Hra Chapter 15 Multiple Choice

40 Questions  I  By Sbrown87
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  • 1. 
    From a business perspective, emphasizing health and safety in the workplace pays off in all the following ways EXECPT:
    • A. 

      Lower employee benefits costs

    • B. 

      Fewer work-related accidents

    • C. 

      Lower training and monitoring costs

    • D. 

      Lower workers' compensation costs


  • 2. 
                          refers to a condition in which the physical well-being or people is protected, ________ refers to protecting employees and organizational facilities.
    • A. 

      Health, Safety

    • B. 

      Health, Security

    • C. 

      Security, Safety

    • D. 

      Safety, Security


  • 3. 
    The main purpose of effective_____programs in organizations is too preven work-related injuries and accidents.
    • A. 

      Safety

    • B. 

      Job restructuring

    • C. 

      Human engineering

    • D. 

      Security.


  • 4. 
    The primary health, safety, and security resposibilities in an organization usually fall on
    • A. 

      Safety teams.

    • B. 

      Supervisors and managers.

    • C. 

      Industrial engineers.

    • D. 

      HR specialists.


  • 5. 
    In a typical division of health, safety, and security responsibilties, the HR unit is responsible for
    • A. 

      Monitoring the health and safety of employees daily

    • B. 

      Investigating accidents

    • C. 

      Monitoring the workplace for security problems

    • D. 

      Developing the safety reporting system


  • 6. 
    The three major causes of injury in the workplace include all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Misusing machinery

    • B. 

      Overextending

    • C. 

      Falling

    • D. 

      Bodily reaction


  • 7. 
    By coordinating_____, HR can create value and help mitigate some risk to the company concerning possible risks due to terrorist attacks, loss of electirical service, bomb threats, and hostage situations.
    • A. 

      Compliance with regulations

    • B. 

      The integration of safety and security

    • C. 

      Crisis management planning

    • D. 

      Emergency operations


  • 8. 
    Who is responsible for funding workers' compensation?
    • A. 

      Employers

    • B. 

      Employees

    • C. 

      Employees and Employers jointly

    • D. 

      State and Local government


  • 9. 
    Arlene works as a teller for a bank. During an armed robbery attempt, Arlene was shot in the left elbow which may permanently affect her use of that arm. Under workers' compensation she can expect all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Payments to replace lost wages

    • B. 

      Punitive damages against the bank if it has been lax in providing security for employees.

    • C. 

      Payments to cover medical bills.

    • D. 

      Retraining for another position is she has psychological impairment from the episode that makes her unable to work as a teller.


  • 10. 
    Major contributor(s) to the increase in workers' compensation costs is/are
    • A. 

      The escalation of serious on the job accidents.

    • B. 

      Higher medical and litigation expenses.

    • C. 

      Injuries to employees while working in foreign locations.

    • D. 

      Employees injured while working at home.


  • 11. 
    Employer's who make accommodations for injured employees through light duty work might unwittingly
    • A. 

      Increase their workers' compensation premiums due to the increased risk of having an injured employee work.

    • B. 

      Violate FMLA regulations which require leave time rather than accommodation.

    • C. 

      Be liable for any accidents caused by the injured employee.

    • D. 

      Undercut what really are the essential job functions as defined by the ADA.


  • 12. 
    What does the ADA require regarding information from all medical examinations and inquires?
    • A. 

      It should be maintained separately from all other confidential files, with restricted access and security provisions.

    • B. 

      Its been given to the employee. No copies may be made or kept by the employer.

    • C. 

      It should be used only by the safety committee when deciding what accommodations can be made for the individual employee affected.

    • D. 

      It should be filed with all other confidential information, with access restricted to a "need-to-know" basis.


  • 13. 
    Which of the following jobs/occupations could a person UNDER 18 legally perfom according to the FLSA?
    • A. 

      Taxi driver

    • B. 

      Working as a humane killer in a slaughtering operation for organic beef.

    • C. 

      Counter staff in a donut store in a high-crime neighborhood.

    • D. 

      Working as a kiln-operator in an art pottery business.


  • 14. 
    ____ was passed to " assure as far as possible every working man or woman in the nation safe and healthful working conditions and to perserve human resources."
    • A. 

      Worker's compensation legislation.

    • B. 

      The Occupational Safety and Health Act

    • C. 

      The Fair Labor Standards Act

    • D. 

      The Homeland Security Act


  • 15. 
    Every employer engaged in commerce with  _________ employees is covered by OSHA.
    • A. 

      One or more.

    • B. 

      10 or more.

    • C. 

      25 or more.

    • D. 

      50 or more.


  • 16. 
    Workplace standards are developed through research by
    • A. 

      OSHRC

    • B. 

      FLSA

    • C. 

      CDC

    • D. 

      NIOSH


  • 17. 
    The Occupational Safety and Health Act states that employers have a general duty to
    • A. 

      Obey all rules and regulations developed by OSHA

    • B. 

      Inform OSHA when there are no rules to apply in a specific situation

    • C. 

      Provide safe and healthy working conditions, even in areas where there are no OSHA standards

    • D. 

      Develop safety and health unique to each place of employment


  • 18. 
    The federal Hazard Communication Standard required that employers who use hazardous chemicals
    • A. 

      Limit the amount of time that an employee can work in areas where the chemicals are in use or stored.

    • B. 

      Evaluate, classify, and label these substances.

    • C. 

      Provide supplemental medical insurance for all employees working with the chemicals.

    • D. 

      Allow employees to "opt out" of jobs using these chemicals and to be transferred to jobs with equivalent pay.


  • 19. 
    The prupose of a material safety data sheet (MSDS) is to
    • A. 

      Track the use of hazardous materials on the job.

    • B. 

      Record employee accidents or injuries that result from using hazardous substances.

    • C. 

      Collect data for scientific research concerning the long term affects on workers who are exposed to hazardous substances.

    • D. 

      Provide employees with information about hazardous substances including antidotes.


  • 20. 
    The purpose of OSHA's lock out/tag out regulations is  to
    • A. 

      Prevent accidental start up of defective machinery during repair or adjustment.

    • B. 

      Deny access to the workplace by unauthorized individuals.

    • C. 

      Ensure that hazardous substances are under lock and key when they are not being used.

    • D. 

      Close down a work place judges unsafe by an OSHA inspector.


  • 21. 
    While making a routine call, Eric, a security gaurd at an apartment complex, and the apartment manager who was making the call with Eric were attacked by two vicious dogs by a renter. The woman was badly mauled and bleeded profusely. Eric was covered with her splattered blood when the police arrived. in addition, Eric had dog bites and lacerations himself. This is a circumstance where OSHA regulations on _____________ would come into force.
    • A. 

      Hazardous occupations

    • B. 

      Infectious disease control

    • C. 

      Bloodborne pathogens

    • D. 

      Material safety data sheets


  • 22. 
    ________ is the study and design of the work environment to address the physiological and physical demands on individuals.
    • A. 

      Occupational safety and health

    • B. 

      Environmental Design

    • C. 

      Ergonomics

    • D. 

      Industrial Physiology


  • 23. 
    The generic term for muscle and skeletal injuries that occur when workers repetitively use the same muscles to perform tasks is
    • A. 

      Repetitive trauma syndrome

    • B. 

      Myassthenia gravis

    • C. 

      Musculo-skeletal trauma

    • D. 

      Cumulative trauma disorder.


  • 24. 
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is an injury common in people who
    • A. 

      Put their hands through repetitive motion.

    • B. 

      Spend most of their work days standing or leaning over a counter.

    • C. 

      Work in places with constant loud noises.

    • D. 

      Perform work that produces constant eye strain.


  • 25. 
    The _______ industry has the highest level of cumulative trauma disorders.
    • A. 

      Fast food

    • B. 

      Agricultural

    • C. 

      Meat-packing

    • D. 

      Garment


  • 26. 
    In a court case involving reproductive health, the Supreme Court held that Johnson Controls' policy of ______ viilated the Civil Rights Act and the Pregnancy Discrimination Act.
    • A. 

      Refusing to include abortion services in its medical insurance plan.

    • B. 

      Keeping women pf childbearing capacity out of jobs that might involve lead exposure.

    • C. 

      Not providing Personal Protective Equipment for pregnant employees in hazardous jobs.

    • D. 

      Not making reasonable accommodation for employees in the later stage of pregnancy.


  • 27. 
    Workers have the right to walk off a job and refuse to perform unsafe work if all of the following conditions are met EXCEPT
    • A. 

      They are not receiving hazardous duty pay.

    • B. 

      Their fear is objectively reasonable.

    • C. 

      The employees have tried to have the dangerous condition corrected.

    • D. 

      Using normal procedures to solve the problem has not worked.


  • 28. 
    OSHA has identified ________ as one of the most dangerous work setting.
    • A. 

      Nursing homes

    • B. 

      Steel manufacturing

    • C. 

      Long distance trucking

    • D. 

      Commercial construction


  • 29. 
    All of the following employers are required to keep detailed OSHA records EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Those with good safety records in previous years and those with 10 or fewer employees.

    • B. 

      Employers not engages in interstate or foreign commerce.

    • C. 

      Those with fewer than 25 employees in specified non hazardous industries.

    • D. 

      Employers with no government contracts or subcontracts.


  • 30. 
    OSHA represantatives who conduct inspections are called
    • A. 

      Inspectors general

    • B. 

      Compliance officers

    • C. 

      Safety and health auditors

    • D. 

      Control agents


  • 31. 
    Joyce, a bank loan officer, fell down the strairs at the bank causing her tor sprain her ankle. SHe went to the company nurse who wrapped it in elastic bandages. Joyce went back to her job about an hour later. OSHA would catagorize this as a/an
    • A. 

      Lost-time or disability injury

    • B. 

      Medical care injury

    • C. 

      Minor injury

    • D. 

      Other than serious injury


  • 32. 
    An OSHA inspector has arrived at the reception desk of Poultry Land Processors and has presented her credentials. The CEO refuses to allow the inspector into the plant. WHich of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      The CEO must allow the inspector to enter because the poultry processing industry has been identified by OSHA as a high-risk industry.

    • B. 

      The CEO has the right to appeal to the regional OSHA office and reschedule the inspection.

    • C. 

      The OSHA inspector must have probable cause to search the premises.

    • D. 

      The OSHA inspector must leave, but she may return with a search warrant.


  • 33. 
    Once an OSHA inspector's credentials have been examined and an opening conference has been held with an HR representative, the OSHA inspector's first step will be to
    • A. 

      Interview a selection of employees.

    • B. 

      Conduct an on-the-spot inspection of the workplace.

    • C. 

      Use testing equipment to test the company's compliance with OSHA standards.

    • D. 

      Examine the organizations safety records.


  • 34. 
    Agnew is a cook at Happy Times Restaurant. On July 4th, she fainted from the heat in the kitchen because the restaurants air conditioning was broken. Agnes revived within a few seconds when he co-workers put a cold cloth on her head. SHe got up and went right back to work with no ill effects. The employer
    • A. 

      Does not have to report the incident since agnes missed no work.

    • B. 

      Does not have to record this incident since a cold cloth is not a medical treatment.

    • C. 

      Must record the incident because it would be an illness with loss of consciousness.

    • D. 

      Must record the incident because the loss of air conditioning was not under the employer's control.


  • 35. 
    The absence of gaurd railings to prevent employees from falling three stories into heavy machinery is an example of a/an _______ violation.
    • A. 

      Serious

    • B. 

      Imminent danger

    • C. 

      Other than serious

    • D. 

      De minimus


  • 36. 
    The most frequently cited OSHA violation in general industry (NON CONSTRUCTION) is
    • A. 

      Employees not wearing personal protective equipment

    • B. 

      Inadequate hazard communications programs.

    • C. 

      Record keeping violations.

    • D. 

      Non-complying gaurdrails or handrails.


  • 37. 
    When an employer knows of a condition whoch could probably cause serious physical harm, a/an ____ violation has occured.
    • A. 

      Imminent danger

    • B. 

      Other than serious

    • C. 

      De minimus

    • D. 

      Serious


  • 38. 
    ____ violations could have an impact on employees' health or safety but probably wouldn't cause death or serious harm.
    • A. 

      Other than serious

    • B. 

      Serious

    • C. 

      Dangerous

    • D. 

      De minimus


  • 39. 
    Lock of doors on toilet stalls is a common example of
    • A. 

      An other than serous violation.

    • B. 

      A situation not covered by OSHA.

    • C. 

      A de minimus violation.

    • D. 

      A recordable violation or privacy.


  • 40. 
    An employer whp has been warned of a safety vilation, but does not correct the situation is vulnerable to a/an _____ vilolation.
    • A. 

      Serious

    • B. 

      Willful and repeated

    • C. 

      De minimus

    • D. 

      Imminent danger


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