Anteroposterior diameter increases
Residual volume decreases
Airways close late
Ability to cough increases
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
Pleural friction rub
Notify the Rapid Response Team
Assess the patient's respiratory status
Apply supplemental oxygen
Place patient in high-Fowler's position
Notify the physician
Calmly tell the patient that he must remain NPO until another four hours
Order food since the patient is A&O
Check for a gag reflex return
" I should use my atenolol right away before the test."
"I shouldn't smoke 6 hours beforehand."
"I should only breathe through my mouth."
"This test will help identify the cause of my shortness of breath."
Uncompensated respiratory alkalosis
Compensated respiratory alkalosis
Compensated respiratory acidosis
Uncompensated respiratory acidosis
Nasal cannula at 2L/min
Nasal cannula at 4L/min
Simple facemask at 5L/min
Re-insert the tube and notify the physician
Place a 4x4 sterile gauze over the stoma to prevent infection
Obtain the patient's vital signs
Ventilate the patient using a manual resuscitation bag as another nurse notifies for help from the resuscitation team
Suction for 5 seconds
Apply suction during insertion
Suction the mouth before suctioning the airway
Hyperoxygenate before and after suctioning
Instruct patient to drink water, especially while chewing
Keep patient at low-Fowler's position
Do not rush patient
Deflate cuff during meals
Provide large meals
"I will increase the humidity in my home."
"I can no longer have showers anymore."
"Before suctioning, I should wash my hands."
"If I stick a large cottonball in the airway, I won't be able to breathe."
Document this finding.
Check to see if the chest tube is blocked or kinked
Check for an air leak
Notify the physician immediately
This is a normal finding
Trachea-innominate artery fistula