1.dental Hygiene Board Review

96 Questions  I  By Vloseva
Dentist Quizzes & Trivia
# 1. Board Review for Dental Hygiene. Questions were taken from various sources, including books, online sources, and etc.

  
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1.  Pleura is a type of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The developmental period in which teeth and the palate are most susceptible to teratogenic agents is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  When a person is experiencing much pain, the pupils of the eye will
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  In long bones, the process whereby cartilage cells are replaced by bone cells, organic matrix is laid down, and calcium and phosphate are deposited is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Norepinephrine and epinephrine are released from
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Active transport differs from facilitated diffusion in that active transport
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Cardiac output is the product of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A patient has accidentally been given an intravenous solution that is extremely hypertonic. Which of the following well occur?
9.  The direction and rate of diffusion of an ion is influenced by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following is not a function of the pancreas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  All of the following terms are associated with the ventricles of the heart except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following is not a leukocyte?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of the following describes the function of the hypothalamus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The pressoreceptor system
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  A topic hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following has the highest PCO2?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Transport of water across a cell membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Referred pain is
19.  A single motor neuron and the muscle cells supplied by its axon branches is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Antidiuretic hormone is released in direct response to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  During inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.    The sinoatrial node is the normal pacemaker of the heart because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Insulin has all of the following effects EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following is derived from mesoderm?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Conduction occurs when a stimulus reduces the membrane potential to a critical level. This level is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of the following secretes progesterone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Alveolar ventilation is increase by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Diastolic blood pressure is maintained at levels above zero by
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The organelles that contain enzymes capable of digesting and destroying cellular debris
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  What kind of joint, is described by the following: joint cavity present; bone ends covered by cartilage; may be separated by a disk; freely movable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  What kind of cell types line the vascular channels of the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  If the ventral root of a spinal nerve were sectioned what would be the result in the regions supplied by the nerve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  All of the following are derived from endoderm except
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  A normal differential blood count shows about 20 to 25 percent of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Corticospinal tract
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Functions of the kidney include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Muscles of mastication is derived from which branchial arch?
38.  Calcitonin
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Functions of the adult liver include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Carbon dioxide is carried in blood by all of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The area of the brain stem that contains cells of origin for the nerves that control motor activity for swallowing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Which tract exerts a facilitative influence on motor neurons in the anterior horn?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which gastrointestinal hormone controls secretion of water and bicarbonate by acinar cells of the pancreas
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Aldosterone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The nerve responsible for constriction of the pupil of the eye is
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Select the correct pressure point statement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The autonomic nervous system exerts its influence on
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  All of the following terms are associated with haversian systems in bone
49.  Ovulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  An increase in parasympathetic activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  All of the following are concerned with protein digestion except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Amino acids and glucose are reabsorbed in the proximal tubule by
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Extreme excitement in a patient may have the following effects on organ systems:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  An accumulation of collecting ducts, as seen on gross examination of a kidney is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Oxygen is carried in the blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which of the following valves prevent backflow of deoxygenated blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Sodium ions are reabsorbed, and potassium and hydrogen ions are secreted under the control of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Oxygenated blood flows through which of the following structures
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Depolarization occurs with
A.
B.
C.
60.  Which of the following glial cells are responsible for myelin formation in the central nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Which of the following is/are not necessary for any of the responses referred to as reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Digestion means
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Cortisol
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Filtration in the kidney occurs at the
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Which hormone is LESS involved in a stress reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Reabsorption of water in the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  An enzyme that hydrolyzes polysaccharides is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The physiological concept that refers to the maintenance of a constant environment is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The swallowing mechanism involves which of the following cranial nerves?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be accurately described by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Rate of gastric emptying is affected by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Identify the correct sequence of the blood flow through the heart, to the lungs, its return to the heart and out of the heart to systemic circulation
A.
B.
73.  The primary motor area of the brain is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  All of the following are autonomic effects on the body except regulation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Respiratory tidal volume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Blood pressure depends on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Actin and myosin are proteins contained within a
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  With inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Important centers for control of respiration and dardiovascular function are located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  A patient with hypoproteinemia (low plasma protein levels) may have a tendency to decreased blood volume. The protein fraction that contributes more to colloid osmotic pressure, tending to maintain blood volume by osmotic forces, is
81.  A type of receptor which is sensitive to pain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Which of the following functions are conducted in the dorsal columns of the spinal cord, that is, in the fasciculus graciles and cuneatus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  What type of connective tissue is present in scar tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  The sympathetic innervation to the face and head structures is transmitted via nerves that have cells of origin in the
A.
B.
C.
85.  Damage to the precental gyrus of the cerebral cortex
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  The neurotransmitter substance released at the postganglionic terminal of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Almost all sensory impulses pass through what structure on their way to the cerebral cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Which of the following is NOT associated with a skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Mean arterial blood pressure is regulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Hormones
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  A patient with type AB blood can give a transfusion to type
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Which hormone promotes glucose transport from blood into cell?
93.  Calcium homeostasis is maintained by
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Gingiva and buccal mucosa
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Inability to coordinate muscular activity can be due to a lesion in the
96.  Parasympathetic innervation to the lacrimal glands and the secretory glands of the nose and palate is transmitted via the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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