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Fluid, Electrolyte And Acid-base Balance

34 Questions
Chemical Quizzes & Trivia

All you need to know about fluid and electrolyte balance.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Three compartments of ECF are:
  • 2. 
    Examples of transcellular fluids are:
  • 3. 
    Cite 4 examples of cations.
  • 4. 
    Cite 4 examples of anions.
  • 5. 
  • 6. 
    What are the two principal ions of intracellular fluid?
  • 7. 
    Methods where body fluids and electrolytes move. Cite all 4.
  • 8. 
    Rate of diffusion varies according to these three factors.
  • 9. 
    Two types of body fluids.
  • 10. 
    Also referred to cellular fluid. Is found within the cells of the body
  • 11. 
    Body fluid found outside the cells.
  • 12. 
    Cite an example of an intravascular fluid.
  • 13. 
    Cite an example of an interstitial fluid
  • 14. 
    Is the type of body fluid that acts as the transport system that carries nutrients to and wast products from the cells.
  • 15. 
    This is a product of a gland and is considered as an extracellular fluid.
  • 16. 
    This is the waste produced by the cells of the body.
  • 17. 
    How much percentage does fluid constitute in a healthy adult's weight?
  • 18. 
    What is the percentage of fluid composition in infants?
  • 19. 
    As people grow older, the fluid and fat proportions decrease.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Body fat is essentially free of fluid.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Women have proportionately more fat than men.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Women have smaller percentage of fluid in relation to total body weight than do men.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    When excessive fluid loss occurs, ECF is the first volume to be depleted.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Charged particles like Na+ are called electrolytes because they are capable of conducting electricity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Ions that carry positively charge are called...
  • 26. 
    Ions that are negatively charged are called...
  • 27. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    Intravascular fluid has a greater quantity of protein than interstitial fluid does.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    Body secretions and excretions also contain electrolytes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    Is the continual intermingling of molecules in liquids, gases or solids brought about by the random movement of the molecules.
  • 31. 
    Diffusion is the movement of molecules from higher concentration to a lower concentration.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Is the process whereby fluid and solutes move together across a membrane from one compartment to another.
  • 34. 
    Filtration is the movement of fluid from a higher pressure to one of lower pressure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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