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1.dental Hygiene Board Review

96 Questions  I  By Vloseva
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1.Dental Hygiene Board Review
# 1. Board Review for Dental Hygiene. Questions were taken from various sources, including books, online sources, and etc.  

  
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1.  An accumulation of collecting ducts, as seen on gross examination of a kidney is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Identify the correct sequence of the blood flow through the heart, to the lungs, its return to the heart and out of the heart to systemic circulation
A.
B.
3.  All of the following are concerned with protein digestion except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be accurately described by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Functions of the kidney include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Depolarization occurs with
A.
B.
C.
7.  Which of the following functions are conducted in the dorsal columns of the spinal cord, that is, in the fasciculus graciles and cuneatus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following secretes progesterone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Pleura is a type of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Cardiac output is the product of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Ovulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Calcitonin
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  All of the following are autonomic effects on the body except regulation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Select the correct pressure point statement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Insulin has all of the following effects EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  With inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Sodium ions are reabsorbed, and potassium and hydrogen ions are secreted under the control of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Conduction occurs when a stimulus reduces the membrane potential to a critical level. This level is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  When a person is experiencing much pain, the pupils of the eye will
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Calcium homeostasis is maintained by
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Norepinephrine and epinephrine are released from
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  What type of connective tissue is present in scar tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Carbon dioxide is carried in blood by all of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Diastolic blood pressure is maintained at levels above zero by
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Gingiva and buccal mucosa
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Digestion means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  All of the following terms are associated with the ventricles of the heart except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Damage to the precental gyrus of the cerebral cortex
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  A topic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Almost all sensory impulses pass through what structure on their way to the cerebral cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Mean arterial blood pressure is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which gastrointestinal hormone controls secretion of water and bicarbonate by acinar cells of the pancreas
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following is derived from mesoderm?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Blood pressure depends on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  What kind of cell types line the vascular channels of the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Rate of gastric emptying is affected by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Functions of the adult liver include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which of the following valves prevent backflow of deoxygenated blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The developmental period in which teeth and the palate are most susceptible to teratogenic agents is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  In long bones, the process whereby cartilage cells are replaced by bone cells, organic matrix is laid down, and calcium and phosphate are deposited is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  If the ventral root of a spinal nerve were sectioned what would be the result in the regions supplied by the nerve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The pressoreceptor system
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  During inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  A patient with type AB blood can give a transfusion to type
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Important centers for control of respiration and dardiovascular function are located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Oxygenated blood flows through which of the following structures
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the following is not a leukocyte?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  A patient has accidentally been given an intravenous solution that is extremely hypertonic. Which of the following well occur?
49.  Active transport differs from facilitated diffusion in that active transport
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which of the following describes the function of the hypothalamus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Actin and myosin are proteins contained within a
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Filtration in the kidney occurs at the
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Referred pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Oxygen is carried in the blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  An increase in parasympathetic activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  A type of receptor which is sensitive to pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Which of the following is NOT associated with a skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Which hormone is LESS involved in a stress reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.    The sinoatrial node is the normal pacemaker of the heart because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Transport of water across a cell membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Amino acids and glucose are reabsorbed in the proximal tubule by
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Reabsorption of water in the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Alveolar ventilation is increase by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The direction and rate of diffusion of an ion is influenced by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  An enzyme that hydrolyzes polysaccharides is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Which of the following is not a function of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Inability to coordinate muscular activity can be due to a lesion in the
69.  The primary motor area of the brain is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Which of the following glial cells are responsible for myelin formation in the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  The physiological concept that refers to the maintenance of a constant environment is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  The organelles that contain enzymes capable of digesting and destroying cellular debris
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Antidiuretic hormone is released in direct response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Hormones
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Which of the following is/are not necessary for any of the responses referred to as reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  What kind of joint, is described by the following: joint cavity present; bone ends covered by cartilage; may be separated by a disk; freely movable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Which of the following has the highest PCO2?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Corticospinal tract
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  All of the following terms are associated with haversian systems in bone
80.  Which tract exerts a facilitative influence on motor neurons in the anterior horn?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Parasympathetic innervation to the lacrimal glands and the secretory glands of the nose and palate is transmitted via the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  The swallowing mechanism involves which of the following cranial nerves?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Respiratory tidal volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  A single motor neuron and the muscle cells supplied by its axon branches is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  A normal differential blood count shows about 20 to 25 percent of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  The sympathetic innervation to the face and head structures is transmitted via nerves that have cells of origin in the
A.
B.
C.
87.  Muscles of mastication is derived from which branchial arch?
88.  The autonomic nervous system exerts its influence on
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  The area of the brain stem that contains cells of origin for the nerves that control motor activity for swallowing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  All of the following are derived from endoderm except
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  A patient with hypoproteinemia (low plasma protein levels) may have a tendency to decreased blood volume. The protein fraction that contributes more to colloid osmotic pressure, tending to maintain blood volume by osmotic forces, is
92.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Extreme excitement in a patient may have the following effects on organ systems:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  The neurotransmitter substance released at the postganglionic terminal of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Which hormone promotes glucose transport from blood into cell?
96.  The nerve responsible for constriction of the pupil of the eye is
A.
B.
C.
D.
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