Fluid, Electrolyte And Acid-base Balance

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All you need to know about fluid and electrolyte balance.

  
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1.  Women have proportionately more fat than men.
A.
B.
2.  Ions that carry positively charge are called...
3.  Two types of body fluids.
4.  What is the percentage of fluid composition in infants?
5.  How much percentage does fluid constitute in a healthy adult's weight?
6.  As people grow older, the fluid and fat proportions decrease.
A.
B.
7.  Examples of transcellular fluids are:
8.  Is the type of body fluid that acts as the transport system that carries nutrients to and wast products from the cells.
9.  Cite an example of an interstitial fluid
10.  Cite an example of an intravascular fluid.
11.  Diffusion is the movement of molecules from higher concentration to a lower concentration.
A.
B.
12.  This is a product of a gland and is considered as an extracellular fluid.
13.  What are the two principal ions of extracellular fluid?
14.  Body fat is essentially free of fluid.
A.
B.
15.  Is the process whereby fluid and solutes move together across a membrane from one compartment to another.
16.  Women have smaller percentage of fluid in relation to total body weight than do men.
A.
B.
17.  Body secretions and excretions also contain electrolytes.
A.
B.
18.  When excessive fluid loss occurs, ECF is the first volume to be depleted.
A.
B.
19.  Intravascular fluid has a greater quantity of protein than interstitial fluid does.
A.
B.
20.  Body fluid found outside the cells.
21.  Cite 4 examples of anions.
22.  Also referred to cellular fluid. Is found within the cells of the body
23.  Increase in temperature increases the rate of diffusion.
A.
B.
24.  Filtration is the movement of fluid from a higher pressure to one of lower pressure.
A.
B.
25.  What are the two principal ions of intracellular fluid?
26.  The ion composition of both intravascular and interstitial space is similar.
A.
B.
27.  This is the waste produced by the cells of the body.
28.  Cite 4 examples of cations.
29.  Ions that are negatively charged are called...
30.  Charged particles like Na+ are called electrolytes because they are capable of conducting electricity.
A.
B.
31.  Rate of diffusion varies according to these three factors.
32.  Is the continual intermingling of molecules in liquids, gases or solids brought about by the random movement of the molecules.
33.  Three compartments of ECF are:
34.  Methods where body fluids and electrolytes move. Cite all 4.
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