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Fluid, Electrolyte And Acid-base Balance

34 Questions  I  By Punkista14
Fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance
All you need to know about fluid and electrolyte balance.

  
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1.  Women have proportionately more fat than men.
A.
B.
2.  As people grow older, the fluid and fat proportions decrease.
A.
B.
3.  When excessive fluid loss occurs, ECF is the first volume to be depleted.
A.
B.
4.  Diffusion is the movement of molecules from higher concentration to a lower concentration.
A.
B.
5.  Cite an example of an interstitial fluid
6.  Rate of diffusion varies according to these three factors.
7.  Three compartments of ECF are:
8.  What are the two principal ions of extracellular fluid?
9.  Is the continual intermingling of molecules in liquids, gases or solids brought about by the random movement of the molecules.
10.  This is a product of a gland and is considered as an extracellular fluid.
11.  This is the waste produced by the cells of the body.
12.  Is the type of body fluid that acts as the transport system that carries nutrients to and wast products from the cells.
13.  Ions that are negatively charged are called...
14.  Body fat is essentially free of fluid.
A.
B.
15.  Is the process whereby fluid and solutes move together across a membrane from one compartment to another.
16.  Body secretions and excretions also contain electrolytes.
A.
B.
17.  Filtration is the movement of fluid from a higher pressure to one of lower pressure.
A.
B.
18.  What is the percentage of fluid composition in infants?
19.  Cite 4 examples of anions.
20.  How much percentage does fluid constitute in a healthy adult's weight?
21.  The ion composition of both intravascular and interstitial space is similar.
A.
B.
22.  Examples of transcellular fluids are:
23.  Cite 4 examples of cations.
24.  Two types of body fluids.
25.  Charged particles like Na+ are called electrolytes because they are capable of conducting electricity.
A.
B.
26.  Women have smaller percentage of fluid in relation to total body weight than do men.
A.
B.
27.  What are the two principal ions of intracellular fluid?
28.  Also referred to cellular fluid. Is found within the cells of the body
29.  Cite an example of an intravascular fluid.
30.  Intravascular fluid has a greater quantity of protein than interstitial fluid does.
A.
B.
31.  Increase in temperature increases the rate of diffusion.
A.
B.
32.  Body fluid found outside the cells.
33.  Ions that carry positively charge are called...
34.  Methods where body fluids and electrolytes move. Cite all 4.
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