Fluid, Electrolyte And Acid-base Balance

34 Questions  I  By Punkista14
All you need to know about fluid and electrolyte balance.

  
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1.  Filtration is the movement of fluid from a higher pressure to one of lower pressure.
A.
B.
2.  Three compartments of ECF are:
3.  Is the continual intermingling of molecules in liquids, gases or solids brought about by the random movement of the molecules.
4.  Diffusion is the movement of molecules from higher concentration to a lower concentration.
A.
B.
5.  Women have proportionately more fat than men.
A.
B.
6.  Body fluid found outside the cells.
7.  Also referred to cellular fluid. Is found within the cells of the body
8.  Cite an example of an interstitial fluid
9.  Cite 4 examples of anions.
10.  Body fat is essentially free of fluid.
A.
B.
11.  Women have smaller percentage of fluid in relation to total body weight than do men.
A.
B.
12.  Increase in temperature increases the rate of diffusion.
A.
B.
13.  What are the two principal ions of extracellular fluid?
14.  Ions that are negatively charged are called...
15.  Intravascular fluid has a greater quantity of protein than interstitial fluid does.
A.
B.
16.  Body secretions and excretions also contain electrolytes.
A.
B.
17.  Charged particles like Na+ are called electrolytes because they are capable of conducting electricity.
A.
B.
18.  How much percentage does fluid constitute in a healthy adult's weight?
19.  When excessive fluid loss occurs, ECF is the first volume to be depleted.
A.
B.
20.  Two types of body fluids.
21.  As people grow older, the fluid and fat proportions decrease.
A.
B.
22.  Is the type of body fluid that acts as the transport system that carries nutrients to and wast products from the cells.
23.  Is the process whereby fluid and solutes move together across a membrane from one compartment to another.
24.  Rate of diffusion varies according to these three factors.
25.  Examples of transcellular fluids are:
26.  Cite 4 examples of cations.
27.  Ions that carry positively charge are called...
28.  What is the percentage of fluid composition in infants?
29.  This is the waste produced by the cells of the body.
30.  Methods where body fluids and electrolytes move. Cite all 4.
31.  Cite an example of an intravascular fluid.
32.  The ion composition of both intravascular and interstitial space is similar.
A.
B.
33.  This is a product of a gland and is considered as an extracellular fluid.
34.  What are the two principal ions of intracellular fluid?
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