Hm Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy And Physiology

25 Questions  I  By BAS LPO
HM Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy And Physiology
This quiz contains general knowledge and advancement related questions from the HM Manual, Chapter 6, Human Anatomy and Physiology. Only a random 25 questions show up each time you load the quiz, so be sure to hit refresh to get the questions in a new order. Thank you for using us to help you study and advance. Good luck!(Note: This quiz was last updated on 10 Jul 2014)

  
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1. 
The scapula is a triangular bone that lies in the upper part of the back on both sides, between the second and seventh ribs, forming the posterior section of the pectoral girdle.  Its lateral corner forms part of the shoulder joint, articulating with the humerus.
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2.  Each testis is encapsulated by a tough, white, fibrous tissue called the tunica albuginea. The interior of the testis is divided into 200 or more cone shaped lobules (small lobes). Each lobule contains 1 to 3 highly coiled, convoluted tubules called seminiferous tubules.These tubules unite to form a complex network of channels called the rete testis.  The rete testis give rise to several efferent ductules that join a tube called the epididymis
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3.  Insulin is secreted by which of the following cells found within the islands (islets) of Langerhans in the pancreas?
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4.  The blood vessels located in the dermis to contain a significant portion of the body's blood supply.  This ability, along with the actions of the sweat glands, forms the body's primary temperature-regulating mechanism.
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5. 
All tissues of the body are continuously bathed in interstitial fluid.  This fluid is formed by leakage of blood plasma through minute pores of the capillaries.  There is a continual exchange of fluids of the blood and tissue spaces with a free interchange of nutrients and other dissolved substances. Most of the tissue fluid returns to the circulatory system by means of capillaries, which feed into larger veins.  Large protein molecules that have escaped from arterial capillaries cannot reenter the circulation through the small pores of the capillaries, however, these large molecules, as well as white blood cells, dead cells, bacterial debris, infected substances, and larger particulate matter can pass through the larger pores of the lymphatic capillaries, and thus enter the lymphatic circulatory system with the remainder of the tissue fluid.
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6.  The large intestine is broken into three parts; cecum, colon, and rectum.
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7.  The antidiuretic hormone, ADH, promotes the conservation of water by the kidney.  ADH stimulates contraction of muscles in the wall of small arteries thus increasing blood pressure by retaining fluids in the vasculature.  When ADH is not produced in adequate amounts, the daily urine volume increases to 10 to 15 liters instead of the normal 1.5 liters.  This condition is known as diabetes insipidus.
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8.  Which of the following is the longest muscle in the body, extending diagonally across the front of the thigh from its origin at the ilium, down to its insertion near the tuberosity of the tibia?
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9.  The first section of the small intestine is known as the duodenum.  It is approximately 25 cm (10 inches) long and forms a C-shaped curve around the head of the pancreas, posterior to the liver.  It has enzymes that start the breakdown of foods and receives enzymes from the pancreas that assist in digestion.
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10.  The stomach is the site of most food absorption.
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11.  Which of the following are classified as flat bones?
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12.  A white blood cell (WBC) count of 18,000 may indicate what condition?
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13. 
What is the main function of the kidneys?
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14.  Insufficient iodine intake from dietary sources causes a diffuse and painless enlargement of the thyroid gland known as what?
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15.  Which of the following organs forms and excretes bile salts and pigment from bilirubin, a waste product of red blood cell destruction?
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16.  Glucagon is secreted by which of the following cells found within the islands (islets) of Langerhans in the pancreas? HM Manual 14295B, page 6-86
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17.  Where is the male hormone testosterone produced?
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18.  Visiting our Admin Office is a much better way to download the forms, instructions, or publications you need.  We've combined the most useful aspects of BUMED, BUPERS, BOL, and NAVSUP, making navigation much quicker and easier.  Plus, using our site instead of those helps keep us afloat, keeping your favorite HM advancement site up and running!
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19.  Blood is fluid tissue composed of formed elements (i.e. cells) suspended in plasma.  It is pumped by the heart through arteries, capillaries, and veins by all parts of the body.  Total blood volume of the average adult is 5 to 6 liters.
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20.  The vas deferens is a small tube that connects the epididymis and ejaculatory duct. It can be palpated through the scrotal sac as a a smooth movable cord. It ascends as part of the spermatic cord through the inguinal canal of the lower abdominal wall into the pelvic cavity and transmits the sperm to the ejaculatory ducts. The sperm can stay here up to a month without any loss of fertility depending upon sexual activity.
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21.  Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding the hypoglossal nerve?
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22. 
Cells are composed largely of a gel-like substance called __________ upon which depend all the vital functions of nutrition, secretion, growth, circulation, reproduction, excitability, and movement.
23.  Which of the following structures drains urine from the kidneys into the bladder?
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24.  The bulbourethral glands are two pea-sized glands located below the prostate, are also known as what?
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25. 
A person lying on his or her back is in what position?
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