Hm Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy And Physiology

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 Hm Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy And Physiology
This quiz contains general knowledge and advancement related questions from the HM Manual, Chapter 6, Human Anatomy and Physiology. Only a random 25 questions show up each time you load the quiz, so be sure to hit refresh to get the questions in a new order. Thank you for using us to help you study and advance.   Good luck!(Note: This quiz was last updated on 18 June 2015)

  
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1.  Which of the following terms refers to the first of the seven cervical vertebrae?
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B.
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D.
E.
2.  Which of the following hormones influences the development and maintenance of the female accessory sex organs and the secondary sex characteristics, and promotes changes in the mucous lining of the uterus (endometrium) during the menstrual cycle?
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B.
C.
D.
3.  The large intestine is broken into three parts; cecum, colon, and rectum.
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B.
4.  Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding the prostate gland?
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B.
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D.
E.
5.  What is the primary muscle of respiration?
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B.
C.
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E.
6.  Which of the following bones forms the back part of the skull and the base of the cranium?
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B.
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D.
E.
7.  Which of the following organs is a lid-like, leaf-shaped cartilaginous structure that covers the entrance to the larynx and separates it from the pharynx?  It acts as a trap door to deflect food particles and liquids from entering the larynx and trachea.
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B.
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D.
8.  The interior of the heart is divided into two halves by a wall called the interventricular septum.  In each half is an upper chamber called the atrium, which receives blood from the veins, and a lower chamber called the ventricle, which receives blood from the atrium and pumps it out into the arteries. The openings between the chambers on each side of the heart are separated by flaps of tissue that act as valves to prevent backward flow of blood.  The valve on the right has three cusps and is called the tricuspid valve.  The valve on the left has two cusps and is called the bicuspid valve, but is sometimes also called the __________ valve.  The outlets of the ventricles are supplied with similar valves.  In the right ventricle, the pulmonary valve is at the origin of the pulmonary artery.  In the left ventricle, the aortic valve is at the origin of the aorta.
9.  The femur and humerus are two examples of long bones.
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B.
10.  Which term below refers to a muscle's ability to respond to a stimulus?
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E.
11.  Which cranial nerve controls the turning of the head from side to side, and shoulder shrugs against resistance?
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12.  How many lumbar vertebrae are there in the body?
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B.
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13.  The heart acts as four interrelated pumps.  The right atrium receives deoxygenated blood from the body via the superior and inferior vena cava.  It pumps the deoxygenated blood through the tricuspid valve to the right ventricle.  The right ventricle pumps the blood past the pulmonary valve through the pulmonary artery to the lungs, where it is oxygenated.  The left atrium receives the oxygenated blood from the lungs through four pulmonary veins and pumps it to the left ventricle past the mitral valve.  The left ventricle pumps the blood to all areas of the body via the aortic valve and the aorta.
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B.
14.  About how much sweat is excreted daily?
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B.
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D.
15.  Insufficient production of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) leads to which of the following conditions?
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B.
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D.
16.  The two parietal bones are located behind the frontal bone.  These bones form the greater part of the right and left sides and the roof of the skull.  They each have four bordrs and are shaped like a curved plate.
A.
B.
17.  Which section of the small intestine is approximately 25 cm (10 inches) long and forms a C-shaped curve around the head of the pancreas, posterior to the liver? It has enzymes that start the breakdown of foods and receives enzymes from the pancreas that assist in digestion.
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B.
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D.
18.  Which of the following terms refers to the external opening at the end of the digestive system?
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B.
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D.
19.  Red blood cells (RBC), or erythrocytes, are small, biconcave, non-nucleated disks, formed in the red bone marrow.  Blood of the average man contains 5 million red cells per cubic millimeter.  Women have few red cells, 4.5 million per cubic millimeter.  Emotional stress, strenuous exercise, high altitudes, and some diseases may cause an increase in the number of RBCs.
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B.
20.  Clicking on the advertisements you see on the sides of this page is the main way that we get income to pay for the site. Please take a look at our advertisers and if any of them interest you, click on their ad to see what they offer.  Your fellow Corpsmen who use the site will thank you.
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B.
21.  The __________ is the middle part of the small intestine.
22.  The eye's rods respond to low intensities of light are are responsible for night vision.  They are located in all areas of the retina, except in which small depression?
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B.
C.
D.
23.  Plasma is the liquid part of blood.  Plasma constitutes 55% of whole blood (plasma and cells).  It is a clear, slightly alkaline, straw-colored liquid consisting of about 92 percent water.  The remainder is made up mainly of proteins.
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B.
24.  Which of the following terms refers to the movement of the hips and shoulders?
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B.
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25.  __________ glands are modified sweat glands found only in the auditory canal.  They secrete a yellow waxy substance called cerumen that protects the eardrum.
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