Fluid, Electrolyte And Acid-base Balance

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All you need to know about fluid and electrolyte balance.

  
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1.  Three compartments of ECF are:
2.  Examples of transcellular fluids are:
3.  Cite 4 examples of cations.
4.  Cite 4 examples of anions.
5.  What are the two principal ions of extracellular fluid?
6.  What are the two principal ions of intracellular fluid?
7.  Methods where body fluids and electrolytes move. Cite all 4.
8.  Rate of diffusion varies according to these three factors.
9.  Two types of body fluids.
10.  Also referred to cellular fluid. Is found within the cells of the body
11.  Body fluid found outside the cells.
12.  Cite an example of an intravascular fluid.
13.  Cite an example of an interstitial fluid
14.  Is the type of body fluid that acts as the transport system that carries nutrients to and wast products from the cells.
15.  This is a product of a gland and is considered as an extracellular fluid.
16.  This is the waste produced by the cells of the body.
17.  How much percentage does fluid constitute in a healthy adult's weight?
18.  What is the percentage of fluid composition in infants?
19.  As people grow older, the fluid and fat proportions decrease.
A.
B.
20.  Body fat is essentially free of fluid.
A.
B.
21.  Women have proportionately more fat than men.
A.
B.
22.  Women have smaller percentage of fluid in relation to total body weight than do men.
A.
B.
23.  When excessive fluid loss occurs, ECF is the first volume to be depleted.
A.
B.
24.  Charged particles like Na+ are called electrolytes because they are capable of conducting electricity.
A.
B.
25.  Ions that carry positively charge are called...
26.  Ions that are negatively charged are called...
27.  The ion composition of both intravascular and interstitial space is similar.
A.
B.
28.  Intravascular fluid has a greater quantity of protein than interstitial fluid does.
A.
B.
29.  Body secretions and excretions also contain electrolytes.
A.
B.
30.  Is the continual intermingling of molecules in liquids, gases or solids brought about by the random movement of the molecules.
31.  Diffusion is the movement of molecules from higher concentration to a lower concentration.
A.
B.
32.  Increase in temperature increases the rate of diffusion.
A.
B.
33.  Is the process whereby fluid and solutes move together across a membrane from one compartment to another.
34.  Filtration is the movement of fluid from a higher pressure to one of lower pressure.
A.
B.
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