Hm Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy And Physiology

25 Questions  I  By BAS LPO
This quiz contains general knowledge and advancement related questions from the hm manual, chapter 6, human anatomy and physiology.only a random 25 questions show up each time you load the quiz, so be sure to hit refresh to get the questions in a new order.thank you for USing US to help you study and advance.  good luck!(note: this quiz was last updated on 10 jul 2014)

  
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1.  Which bone(s) can be found at the distal end of the humerus?
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2.  Match the term with its description below
A. Atrium
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B. Ventricle
B.
C. Interventricular septum
C.
D. BattalionAidStation.com
D.
3.  Which of the following terms is used to describe the physical and chemical breakdown of food into its simplest forms?
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D.
4.  Which of the following digestive juices is secreted from the mouth?
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B.
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D.
5.  The color of the red blood cell is determined by the hemoglobin content.  Bright red (arterial) blood is due to the combination of oxygen and hemoglobin.  Dark red (venous) blood is the result of hemoglobin combining with carbon dioxide.
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B.
6.  Bone is made up of inorganic mineral salts, with calcium and ossein being the most prevalent.
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B.
7.  The skeleton is the bony framework of the body.  It is composed of 98 bones and gives shape to the body, protects vital organs, and provides sites of attachment for tendons, muscles, and ligaments.
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B.
8.  The taste buds are located in the tongue.  The sensation of taste is limited to sour, sweet, bitter, savory, and salty.  It does not matter where on the tongue an object is placed; it can detect different tastes everywhere on the tongue.
A.
B.
9.  The trapezius muscles are a broad, trapezium-shaped pair of muscles on the upper back, which raise or lower the shoulders?  They cover approximately one-third of the back.  They originate in a large area which includes the 12 thoracic vertebrae, the seventh cervical vertebra, and the occipital bone.  They have their insertion in the clavicle and scapula.
A.
B.
10.  The cardiac cycle is coordinated by specialized tissues that initiate and distribute electrical impulses.  The contractions of the heart are stimulated and maintained by the sinoatrial node, commonly known as the pacemaker of the heart. The SA node is an elongated mass of specialized muscle tissue located in the upper part of the right atrium.  The SA node sets off cardiac impulses, causing both atria to contract simultaneously.  The normal heart rate, or number of contractions, is about 80 beats per minute.
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B.
11.  Which chamber of the heart receives oxygenated blood from the lungs?
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12.  In each middle ear and located in the auditory ossicles are three small bones named the vomer (hammer), occiput (anvil), and conchae (stirrup).  Their function is to transmit and amplify vibrations to the ear drum and inner ear.
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B.
13.  In each middle ear and located in the auditory ossicles are three small bones named the malleus (hammer), incus (anvil), and the _____________ (stirrup).  Their function is to transmit and amplify various vibrations to the ear drum and inner ear.
14.  The term "_________" refers to a disease that is characterized by delayed clotting of the blood and consequent difficulty in controlling hemorrhages.
15.  Insulin is given to patients suffering from which of the following conditions?
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16.  About halfway down the interventricular septum, the right and left branches of the bundle of His terminate into Purkinje fibers.  These fibers spread from the interventricular septum into the papillary muscles which project inward from the ventricular walls.  As the cardiac impulse passes through the Purkinje fibers, these fibers in turn stimulate the cardiac muscle of the ventricles.
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B.
17.  Veins and venules form the venous system.  The venous system is comprised of vessels that collect blood from the capillaries and carry it back to the heart.  Veins begin as tiny venules formed from the capillaries.  Joining together as tiny rivulets, veins collect and form a small stream.  The force of muscles contracting adjacent to veins aids in the forward propulsion of blood on its return to the heart.  Valves spaced frequently along the larger veins, prevent the backflow of blood.  The walls of veins are similar to arteries but are thinner and contain less muscle and elastic tissue.
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18.  Damage to the eye such as glaucoma happens when there is a pressure increase inside the eye that exceeds what level of mercury?
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19.  Like a vein, the lymphatic vessel has valves to prevent backflow of lymph. 
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B.
20.  Which of the following anatomical terms means "towards the front, or along the belly side of the body?"
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21.  Which of the following structures is NOT found within the kidneys?
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B.
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22.  Attaches muscles to bones.
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B.
23.  Axons of the peripheral nerves are commonly enclosed in a sheath called neurilemma, composed of Schwann cells.  Schwann cells wrap around the axon and act as an electrical insulator.  The membranes of the Schwann cell are composed largely of a lipid-protein called myelin, which forms a sheath on the outside of the axon, called white matter. The myelin sheath has gaps between adjacent Schwann cells called Nodes of Ranvier.  Nerve cells without Schwann cells also lack myelin and neurilemma sheaths which are called unmyelinated fibers, or gray fibers.  Myelin is important as it aids in conduction of the electrical impulse.
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B.
24.  The approximate total capacity of the adult bladder is __________ ml.
25.  Which of the following terms refers to the organ that begins at the lower end of the larynx and terminates by dividing into the left and right bronchi?  It is a long tube, about 11cm in length, composed of about 16 to 20 C-shaped cartilaginous rings, incomplete on the posterior surface, embedded in a fibrous membrane.
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