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Earthquakes And Volcanoes

17 Questions
Earthquakes And Volcanoes

This is a review over our chapter covering volcanoes and earthquakes.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Earth's outermost layer is the _________________.
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Mantle

    • D. 

      Plate

  • 2. 
    The middle of Earth's three layers is the __________________.
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Mantle

    • D. 

      Plate

  • 3. 
    The innermost layer of Earth is the __________________.
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Mantle

    • D. 

      Plate

  • 4. 
    A vocano can fall in on itself, creating a large basin called ________________.
    • A. 

      A crater

    • B. 

      An epicenter

    • C. 

      A fault

    • D. 

      A plate

  • 5. 
    A break in the Earth's crust along which rocks move is called __________.
    • A. 

      An eathquake

    • B. 

      An epicenter

    • C. 

      A fault

    • D. 

      A volcano

  • 6. 
    The point underground where earthquake's movement first take place is called the ________.
    • A. 

      Crater

    • B. 

      Epicenter

    • C. 

      Fault

    • D. 

      Focus

  • 7. 
    The point on Earth's surface right above the spot where the first movement of an earthquake occurs is called the earthquake's ________.
    • A. 

      Crater

    • B. 

      Epicenter

    • C. 

      Fault

    • D. 

      Focus

  • 8. 
    Melted rock that reaches Earth's surface is called _____________.
    • A. 

      Crust

    • B. 

      Iron

    • C. 

      Lava

    • D. 

      Magma

  • 9. 
    Melted rock inside the Earth is called _______.
    • A. 

      Crust

    • B. 

      Iron

    • C. 

      Lava

    • D. 

      Magma

  • 10. 
    A _______ is a tube in a vocano that carries hot melted rock to the surface.
    • A. 

      Crater

    • B. 

      Fault

    • C. 

      Magma chamber

    • D. 

      Vent

  • 11. 
    An underground holding pool for hot magma is called a ________________.
    • A. 

      Magma chamber

    • B. 

      Crater

    • C. 

      Fault

    • D. 

      Vent

  • 12. 
    What is Earth's hottest layer?
    • A. 

      Crust

    • B. 

      Mantle

    • C. 

      Core

    • D. 

      Ocean floor

  • 13. 
    Earth's plates move very slowly across Earth's surface on a thin layer of partly melted _____.
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Mantle

    • C. 

      Volcanic ash

    • D. 

      Crust

  • 14. 
    Scientists can _________ earthquakes by using siesmographs, the Mercalli scale, and the Richter scale.
    • A. 

      Measure

    • B. 

      Predict

    • C. 

      Weaken

    • D. 

      Cause

  • 15. 
    California has more than 20,000 earthquakes eache year because there is a large ________ running through the state.
    • A. 

      Epicenter

    • B. 

      River

    • C. 

      Crater

    • D. 

      Fault

  • 16. 
    Some volcanoes form new_______ as plates move apart and magma rises to the surface of the crust.
    • A. 

      Volcanoes

    • B. 

      Ocean floor

    • C. 

      Earthquakes

    • D. 

      Mantle

  • 17. 
    Different kinds of _______ form different kinds of volcanic mountains.
    • A. 

      Eruptions

    • B. 

      Cinders

    • C. 

      Slopes

    • D. 

      Energy waves