Hm Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy And Physiology

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HM Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy And Physiology
This quiz contains general knowledge and advancement related questions from the HM Manual, Chapter 6, Human Anatomy and Physiology. Only a random 25 questions show up each time you load the quiz, so be sure to hit refresh to get the questions in a new order. Thank you for using us to help you study and advance. Good luck!(Note: This quiz was last updated on 18 June 2015)

  
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1.  Regarding the anatomy and physiology of the eye, the term "accommodation" is the process by which the lens increases or decreases its curvature to refract light rays into focus on the fovea centralis.
A.
B.
2.  The functional unit of each kidney are called nephrons.  There are about 1 million nephrons in each kidney.  Each nephron consists of a renal corpuscle and a renal tubule.
A.
B.
3.  In the digestive system, the chief function of cuboidal epithelial tissue is the secretion of digestive fluids and the absorption of nutrients from digested foods.
A.
B.
4.  The blood vessels of the dermis can dilate to contain a significant portion of the body's blood supply.  This ability, along with the actions of the sweat glands, forms the body's primary temperature-regulating mechanism.
A.
B.
5. 
The outer layer of the eye is the sclera.  It is the tough, fibrous protective porition of the globe, called the "white" of the eye.  The anterior outer layer of the sclera is transparent and called the cornea, or the "window" of the eye.
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B.
6.  Which of the following arteries DOES NOT service the upper extremity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Match the vein with its description below
A. Portal vein
A.
B. Inferior vena cava
B.
C. Great saphenous vein
C.
D. Cephalic vein
D.
8. 
In each middle ear and located in the auditory ossicles are three small bones named the malleus (hammer), incus (anvil), and stapes (stirrup).  Their function is to transmit and amplify vibrations to the ear drum and inner ear.
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B.
9.  The parotid glands are the largest salivary glands.  They are located in the cheeks and secrete a clear, watery fluid that forms the bulk of saliva.
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B.
10.  Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding the hypoglossal nerve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Blood of the average man contains approximately 5 million red cells per cubic millimeter.
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B.
12.  Sperm cells spend how long inside the epididymis to mature?
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B.
C.
D.
13.  The larynx is controlled by which of the following nerves?
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B.
C.
D.
14.  Which endocrine cells within the islands of Langerhans secrete somatostatin?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The spermatic cords help suspend the testes inside of the scrotum.  They are made up of the vas deferens, arteries, veins, lymphatics, and nerves.
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B.
16.  What is the primary muscle of respiration?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which of the following is an example of smooth muscle?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
18.  Which of the following are thin, microscopic air sacs found within the lungs?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  An overproduction of which hormone leads to acromegaly?
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B.
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E.
20. 
The right and left temporal mandibular joints (TMJs) are formed by the articulation of the temporal bone and the mandible.  This is where TMJs connect with the rest of the skull. The mandible is joined to the cranium by ligaments of the temporal mandibular joint. The TMJ consists of three bony parts:      - Glenoid fossa:  Oval depression in the temporal bone that articulates with the mandibular condyle      - Articular eminence:  Ramp-shaped segment of the temporal bone located anterior to the glenoid fossa      - Condyle: The knuckle-shaped portion of the mandibular ramus found on the end of the condyloid process.  It is positioned underneath the glenoid fossa and makes up the hinge joint of the TMJ
A.
B.
21.  What is the total blood volume of the average adult?
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B.
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D.
E.
22.  Paying attention to the ads on our site and clicking on the ones that genuinely interest you is the second best way to help keep our site up and running.  The best way is to spread the word to your friends and shipmates, by emailing our link to them or liking us on Facebook.
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B.
23.  Which of the following is / are considered the primary female reproductive organ(s)?
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B.
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E.
24.  Circulation and respiration are controlled primarily by the __________ __________(2 words), located near the center of the brain.
25.  The islands (islets) of Langerhans are located in which of the following organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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