Cognitive processes stimulated by other people.
Learning processes in the company of other people.
Biological processes stimulated.
A complex interaction of biological processes.
In every culture, men have higher status and more power than women do.
In most cultures, men have a higher status and more pwer than women do.
In most cultures, men have a higher status and power thab women do: however, political changes.
In most primitive cultures.
Lack of perspective-taking
Empathy and anger.
Respnsiveness and demands.
Punishments and rewars.
Love and discipline.
Use an authoritative parenting style.
Have a harmonioys relationship with each other.
Have joint custody.
Have maternal custody and paternal vistation.
Cultural and individual variations in gender differences.
Intelligent speculations about the roles of men and women.
The differing roles in reproduction.
Research evidence suggesting that mean prefer sexual partners than women.
Give becky a spanking.
Explain to becky that " hitting hurts"
Giuve becky a time out
Give becky a soanking: she is old enough to understand.
A 3 year old
A 4 year old.
A 5 year old
A 6 year old
Engaging in egocentric and immature thinking.
Using private speech to organzie and regulate her thinking.
Functioning at the upper limit.
Using the instititutional level of thinking.
Enagaging in logical thinking
Unable to think symbolically
Considering combinations of features.
2 year old
3 year old
4 year old
5 year old
Hiding and object conceals it from another person.
A person will look foe hidden objects where he or she thinks it is.
A child who has been scared by a dog once.
A person looking at a three-dimensional model of a mountain will see a different view of the model than the 3 year old will see.
Increase the amount of time that choldren sit.
Increase the amount of time child engage in play.
Decrease the outside activity time no more than 45 mins.
Increase the time that the teachers speed art.
The brain does not grown as rapidly in early childhood.
By the time a chiold is 3 year s of age, the braib is 5% of its adukt size.
By the time a child is 4 years old the brain is 95% of its adult size.
The brain experiences rapid, distibct periods of growth.
Genetic and brain abnormalities.
Personality characteristics of the parents.
Proximity to toxic waste.
The toddler has mastered all th skills.
Parentsor teachers do not interfere.
The task is more difficukt than the child can do alone.
The toddler needs little or no help from a parent or teacher.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Achieved by discovering which answers will lead to rewards.
Achieved by assimilating new understandin.
Affected by how the enviroment and genetically programmed.
A socail activity between a less knowledeable child, and another adult who is more knowledgeable
Help the boys develop gross motor skills.
Stop when thrie brain become better myelinated.
Help the boys develop the fine motor skilld.
A direct influnces of the parent on the child.
A direct influence of the marital relationship.
An indirect influence of the marital realtionship on the child.
An indirect influence if the child development on the marital realtionship.
Is the resut of unherited physiological characteristics: however temperament can be modified to some degree.
Is the result of an inherited physiological characteristics and cannot be modified.
Is minimally influenced by inherited.
Results completely from enviromental facotrs.
They are generally good in quality.
They vary widely in quality.
The vast majority are small.
The vast majority are large.
Extensive use of the day care hurts parents-child relationships.
The influence of families and parenting is not weakended by extensive use if day care.
There is not enough evudence too indicate.
More study is needed to determine.
There is no evidence to support the criticism.
There is ample evidence tha security of attchment is important.
There is more evidence to support those first theories than the newer ones.
People cling to the original theories.
The infant socializing the parents.
The parents socializing the infant.
External working model
Internal working model
External passive model
Internal passive model