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1.dental Hygiene Board Review

96 Questions  I  By Vloseva
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1.Dental Hygiene Board Review
# 1. Board Review for Dental Hygiene. Questions were taken from various sources, including books, online sources, and etc.

  
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1.  Gingiva and buccal mucosa
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Digestion means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Norepinephrine and epinephrine are released from
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  What type of connective tissue is present in scar tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Identify the correct sequence of the blood flow through the heart, to the lungs, its return to the heart and out of the heart to systemic circulation
A.
B.
6.  Which of the following is/are not necessary for any of the responses referred to as reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Filtration in the kidney occurs at the
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which of the following has the highest PCO2?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Insulin has all of the following effects EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The sympathetic innervation to the face and head structures is transmitted via nerves that have cells of origin in the
A.
B.
C.
11.  Functions of the kidney include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Alveolar ventilation is increase by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  All of the following are derived from endoderm except
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Corticospinal tract
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  All of the following terms are associated with haversian systems in bone
16.  Which of the following describes the function of the hypothalamus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  What kind of cell types line the vascular channels of the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Damage to the precental gyrus of the cerebral cortex
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Functions of the adult liver include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of the following is not a function of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The nerve responsible for constriction of the pupil of the eye is
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Oxygenated blood flows through which of the following structures
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  During inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Sodium ions are reabsorbed, and potassium and hydrogen ions are secreted under the control of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Diastolic blood pressure is maintained at levels above zero by
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The organelles that contain enzymes capable of digesting and destroying cellular debris
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Transport of water across a cell membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  When a person is experiencing much pain, the pupils of the eye will
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  An accumulation of collecting ducts, as seen on gross examination of a kidney is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Hormones
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  In long bones, the process whereby cartilage cells are replaced by bone cells, organic matrix is laid down, and calcium and phosphate are deposited is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Mean arterial blood pressure is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  An increase in parasympathetic activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Which hormone promotes glucose transport from blood into cell?
35.  A normal differential blood count shows about 20 to 25 percent of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Important centers for control of respiration and dardiovascular function are located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A single motor neuron and the muscle cells supplied by its axon branches is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Actin and myosin are proteins contained within a
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Calcitonin
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Carbon dioxide is carried in blood by all of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Amino acids and glucose are reabsorbed in the proximal tubule by
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  An enzyme that hydrolyzes polysaccharides is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Cardiac output is the product of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Almost all sensory impulses pass through what structure on their way to the cerebral cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  A type of receptor which is sensitive to pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Ovulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the following valves prevent backflow of deoxygenated blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Which of the following is derived from mesoderm?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The autonomic nervous system exerts its influence on
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Inability to coordinate muscular activity can be due to a lesion in the
52.  Which hormone is LESS involved in a stress reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The neurotransmitter substance released at the postganglionic terminal of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Which of the following functions are conducted in the dorsal columns of the spinal cord, that is, in the fasciculus graciles and cuneatus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Oxygen is carried in the blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Reabsorption of water in the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  A topic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  The direction and rate of diffusion of an ion is influenced by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Which of the following glial cells are responsible for myelin formation in the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Which tract exerts a facilitative influence on motor neurons in the anterior horn?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  All of the following are concerned with protein digestion except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Which gastrointestinal hormone controls secretion of water and bicarbonate by acinar cells of the pancreas
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Conduction occurs when a stimulus reduces the membrane potential to a critical level. This level is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Which of the following is not a leukocyte?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  The physiological concept that refers to the maintenance of a constant environment is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Blood pressure depends on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The developmental period in which teeth and the palate are most susceptible to teratogenic agents is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  All of the following terms are associated with the ventricles of the heart except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Extreme excitement in a patient may have the following effects on organ systems:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Select the correct pressure point statement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  With inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be accurately described by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  A patient has accidentally been given an intravenous solution that is extremely hypertonic. Which of the following well occur?
75.  Which of the following is NOT associated with a skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Pleura is a type of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The swallowing mechanism involves which of the following cranial nerves?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  All of the following are autonomic effects on the body except regulation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Calcium homeostasis is maintained by
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  The pressoreceptor system
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  The primary motor area of the brain is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Rate of gastric emptying is affected by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Muscles of mastication is derived from which branchial arch?
84.  Which of the following secretes progesterone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  What kind of joint, is described by the following: joint cavity present; bone ends covered by cartilage; may be separated by a disk; freely movable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.    The sinoatrial node is the normal pacemaker of the heart because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  A patient with type AB blood can give a transfusion to type
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Depolarization occurs with
A.
B.
C.
89.  Active transport differs from facilitated diffusion in that active transport
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Parasympathetic innervation to the lacrimal glands and the secretory glands of the nose and palate is transmitted via the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  The area of the brain stem that contains cells of origin for the nerves that control motor activity for swallowing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  A patient with hypoproteinemia (low plasma protein levels) may have a tendency to decreased blood volume. The protein fraction that contributes more to colloid osmotic pressure, tending to maintain blood volume by osmotic forces, is
93.  Antidiuretic hormone is released in direct response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Respiratory tidal volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Referred pain is
96.  If the ventral root of a spinal nerve were sectioned what would be the result in the regions supplied by the nerve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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