Hm Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy And Physiology

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 Hm Book Ch 6: Human Anatomy And Physiology
This quiz contains general knowledge and advancement related questions from the HM Manual, Chapter 6, Human Anatomy and Physiology. Only a random 25 questions show up each time you load the quiz, so be sure to hit refresh to get the questions in a new order. Thank you for using us to help you study and advance.   Good luck!(Note: This quiz was last updated on 18 June 2015)

  
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1.  Which of the following glands is located in the mediastinum just beneath the sternum?  It is large in children and atrophies as they reach old age.  It has a critical role in the immune system and is thought to stimulate the production of T-Cells.
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2.  How many chromosomes are in every human cell?
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3.  Which of the following terms refers to a movement in which the bone moves around a central point without being displaced, such as turning the head from side to side?
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4.  This anatomy quiz has several hundred questions but only a few show up each time you load it.  Remember to hit the "refresh" button on your browser to load up a new set after you've completed your current quiz.
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5.  Which of the following terms refers to the body'sself-regulated control of its internal environment? Itallows the organism to maintain a state of constancy or equilibrium,in spite of vast changes in the external environment.
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6.  The femur and humerus are classified as __________ bones.
7.  Which of the following is known as "thelining tissue"ofthe body?
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8.  The __________ is the longest muscle in the body. Itextends diagonally across the front of the thigh from its origin at the ilium,down to its insertion near the tuberosity of the tibia. Itsfunction is to flex the thigh and rotate it laterally,and to flex the leg and rotate it slightly medially.
9.  Donations of any amount,even as low as $1 can be made by clicking here to access our PayPal page. Alldonations go towards paying the cost of maintaining the site or towards sending care packages to deployed Navy Corpsmen and Marines.
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10.  The lining tissue of the body is called epithelium.  It forms the outer covering of the body known as the free surface of the skin.  It also forms the lining of the digestive, respiratory, and urinary tracts; blood and lymph vessels, serous cavities (cavities which have no communication with the outside of the body, and whose lining membrane secretes a serous fluid), such as the peritoneum or pericardium.
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11.  The vertebral column consists of how many movable vertebrae?
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12.  The interior of the heart is divided into two halves by a wall called the interventricular septum.  In each half is an upper chamber called the atrium, which receives blood from the veins, and a lower chamber called the ventricle, which receives blood from the atrium and pumps it out into the arteries. The openings between the chambers on each side of the heart are separated by flaps of tissue that act as valves to prevent backward flow of blood.  The valve on the right has three cusps and is called the __________ valve.  The valve on the left has two cusps and is called the bicuspid valve, but is sometimes also called the mitral valve.  The outlets of the ventricles are supplied with similar valves.  In the right ventricle, the pulmonary valve is at the origin of the pulmonary artery.  In the left ventricle, the aortic valve is at the origin of the aorta.
13.  The thyroid gland, shaped like a butterfly, lies in the anterior part of the neck, below the larynx.  It consists of two lobes, one on each-64). It consists of two lobes, one on each side of the upper trachea, connected by a strip of tissue called the isthmus.  The thyroid secretes the iodine containing hormone thyroxin (TSH), which controls the rate of cell metabolism.  Excessive secretion of thyroxin raises the metabolic rate and causes hyperthyroidism. This condition is characterized by a fast pulse rate, dizziness, increased basal metabolism, profuse sweating, tremors, nervousness, and a tremendous appetite coupled with weight loss.
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14.  Glucagon is secreted by which of the following cells found within the islands (islets) of Langerhans in the pancreas? HM Manual 14295B, page 6-86
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15.  Cones respond to low intensities of light and are responsible for night vision.
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16.  Which bones form the greater part of the right and left sides, and the roof of the skull?  They each have four borders and are shaped like a curved plate.
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17.  Which type of Glial cell forms the Blood-Brain Barrier?
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18.  Which of the following is the hard outer shell of bone?
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19.  Which of the following terms refers to the process by which the lens of the eye increases or decreases its curvature to refract light rays into focus on the fovea centralis?
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20.  The ischium forms the hard lower part of the hip bone.
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21.  There are 12 vertebrae in the thoracic region.  The thoracic vertebrae articulate with the posterior portion of the 12 ribs to form the posterior wall of the thoracic region (chest) or rib cage.
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22.  The external accessory organs of the female reproductive system are referred to collectively as what?
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23.  The sternocleidomastoid muscles are located on both sides of the neck.  Acting individually, these muscles rotate the head left or right.  Acting together, they bend the head toward the chest.  The sternocleidomastoid muscle originates in the sternum and clavicle and is inserted in the mastoid process of the temporal bone.  When this muscle becomes damaged, the result is a common condition known as "stiff neck."
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24.  The three phases of urine formation are filtration, reabsorption, and secretion.
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25.  The pectoralis major is the large triangular muscle that forms the prominent chest muscle?  It rotaes the arm inward, pulls a raised arm downward toward the chest, and draws the arm across the chest?  It originates in the clavicle, sternum, and cartilages of the true ribs, and the external oblique muscles.  Its insertion is in the greater tubercle of the humerus.
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