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Human Growth Pt.II

40 Questions
human growth pt.II

Stupiddd final for human growth.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Penelope has low self-esteem and is unhappy. She appears to be anxious around her peers and has few friends. Her teacher asked her why she sat by herself at lunch. Penelope stated that the other kids would not want her to join them, beacuse she is ugly and dumb. It is mostly that she grew up in a home with parents who were_____.
    • A. 

      Authoritarian.

    • B. 

      Authoritative.

    • C. 

      Indulgent.

    • D. 

      Neglectful.

  • 2. 
    According to soical cognitive theory of gender, socail influences on gender roles appear to operate mainly through:
    • A. 

      Cognitive processes stimulated by other people.

    • B. 

      Learning processes in the company of other people.

    • C. 

      Biological processes stimulated.

    • D. 

      A complex interaction of biological processes.

  • 3. 
    Working-class and low-income families are more likely to practice a(n)_____parenting style.
    • A. 

      Authoritarian

    • B. 

      Authoritative.

    • C. 

      Permissive indulgent

    • D. 

      Permissive ignoring.

  • 4. 
    Research studies conducted in 2007 by UNICEF suggest that"
    • A. 

      In every culture, men have higher status and more power than women do.

    • B. 

      In most cultures, men have a higher status and more pwer than women do.

    • C. 

      In most cultures, men have a higher status and power thab women do: however, political changes.

    • D. 

      In most primitive cultures.

  • 5. 
    When her mother asks selena why she feels so sad, Selena says its because her best friend just lost her puppy. Selena is exhibiting:
    • A. 

      Guilt.

    • B. 

      Empathy.

    • C. 

      Herternonomous morality.

    • D. 

      Lack of perspective-taking

  • 6. 
    Parentsing styles are a negotiation between:
    • A. 

      Empathy and anger.

    • B. 

      Respnsiveness and demands.

    • C. 

      Punishments and rewars.

    • D. 

      Love and discipline.

  • 7. 
    Social cognitive theory emphasizes the importance of____ in deteremining moral behavior.
    • A. 

      Situations

    • B. 

      Guilt

    • C. 

      Peer influence

    • D. 

      Religious upbrining

  • 8. 
    Parents who divorce can do all of the following to improvetheir childs adjustment to this event EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Use an authoritative parenting style.

    • B. 

      Have a harmonioys relationship with each other.

    • C. 

      Have joint custody.

    • D. 

      Have maternal custody and paternal vistation.

  • 9. 
    Psychological evolutionary theories of gender differences fail to take into account:
    • A. 

      Cultural and individual variations in gender differences.

    • B. 

      Intelligent speculations about the roles of men and women.

    • C. 

      The differing roles in reproduction.

    • D. 

      Research evidence suggesting that mean prefer sexual partners than women.

  • 10. 
    Four-year old becky has just hit her sister, again. what should beckys mom do? most developmental psychologiest would suggest:
    • A. 

      Give becky a spanking.

    • B. 

      Explain to becky that " hitting hurts"

    • C. 

      Giuve becky a time out

    • D. 

      Give becky a soanking: she is old enough to understand.

  • 11. 
    Which child will find the task of arranging objects in a precise pattern on a table most challenging?
    • A. 

      A 3 year old

    • B. 

      A 4 year old.

    • C. 

      A 5 year old

    • D. 

      A 6 year old

  • 12. 
    Latoya talks to herself frequently, especially when she is trying to solve a difficult problem. Lev Vygotsky would say that Latoya is:
    • A. 

      Engaging in egocentric and immature thinking.

    • B. 

      Using private speech to organzie and regulate her thinking.

    • C. 

      Functioning at the upper limit.

    • D. 

      Using the instititutional level of thinking.

  • 13. 
    For jean piaget, failing a conservation task indicates that the child is:
    • A. 

      Enagaging in logical thinking

    • B. 

      Unable to think symbolically

    • C. 

      Evidencing centration.

    • D. 

      Considering combinations of features.

  • 14. 
    The way that children age 4-7 thik that uses basica reasoning and is characterized by curiosity is known as:
    • A. 

      Fubctionalism

    • B. 

      Egocentrism.

    • C. 

      Intuitive thought.

    • D. 

      Symbolic thought

  • 15. 
    Hallie is  very active. she loves to tumble and show off.  This type of activity level and confidence is MOST charcateristic of the:
    • A. 

      2 year old

    • B. 

      3 year old

    • C. 

      4 year old

    • D. 

      5 year old

  • 16. 
    Which of the followinf would we expect a 3 year old to understand about another persona perception?
    • A. 

      Hiding and object conceals it from another person.

    • B. 

      A person will look foe hidden objects where he or she thinks it is.

    • C. 

      A child who has been scared by a dog once.

    • D. 

      A person looking at a three-dimensional model of a mountain will see a different view of the model than the 3 year old will see.

  • 17. 
    Vygotsky called the use of language for self-regualtion:
    • A. 

      Social speech.

    • B. 

      Egocentric speech.

    • C. 

      Toddler speech.

    • D. 

      Private speech.

  • 18. 
    Mrs. Parker is the director of a preschool. Currently, the students play outside for about 1 hour a day. Which of the following changes should Mrs. Parker implement in order to gove her students the best health?
    • A. 

      Increase the amount of time that choldren sit.

    • B. 

      Increase the amount of time child engage in play.

    • C. 

      Decrease the outside activity time no more than 45 mins.

    • D. 

      Increase the time that the teachers speed art.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following statements about brain development and early childhood is NOT true?
    • A. 

      The brain does not grown as rapidly in early childhood.

    • B. 

      By the time a chiold is 3 year s of age, the braib is 5% of its adukt size.

    • C. 

      By the time a child is 4 years old the brain is 95% of its adult size.

    • D. 

      The brain experiences rapid, distibct periods of growth.

  • 20. 
    Most recent research has provided evidence that the primary cause of autism is:
    • A. 

      Genetic and brain abnormalities.

    • B. 

      Personality characteristics of the parents.

    • C. 

      Vaccines.

    • D. 

      Proximity to toxic waste.

  • 21. 
    The inability to distinguish between ones own perspective and someone elses perspective is known as_____.
    • A. 

      Animism.

    • B. 

      Empathy.

    • C. 

      Symbolism.

    • D. 

      Egocentrism.

  • 22. 
    A toddler is likely to learn something in the zone of proximal development (ZPD) if:
    • A. 

      The toddler has mastered all th skills.

    • B. 

      Parentsor teachers do not interfere.

    • C. 

      The task is more difficukt than the child can do alone.

    • D. 

      The toddler needs little or no help from a parent or teacher.

  • 23. 
    An overwhelming worldwide health concern in the last decade has been death due to:
    • A. 

      Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

    • B. 

      Malnourishment.

    • C. 

      Rubella.

    • D. 

      Malaria.

  • 24. 
    According to Lev Vygotskys concept of the zone proximal develeopment (ZPD), learning is:
    • A. 

      Achieved by discovering which answers will lead to rewards.

    • B. 

      Achieved by assimilating new understandin.

    • C. 

      Affected by how the enviroment and genetically programmed.

    • D. 

      A socail activity between a less knowledeable child, and another adult who is more knowledgeable

  • 25. 
    Tara holds her 2 month old daughter, Sonia, close to her, makes eye contact, and smiles and sings softly to her. Tara is engaging in :
    • A. 

      Face-to-face-play

    • B. 

      Parallel play

    • C. 

      Motherese play

    • D. 

      Postitive play

  • 26. 
    Sanjay and Tyan are 4-year-old friends. when thet are together, they often wrestle, run, race,push, and shove each other. although their level of activity often aggravates their parents, we know that this activivty will:
    • A. 

      Help the boys develop gross motor skills.

    • B. 

      Stop when thrie brain become better myelinated.

    • C. 

      Be temprorary

    • D. 

      Help the boys develop the fine motor skilld.

  • 27. 
    A mother hands her baby a rattle, saying "here you are" she the gentlyu takes the ratter away, smiling and saying "thank-you". she does this repeatedly, letting the baby keep the rattle for several secons. eventually the baby takes the rattl, holds it fot a few seconds, and then holds it out to her mother and msiles. this is an ex. of:
    • A. 

      Sociability.

    • B. 

      Scaffoldong.

    • C. 

      Emotionality.

    • D. 

      Reciprocal socialization.

  • 28. 
    In a classica study of attchment by harry harlow, infant monkeys spent more time with the ___ monkey regardless of which monkey fed them
    • A. 

      Wire

    • B. 

      Live

    • C. 

      Cloth

    • D. 

      Metal

  • 29. 
    Daniel and guadalupe are angry with one another because of differences in their spending habits. Guadalupe snaps at their daughter and sends her to her room evena though the little girl is not misbehaving. accoring to Jay Belskys:
    • A. 

      A direct influnces of the parent on the child.

    • B. 

      A direct influence of the marital relationship.

    • C. 

      An indirect influence of the marital realtionship on the child.

    • D. 

      An indirect influence if the child development on the marital realtionship.

  • 30. 
    Accroding to jerome kagan (2002,2003) temperament:
    • A. 

      Is the resut of unherited physiological characteristics: however temperament can be modified to some degree.

    • B. 

      Is the result of an inherited physiological characteristics and cannot be modified.

    • C. 

      Is minimally influenced by inherited.

    • D. 

      Results completely from enviromental facotrs.

  • 31. 
    Children with low activity levels and somwhat negative attitiudes are classified as:
    • A. 

      Easy children

    • B. 

      Difficult children.

    • C. 

      Slow-to-warm-up children

    • D. 

      Slow children

  • 32. 
    In the strange stituation, jermaine used his mother as "secure base" as actively explored the playroom. mary aunswirth would most likely classift jermanine as:
    • A. 

      Securely attched.

    • B. 

      Trusting attached.

    • C. 

      Agape-love attched.

    • D. 

      Solidly attached.

  • 33. 
    Which of the following is generally true about child-care settings across the United States, according to your text?
    • A. 

      They are generally good in quality.

    • B. 

      They vary widely in quality.

    • C. 

      The vast majority are small.

    • D. 

      The vast majority are large.

  • 34. 
    The result of the large national longitudinal study if child care indicate that:
    • A. 

      Extensive use of the day care hurts parents-child relationships.

    • B. 

      The influence of families and parenting is not weakended by extensive use if day care.

    • C. 

      There is not enough evudence too indicate.

    • D. 

      More study is needed to determine.

  • 35. 
    In spite of modern criticism of the forst theories of attchement and its significance in healthy development,
    • A. 

      There is no evidence to support the criticism.

    • B. 

      There is ample evidence tha security of attchment is important.

    • C. 

      There is more evidence to support those first theories than the newer ones.

    • D. 

      People cling to the original theories.

  • 36. 
    Fernando is  a young child who has just recently begun to smile whenever he hears his mothers voice? app. how old is Fernando?
    • A. 

      2-3 months

    • B. 

      4-5 months

    • C. 

      6-7 months.

    • D. 

      8-9 months.

  • 37. 
    Marcus and debra used to go out quite often. since their babys birth, they have perferred spending time at home with the baby. This change in Marcus and Debras behavior is an ex. of :
    • A. 

      Attachment

    • B. 

      Scaffolding

    • C. 

      The infant socializing the parents.

    • D. 

      The parents socializing the infant.

  • 38. 
    Emaotions that are present in humans and animals and that appear in the first 6 months of thge human infants developmet are known as:
    • A. 

      Primitive emotions.

    • B. 

      Innate emotions.

    • C. 

      Primary emotions.

    • D. 

      Evolved emotions.

  • 39. 
    John bowlby argued that infants develop a(n)____ of attchment.
    • A. 

      External working model

    • B. 

      Internal working model

    • C. 

      External passive model

    • D. 

      Internal passive model

  • 40. 
    Researchers have found that infant fear is linked to all the the following at 6 to 7 years of age EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Guilt

    • B. 

      Empathy

    • C. 

      High aggression

    • D. 

      Low aggression.