Microbiology Final Review

210 Questions  I  By Tgerdel
Microbiology Final Review
Practice test for Microbiology Final.

  
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1.  Actinomyces israelii
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This organism commonly contaminates grains, corn, and peanuts and produces a potent mycotoxin called aflatoxin:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Adenoviruses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Local edema, swollen lymph nodes, fever, soreness, and abscesses are indications of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  This organism is associated with commonly causing urinary tract infections in sexually active young adult and adolescent females:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  All of the following pertain to herpes simplex-1 (HSV-1) except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Helicobacter pylori causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The body region where a ciliary escalator helps to sweep microbes trapped in mucus away from that body site is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The enzyme associated with the influenza virus that hydrolyzes the protective mucous coating of the respiratory tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The causative agent of Lyme disease is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Tuberculin skin testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Components of the first line of defense include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  An organism found in coastal waters that causes a food infection and gastroenteritis due to a variety of contaminated raw and undercooked seafood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  A serum titer involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The study of the frequency and distribution of a disease in a defined population is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The toxin of Staphylococcus aureus strains that causes blisters and desquamation of skin in scalded skin syndrome is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  A superinfection results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Rebecca Lancefield differentiated streptococci on the basis of differences in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Sulfonamides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following are ways to control or treat hepatitis B?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Decaying vegetation, such as piles of leaves and compost heaps, allows growth and transmission of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The viridans streptococci are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Streptococcus pyogenes causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The drug used against intestinal anaerobic bacteria, that can also alter normal flora causing antibiotic-associated colitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of the following tests is too nonspecific to be applicable as a precise identification tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The drug used for several protozoan infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which is mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  All of the following genera are considered resident flora of skin sites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Plasma cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Antimicrobics effective against a wide variety of microbial types are termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The enzyme that coagulates plasma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Treponena pallidum subspecies pallidum
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which is incorrect about Mycoplasma pneumoniae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Mycetoma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which is not terminology used for resident flora?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The virulence of Vibrio cholerae is due to its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  An agent of acute communicable conjunctivitis (pinkeye) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Botulin, the toxin of botulism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Drug susceptibility testing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which color pigment is produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Neisseria gonorrhoeae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  All of the following pertain to coccidioidomycosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Gingivitis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Leprosy is a disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  E. coli 0157:H7 characteristics include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The subjective evidence of disease sensed by the patient is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The human body typically begins to be colonized by its normal flora
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  An animal, such as an arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from one host to another is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The reticuloendothelial system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Brucellosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Cholera symptoms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The Group A streptococcal infection that has symptoms of fever, edema of skin near portal of entry, and an elevated red, hot vesicular lesion is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Herpes whitlow is a deep set herpes simplex virus infection of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  A positive Quellung, or capsular swelling, is confirmatory for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Coronaviruses cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The circulating substances that affect the hypothalamus and initiate fever are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  The chancre of syphilis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The time from when pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Ampicillin, amoxicillin, mezlocillin, and penicillin G all have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Someone who inconspicuously harbors a pathogen and spreads it to others is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  All of the following pertain to Neisseria meningitidis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Parainfluenza virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Which disease involves transmission by aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and supermarket vegetable misters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  A rising antibody titer a few days apart indicates
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  The blood cells that function in allergic reactions and inflammation, contain peroxidase and lysozyme, and particularly target parasitic worms and fungi are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Antivirals that target reverse transcriptase would be used to treat
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  An inanimate object that harbors and transmits a pathogen is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  This organism can infect deeper wound sites and produce exotoxins, enzymes and gas that cause tissue and muscle necrosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The objective, measurable evidence of disease evaluated by an observer is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Which technique is able to amplify DNA present in samples even in tiny amounts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Which of the following is incorrect regarding the complement fixation test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Endogenous infectious agents arise from microbes that are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Chlamydia trachomatis causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  All of the following pertain to tuberculosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Which is incorrect about warts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Which drug/s interfere with the action of an HIV enzyme needed for final assembly and maturation of the virus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Which is incorrect about Sporothrix schenckii?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) has the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Important characteristics of antimicrobic drugs include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  These structures are found along lymphatic vessels but are heavily clustered in the armpit, groin, and neck:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Which of the following is not a mode of action of antivirals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  All of the following pertain to patients with AIDS except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Salmonella typhi
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  The more a sample can be diluted and yet still react with antigen, the __________ the concentration of antibodies in that sample and the __________ is its titer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  The cellular basis for bacterial resistance to antimicrobics include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Salmonelloses are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Aminoglycosides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Hemopoiesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  STORCH is an acronym that represents the most common
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Retroviruses have the following characteristics except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  This type of anthrax is called "wool-sorter's disease"
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  The most common site where carriers of Staphylococcus aureus carry this pathogen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  All of the following pertain to monkeypox except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  This opportunist is the most frequent cause of life-threatening pneumonia in AIDS patients:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  Scarlet fever is caused by strains of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Substances that are naturally produced by certain microorganisms that can inhibit or destroy other microorganisms are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Which genus is the most common resident flora of mouth surfaces?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Fifth disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  Transmission of tineas include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira are all
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  Varicella-zoster virus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Diapedesis is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  This pathogen is the most common cause of neonatal pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Which of the following methods is categorized as a direct test in order to analyze a specimen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  The four classic signs and symptoms of inflammation include all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Aspergillosis includes all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Specificity and memory are associated with which body defense mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Cryptococcosis can include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Antibiotics are derived from all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Serotyping of the pneumococcus based on capsular polysaccharide is performed in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Formation of a pseudomembrane in the back of the throat is seen in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  All of the following pertain to platelets except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Mebendazole, niclosamide, and ivermectin are drugs used to treat __________ infections.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Orchitis and epididymitis is seen in young adult males as a complication of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Inflammation of the liver with necrosis of the hepatocytes and swelling due to a mononuclear response is a disease called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Rabbits and rodents are the reservoirs of the causative agent of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  All of the following are routine biochemical tests to aid in identifying a species except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  Legionella pneumophila
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  Which is not correct about Mycobacterium species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Which of the following is not caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Streptococcus pneumoniae is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes the peptidoglycan in certain bacterial cell walls is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Disease/s caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Oral thrush is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  All of the following are methods to diagnose viral infections except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  All of the following pertain to listeriosis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  The foodborne disease that involves neurotoxin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  Which of the following is involved in the in vitro diagnostic testing of serum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  Cytomegalovirus
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  Infected animals shed Leptospira interrogans in their
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  All of the following are associated with bubonic plague except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Pasteurization of milk helps to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Affixing antigen to an inert particle such as a latex bead is sometimes used in this type of test:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  The antifungal drug that can be used to treat serious systemic fungal infections is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  Treatment of an animal bite for possible rabies includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  The property of a test to detect only a certain antibody or antigen, and not to react with any others, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  This pathogen has drug resistant strains called MRSA:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Enterotoxins are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  Documented transmission of HIV involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.