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1.dental Hygiene Board Review

96 Questions  I  By Vloseva
1.Dental Hygiene Board Review
# 1. Board Review for Dental Hygiene. Questions were taken from various sources, including books, online sources, and etc.  

  
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1.  Amino acids and glucose are reabsorbed in the proximal tubule by
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Transport of water across a cell membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which of the following is not a leukocyte?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Active transport differs from facilitated diffusion in that active transport
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Damage to the precental gyrus of the cerebral cortex
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Ovulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which of the following is derived from mesoderm?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The primary motor area of the brain is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  A topic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Oxygen is carried in the blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Important centers for control of respiration and dardiovascular function are located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The autonomic nervous system exerts its influence on
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Muscles of mastication is derived from which branchial arch?
14.  Inability to coordinate muscular activity can be due to a lesion in the
15.  The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be accurately described by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Alveolar ventilation is increase by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Digestion means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Calcium homeostasis is maintained by
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  During inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Cardiac output is the product of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Respiratory tidal volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  A type of receptor which is sensitive to pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which hormone promotes glucose transport from blood into cell?
24.  When a person is experiencing much pain, the pupils of the eye will
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Almost all sensory impulses pass through what structure on their way to the cerebral cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  In long bones, the process whereby cartilage cells are replaced by bone cells, organic matrix is laid down, and calcium and phosphate are deposited is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Blood pressure depends on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  An increase in parasympathetic activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Parasympathetic innervation to the lacrimal glands and the secretory glands of the nose and palate is transmitted via the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Antidiuretic hormone is released in direct response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  If the ventral root of a spinal nerve were sectioned what would be the result in the regions supplied by the nerve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Insulin has all of the following effects EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Functions of the kidney include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Referred pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The developmental period in which teeth and the palate are most susceptible to teratogenic agents is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  The area of the brain stem that contains cells of origin for the nerves that control motor activity for swallowing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  All of the following are concerned with protein digestion except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The pressoreceptor system
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The organelles that contain enzymes capable of digesting and destroying cellular debris
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  All of the following are derived from endoderm except
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Diastolic blood pressure is maintained at levels above zero by
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The sympathetic innervation to the face and head structures is transmitted via nerves that have cells of origin in the
A.
B.
C.
43.  Sodium ions are reabsorbed, and potassium and hydrogen ions are secreted under the control of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.    The sinoatrial node is the normal pacemaker of the heart because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The swallowing mechanism involves which of the following cranial nerves?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Pleura is a type of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  An enzyme that hydrolyzes polysaccharides is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which hormone is LESS involved in a stress reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Norepinephrine and epinephrine are released from
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Which of the following glial cells are responsible for myelin formation in the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Extreme excitement in a patient may have the following effects on organ systems:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Calcitonin
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the following secretes progesterone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which of the following has the highest PCO2?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  With inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Gingiva and buccal mucosa
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The neurotransmitter substance released at the postganglionic terminal of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Functions of the adult liver include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Rate of gastric emptying is affected by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Corticospinal tract
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  An accumulation of collecting ducts, as seen on gross examination of a kidney is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  A normal differential blood count shows about 20 to 25 percent of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Conduction occurs when a stimulus reduces the membrane potential to a critical level. This level is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Which tract exerts a facilitative influence on motor neurons in the anterior horn?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Which of the following functions are conducted in the dorsal columns of the spinal cord, that is, in the fasciculus graciles and cuneatus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  What type of connective tissue is present in scar tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The nerve responsible for constriction of the pupil of the eye is
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  What kind of cell types line the vascular channels of the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  A patient has accidentally been given an intravenous solution that is extremely hypertonic. Which of the following well occur?
71.  The physiological concept that refers to the maintenance of a constant environment is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Actin and myosin are proteins contained within a
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Which of the following is not a function of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  A patient with type AB blood can give a transfusion to type
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Filtration in the kidney occurs at the
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Identify the correct sequence of the blood flow through the heart, to the lungs, its return to the heart and out of the heart to systemic circulation
A.
B.
78.  Mean arterial blood pressure is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Hormones
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Oxygenated blood flows through which of the following structures
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Select the correct pressure point statement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  All of the following are autonomic effects on the body except regulation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  The direction and rate of diffusion of an ion is influenced by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  Reabsorption of water in the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Depolarization occurs with
A.
B.
C.
86.  All of the following terms are associated with the ventricles of the heart except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Carbon dioxide is carried in blood by all of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Which of the following describes the function of the hypothalamus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Which of the following valves prevent backflow of deoxygenated blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Which of the following is/are not necessary for any of the responses referred to as reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Which of the following is NOT associated with a skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Which gastrointestinal hormone controls secretion of water and bicarbonate by acinar cells of the pancreas
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  A single motor neuron and the muscle cells supplied by its axon branches is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  A patient with hypoproteinemia (low plasma protein levels) may have a tendency to decreased blood volume. The protein fraction that contributes more to colloid osmotic pressure, tending to maintain blood volume by osmotic forces, is
95.  All of the following terms are associated with haversian systems in bone
96.  What kind of joint, is described by the following: joint cavity present; bone ends covered by cartilage; may be separated by a disk; freely movable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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