Exam 1 Biology Review

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This covers chapters about animals and how their nervous system, sensory system

  
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  • 1. 
    What are the principle kinds of tissues in vertebrates?
    • A. 

      Skeletal and nervous

    • B. 

      Nervous and muscle

    • C. 

      Smooth and nervous

    • D. 

      Smooth and nervous

    • E. 

      Muscle


  • 2. 
    The ventral cavity is divided into what two cavities?
    • A. 

      Thoracic and mesoderm

    • B. 

      Abdominal and diaphragm


  • 3. 
    Which of these is not apart of the coelom
    • A. 

      Pericardial

    • B. 

      Parietal

    • C. 

      Peritoneal

    • D. 

      Pleural


  • 4. 
    The ectoderm gives rise to what ?
    • A. 

      It gives rise to blood tissue

    • B. 

      It gives rise to skin and hair

    • C. 

      It gives rise to the lining of GI tract


  • 5. 
    The other coverings of the body and nervous system develop from what "germ layer"
    • A. 

      Ectoderm

    • B. 

      Endoderm

    • C. 

      Mesoderm


  • 6. 
    The muscle forms from what type of tissue "germ layer"?
    • A. 

      Endoderm

    • B. 

      Ectoderm

    • C. 

      Mesoderm


  • 7. 
    Which germ layer gives rise to the lining of GI tract?
    • A. 

      Mesoderm

    • B. 

      Ectoderm

    • C. 

      Endoderm


  • 8. 
    Deuterosomes show patterns of what type of cleavage
    • A. 

      Radial

    • B. 

      Spiral

    • C. 

      Helix


  • 9. 
    What is the most evolved phylum  with three germ layers?
    • A. 

      Porifera

    • B. 

      Chordata


  • 10. 
    What is an example of a pseudocoelomate?
    • A. 

      Flat worm

    • B. 

      Earth worm

    • C. 

      Round worm

    • D. 

      Annelid


  • 11. 
    The traditional classification had animals classified into how many different phyla?
    • A. 

      26

    • B. 

      38

    • C. 

      36

    • D. 

      34


  • 12. 
    True of false a porifera has no symmetry?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 13. 
    What type of evidence is different from the traditional classification of animals as opposed to the modern classification?
    • A. 

      Rearrangement of pseudocolomates, aceolomates, and ceolomates

    • B. 

      Establishes two new clades, Ecdysozoa, Lopotrochozoa

    • C. 

      They used DNA sequencing to establish new clades

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 14. 
    What type of synapses are the vast majority of synapses in vertebrate?
    • A. 

      Chemical

    • B. 

      Electrical

    • C. 

      Neurological

    • D. 

      Synaptic cleft


  • 15. 
    Nerve impulses travel along the long cellular extension of the neuron called the?
    • A. 

      Cell body, dendrites, myelinated neurons

    • B. 

      Dendrites, synapses, action potential

    • C. 

      Cell body, axon, chemical synapses

    • D. 

      Dendrites, axon, cell body


  • 16. 
    _______ is an impulse in a neuron taking the form of a wave of depolarization or hyperpolarization imposed on a polarized cell surface.

  • 17. 
    _____ produce myelin in the PNS.

  • 18. 
    What is the sequential order by which sensory information is conveyed to the CNS?
    • A. 

      Stimulation,transmission,transduction,interpretation

    • B. 

      Stimulation,transduction,transmission,interpretation

    • C. 

      Stimulation,interpretation,transmission, transduction

    • D. 

      Transduction,interpretation,stimulation,interpretation


  • 19. 
    What structure does not make up the vestibular apparatus?
    • A. 

      Utricle canals

    • B. 

      Saccule

    • C. 

      Semicircular canals

    • D. 

      Utricle


  • 20. 
    True or false, poikilotherms allow their body temperature to conform to their environment?
    • A. 

      T

    • B. 

      F


  • 21. 
    Which of the following is not in themselves maintain homeostasis?
    • A. 

      Contraction of uterus during childbirth

    • B. 

      Blood clotting

    • C. 

      Sweating


  • 22. 
    What are generally muscles or glands and their actions can change the value of the condition in question back toward to the set point?
    • A. 

      Comparator

    • B. 

      Effectors

    • C. 

      Stimulators

    • D. 

      Neurons


  • 23. 
    Where is the nucleus found in the neuron?
    • A. 

      Cell body

    • B. 

      Axon

    • C. 

      Dendrites


  • 24. 
    What developes first in the chordata phylm ?
    • A. 

      Mouth

    • B. 

      Anus


  • 25. 
    True or false , the porifera can only be bisected into equal halves in one plane
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 26. 
    What is the single extension of cytoplasm that conducts impulses away from the body?
    • A. 

      Cell body

    • B. 

      Dendrites

    • C. 

      Axon

    • D. 

      Synapses cleft


  • 27. 
    The membrane of a resting neuron is much more permeable to what ion?
    • A. 

      Potassium

    • B. 

      Sodium

    • C. 

      Floride

    • D. 

      Iodine


  • 28. 
    What transmits impulses percieved as pain?
    • A. 

      Cutaneous receptors

    • B. 

      Nociceptors

    • C. 

      Myline sheaths

    • D. 

      Neurotransmitters


  • 29. 
    The saccule, utricle and semicircular canals are all structures that make up what?
    • A. 

      Transmission

    • B. 

      Ganglion cells

    • C. 

      Gravity receptors

    • D. 

      Vestibular apparatus


  • 30. 
    What uses metabolism to generate body heat and maintain temperatures above ambient temperatures?
    • A. 

      Homeotherms

    • B. 

      Heterotherms

    • C. 

      Ectotherms

    • D. 

      Poikilotherms

    • E. 

      Endotherms


  • 31. 
    What provides homeostasis for the organisms?
    • A. 

      Positive feedback

    • B. 

      Internal factors

    • C. 

      Negative feedback

    • D. 

      Nervous tissues


  • 32. 
    Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function are organized into what?
    • A. 

      Tissues

    • B. 

      Organs

    • C. 

      Organ systems

    • D. 

      Mesoderm tissue

    • E. 

      Organelles


  • 33. 
    A protostome has what kind of cleavage?
    • A. 

      Radial

    • B. 

      Spiral

    • C. 

      Radical


  • 34. 
    What type of body plan has no body cavity because the space between the mesoderm and the endoderm is filled with cells and organic material?
    • A. 

      Psedocoelomates

    • B. 

      Coelomates

    • C. 

      Protostomes

    • D. 

      Acoelomates


  • 35. 
    A body plan consists of what potions of the body?
    • A. 

      Dorsal and posterior

    • B. 

      Ventral and dorsal

    • C. 

      Ventral and posterior

    • D. 

      Frontal and transverse

    • E. 

      All


  • 36. 
    What changes in membrane potential?
    • A. 

      Graded potential

    • B. 

      Action potential


  • 37. 
    What is the resting potential of a cell?
    • A. 

      70mV

    • B. 

      -144Mv

    • C. 

      -70mV

    • D. 

      17Mv

    • E. 

      -77Mv


  • 38. 
    What creates a type of insulation around the neuron, allowing the neuron to use salutatory conduction which is faster?
    • A. 

      Coelomates

    • B. 

      Myelin sheath

    • C. 

      Nociceptors


  • 39. 
    In the vertebrate eye , the light is focused onto what structures?
    • A. 

      Pupil

    • B. 

      Fovea/retina

    • C. 

      Cornea

    • D. 

      Iris

    • E. 

      Sclera


  • 40. 
    The expanding and contracting opening in the iris of the eye , through which light passes to the retina is what part of the eye?
    • A. 

      Lens

    • B. 

      Fovea

    • C. 

      Pupil

    • D. 

      Cornea


  • 41. 
    The small rodless area of the retina that affords cute vision is what part of the eye?
    • A. 

      Iris

    • B. 

      Fovea

    • C. 

      Pupil

    • D. 

      Lens

    • E. 

      Sclera


  • 42. 
    The photosensitive layer of the eye that contains several layers of neurons and light receptors recieves the images formed by the lens and transmits it to the brain via the optic nerve
    • A. 

      Retina

    • B. 

      Pupil

    • C. 

      Lens

    • D. 

      Fovea

    • E. 

      Iris


  • 43. 
    Positive feedback does not help themselves in homeostasis true or false?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 44. 
    What tissue connects the brain and spinal cord to the heart and helps regulate the heartbeat?
    • A. 

      Smooth

    • B. 

      Connective

    • C. 

      Muscle

    • D. 

      Nervous

    • E. 

      Cardiac


  • 45. 
    Which of the four is not a germ layer tissue?
    • A. 

      Epithelial

    • B. 

      Mesoderm

    • C. 

      Ectoderm

    • D. 

      Endoderm


  • 46. 
    What are the four levels of organization in the vertebrate body:
    • A. 

      Tissues,cells,organs,organ systems

    • B. 

      Organs,tissues,organ systems, cells

    • C. 

      Cells,tissues,organs,organ systems

    • D. 

      Cells,organs, tiissues, organ systems


  • 47. 
    How many different cell types do humans have?
    • A. 

      220

    • B. 

      210

    • C. 

      200

    • D. 

      150


  • 48. 
    Which of the following is not a primary tissue?
    • A. 

      Endodermal

    • B. 

      Thermal

    • C. 

      Mesoderm

    • D. 

      Ectoderm


  • 49. 
    The digestive organs and intestines develop from what germ layer?
    • A. 

      Endoderm

    • B. 

      Ectoderm

    • C. 

      Mesdermin


  • 50. 
    In the protostomes or deuterostomes, which one does the mouth develop after the anus?
    • A. 

      Protostomes

    • B. 

      Deuterostomes


  • 51. 
    In the Parazoa branch of the animalia kingdom, what does this specie consist of
    • A. 

      Animals tht have a definite shape and symmetry and tissues organized into organs and organ systems

    • B. 

      Animals that for the most part lack a definite symmetry and posses neither tissue nor organs

    • C. 

      Lack symmetry but have a shape

    • D. 

      Lack a shape but they have organized organ systems


  • 52. 
    An animal that has definite shape and symmetry and tissues organized into organ and organ systems are what kind of animalia branch?
    • A. 

      Porifera

    • B. 

      Parazoa

    • C. 

      Chondata

    • D. 

      Eumetazoa


  • 53. 
    The modern classification is called a what?
    • A. 

      Molecular data

    • B. 

      Myzostomids

    • C. 

      Phylogenies


  • 54. 
    True or false, sponges have tissue?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 55. 
    Nerve impulses travel along the long cellular extension of the neuron called the
    • A. 

      Cell body

    • B. 

      Dendrites

    • C. 

      Axon


  • 56. 
    What is the pumping ratio of sodium to potassium by the sodium potassium pump?
    • A. 

      2 sodium outside for every 2 potassium inside

    • B. 

      3 sodium outside for every 2 potassium inside

    • C. 

      3sodium inside for every 2 potassium outside

    • D. 

      2 sodium inside for every 3 potassium outside


  • 57. 
    What mostly consists of free nerve endings located throughout the body, especally where damage is most likely to occur?
    • A. 

      Cutaneous receptors

    • B. 

      Receptors

    • C. 

      Nociceptors


  • 58. 
    Which is false about the retina?
    • A. 

      It consists of three layers of cells

    • B. 

      Middle layer cannot contain bipolar cells

    • C. 

      Middlie layer can contain bipolar cells

    • D. 

      External layer contains rods and cones

    • E. 

      Layer closest to the eye cavity contains ganglion cells


  • 59. 
    What is the transparent part through which light enters , begins to focus light?
    • A. 

      Cornea

    • B. 

      Pupil

    • C. 

      Iris

    • D. 

      Lens

    • E. 

      Fovea


  • 60. 
    Colored portion of the eye that contains muscle?
    • A. 

      Cornea

    • B. 

      Lens

    • C. 

      Iris

    • D. 

      Pupil

    • E. 

      Retina


  • 61. 
    White portion of the eye that is formed of tough tissue?
    • A. 

      Pupil

    • B. 

      Sclera

    • C. 

      Retina

    • D. 

      Lens


  • 62. 
    The transparent structure that completes focusing of the light onto the retina. it's held in place by the ciliary muscle?
    • A. 

      Fovea

    • B. 

      Lens

    • C. 

      Retina

    • D. 

      Iris

    • E. 

      Cornea


  • 63. 
    What does not use metabolism to rpoduce heat and have body temp that conforms to ambient temperature?
    • A. 

      Ectotherm

    • B. 

      Endotherm

    • C. 

      Homeotherms

    • D. 

      Heterotherms


  • 64. 
    What falls in between endotherm and ectotherm?
    • A. 

      Homeotherms

    • B. 

      Heterotherms

    • C. 

      Poikilotherms

    • D. 

      Endotherms


  • 65. 
    What are the differences between poikilothermic and homeothermic organisms?
    • A. 

      Poikilotherms regulate thie body temperature about a set point, and homeo's all their body temp to conform to their environment

    • B. 

      Poikilothermic allow there body temp to conform to the environment and homeo's regulate their body temp. about set point


  • 66. 
    To maintain internal consistency , the vertebrate body uses a type of control system known as the what?
    • A. 

      Feedback

    • B. 

      Sensors

    • C. 

      Receptors

    • D. 

      Negative feedback

    • E. 

      Positive feedback


  • 67. 
    T or f. negative feedback mechanisms often oppose each other to produce finer degree of control?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 68. 
    When a retinal molecule captures a photon list the sequence of events that happens next to produce an action potenential in a ganglion cell?
    • A. 

      The signal is captured by the retinathen sent to the back of the eye where photoreceptors send them to bipolar cells, which create an action potential and then send the signal the the rods and cones

    • B. 

      The signal is traveling forward, then hits the back of the retina with photorecptors, then the signal travels to the action potential which creates bipolar cells then they create a signal to the ganglion cells

    • C. 

      The signal is traveling backward,light hits the back of the retina which contains photoreceptors,then after hitting the receptors,the signal tavels to bipolar cells, which create an action potential and then send the signal to the ganglion cells


  • 69. 
    The third key transition in the animal body plan was the evolution of the _____

  • 70. 
    In the adult vertebrates which of the following is not one of the four principle kinds of tissue-
    • A. 

      Epithelial

    • B. 

      Cardiac

    • C. 

      Connective

    • D. 

      Muscle

    • E. 

      Nerve


  • 71. 
    Protostomes include all but which one of these bliaterians?
    • A. 

      Flatworms

    • B. 

      Nematodes

    • C. 

      Mollusks

    • D. 

      Echinoderms

    • E. 

      Annelids


  • 72. 
    Intermediate  development in animals are displayed in which of the following
    • A. 

      Deuterostomes

    • B. 

      Protostomes


  • 73. 
    Both neurons and neuroglia are present in which nervous system/s?
    • A. 

      CNS

    • B. 

      PNS

    • C. 

      BOTH


  • 74. 
    The rapid inward diffusion of sodium followed by the outward diffusion od potassium produces a rapid change in the membrane potiental called an?
    • A. 

      Graded potential

    • B. 

      Action potential


  • 75. 
    Nerve tissue is composed of ?
    • A. 

      Neurons

    • B. 

      Neuroglia

    • C. 

      Both a and b

    • D. 

      Ganglia


  • 76. 
    What is salutatory conduction?
    • A. 

      When impulses jump from node to node

    • B. 

      When impulses jump from node to transmitter

    • C. 

      No jumping occurs

    • D. 

      When the potassium is transported through gradient

    • E. 

      When myelinated axons conduct impulses slower


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