1.dental Hygiene Board Review

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# 1. Board Review for Dental Hygiene. Questions were taken from various sources, including books, online sources, and etc.

  
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1.  Damage to the precental gyrus of the cerebral cortex
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Norepinephrine and epinephrine are released from
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Antidiuretic hormone is released in direct response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Oxygen is carried in the blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Respiratory tidal volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  A topic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The organelles that contain enzymes capable of digesting and destroying cellular debris
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Important centers for control of respiration and dardiovascular function are located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The pressoreceptor system
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  What kind of joint, is described by the following: joint cavity present; bone ends covered by cartilage; may be separated by a disk; freely movable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  During inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which hormone promotes glucose transport from blood into cell?
13.  Diastolic blood pressure is maintained at levels above zero by
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Actin and myosin are proteins contained within a
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.    The sinoatrial node is the normal pacemaker of the heart because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  What kind of cell types line the vascular channels of the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Almost all sensory impulses pass through what structure on their way to the cerebral cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Conduction occurs when a stimulus reduces the membrane potential to a critical level. This level is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  A type of receptor which is sensitive to pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  A normal differential blood count shows about 20 to 25 percent of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The area of the brain stem that contains cells of origin for the nerves that control motor activity for swallowing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  A patient with type AB blood can give a transfusion to type
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  All of the following are concerned with protein digestion except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  In long bones, the process whereby cartilage cells are replaced by bone cells, organic matrix is laid down, and calcium and phosphate are deposited is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  An enzyme that hydrolyzes polysaccharides is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  A patient with hypoproteinemia (low plasma protein levels) may have a tendency to decreased blood volume. The protein fraction that contributes more to colloid osmotic pressure, tending to maintain blood volume by osmotic forces, is
27.  An increase in parasympathetic activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  If the ventral root of a spinal nerve were sectioned what would be the result in the regions supplied by the nerve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following is not a function of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Cardiac output is the product of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Referred pain is
32.  Identify the correct sequence of the blood flow through the heart, to the lungs, its return to the heart and out of the heart to systemic circulation
A.
B.
33.  Corticospinal tract
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Muscles of mastication is derived from which branchial arch?
35.  Calcitonin
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Filtration in the kidney occurs at the
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Transport of water across a cell membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Alveolar ventilation is increase by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which tract exerts a facilitative influence on motor neurons in the anterior horn?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Oxygenated blood flows through which of the following structures
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  All of the following are derived from endoderm except
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Sodium ions are reabsorbed, and potassium and hydrogen ions are secreted under the control of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Gingiva and buccal mucosa
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of the following glial cells are responsible for myelin formation in the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Active transport differs from facilitated diffusion in that active transport
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Parasympathetic innervation to the lacrimal glands and the secretory glands of the nose and palate is transmitted via the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The developmental period in which teeth and the palate are most susceptible to teratogenic agents is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Functions of the adult liver include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Calcium homeostasis is maintained by
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The direction and rate of diffusion of an ion is influenced by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Which of the following describes the function of the hypothalamus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Amino acids and glucose are reabsorbed in the proximal tubule by
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Depolarization occurs with
A.
B.
C.
54.  Which of the following secretes progesterone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  With inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Functions of the kidney include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Mean arterial blood pressure is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  A single motor neuron and the muscle cells supplied by its axon branches is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Select the correct pressure point statement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Hormones
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Rate of gastric emptying is affected by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  The swallowing mechanism involves which of the following cranial nerves?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Which gastrointestinal hormone controls secretion of water and bicarbonate by acinar cells of the pancreas
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Which of the following functions are conducted in the dorsal columns of the spinal cord, that is, in the fasciculus graciles and cuneatus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  An accumulation of collecting ducts, as seen on gross examination of a kidney is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Blood pressure depends on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Which of the following is not a leukocyte?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The physiological concept that refers to the maintenance of a constant environment is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Which hormone is LESS involved in a stress reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  What type of connective tissue is present in scar tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Reabsorption of water in the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Carbon dioxide is carried in blood by all of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Which of the following is derived from mesoderm?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Which of the following is NOT associated with a skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  The primary motor area of the brain is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  The sympathetic innervation to the face and head structures is transmitted via nerves that have cells of origin in the
A.
B.
C.
77.  A patient has accidentally been given an intravenous solution that is extremely hypertonic. Which of the following well occur?
78.  Pleura is a type of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  The neurotransmitter substance released at the postganglionic terminal of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Insulin has all of the following effects EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  All of the following terms are associated with the ventricles of the heart except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  All of the following are autonomic effects on the body except regulation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Inability to coordinate muscular activity can be due to a lesion in the
84.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Which of the following has the highest PCO2?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Digestion means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be accurately described by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Which of the following is/are not necessary for any of the responses referred to as reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  The nerve responsible for constriction of the pupil of the eye is
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  When a person is experiencing much pain, the pupils of the eye will
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  The autonomic nervous system exerts its influence on
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Extreme excitement in a patient may have the following effects on organ systems:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Which of the following valves prevent backflow of deoxygenated blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  All of the following terms are associated with haversian systems in bone
96.  Ovulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
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