1.dental Hygiene Board Review

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# 1. Board Review for Dental Hygiene. Questions were taken from various sources, including books, online sources, and etc.

  
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1.  A patient with type AB blood can give a transfusion to type
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following describes the function of the hypothalamus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Blood pressure depends on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following glial cells are responsible for myelin formation in the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  A topic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  What kind of joint, is described by the following: joint cavity present; bone ends covered by cartilage; may be separated by a disk; freely movable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The sympathetic innervation to the face and head structures is transmitted via nerves that have cells of origin in the
A.
B.
C.
8.  Which of the following is derived from mesoderm?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Ovulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Mean arterial blood pressure is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Amino acids and glucose are reabsorbed in the proximal tubule by
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Actin and myosin are proteins contained within a
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The developmental period in which teeth and the palate are most susceptible to teratogenic agents is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which hormone promotes glucose transport from blood into cell?
15.  Pleura is a type of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Calcium homeostasis is maintained by
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Insulin has all of the following effects EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following is not a leukocyte?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The neurotransmitter substance released at the postganglionic terminal of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Extreme excitement in a patient may have the following effects on organ systems:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Filtration in the kidney occurs at the
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The physiological concept that refers to the maintenance of a constant environment is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Functions of the kidney include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  An accumulation of collecting ducts, as seen on gross examination of a kidney is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  A single motor neuron and the muscle cells supplied by its axon branches is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  With inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Which of the following secretes progesterone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Alveolar ventilation is increase by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following functions are conducted in the dorsal columns of the spinal cord, that is, in the fasciculus graciles and cuneatus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Reabsorption of water in the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Hormones
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which gastrointestinal hormone controls secretion of water and bicarbonate by acinar cells of the pancreas
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  A type of receptor which is sensitive to pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Oxygenated blood flows through which of the following structures
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  What type of connective tissue is present in scar tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Referred pain is
38.  The pressoreceptor system
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The primary motor area of the brain is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Depolarization occurs with
A.
B.
C.
41.  Norepinephrine and epinephrine are released from
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Functions of the adult liver include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of the following is NOT associated with a skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  A patient has accidentally been given an intravenous solution that is extremely hypertonic. Which of the following well occur?
45.  A patient with hypoproteinemia (low plasma protein levels) may have a tendency to decreased blood volume. The protein fraction that contributes more to colloid osmotic pressure, tending to maintain blood volume by osmotic forces, is
46.  The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be accurately described by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  All of the following are autonomic effects on the body except regulation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  During inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Which of the following is/are not necessary for any of the responses referred to as reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  A normal differential blood count shows about 20 to 25 percent of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Carbon dioxide is carried in blood by all of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  An enzyme that hydrolyzes polysaccharides is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Sodium ions are reabsorbed, and potassium and hydrogen ions are secreted under the control of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The direction and rate of diffusion of an ion is influenced by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which tract exerts a facilitative influence on motor neurons in the anterior horn?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Damage to the precental gyrus of the cerebral cortex
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which hormone is LESS involved in a stress reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Corticospinal tract
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  An increase in parasympathetic activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Diastolic blood pressure is maintained at levels above zero by
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Cardiac output is the product of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Transport of water across a cell membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Respiratory tidal volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Muscles of mastication is derived from which branchial arch?
65.  What kind of cell types line the vascular channels of the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Select the correct pressure point statement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Which of the following valves prevent backflow of deoxygenated blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Almost all sensory impulses pass through what structure on their way to the cerebral cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Important centers for control of respiration and dardiovascular function are located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  The swallowing mechanism involves which of the following cranial nerves?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Which of the following has the highest PCO2?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Calcitonin
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Oxygen is carried in the blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Gingiva and buccal mucosa
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Parasympathetic innervation to the lacrimal glands and the secretory glands of the nose and palate is transmitted via the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The nerve responsible for constriction of the pupil of the eye is
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Which of the following is not a function of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Digestion means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Identify the correct sequence of the blood flow through the heart, to the lungs, its return to the heart and out of the heart to systemic circulation
A.
B.
81.  Active transport differs from facilitated diffusion in that active transport
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Inability to coordinate muscular activity can be due to a lesion in the
83.  If the ventral root of a spinal nerve were sectioned what would be the result in the regions supplied by the nerve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  All of the following are concerned with protein digestion except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  All of the following terms are associated with the ventricles of the heart except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Antidiuretic hormone is released in direct response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Rate of gastric emptying is affected by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.    The sinoatrial node is the normal pacemaker of the heart because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  The organelles that contain enzymes capable of digesting and destroying cellular debris
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  The autonomic nervous system exerts its influence on
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  All of the following are derived from endoderm except
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  In long bones, the process whereby cartilage cells are replaced by bone cells, organic matrix is laid down, and calcium and phosphate are deposited is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  All of the following terms are associated with haversian systems in bone
94.  Conduction occurs when a stimulus reduces the membrane potential to a critical level. This level is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  When a person is experiencing much pain, the pupils of the eye will
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  The area of the brain stem that contains cells of origin for the nerves that control motor activity for swallowing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
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