armpit, groin, and neck:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  The following are characteristics of Chlamydias except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  An animal, such as an arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from one host to another is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Coronaviruses cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  This opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  This febrile disease with a rash has a pathogen that can cross the placenta and cause serious fetal damage:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  The dyes fluorescein and rhodamine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  Yersinia pestis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Infected animals shed Leptospira interrogans in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  A positive Quellung, or capsular swelling, is confirmatory for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Scarlet fever is caused by strains of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Sulfonamides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  All of the following pertain to herpes simplex-1 (HSV-1) except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  Aminoglycosides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  Substances that are naturally produced by certain microorganisms that can inhibit or destroy other microorganisms are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  All of the following areas are subject to inertriginous infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Nosocomial infections involve all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  This organism is associated with commonly causing urinary tract infections in sexually active young adult and adolescent females:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  An agent of acute communicable conjunctivitis (pinkeye) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  Plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  All of the following genera are considered resident flora of skin sites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  All of the following pertain to Neisseria meningitidis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Which genus is the most common resident flora of mouth surfaces?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  The cellular basis for bacterial resistance to antimicrobics include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  The objective, measurable evidence of disease evaluated by an observer is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  The body region where a ciliary escalator helps to sweep microbes trapped in mucus away from that body site is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  The hepadnaviruses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  All of the following are routine biochemical tests to aid in identifying a species except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Which of the following are ways to control or treat hepatitis B?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  An inanimate object that harbors and transmits a pathogen is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Enterotoxins are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Rebecca Lancefield differentiated streptococci on the basis of differences in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  The common soil mycobacteria that frequently cause systemic infection and death in AIDS patients is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  Retroviruses have the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Pasteurization of milk helps to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Serotyping of the pneumococcus based on capsular polysaccharide is performed in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Botulin, the toxin of botulism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Gingivitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  All of the following pertain to listeriosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Rabbits and rodents are the reservoirs of the causative agent of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  All coliforms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Which of the following methods is categorized as a direct test in order to analyze a specimen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  STORCH is an acronym that represents the most common
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  The Group A streptococcal infection that has symptoms of fever, edema of skin near portal of entry, and an elevated red, hot vesicular lesion is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  The virulence of Vibrio cholerae is due to its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  The enzyme that coagulates plasma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  The routes of entry for most fungi into the body are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Dermatophytoses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  Which color pigment is produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  Sin Nombre hantavirus has all the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  Streptococcus pyogenes causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  Which technique is able to amplify DNA present in samples even in tiny amounts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Varicella-zoster virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  Which is incorrect about warts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  The study of the frequency and distribution of a disease in a defined population is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  All of the following pertain to platelets except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  The ability of a fungus to grow as a yeast or a mold depending on its environmental temperature is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  Aspergillosis includes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  Erythema migrans, a bull's-eye rash, at the portal of entry is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  A "shotgun" approach to antimicrobial therapy involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Escherichia coli infections
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  The most common site where carriers of Staphylococcus aureus carry this pathogen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  Which is incorrect about Sporothrix schenckii?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  Which is not correct about Mycobacterium species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  All of the following are characteristics of Campylobacter jejuni except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  Which drug/s interfere with the action of an HIV enzyme needed for final assembly and maturation of the virus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  Treatment of an animal bite for possible rabies includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
163.  Mycetoma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
164.  The secondary stage of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
165.  The indirect ELISA test detects __________ in a patient's blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
166.  This type of anthrax is called "wool-sorter's disease"
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
167.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
168.  Formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
169.  Branhamella (Moraxella) catarrhalis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
170.  A superinfection results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
171.  Which is incorrect about rabies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
172.  Parainfluenza virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
173.  Fifth disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
174.  The four classic signs and symptoms of inflammation include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
175.  Influenza vaccines include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
176.  All of the following pertain to Clostridium difficile infection except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
177.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
178.  Which is incorrect about complement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
179.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
180.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
181.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
182.  Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
183.  The toxin of Staphylococcus aureus strains that causes blisters and desquamation of skin in scalded skin syndrome is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
184.  A rising antibody titer a few days apart indicates
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  The drug used against intestinal anaerobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic-associated colitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
186.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
187.  Which is incorrect about Parvoviruses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
188.  E. coli 0157:H7 characteristics include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
189.  If the ID for gonorrhea is 1,000 cells and the ID for tuberculosis is 10 cells, which organism is more virulent?
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  The human body typically begins to be colonized by its normal flora
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
191.  Legionella pneumophila
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
192.  Hemopoiesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
193.  The more a sample can be diluted and yet still react with antigen, the __________ the concentration of antibodies in that sample and the __________ is its titer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  Someone who inconspicuously harbors a pathogen and spreads it to others is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
195.  All of the following are correct about the indirect ELISA except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
196.  All infectious diseases
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
197.  Oral flora bacteria on the tooth surface
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
198.  Which fastidious genus requires hemin (X factor) and NAD (Y factor) in its growth medium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
199.  Components of the first line of defense include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
200.  Chlamydia trachomatis causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
201.  This organism commonly contaminates grains, corn, and peanuts and produces a potent mycotoxin called aflatoxin:
A.
B.
C.
D.