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Hm Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy And Physiology

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HM Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy And Physiology
This quiz contains general knowledge and advancement related questions from the HM Manual, Chapter 6, Human Anatomy and Physiology.

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(Note: This quiz was last updated on 10 Jul 2014)

  
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1.  Somatostatin is secreted by which of the following cells found within the islands (islets) of Langerhans in the pancreas?
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B.
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D.
E.
2.  This anatomy quiz has several hundred questions but only a few show up each time you load it.  Remember to hit the "refresh" button on your browser to load up a new set after you've completed your current quiz.
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B.
3.  The heart is enclosed in a membranous sac known as what?
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B.
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D.
E.
4.  Circulation and respiration are controlled primarily by the __________ __________(2 words), located near the center of the brain.
5.  Insufficient iodine intake from dietary sources causes a diffuse and painless enlargement of the thyroid gland known as what?
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B.
C.
D.
6.  Are these quizzes worth a $5 donation since they'll probably help you advance?
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E.
7.  The taste buds are located in the tongue.  The sensation of taste is limited to sour, sweet, bitter, savory, and salty.  It does not matter where on the tongue an object is placed; it can detect different tastes everywhere on the tongue.
A.
B.
8.  The vertebral column consists of 24 movable or true vertebrae, the sacrum, and the coccyx or tail bone.  The vertebrae protect the spinal cord and the nerves the branch out from the spinal cord.  Each vertebra has an anterior portion called the body, which is the large solid segment of the bone.  This vertebral body supports not only the spinal cord but other structures of the body as well.
A.
B.
9.  The lining tissue of the body is called epithelium.  It forms the outer covering of the body known as the free surface of the skin.  It also forms the lining of the digestive, respiratory, and urinary tracts; blood and lymph vessels, serous cavities (cavities which have no communication with the outside of the body, and whose lining membrane secretes a serous fluid), such as the peritoneum or pericardium.
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B.
10.  Mastication is defined as the process of chewing food in preparaton for swallowing and digestion.
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B.
11.  Secretions from the prostate gland make up what percentage of total semen volume?
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B.
C.
D.
12.  Secretions from the seminal vesicles make up what percentage of total semen volume?
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B.
C.
D.
13.  When ADH (antidiuretic hormone) is not produced in adequate amounts, the daily urine volume increases from about 1.5 liters per day to over 10 or 15 liters.  Thsi condition is known as diabetes insipidus.
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B.
14.  Which of the following digestive juices is secreted from the mouth?
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B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following structures drains urine from the kidneys into the bladder?
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B.
C.
D.
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17.  Which of the following is the rest period of the heart?
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B.
18.  The heart is a hollow, muscular organ, somewhat larger than the closed fist, located anteriorly on the chest and to the left of the midline.  It is shaped like a cone, its base directed upward and to the right, the apex down and to the left.  Lying obliquely in the chest, much of the base of the heart is immediately posterior to the sternum.
A.
B.
19.  Erythrocyte
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B.
20.  The islands of Langerhan  are located on the superior surface of each kidney, fitting like a cap. They consist of an outer portion, the cortex, and an inner portion, the medulla.
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B.
21.  Which hormone is secreted at puberty, causing the ovaries to enlarge and the primordial follicles to mature?
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B.
C.
D.
22.  The thorax is formed by 12 ribs on each side and articulates posteriorly with the thoracic vertebrae.  The first set of ribs are attached to the manubrium, a flat irregular bone atop the the sternum.  The first seven pairs of ribs are called true ribs.  The remaining five pairs are called false ribs because their cartilages do not reach the sternum directly.  The eigth, ninth, and tenth ribs are united by their cartilages and joined to the rib above.  The last two rib pairs, also known as floating ribs, have no cartilaginous attachments to the sternum.
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B.
23.  Which of the following anatomical terms means "towards the lower end of the body?"
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B.
C.
D.
24.  The palatine bones are the L-shaped bones located behind the maxillary bones.  They form the posterior section of the hard palate and the floor of the nasal cavity.
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B.
25.  Which of the following is the innermost layer of the eye?
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B.
C.
D.
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