Final Exam Bio 111

30 Questions  I  By Vwest87
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Multiple Choice Questions Quizzes & Trivia
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  • 1. 
    Which of the following is an adaptation of flowering plants to life on land?
    • A. 

      The production of an embryo sac to protect of the embryo from drying out.

    • B. 

      A waxy cuticle on leaves to prevent drying out.

    • C. 

      The production of stomata and guard cells to regulate gas exchange with the atmosphere.

    • D. 

      A vascular system to more water internally.

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 2. 
    The term for the leafy primary body of a liverwort (Hepaticophyta), such as Marchantia is
    • A. 

      Thallus

    • B. 

      Rhizoid

    • C. 

      Protonema

    • D. 

      Archegonium

    • E. 

      Antheridium


  • 3. 
    In the fern life cycle, the ________ generation is dominant, whereas in the moss life cycle, the _______ generation is dominant.
    • A. 

      Diploid gametophyte; haploid gametophyte

    • B. 

      Haploid gametophyte; haploid sporophyte

    • C. 

      Diploid gametophyte; haploid sporophyte

    • D. 

      Haploid sporophyte; diploid sporophyte

    • E. 

      Diploid sporophyte; haploid gametophyte


  • 4. 
    Which of these statements is NOT true about fertilization in a fern plant?
    • A. 

      An egg is produced in an archegonium.

    • B. 

      A sperm is produced in an antheridium.

    • C. 

      Flagellated sperm are primarily carried by wind to the egg.

    • D. 

      The egg and sperm are produced on the prothallus.

    • E. 

      Eggs and sperm are produced by the gametophyte generation.


  • 5. 
    In conifers, microspores develope into
    • A. 

      Seeds

    • B. 

      Sporophytes

    • C. 

      Mature female gametophytes

    • D. 

      Mature male gametophytes

    • E. 

      Ovules


  • 6. 
    Which of the following plants does NOT belong to the gymnosperm group?
    • A. 

      Gnetophye

    • B. 

      Cycad

    • C. 

      Conifer

    • D. 

      Horsetail

    • E. 

      Ginkgo


  • 7. 
    Which is NOT a characteristic of Monocots?
    • A. 

      One cotyelydon

    • B. 

      Leaves with netted veins

    • C. 

      Herbacious plants

    • D. 

      Flower parts in fours and fives or whorls of fours or fives

    • E. 

      Vascular bundles arranged irregularly in the stem


  • 8. 
    How are ferns different from mosses?
    • A. 

      Only ferns produce spore for reprodution

    • B. 

      Ferns have vascular tissue.

    • C. 

      In the fern life cycle, the mature gametophye and mature sporophyte are both independent

    • D. 

      Both B & C are correct.

    • E. 

      None of the above.


  • 9. 
    Which of these pairs is mismatched?
    • A. 

      Anther -- produces microspores

    • B. 

      Carpel -- produces pollen

    • C. 

      Ovule -- becomes seed

    • D. 

      Ovary -- becomes fruit

    • E. 

      Flower -- reproductive structure


  • 10. 
    Which of these is found in the seed plants?
    • A. 

      Complex vascular tissue

    • B. 

      Pollen grains that are not flagellated

    • C. 

      Retention of the female gametophyte within the ovule

    • D. 

      Roots, stems, and leaves

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 11. 
    PRimary meristemic tissue that gives rise to epidermal tissue is called?
    • A. 

      Procambium

    • B. 

      Protoderm

    • C. 

      Ground meristem

    • D. 

      Periderm

    • E. 

      Epiderm


  • 12. 
    In a typical terrestrial herbaceous eudicot stem, _____ tissue forms the outer protective covering of the plant and ______ tissues form plants
    • A. 

      Epidermal; ground

    • B. 

      Ground; vascular

    • C. 

      Ground; epidermal

    • D. 

      Vascular; ground

    • E. 

      Meristematic; ground


  • 13. 
    To prepare a microscope slides of mitosis, where could you most likely find examples of cell division in a plant root?
    • A. 

      In the tissues directly about the root cap

    • B. 

      In the tissues of the root cap

    • C. 

      In the tissues of the upper vascular cylinder

    • D. 

      In a root hair

    • E. 

      None of the above.


  • 14. 
    A __________ is an underground horizontal stem, whereas a ________ is an above ground horizontal stem; both of these structures can produce clones of the parental plant.
    • A. 

      Prop root; fibrous root

    • B. 

      Bulb; taproot

    • C. 

      Taproot; bulb

    • D. 

      Rhizome; stolon

    • E. 

      Stolon; rhizome


  • 15. 
    Which statement is NOT true about primary plant growth?
    • A. 

      Only woody plants show primary growth

    • B. 

      Primary growth increases the length of the plant.

    • C. 

      The ground meristem is a primary meristem that gives rise to ground tissue system.

    • D. 

      The procambium is a primary meristem that produces the primary vascular tissue system

    • E. 

      The periderm is not involved in primary growth.


  • 16. 
    ______ tissue is typically composed of cells with thick secondary cell walls, and is made up of fibers and sclereids, whereas _______ is typically composed of cells with primary walls thickened at the corners that provide support of growing plant organs body.
    • A. 

      Collenchyma; parenchyma

    • B. 

      Collenchymal; parenchyma

    • C. 

      Sclerenchyma; collenchyma

    • D. 

      Sclerenchyma; parenchyma

    • E. 

      Parenchyma; collenchyma


  • 17. 
    _______ tissue is composed of hollow nonliving tracheids and vessel elements that transport water water from the roots to the leaves, whereas _____ tissue is composed of sieve-tube cells and companion cells, and transports organic nutrients made in the leaves.
    • A. 

      Phloem; xylem

    • B. 

      Xylem; phloem

    • C. 

      Collenchyma; parenchyma

    • D. 

      Parenchyma; sclerenchyma

    • E. 

      Sclerencym; parencyma


  • 18. 
    The root endodermis:
    • A. 

      Forms a boundary between the cortex and inner vascular cylinder of the root

    • B. 

      Contains bands of impenetrable lidin and suberin called a Casperian strip that controls water and nutrient

    • C. 

      Is a single layer of rectangular cells

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above.


  • 19. 
    Which general statements is NOT true about woody stems?
    • A. 

      Woody stems contain secondary growth

    • B. 

      Secondary phloem accumulates to form wood

    • C. 

      Secondary xylem accumulates to form wood

    • D. 

      Cork cambium produces waterproof cork cells that become bark

    • E. 

      The vascular cambium is located between the xylem and the phloem of the vascular bundles in a woody stem.


  • 20. 
    Which general statement about leaves is NOT correct?
    • A. 

      Spines, tendrils, and traps are specialized leaf modifications

    • B. 

      Gas exchange occurs through tiny openings in the leaf surface called stomata

    • C. 

      Regulation of gas exchange through the leaf is the responsibility of the guard cels

    • D. 

      Vascular tissue is found in both eudicot and monocot leaves

    • E. 

      The photosynthetic mesophyll is typically made up of an upper spongy layer and a lower palasiade layer.


  • 21. 
    Which of these cells of the vascular tissue transports sugars and is alive but lacks a nucleus, often dependant on a companion cell for its metabolic instructions?
    • A. 

      Tracheid

    • B. 

      Sieve-tube member

    • C. 

      Vessel element

    • D. 

      Guard cell

    • E. 

      Fibers


  • 22. 
    Annual rings in a woody stem
    • A. 

      Represents the number of bark layers

    • B. 

      Represents the number of layers of secondary xylem

    • C. 

      Can be used to determine the age of a tree

    • D. 

      Both A & C

    • E. 

      Both B & C


  • 23. 
    In eudicots, the _______ retains its capacity to divide and gives rise to lateral roots.
    • A. 

      Periderm

    • B. 

      Phellom

    • C. 

      Phloem

    • D. 

      Pericycle

    • E. 

      Casperian strip


  • 24. 
    Which of the facts below contribute to the process of soil formation?
    • A. 

      Decomposition of organic matter

    • B. 

      Weathering or transport of bedrock

    • C. 

      Activity of animals such as earthworms

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 25. 
    Which is CORRECT description of the layers of soil?
    • A. 

      The C horizon is newly weathered bedrock

    • B. 

      The B horizon contains the soluble chemicals leeched from the A horizon

    • C. 

      The A horizon is the rich topsoil and contains humus and litter

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 26. 
    Because most roots need gaseous oxygen as well as liquid water, the best soil for agricultural plant is
    • A. 

      Sand because is has the greatest pore space

    • B. 

      Clay because it holds onto water better than silt or sand

    • C. 

      Silt because it is intermediate between sand and clay in size

    • D. 

      Loam, a mixture of all size soil particles and therefore able to hold onto water but be porous

    • E. 

      Bedrock because its solid surface prevents the entry of water and gaseous oxygen


  • 27. 
    Which statement is NOT true about stomata in flowering plants?
    • A. 

      As guard cells become turgid, stomata open

    • B. 

      There are two guard cells around each stomata

    • C. 

      Guard cells take up potassium ions and water enters the guard cells

    • D. 

      Guards cells surrounding stomata lack chloroplasts that other epidermal cells contain

    • E. 

      Stomata open and close on a daily basis, even if kept in the dark, on a circadian rhythem


  • 28. 
    How did scientist Marcello Malpighi,  in 1679, deduce the role of phloem before the chemistry was known?
    • A. 

      He observed aphids and cut off their beaks

    • B. 

      He was an early researcher on the cause of maple sap flow in producing syrup

    • C. 

      He observed the effects of girdling a tree below the level of the majority of leaves

    • D. 

      He used radioactive tracers to measure the flow of sap between two distances over time

    • E. 

      He observed the uptake of ink into the stem of celery


  • 29. 
    Which statement is NOT true about the pressure-flow model of phloem transport?
    • A. 

      Water is actively transported into phloem

    • B. 

      Sugar sinks may later become sugar sources for growing plant structures

    • C. 

      Pressure created in the phloem by the buildup of water and sugar

    • D. 

      Sugar produced by photosyntesis is actively transported into phloem cells

    • E. 

      Sugar is actively transported out of the phloem at a sink area such as the root


  • 30. 
    Transpiration rate in plants is increase by
    • A. 

      Wind

    • B. 

      Elevated temperature

    • C. 

      Increased sunlight intensity

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


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