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Hm Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy And Physiology

25 Questions  I  By BAS LPO
HM Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy and Physiology
This quiz contains general knowledge and advancement related questions from the HM Manual, Chapter 6, Human Anatomy and Physiology.

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(Note: This quiz was last updated on 10 Jul 2014)

  
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1.  Blood of the average man contains how many red cells per cubic millimeter?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The interior of the heart is divided into two halves by a wall called the interventricular septum.  In each half is an upper chamber called the atrium, which receives blood from the veins, and a lower chamber called the ventricle, which receives blood from the atrium and pumps it out into the arteries. The openings between the chambers on each side of the heart are separated by flaps of tissue that act as valves to prevent backward flow of blood.  The valve on the right has three cusps and is called the tricuspid valve.  The valve on the left has two cusps and is called the bicuspid valve, but is sometimes also called the mitral valve.  The outlets of the ventricles are supplied with similar valves.  In the right ventricle, the pulmonary valve is at the origin of the pulmonary artery.  In the left ventricle, the aortic valve is at the origin of the aorta.
A.
B.
3.  Match the bone with its common name:
A. Fibula
A.
B. Metatarsals
B.
C. Phalanges
C.
D. Tarsals
D.
E. Innominate
E.
4.  Which of the following organs is a pear-shaped sac, stained dark green by the bile it contains?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The axial skeleton is composed of which regions of the skeletal system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  At the ends of the long bones is a smooth, glossy tissue that forms the joint surfaces.  This tissue is called articular cartliage because it articulates (or joins) with, fits into, or moves in contact with similar surfaces of other bones.
A.
B.
7.  The three phases of urine formation are filtration, reabsorption, and secretion.
A.
B.
8.  The blood vessels located in the dermis to contain a significant portion of the body's blood supply.  This ability, along with the actions of the sweat glands, forms the body's primary temperature-regulating mechanism.
A.
B.
9.  The kidneys play an important role in regulating blood pressure.
A.
B.
10.  The male sex hormone, testosterone, is produced in the __________.
11.  The term "_________" refers to a disease that is characterized by delayed clotting of the blood and consequent difficulty in controlling hemorrhages.
12.  Testosterone production is a function of which of the following glands?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  When the cells of the islets of Langerhans (located in the pancreas) are destroyed or stop functioning, the sugar absorbed from the intestine remains in the blood and excess sugar is excreted by the kidneys into the urine. This condition is called diabetes mellitus, or sugar diabetes. Insulin, a synthetic hormone, is given to patients having this disease as part of their ongoing treatment.
A.
B.
14.  Which endocrine cells within the islands of Langerhans secrete Glucagon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Urine formation begins when water and various dissolved substances are filtered out of blood plasma from a glomerular capillary into the glomerular capsule.  The filtered substance (glomerular filtrate) leaves the glomerular capsule and enters the renal tubule.
A.
B.
16.  Salivary glands: Sublingual glands:  Located underneath the tongue, in the floor of the mouth.  They are the smallest of the salivary glands and secrete thick, stringy mucus. Submandibular glands:  Located in the posterior portion of the mandible, lingual to the mandibular incisors.  They are walnut sized glands that secrete  saliva that is thinner than the sublingual glands' saliva, but thicker than the parotid's. Parotid glands:  Located inside the cheeks, opposite the maxillary second molars.  They are the largest salivary glands and they secrete clear, watery fluid.
A.
B.
17.  Which type of Glial cell is normally very small, but enlarges to engulf and destroy microorganisms and cellular debris?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following terms refers to the lying positino of the body, with the face down?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Straightening or unbending, as in straightening the forearm, leg, or fingers.
A.
B.
20.  There are seven cervical vertebrae in the neck.  The first is called the atlas and resembles a bony ring.  It supports the head.  The second is the high specialized axis.  It has a bony prominence that fits into the ring of the atlas, thus permitting the head to rotate from side to side.  The atlas and the axis are the only named vertebrae in the cervical section, all the others are numbered.
A.
B.
21.  Which two sets of glands are located near the vaginal opening that secrete fluids that moisten and lubricate the vaginal vestibule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Which of the following terms refers to the external opening at the end of the digestive system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  What is the primary male sex organ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Which arteries supply the heart with blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The __________ is the longest muscle in the body.  It extends diagonally across the front of the thigh from its origin at the ilium, down to its insertion near the tuberosity of the tibia.  Its function is to flex the thigh and rotate it laterally, and to flex the leg and rotate it slightly medially.
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