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1.dental Hygiene Board Review

96 Questions  I  By Vloseva
1.Dental Hygiene Board Review
# 1. Board Review for Dental Hygiene. Questions were taken from various sources, including books, online sources, and etc.  

  
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1.  Functions of the kidney include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of the following is derived from mesoderm?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.    The sinoatrial node is the normal pacemaker of the heart because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following valves prevent backflow of deoxygenated blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which of the following functions are conducted in the dorsal columns of the spinal cord, that is, in the fasciculus graciles and cuneatus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Pleura is a type of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Transport of water across a cell membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Alveolar ventilation is increase by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  A single motor neuron and the muscle cells supplied by its axon branches is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  A patient with type AB blood can give a transfusion to type
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Mean arterial blood pressure is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The direction and rate of diffusion of an ion is influenced by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Which hormone is LESS involved in a stress reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which tract exerts a facilitative influence on motor neurons in the anterior horn?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  What type of connective tissue is present in scar tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Inability to coordinate muscular activity can be due to a lesion in the
17.  All of the following are autonomic effects on the body except regulation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The nerve responsible for constriction of the pupil of the eye is
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  The swallowing mechanism involves which of the following cranial nerves?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  All of the following terms are associated with the ventricles of the heart except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Respiratory tidal volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  A patient has accidentally been given an intravenous solution that is extremely hypertonic. Which of the following well occur?
23.  Corticospinal tract
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The physiological concept that refers to the maintenance of a constant environment is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  A type of receptor which is sensitive to pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  In long bones, the process whereby cartilage cells are replaced by bone cells, organic matrix is laid down, and calcium and phosphate are deposited is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Digestion means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Almost all sensory impulses pass through what structure on their way to the cerebral cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  An increase in parasympathetic activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  What kind of joint, is described by the following: joint cavity present; bone ends covered by cartilage; may be separated by a disk; freely movable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Damage to the precental gyrus of the cerebral cortex
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which gastrointestinal hormone controls secretion of water and bicarbonate by acinar cells of the pancreas
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  An enzyme that hydrolyzes polysaccharides is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Active transport differs from facilitated diffusion in that active transport
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The primary motor area of the brain is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Select the correct pressure point statement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be accurately described by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Calcitonin
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  When a person is experiencing much pain, the pupils of the eye will
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Reabsorption of water in the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  A topic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Which of the following glial cells are responsible for myelin formation in the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Rate of gastric emptying is affected by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  All of the following are concerned with protein digestion except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the following has the highest PCO2?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The area of the brain stem that contains cells of origin for the nerves that control motor activity for swallowing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Muscles of mastication is derived from which branchial arch?
48.  Sodium ions are reabsorbed, and potassium and hydrogen ions are secreted under the control of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  A normal differential blood count shows about 20 to 25 percent of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Diastolic blood pressure is maintained at levels above zero by
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Ovulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  If the ventral root of a spinal nerve were sectioned what would be the result in the regions supplied by the nerve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The pressoreceptor system
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Oxygenated blood flows through which of the following structures
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Carbon dioxide is carried in blood by all of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Oxygen is carried in the blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  With inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Important centers for control of respiration and dardiovascular function are located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Functions of the adult liver include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Gingiva and buccal mucosa
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Norepinephrine and epinephrine are released from
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Which hormone promotes glucose transport from blood into cell?
65.  Depolarization occurs with
A.
B.
C.
66.  The neurotransmitter substance released at the postganglionic terminal of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Which of the following is not a leukocyte?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  What kind of cell types line the vascular channels of the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Calcium homeostasis is maintained by
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Which of the following is not a function of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Amino acids and glucose are reabsorbed in the proximal tubule by
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  The organelles that contain enzymes capable of digesting and destroying cellular debris
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Extreme excitement in a patient may have the following effects on organ systems:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Identify the correct sequence of the blood flow through the heart, to the lungs, its return to the heart and out of the heart to systemic circulation
A.
B.
75.  All of the following terms are associated with haversian systems in bone
76.  Insulin has all of the following effects EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  During inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Blood pressure depends on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Cardiac output is the product of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Parasympathetic innervation to the lacrimal glands and the secretory glands of the nose and palate is transmitted via the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The autonomic nervous system exerts its influence on
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Referred pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  An accumulation of collecting ducts, as seen on gross examination of a kidney is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  A patient with hypoproteinemia (low plasma protein levels) may have a tendency to decreased blood volume. The protein fraction that contributes more to colloid osmotic pressure, tending to maintain blood volume by osmotic forces, is
85.  All of the following are derived from endoderm except
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  Which of the following is NOT associated with a skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Antidiuretic hormone is released in direct response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The sympathetic innervation to the face and head structures is transmitted via nerves that have cells of origin in the
A.
B.
C.
89.  The developmental period in which teeth and the palate are most susceptible to teratogenic agents is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Actin and myosin are proteins contained within a
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Which of the following describes the function of the hypothalamus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Which of the following is/are not necessary for any of the responses referred to as reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Conduction occurs when a stimulus reduces the membrane potential to a critical level. This level is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Filtration in the kidney occurs at the
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Which of the following secretes progesterone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  Hormones
A.
B.
C.
D.
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