1.dental Hygiene Board Review

96 Questions  I  By Vloseva
# 1. Board Review for Dental Hygiene. Questions were taken from various sources, including books, online sources, and etc.  

  
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1.  Antidiuretic hormone is released in direct response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  All of the following are derived from endoderm except
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The direction and rate of diffusion of an ion is influenced by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Respiratory tidal volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Alveolar ventilation is increase by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Filtration in the kidney occurs at the
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Referred pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Depolarization occurs with
A.
B.
C.
9.  Oxygen is carried in the blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Digestion means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Parasympathetic innervation to the lacrimal glands and the secretory glands of the nose and palate is transmitted via the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  What kind of joint, is described by the following: joint cavity present; bone ends covered by cartilage; may be separated by a disk; freely movable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be accurately described by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Gingiva and buccal mucosa
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  What type of connective tissue is present in scar tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The developmental period in which teeth and the palate are most susceptible to teratogenic agents is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  All of the following are autonomic effects on the body except regulation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  A patient with type AB blood can give a transfusion to type
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Identify the correct sequence of the blood flow through the heart, to the lungs, its return to the heart and out of the heart to systemic circulation
A.
B.
20.  Rate of gastric emptying is affected by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Pleura is a type of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Muscles of mastication is derived from which branchial arch?
23.  The autonomic nervous system exerts its influence on
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Which gastrointestinal hormone controls secretion of water and bicarbonate by acinar cells of the pancreas
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The sympathetic innervation to the face and head structures is transmitted via nerves that have cells of origin in the
A.
B.
C.
26.  Which of the following has the highest PCO2?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of the following is derived from mesoderm?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Which of the following is not a leukocyte?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Almost all sensory impulses pass through what structure on their way to the cerebral cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  A single motor neuron and the muscle cells supplied by its axon branches is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  A patient with hypoproteinemia (low plasma protein levels) may have a tendency to decreased blood volume. The protein fraction that contributes more to colloid osmotic pressure, tending to maintain blood volume by osmotic forces, is
32.  A patient has accidentally been given an intravenous solution that is extremely hypertonic. Which of the following well occur?
33.  Inability to coordinate muscular activity can be due to a lesion in the
34.  Sodium ions are reabsorbed, and potassium and hydrogen ions are secreted under the control of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Diastolic blood pressure is maintained at levels above zero by
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  What kind of cell types line the vascular channels of the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Ovulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Mean arterial blood pressure is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  A type of receptor which is sensitive to pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Damage to the precental gyrus of the cerebral cortex
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Amino acids and glucose are reabsorbed in the proximal tubule by
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Important centers for control of respiration and dardiovascular function are located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  The primary motor area of the brain is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  When a person is experiencing much pain, the pupils of the eye will
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The physiological concept that refers to the maintenance of a constant environment is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Extreme excitement in a patient may have the following effects on organ systems:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Functions of the kidney include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which hormone is LESS involved in a stress reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Insulin has all of the following effects EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Active transport differs from facilitated diffusion in that active transport
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Blood pressure depends on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Which tract exerts a facilitative influence on motor neurons in the anterior horn?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the following functions are conducted in the dorsal columns of the spinal cord, that is, in the fasciculus graciles and cuneatus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Reabsorption of water in the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which hormone promotes glucose transport from blood into cell?
56.  A topic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Conduction occurs when a stimulus reduces the membrane potential to a critical level. This level is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Which of the following valves prevent backflow of deoxygenated blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  All of the following terms are associated with the ventricles of the heart except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  An increase in parasympathetic activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Which of the following is NOT associated with a skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Which of the following glial cells are responsible for myelin formation in the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  An accumulation of collecting ducts, as seen on gross examination of a kidney is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Which of the following secretes progesterone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The nerve responsible for constriction of the pupil of the eye is
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Actin and myosin are proteins contained within a
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Hormones
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Calcium homeostasis is maintained by
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Which of the following describes the function of the hypothalamus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Carbon dioxide is carried in blood by all of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  All of the following are concerned with protein digestion except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Calcitonin
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Functions of the adult liver include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Which of the following is not a function of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Norepinephrine and epinephrine are released from
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Select the correct pressure point statement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Corticospinal tract
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  The organelles that contain enzymes capable of digesting and destroying cellular debris
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Cardiac output is the product of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  The pressoreceptor system
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  The area of the brain stem that contains cells of origin for the nerves that control motor activity for swallowing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  If the ventral root of a spinal nerve were sectioned what would be the result in the regions supplied by the nerve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The neurotransmitter substance released at the postganglionic terminal of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  An enzyme that hydrolyzes polysaccharides is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Transport of water across a cell membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  In long bones, the process whereby cartilage cells are replaced by bone cells, organic matrix is laid down, and calcium and phosphate are deposited is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Which of the following is/are not necessary for any of the responses referred to as reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Oxygenated blood flows through which of the following structures
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  A normal differential blood count shows about 20 to 25 percent of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  The swallowing mechanism involves which of the following cranial nerves?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  With inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  All of the following terms are associated with haversian systems in bone
95.    The sinoatrial node is the normal pacemaker of the heart because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  During inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
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