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Edf1005 Quiz 7

33 Questions
Edf1005 Quiz 7

Quiz on Chapter Seven in Textbook and readings from week six and the film, "The Spartans. "

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In early colonial times, education was aimed at
    • A. 

      Teaching practical subjects such as navigation and bookkeeping

    • B. 

      Saving souls through religious instruction.

    • C. 

      Keeping children out of mischief, freeing up men and women to toil in the fields or in the home.

    • D. 

      .educating citizens for the demands of a democracy.

  • 2. 
    The “Old Deluder Satan Law” of 1647 required that
    • A. 

      All citizens of Massachusetts present themselves periodically to recite Scripture.

    • B. 

      Apprenticeships be prohibited in the state of Massachusetts.

    • C. 

      All citizens of Massachusetts be assessed to determine reading and writing skills.

    • D. 

      Massachusetts provide education for young people.

  • 3. 
    In the colonial period, which area offered the most structured, formal education? 
    • A. 

      The southern colonies

    • B. 

      The middle colonies

    • C. 

      the northern colonies

    • D. 

      Actually, the colonial educational system was remarkably uniform across all locations

  • 4. 
    Only 15 years after arriving in America, the Puritans established the
    • A. 

      Latin grammar school

    • B. 

      Free Academy.

    • C. 

      Junior high school.

    • D. 

      Common school.

  • 5. 
    Which one of the following features of U.S. education today CANNOT be traced to colonial times?
    • A. 

      Tax-supported schools

    • B. 

      Teacher competency tests

    • C. 

      Compulsory education

    • D. 

      local control of schools

  • 6. 
    The first real textbook used in eighteenth-century colonial schools promoting not only mastery of the alphabet but also religious morality was the 
    • A. 

      American Spelling Book.

    • B. 

      hornbook.

    • C. 

      McGuffey Reader.

    • D. 

      New England Primer.

  • 7. 
    Benjamin Franklin’s Academy upheld all of the following principles regarding education EXCEPT 
    • A. 

      Education should be available to both boys and girls.

    • B. 

      School curricula should emphasize practical subjects.

    • C. 

      Education should be available to all children regardless of economic class.

    • D. 

      Education should be free from religious influence.

  • 8. 
    Education became a state responsibility through the
    • A. 

      Northwest Ordinance.

    • B. 

      Tenth Amendment.

    • C. 

      Fourteenth Amendment.

    • D. 

      Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

  • 9. 
    The common school movement represented
    • A. 

      the effort to standardize curriculum in grammar schools and academies.

    • B. 

      Benjamin Franklin’s attempt to provide education to both boys and girls.

    • C. 

      The effort to establish public elementary schooling.

    • D. 

      An early version of the drive to promote cultural literacy.

  • 10. 
    The name most closely associated with the common school movement is
    • A. 

      John Dewey

    • B. 

      Horace Mann.

    • C. 

      Friedrich Froebel.

    • D. 

      Maria Montessori

  • 11. 
    Most Native American children are educated in public schools.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    The 1800s, Native Americans willingly sent their children to reservation schools.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Church missionaries created a Cherokee syllabary to teach Native American children in their native
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Which of the following best describes the “gendered” nature of teaching in the U.S.?
    • A. 

      Teaching has always been a “pink-collar” career, with women claiming the vast majority of teaching positions.

    • B. 

      Men have dominated teaching since the mid-nineteenth century.

    • C. 

      The U.S. educational system has provided a welcome refuge from the gender discrimination typical in other careers.

    • D. 

      Males and females have both been considered “unnatural” for choosing a career in teaching.

  • 15. 
    The importance of the 1874 Kalamazoo, Michigan, court case was that it legally validated public funds for support of
    • A. 

      Religious schools.

    • B. 

      Elementary schools.

    • C. 

      Secondary schools

    • D. 

      Colleges

  • 16. 
    According to the  film " Spartans" this man was the  creator of the utopian Spartan society. He was the legendary lawgiver of Sparta, who established the military-oriented reformation of Spartan society in accordance with the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. All his reforms were directed towards the three Spartan virtues: equality (among citizens), military fitness and austerity.
  • 17. 
    King of Sparta and the leader of the three hundred Spartans who died at Thermopylae
  • 18. 
    __________________was the name of one of the rites of passage events where twelve year old spartans tried to steal cheese from a altar protected by older boys with whips.
  • 19. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Helots were names of the class of tradesmen and merchants in Spartan society
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    What we like to think of as "philosophic thought" first appears in Greece in a poem, Theogony , written by Hesiod about 725 B.C
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    In the latter half of the fifth century, a group called the Sophists ("those with wisdom") shifted the inquiry towards  natural science.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    _____________ridiculed the anthropomorphic gods of Greece and believed in one great God, which was not physical but was all mind (in Greek: nous ), moving all things by the force of his spirit without himself having to move (since mind was not physical, it couldn't move).
    • A. 

      Heraclitus of Ephesus

    • B. 

      Parmenides of Elea

    • C. 

      Xenophanes of Colophon

    • D. 

      Zeno of Elea

    • E. 

      Empedocles of Acragas

  • 24. 
    ____________taught that Being (or Existence) must be unchanging and unmoving, and so the changing world registered by our senses has no reality whatsoever and cannot be known at all (how can you "know" an illusion?). Only reason, without the senses, can lead us to the truth about existence, which neither moves nor changes nor has any parts. 
    • A. 

      Heraclitus of Ephesus

    • B. 

      Parmenides of Elea

    • C. 

      Xenophanes of Colophon

    • D. 

      Zeno of Elea

    • E. 

      Empedocles of Acragas

  • 25. 
    ______________taught that all things come to be from the mixing of innumerable tiny particles of all kinds of substance, shaped by a separate, immaterial, creating principle, Nous ("Mind"). Nous is not explicitly called divine, but has the qualities of a creating god; Nous does not create matter, but rather creates the forms that matter assumes.
    • A. 

      Anaxagoras of Athens

    • B. 

      Empedocles of Acragas

    • C. 

      Parmenides of Elea

    • D. 

      Zeno of Elea

    • E. 

      Xenophanes of Colophon

  • 26. 
      Zeno of Elea tried to reconcile the views of Heraclitus and Parmenides by identifying four basic elements (which become the standard elements up until modernity): earth, water, air, and fire. These elements remain unchanging but combine to form the changing and moving world of our senses.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    ________________were professional teachers who, for a fee, would undertake to teach their students how to get ahead in the world.
    • A. 

      Atomists

    • B. 

      Cubists

    • C. 

      Humanists

    • D. 

      Sophists

  • 28. 
    __________________is credited for creating the paradox "the race between Achilles and the tortoise."  Achilles may never catch a tortoise if it's given a head start in Anaxagoras' a race. For before he caught up to the tortoise, Achilles would have to reach a point half-way from his starting point and the tortoise, then he must go half-way again, and so to infinity. No matter where Achilles is in relation to the tortoise, he still has an infinity of half-way points to cross, so he can never catch up to the tortoise.
    • A. 

      Anaxagoras

    • B. 

      Zeno

    • C. 

      Parmenides

    • D. 

      Protagoras

  • 29. 
    The Quote: "Every man has been made by God in order to acquire knowledge and contemplate," is credited to _______________
  • 30. 
    RWho is this pre-Socratic Philosopher?
  • 31. 
    Most of the Greek moralists think that, if we are rational, we aim at living well (eu zên) or happiness (eudaimonia). 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    Living well or happiness, according to the Greeks, is our ultimate end in that a conception of happiness serves to organize our various subordinate ends, by indicating the relative importance of our ends and by indicating how they should fit together into some rational overall scheme. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    ______________is often described as the first pure mathematician. He is an extremely important figure in the development of mathematics yet we know relatively little about his mathematical achievements.
    • A. 

      Zeno

    • B. 

      Anaxagoras

    • C. 

      Parmenides

    • D. 

      Pythagoras

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