Gateways And Landmarks

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 Gateways And Landmarks
Subject: GATEWAYS Answer the questions with the given choices. The entire questions are composed of basic and board exam type questions. Answer the questions sincerely with the time alloted. The main objective of the quiz is to let the examinees have the feel of answering questions while time pressured. Note: If you like to be notified for the updated questions and board exam events, add as on facebook: [email protected] Com If you have questions, feedback and suggestions regarding the quiz, email us at [email protected] Com. Alternatively, you can share your feedback at archiTALK corner for your profesional insights and questions.

  
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  • 1. 
    A traditional Japanese gate most commonly found at the entrance of or within a Shinto shrine, where it symbolically marks the transition from the profane to the sacred?
    • A. 

      Torii

    • B. 

      Torana

    • C. 

      Pailou

    • D. 

      Gopuram


  • 2. 
    A monumental tower, usually ornate, at the entrance of any temple, especially in Southern India. This forms a prominent feature of Koils, Hindu temples of the Dravidian style.They are topped by the kalasam, a bulbous stone finial. They function as gateways through the walls that surround the temple complex.
    • A. 

      Torii

    • B. 

      Torana

    • C. 

      Pailou

    • D. 

      Gopuram


  • 3. 
    Stupa or temples cut in rock formation is a contribution of hat style of arch?
    • A. 

      Islamic

    • B. 

      Chinese

    • C. 

      Filipino

    • D. 

      Indian


  • 4. 
    A type of gateway seen in the Hindu and Buddhist architecture of the Indian subcontinent?
    • A. 

      Torii

    • B. 

      Torana

    • C. 

      Pailou

    • D. 

      Gopuram


  • 5. 
    What architectural style is the “Gateway of India”? It is built during the British Raj in Mumbai (formerly Bombay), India. Located on the waterfront in the Apollo Bunder area in South Mumbai?
    • A. 

      Indo-Saracenic Revival

    • B. 

      Islamic architecture

    • C. 

      Neo-Classical Architecture

    • D. 

      Mughal architecture


  • 6. 
    Taj Mahal is regarded by many as the finest of what type of architecture?
    • A. 

      Indo-Saracenic Revival

    • B. 

      Islamic architecture

    • C. 

      Neo-Classical Architecture

    • D. 

      Mughal architecture


  • 7. 
    What primary shape is used for the Taj mahal?
    • A. 

      Pointed arch

    • B. 

      Tudor arch

    • C. 

      Lancet arch

    • D. 

      Roman arch


  • 8. 

    Identify the gateway above?
    • A. 

      Pai lou

    • B. 

      Torana

    • C. 

      Torii

    • D. 

      Gopuram


  • 9. 
    What is the shape of the Taj Mahal central dome?
    • A. 

      Bulbous dome

    • B. 

      Parabolic dome

    • C. 

      Corbel dome

    • D. 

      Oval dome


  • 10. 

    What type of material is used for the dome of Taj mahal?
    • A. 

      Granite

    • B. 

      Marble

    • C. 

      Limestone

    • D. 

      Bronze


  • 11. 
    A traditional Chinese architectural gateway?
    • A. 

      Torii

    • B. 

      Torana

    • C. 

      Paifang

    • D. 

      None


  • 12. 

    Identify the fancy gateway shown above?
    • A. 

      Torii

    • B. 

      Torana

    • C. 

      Paifang

    • D. 

      Gopuram


  • 13. 
    The largest Hindu temple complex in the world?
    • A. 

      Shwedagon Pagoda

    • B. 

      Angkor wat

    • C. 

      Ziggurat

    • D. 

      Borobudur


  • 14. 
    A 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist Temple in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. The monument consists of six square platforms topped by three circular platforms, and is decorated with relief panels and Buddha statues.
    • A. 

      Shwedagon pagoda

    • B. 

      Angkor aat

    • C. 

      Ziggurat

    • D. 

      Borobudur


  • 15. 
    In this Mahayana Buddhist Temple, a main dome, located at the center of the top platform, is surrounded by Buddha statues seated inside a perforated stupa. How many Buddha statues are there?
    • A. 

      45

    • B. 

      60

    • C. 

      72

    • D. 

      504


  • 16. 

    What is the name of that structure ( in the photo) located in the centre of a greater Muslim Shrine, known as the Haram Ash Sharif, which muslims commemorates Muhammad's miraculous Night Journey into "heaven". NOTE: SLIDE THE BAR BELOW TO SEE THE ENTIRE PHOTO.
    • A. 

      The "rock"

    • B. 

      Temple of heaven

    • C. 

      Dome of the rock

    • D. 

      The golden mosque


  • 17. 
    Influence of Indian Stupa to Japanese and Buddhists and Chinese?
    • A. 

      Temple

    • B. 

      Bent Roof

    • C. 

      Pagoda

    • D. 

      Decorated Eaves


  • 18. 
    Japanese and Chinese architecture, similarities?
    • A. 

      Pagoda

    • B. 

      Temple

    • C. 

      Gong

    • D. 

      To fu


  • 19. 
    Which of the following influenced classical architecture?
    • A. 

      Style

    • B. 

      Religion

    • C. 

      Order

    • D. 

      Culture


  • 20. 
    An Indian structure that inspired the Chinese and Japanese in building the Pagoda?
    • A. 

      Stupa

    • B. 

      Torana

    • C. 

      Pai lou

    • D. 

      Pointed arch


  • 21. 
    A temple tower of the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians having a form of a terraced pyramid of successively receding storeys.
    • A. 

      Mastaba

    • B. 

      Pyramid

    • C. 

      Ziggurat

    • D. 

      Aztec Pyramid


  • 22. 

    Where can you find the Pyramid of Cheops?
    • A. 

      Mexico

    • B. 

      Rome

    • C. 

      Egypt

    • D. 

      Greece


  • 23. 
    A mythical creature with, as a minimum, the body of a lion and the head of a human or a cat?
    • A. 

      Great sphinx of giza

    • B. 

      Gargoyles

    • C. 

      Caryatid

    • D. 

      Merlion


  • 24. 
    Type of tomb in Egypt, which is the burial for the noble and eminent?
    • A. 

      Pyramid

    • B. 

      Ziggurat

    • C. 

      Mastaba

    • D. 

      Cenotaph


  • 25. 
    An iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris?
    • A. 

      Eiffel tower

    • B. 

      Tori de paris

    • C. 

      Lattice tower

    • D. 

      Gustave Tower


  • 26. 
    What is the structure in the Acropolis which contains a female figure that serves as a column?  
    • A. 

      Caryatid

    • B. 

      Atlantes

    • C. 

      venus

    • D. 

      Gargoyles


  • 27. 
    A grotesquely carved figure of a human or animal. serves as a spout & projects from gutter to throw rainwater clear off a building?  
    • A. 

      Scupper

    • B. 

      Gargoyle

    • C. 

      Down spout

    • D. 

      Frieze


  • 28. 

    From the points of view shown above for the Sydney Opera House by Jorn Utzon, what is the most appropriate spatial organization applied?
    • A. 

      Repetition

    • B. 

      Additive

    • C. 

      Rhytm

    • D. 

      Transformation


  • 29. 
    What is the architectural style of the Sydney Opera House?
    • A. 

      modern expressionist design

    • B. 

      Deconstructivism

    • C. 

      International style

    • D. 

      Nude architecture


  • 30. 
    What is the Sydney Opera House “shell” made of?
    • A. 

      Pre-cast concrete panel shell

    • B. 

      Space frame truss with white metal cladding

    • C. 

      Fixed fabric membrane

    • D. 

      Pre-fabricated “light” load-bearing concrete shell


  • 31. 
    What is the color of the building’s exterior cladding?
    • A. 

      White granite

    • B. 

      Pink granite

    • C. 

      White membrane

    • D. 

      Yellow metal cladding


  • 32. 
    A monumental, freestanding gateway on the approach to a shinto shrine consisting of two pillars connected at the top by a horizontal crosspiece and lintel above it. Usually curving upward.
    • A. 

      Torii

    • B. 

      Pagoda

    • C. 

      Pai lou

    • D. 

      Gou


  • 33. 
    What is a Japanese gateway with 2 vertical posts and 2 horizontal bars?
    • A. 

      Torii

    • B. 

      Torana

    • C. 

      Pai lou

    • D. 

      Stupa


  • 34. 
    An architecture built as a gateway  for entering a sacred place in Korea?
    • A. 

      Hongsalmun

    • B. 

      Bo nyung

    • C. 

      Sinui ireu meun

    • D. 

      Hashimnikka


  • 35. 
    A tall, four-sided, narrow tapering monument which ends in a pyramid-like shape at the top, and is said to resemble a petrified ray of the sun-disk?
    • A. 

      Obelisk

    • B. 

      Dolmen

    • C. 

      Tower

    • D. 

      Spire


  • 36. 
    One of the most recognizable Roman inventions as “water transportation system”?
    • A. 

      Aqueducts

    • B. 

      Cistern

    • C. 

      Concrete roads

    • D. 

      Roman arch


  • 37. 
    What is the style of the Chrysler Building in New York?
    • A. 

      Rococo

    • B. 

      Art deco

    • C. 

      Modern Baroque

    • D. 

      Neo-classicism


  • 38. 
    It is a large glass and metal pyramid, surrounded by three smaller pyramids, in the main courtyard of a Palace. This would serves as the main entrance to the Museum design by I. M. Pei.
    • A. 

      Pyramid glass

    • B. 

      Louvre Pyramid

    • C. 

      The pyramid

    • D. 

      None


  • 39. 
    What is the effect of the glass pyramid by I.M. pei place in the old architecture?
    • A. 

      Contrast

    • B. 

      Juxtaposition

    • C. 

      Blend

    • D. 

      None


  • 40. 
    How many number of glass planes of the “louvre pyramid” before it was claimed to be 672 panes?
    • A. 

      888

    • B. 

      666

    • C. 

      999

    • D. 

      603


  • 41. 
    Series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in part to protect the Chinese Empire. requently billed as the only man-made object visible from space, generally isn't, at least to the unaided eye in low Earth orbit.
    • A. 

      Great wall of china

    • B. 

      Roman arch

    • C. 

      Borobudur

    • D. 

      Ziggurat


  • 42. 
    A megalith structure ever known located in the English county of Wiltshire. Some medieval writers called it "giant's dance".
    • A. 

      Stonehenge

    • B. 

      Cromlech

    • C. 

      Dolmen


  • 43. 

    Large upright standing stone?
    • A. 

      Stonehenge

    • B. 

      Cromlech

    • C. 

      Dolmen

    • D. 

      Menhir


  • 44. 
    A freestanding bell tower, of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa,
    • A. 

      Torre delle Milizie

    • B. 

      Leaning tower of pisa

    • C. 

      Pasquareccia bell

    • D. 

      Assunta bell


  • 45. 
    Tallest man-made structure in the world, at 829.8 m
    • A. 

      Burj Khalifa

    • B. 

      Burj Al Arab

    • C. 

      Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel

    • D. 

      Taipei 101


  • 46. 
    The colonial Filipino house after bahay bubo?
    • A. 

      Bahay na bato

    • B. 

      Balai

    • C. 

      Torana

    • D. 

      Nipa house


  • 47. 
    Why does leandro Locsin decide to raised the whole structure on the podium of the Cultural Centre ?
    • A. 

      Intended to promote an elitist view of art and culture

    • B. 

      In response to the high sea levels on the reclaimed land

    • C. 

      To emphasize the floating effect of the massive block

    • D. 

      Contrast of the horizontal line that the ramp creates curve


  • 48. 

    The opera house in Beijing, colloquially described as "The Giant Egg". A titanium accented glass dome that is completely surrounded by a man-made lake. looks like an egg foat in the water.
    • A. 

      NCPA

    • B. 

      Bird's nest

    • C. 

      The water cube

    • D. 

      Titanium egg


  • 49. 
    What is the actual shape of the Beijing National Aquatics Center, known as the water cube?
    • A. 

      Cuboid

    • B. 

      Cube

    • C. 

      Hexahedron

    • D. 

      Rectangle


  • 50. 

          What is the  bubble cladding pillow for the Beijing National Aquatic Centre, so called "water cube" ?
    • A. 

      0.2 mm thk polymer foam

    • B. 

      ETFE

    • C. 

      Hydraulic-acid glass

    • D. 

      Structural bubble glass


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