Fluid, Electrolyte And Acid-base Balance

34 Questions  I  By Punkista14
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Chemical Quizzes & Trivia
All you need to know about fluid and electrolyte balance.

  
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  • 1. 
    Three compartments of ECF are:

  • 2. 
    Examples of transcellular fluids are:

  • 3. 
    Cite 4 examples of cations.

  • 4. 
    Cite 4 examples of anions.

  • 5. 
    What are the two principal ions of extracellular fluid?

  • 6. 
    What are the two principal ions of intracellular fluid?

  • 7. 
    Methods where body fluids and electrolytes move. Cite all 4.

  • 8. 
    Rate of diffusion varies according to these three factors.

  • 9. 
    Two types of body fluids.

  • 10. 
    Also referred to cellular fluid. Is found within the cells of the body

  • 11. 
    Body fluid found outside the cells.

  • 12. 
    Cite an example of an intravascular fluid.

  • 13. 
    Cite an example of an interstitial fluid

  • 14. 
    Is the type of body fluid that acts as the transport system that carries nutrients to and wast products from the cells.

  • 15. 
    This is a product of a gland and is considered as an extracellular fluid.

  • 16. 
    This is the waste produced by the cells of the body.

  • 17. 
    How much percentage does fluid constitute in a healthy adult's weight?

  • 18. 
    What is the percentage of fluid composition in infants?

  • 19. 
    As people grow older, the fluid and fat proportions decrease.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    Body fat is essentially free of fluid.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 21. 
    Women have proportionately more fat than men.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 22. 
    Women have smaller percentage of fluid in relation to total body weight than do men.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 23. 
    When excessive fluid loss occurs, ECF is the first volume to be depleted.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 24. 
    Charged particles like Na+ are called electrolytes because they are capable of conducting electricity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 25. 
    Ions that carry positively charge are called...

  • 26. 
    Ions that are negatively charged are called...

  • 27. 
    The ion composition of both intravascular and interstitial space is similar.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 28. 
    Intravascular fluid has a greater quantity of protein than interstitial fluid does.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 29. 
    Body secretions and excretions also contain electrolytes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 30. 
    Is the continual intermingling of molecules in liquids, gases or solids brought about by the random movement of the molecules.

  • 31. 
    Diffusion is the movement of molecules from higher concentration to a lower concentration.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 32. 
    Increase in temperature increases the rate of diffusion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 33. 
    Is the process whereby fluid and solutes move together across a membrane from one compartment to another.

  • 34. 
    Filtration is the movement of fluid from a higher pressure to one of lower pressure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


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