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1.dental Hygiene Board Review

96 Questions  I  By Vloseva
1.Dental Hygiene Board Review
# 1. Board Review for Dental Hygiene. Questions were taken from various sources, including books, online sources, and etc.  

  
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1.  What kind of joint, is described by the following: joint cavity present; bone ends covered by cartilage; may be separated by a disk; freely movable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Filtration in the kidney occurs at the
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  A patient with hypoproteinemia (low plasma protein levels) may have a tendency to decreased blood volume. The protein fraction that contributes more to colloid osmotic pressure, tending to maintain blood volume by osmotic forces, is
4.  Identify the correct sequence of the blood flow through the heart, to the lungs, its return to the heart and out of the heart to systemic circulation
A.
B.
5.  What type of connective tissue is present in scar tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Functions of the kidney include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  A normal differential blood count shows about 20 to 25 percent of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Muscles of mastication is derived from which branchial arch?
9.  All of the following are concerned with protein digestion except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Oxygen is carried in the blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Important centers for control of respiration and dardiovascular function are located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  A patient with type AB blood can give a transfusion to type
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Pleura is a type of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Depolarization occurs with
A.
B.
C.
15.  Blood pressure depends on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  All of the following are autonomic effects on the body except regulation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Parasympathetic innervation to the lacrimal glands and the secretory glands of the nose and palate is transmitted via the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following is not a leukocyte?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  When a person is experiencing much pain, the pupils of the eye will
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Select the correct pressure point statement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which of the following is derived from mesoderm?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Calcitonin
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Alveolar ventilation is increase by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  A single motor neuron and the muscle cells supplied by its axon branches is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which tract exerts a facilitative influence on motor neurons in the anterior horn?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Actin and myosin are proteins contained within a
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  What kind of cell types line the vascular channels of the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The neurotransmitter substance released at the postganglionic terminal of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Damage to the precental gyrus of the cerebral cortex
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Mean arterial blood pressure is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Insulin has all of the following effects EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Carbon dioxide is carried in blood by all of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Reabsorption of water in the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be accurately described by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following glial cells are responsible for myelin formation in the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The primary motor area of the brain is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  With inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which hormone is LESS involved in a stress reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Cardiac output is the product of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Oxygenated blood flows through which of the following structures
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The sympathetic innervation to the face and head structures is transmitted via nerves that have cells of origin in the
A.
B.
C.
43.  Rate of gastric emptying is affected by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The direction and rate of diffusion of an ion is influenced by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  All of the following terms are associated with haversian systems in bone
46.  The nerve responsible for constriction of the pupil of the eye is
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Respiratory tidal volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Conduction occurs when a stimulus reduces the membrane potential to a critical level. This level is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Ovulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  If the ventral root of a spinal nerve were sectioned what would be the result in the regions supplied by the nerve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Amino acids and glucose are reabsorbed in the proximal tubule by
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  A patient has accidentally been given an intravenous solution that is extremely hypertonic. Which of the following well occur?
53.  Transport of water across a cell membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Which gastrointestinal hormone controls secretion of water and bicarbonate by acinar cells of the pancreas
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  An accumulation of collecting ducts, as seen on gross examination of a kidney is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Active transport differs from facilitated diffusion in that active transport
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Norepinephrine and epinephrine are released from
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The autonomic nervous system exerts its influence on
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Which of the following describes the function of the hypothalamus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Which of the following valves prevent backflow of deoxygenated blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Hormones
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Which of the following is NOT associated with a skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Which of the following is/are not necessary for any of the responses referred to as reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Digestion means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Calcium homeostasis is maintained by
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Gingiva and buccal mucosa
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Which of the following has the highest PCO2?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Functions of the adult liver include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  A topic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Sodium ions are reabsorbed, and potassium and hydrogen ions are secreted under the control of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The area of the brain stem that contains cells of origin for the nerves that control motor activity for swallowing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  In long bones, the process whereby cartilage cells are replaced by bone cells, organic matrix is laid down, and calcium and phosphate are deposited is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Almost all sensory impulses pass through what structure on their way to the cerebral cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The developmental period in which teeth and the palate are most susceptible to teratogenic agents is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  The organelles that contain enzymes capable of digesting and destroying cellular debris
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  The physiological concept that refers to the maintenance of a constant environment is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.    The sinoatrial node is the normal pacemaker of the heart because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Antidiuretic hormone is released in direct response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  An increase in parasympathetic activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Extreme excitement in a patient may have the following effects on organ systems:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The pressoreceptor system
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Which of the following functions are conducted in the dorsal columns of the spinal cord, that is, in the fasciculus graciles and cuneatus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  An enzyme that hydrolyzes polysaccharides is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Diastolic blood pressure is maintained at levels above zero by
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  Referred pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  During inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  The swallowing mechanism involves which of the following cranial nerves?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  All of the following are derived from endoderm except
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  A type of receptor which is sensitive to pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Inability to coordinate muscular activity can be due to a lesion in the
92.  Which of the following is not a function of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Which of the following secretes progesterone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  All of the following terms are associated with the ventricles of the heart except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Corticospinal tract
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  Which hormone promotes glucose transport from blood into cell?
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