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Lifeguard Quiz # 4: First Aid (ch. 9)

16 Questions
Lifeguard Quiz # 4: First Aid (ch. 9)

SELA Aquatics requires all lifeguard training participants to complete quizzes on or before the due dates given by their instructors. Failure to complete quizzes may result in a participant's forfeiture to take the final written exam and receive certification. Upon completing this quiz, please print out the achievement card that indicates a passing score and show it to your instructor.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The “S” in the mnemonic SAMPLE stands for—
    • A. 

      Secondary assessment.

    • B. 

      Signs and symptoms.

    • C. 

      Signs of life.

    • D. 

      Standard of care.

  • 2. 
    A physical injury to the body’s soft tissue, such as the skin, fat and muscles, is called a—
    • A. 

      Break.

    • B. 

      Concussion.

    • C. 

      Stroke.

    • D. 

      Wound.

  • 3. 
    To minimize the effects of shock, you should do all of the following EXCEPT—
    • A. 

      Control any external bleeding.

    • B. 

      Have the victim lie down and elevate the legs about 12 inches if a head, neck or back injury or if broken bones in the hips or legs are not suspected.

    • C. 

      Give the victim warm beverages to sip

    • D. 

      Keep the victim from getting chilled or overheated.

  • 4. 
    You are on duty at your facility when a patron emerges from the locker room stating that a custodian has had an accident, spilling a small amount of cleaning product in one of her eyes. What should you do to provide care for chemicals in the eye?
    • A. 

      Flush away from the uninjured eye

    • B. 

      Flush eyes with soap and water for 15 minutes

    • C. 

      Flush the eye continuously with water for 10 minutes or until EMS personnel arrive

    • D. 

      Both A and C are correct

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is true when providing care for a victim who has sustained a serious injury to the abdomen?
    • A. 

      Cover the organs with a moist, sterile dressing and cover the dressing with plastic wrap.

    • B. 

      Do not attempt to put the organs back into the abdomen.

    • C. 

      Place a folded towel or cloth over the dressing to keep the organs warm.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 6. 
    Take all of the following steps to care for an embedded object EXCEPT—
    • A. 

      Do not remove the object.

    • B. 

      Place a bandage over the object.

    • C. 

      Place several dressings around the object to keep it from moving.

    • D. 

      Summon EMS personnel.

  • 7. 
    The victim of a heat-related emergency starts to lose consciousness. What should you do after you summon EMS personnel?
    • A. 

      Continue to check for breathing and a pulse.

    • B. 

      Continue to cool the victim by using ice or cold packs on his or her wrists, ankles, groin and neck and in the armpits.

    • C. 

      Have the victim sit up.

    • D. 

      Both a and b are correct.

  • 8. 
    Frostbite is the freezing of body parts exposed to the cold. The severity depends on—
    • A. 

      Air temperature, body temperature and length of exposure.

    • B. 

      Air temperature, length of exposure and the wind.

    • C. 

      Air temperature, length of the body part and the wind.

    • D. 

      Body temperature, length of exposure and the wind

  • 9. 
    Too much or too little sugar in the blood =
    • A. 

      Diabetic emergency

    • B. 

      Fainting

    • C. 

      Seizures

    • D. 

      Stroke

  • 10. 
    Weakness or numbness usually on one side of the body, slurred speech or blurred vision =
    • A. 

      Diabetic emergency

    • B. 

      Seizures

    • C. 

      Stroke

    • D. 

      Poisoning

  • 11. 
    A cut in which a piece of soft tissue or even part of the body, such as a finger, is torn loose or is torn off entirely. Often, deeper tissues are damaged, causing significant bleeding =
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Laceration

    • C. 

      Avulsion

    • D. 

      Puncture

  • 12. 
    Signals include red, hot, dry skin; changes in the level of consciousness; and vomiting.
    • A. 

      Heat cramps

    • B. 

      Heat exhaustion

    • C. 

      Heat stroke

  • 13. 
    When speaking with children, do not kneel since this may confuse the child.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    When treating an eye injury, do not put direct pressure on the eye.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Splinting is a method of immobilizing an injured extremity and should be used only if moving or transporting a person to seek medical attention and if splinting does not cause further pain.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    If the victim vomits ___________, place the victim on his or her side.
    • A. 

      Do

    • B. 

      Do not