Fluid, Electrolyte And Acid-base Balance

34 Questions  I  By Punkista14 on December 11, 2010
All you need to know about fluid and electrolyte balance.

  
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1.  What is the percentage of fluid composition in infants?
2.  Ions that are negatively charged are called...
3.  Cite 4 examples of anions.
4.  Cite an example of an interstitial fluid
5.  How much percentage does fluid constitute in a healthy adult's weight?
6.  Intravascular fluid has a greater quantity of protein than interstitial fluid does.
A.
B.
7.  Two types of body fluids.
8.  Women have proportionately more fat than men.
A.
B.
9.  Filtration is the movement of fluid from a higher pressure to one of lower pressure.
A.
B.
10.  Also referred to cellular fluid. Is found within the cells of the body
11.  Diffusion is the movement of molecules from higher concentration to a lower concentration.
A.
B.
12.  Is the process whereby fluid and solutes move together across a membrane from one compartment to another.
13.  Ions that carry positively charge are called...
14.  Charged particles like Na+ are called electrolytes because they are capable of conducting electricity.
A.
B.
15.  Is the type of body fluid that acts as the transport system that carries nutrients to and wast products from the cells.
16.  Women have smaller percentage of fluid in relation to total body weight than do men.
A.
B.
17.  Is the continual intermingling of molecules in liquids, gases or solids brought about by the random movement of the molecules.
18.  Body fat is essentially free of fluid.
A.
B.
19.  What are the two principal ions of extracellular fluid?
20.  Body fluid found outside the cells.
21.  When excessive fluid loss occurs, ECF is the first volume to be depleted.
A.
B.
22.  This is a product of a gland and is considered as an extracellular fluid.
23.  This is the waste produced by the cells of the body.
24.  The ion composition of both intravascular and interstitial space is similar.
A.
B.
25.  Cite 4 examples of cations.
26.  Rate of diffusion varies according to these three factors.
27.  As people grow older, the fluid and fat proportions decrease.
A.
B.
28.  Examples of transcellular fluids are:
29.  Methods where body fluids and electrolytes move. Cite all 4.
30.  Body secretions and excretions also contain electrolytes.
A.
B.
31.  Three compartments of ECF are:
32.  Cite an example of an intravascular fluid.
33.  Increase in temperature increases the rate of diffusion.
A.
B.
34.  What are the two principal ions of intracellular fluid?
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