Cosmetology - Chemical Texture Services

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 Cosmetology - Chemical Texture Services
This quiz is over the chemical Texture Services Chaper from the Milady' s Standard Cosmetology Book

  
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  • 1. 
    Hair services that cause a chemical change that permanently alters the natural wave pattern of the hair are called:
    • A. 

      Thermal waving

    • B. 

      Chemical texture services

    • C. 

      Wet setting

    • D. 

      Haircoloring services


  • 2. 
    A strong, compact cuticle makes for:
    • A. 

      Damaged hair

    • B. 

      Easily permed hair

    • C. 

      Resistant hair

    • D. 

      Porous hair


  • 3. 
    Porous, damaged, or chemically treated hair requires a perm solution that is:
    • A. 

      High ph

    • B. 

      More alkaline

    • C. 

      Stronger

    • D. 

      Less alkaline


  • 4. 
    Changing the natural wave pattern of the hair is made possible by breaking of the:
    • A. 

      Side bonds

    • B. 

      Peptide bonds

    • C. 

      End bonds

    • D. 

      Polypeptide chanines


  • 5. 
    Of the three types of side bonds, disulfide bonds are the:
    • A. 

      Most easily broken

    • B. 

      Strongest

    • C. 

      Weakest

    • D. 

      Most numerous


  • 6. 
    Salt bonds are easily broken by:
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Blow-dryers

    • C. 

      Changes in pH

    • D. 

      High humidity


  • 7. 
    An example of a physical change is a:
    • A. 

      Chemical relaxing

    • B. 

      Soft curl permanent

    • C. 

      Permanent wave

    • D. 

      Wet set


  • 8. 
    Hydrogen bonds are very weak, but they account for about _ of the hair's total strength.
    • A. 

      1/2

    • B. 

      1/3

    • C. 

      1/4

    • D. 

      1/6


  • 9. 
    By making a point of keeping accurate, up-to-date client records, you will:
    • A. 

      Take longer to perfom a service

    • B. 

      Annoy the client

    • C. 

      Improve your technical skills

    • D. 

      Repeat past mistakes


  • 10. 
    The most important factors to consider in a hair analysis for chemical texture services are texture, density, porosity, elasticity, and:
    • A. 

      Length

    • B. 

      Hairline

    • C. 

      Color

    • D. 

      Growth direction


  • 11. 
    Hair texture is described with the terms:
    • A. 

      Porous and resistant

    • B. 

      Coarse, medium, and fine

    • C. 

      Straight, wavy, curly, coiled

    • D. 

      High and low


  • 12. 
    When treated with chemical texture services, coarse hair is usually:
    • A. 

      Easier to process

    • B. 

      More susceptible to damage

    • C. 

      Harder to penetrate

    • D. 

      More fragile


  • 13. 
    The hair texture that is the most fragile and easiest to process with permanent waving solution is:
    • A. 

      Fine hair

    • B. 

      Porous hair

    • C. 

      Medium hair

    • D. 

      Coarse hair


  • 14. 
    The single most important factor in determining the ability of hair to hold a curl it its:
    • A. 

      Density

    • B. 

      Elasticity

    • C. 

      Porosity

    • D. 

      Texture


  • 15. 
    Wet hair with normal elasticity can stretch up to __ percent of its original length and then return to that length without breaking.
    • A. 

      50

    • B. 

      80

    • C. 

      25

    • D. 

      70


  • 16. 
    The first part of any perm, wrapping the hair on perm rods, causes a/an:
    • A. 

      Disulfide bond change

    • B. 

      Chemical change

    • C. 

      End bond change

    • D. 

      Physical change


  • 17. 
    The second part of any perm, the application of waving solution and neutralizer, causes a:
    • A. 

      Physical change

    • B. 

      Chemical change

    • C. 

      Hydrogen bond change

    • D. 

      Peptide bond change


  • 18. 
    The major difference between a wet set and a perm is the:
    • A. 

      Size of the wrapping tools

    • B. 

      Type of end bonds broken

    • C. 

      Type of wrapping tools

    • D. 

      Type of side bonds broken


  • 19. 
    The size of the perm tool determines the:
    • A. 

      Base control

    • B. 

      Placement of the curl

    • C. 

      Size of the curl

    • D. 

      Base direction


  • 20. 
    Wrapping the hair on small tools increases the:
    • A. 

      Tension

    • B. 

      Curl size

    • C. 

      Side bonds broken

    • D. 

      Hydrogen bonds broken


  • 21. 
    For perm wrapping, the hair is divided into panels, then into:
    • A. 

      Partings

    • B. 

      Base controls

    • C. 

      Subpanels

    • D. 

      Base sections


  • 22. 
    The position of the tool in relation to its base section is called the:
    • A. 

      Base control

    • B. 

      Base direction

    • C. 

      Tool angle

    • D. 

      Wrapping technique


  • 23. 
    Base control is determined by the angle:
    • A. 

      In which the hair is combed

    • B. 

      Of the hair to the length of the tool

    • C. 

      At which the tool is positioned on the head

    • D. 

      At which the hair is wrapped


  • 24. 
    The hair is wrapped at an angle 45 degrees beyond perpendicular to its base section in:
    • A. 

      Half-off-base placement

    • B. 

      On-base placement

    • C. 

      Cross-base placement

    • D. 

      Off-base placement


  • 25. 
    In off-base placement, the hair is wrapped __ to its base section.
    • A. 

      45 degrees above perpendicular

    • B. 

      Parallel

    • C. 

      45 degrees below perpendicular

    • D. 

      Perpendicular (90 degrees)


  • 26. 
    Because it places additional stress and tension on the hair, caution should be used with:
    • A. 

      Off-base placement

    • B. 

      Croquignole wrapping

    • C. 

      Spiral wrapping

    • D. 

      On-base placement


  • 27. 
    Of the various base controls, the least amount of volume is created by using:
    • A. 

      Off-base placement

    • B. 

      On-base placement

    • C. 

      Croquignole placement

    • D. 

      Half-off-base placement


  • 28. 
    The angle at which the perm tool is positioned on the head is referred to as the:
    • A. 

      Base section

    • B. 

      Base control

    • C. 

      Wrapping technique

    • D. 

      Base direction


  • 29. 
    The wrapping technique in which the hair is wrapped from the ends to the scalp in overlapping layers is called:
    • A. 

      Basic wrapping

    • B. 

      Croquignole wrapping

    • C. 

      Spiral wrapping

    • D. 

      Circular wrapping


  • 30. 
    In the spiral perm wrapping technique, the hair is wrapped:
    • A. 

      In overlapping layers

    • B. 

      At a perpendicular angle

    • C. 

      At an angle other than perpendicular

    • D. 

      From ends to scalp only


  • 31. 
    Rods with a smaller circumference in the center than at the ends are called:
    • A. 

      Convex rods

    • B. 

      Tapered rods

    • C. 

      Straight rods

    • D. 

      Concave rods


  • 32. 
    Rods with the same circumference along their entire length or curling area are called:
    • A. 

      Straight rods

    • B. 

      Tapered rods

    • C. 

      Convex rods

    • D. 

      Concave rods


  • 33. 
    The distinguishing feature of soft bender rods is that they can be:
    • A. 

      Used with a croguignole wrap

    • B. 

      Fastened to form a circle

    • C. 

      Bent into many shapes

    • D. 

      Used with a spiral wrap


  • 34. 
    Circle tools or loop rods are ideal for:
    • A. 

      Wrapping small sections

    • B. 

      Croquignole wrapping short hair

    • C. 

      Wraping very short hair

    • D. 

      Spiral wrapping very long hair


  • 35. 
    End wraps are absorbent papers used when winding hair on perm tools to:
    • A. 

      Control the hair ends

    • B. 

      Absorb moisture

    • C. 

      Control elasticity

    • D. 

      Maintain moisture


  • 36. 
    When you place one end paper over the top of the hair strand as you wrap it around the perm tool, it is called a:
    • A. 

      Double flat wrap

    • B. 

      Single flat wrap

    • C. 

      One-way wrap

    • D. 

      Bookend wrap


  • 37. 
    When you fold one end paper in half over the hair ends like an envelope, it is called a:
    • A. 

      Bookend wrap

    • B. 

      Double end paper wrap

    • C. 

      Single end paper wrap

    • D. 

      Half wrap


  • 38. 
    The end paper technique that provides the most control over the hair ends and keeps them evenly distributed is the:
    • A. 

      Bookend wrap

    • B. 

      Single flat wrap

    • C. 

      Single end paper wrap

    • D. 

      Double flat wrap


  • 39. 
    Permanent waving solution breakes the disulfide bonds in the cortex through a chemical reaction called:
    • A. 

      Subtraction

    • B. 

      Hydrogenation

    • C. 

      Reduction

    • D. 

      Oxidation


  • 40. 
    In permanent waving solutions, thiol compounds act as:
    • A. 

      Reducing agents

    • B. 

      Oxidizing agents

    • C. 

      Neutralizing agents

    • D. 

      Alkalizing agents


  • 41. 
    Ammonium thioglycolate is produced by adding _________ to thioglycolic acid.
    • A. 

      Alchol

    • B. 

      Neutralizer

    • C. 

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • D. 

      Ammonia


  • 42. 
    Alkaline waves are also called:
    • A. 

      Acid-balanced waves

    • B. 

      Low-pH waves

    • C. 

      Cold waves

    • D. 

      Ammonia-free waves


  • 43. 
    Most true acid waves:
    • A. 

      Have a ph between 3 and 5

    • B. 

      Process quickly

    • C. 

      Produce a very firm curl

    • D. 

      Require heat to speed processing


  • 44. 
    Most of the acid waves in today's salons have a ph between:
    • A. 

      6.5 to 7.0

    • B. 

      7.8 to 8.2

    • C. 

      7.0 to 9.6

    • D. 

      4.5 to 7.5


  • 45. 
    Permanent waves that require heat from an outside source, usually a hair dryer, are called:
    • A. 

      Acid-balanced

    • B. 

      Alkaline

    • C. 

      Endothermic

    • D. 

      Exothermic


  • 46. 
    One benefit of ammonia-free waves is that they:
    • A. 

      Are good for very resistant hair

    • B. 

      Have no unpleasant ammonia oder

    • C. 

      Are less alkaline than ammonia solutions

    • D. 

      Are less damaging than ammonia solution


  • 47. 
    In permanent waving, most of the processing takes place as soon as the solution penetrates the hair, within the first:
    • A. 

      5 to 10 minutes

    • B. 

      3 to 5 minutes

    • C. 

      15 to 30 minutes

    • D. 

      10 to 15 minutes


  • 48. 
    Complete saturation of the hair is essential to proper processing in all permanent waves, but especially in:
    • A. 

      Thick hair

    • B. 

      Porous hair

    • C. 

      Fine hair

    • D. 

      Resistant hair


  • 49. 
    A properly processed permanent wave should break and rebuild about ____ percent of the hair's disulfide bonds.
    • A. 

      50

    • B. 

      90

    • C. 

      75

    • D. 

      25


  • 50. 
    If the hair is underprocessed:
    • A. 

      Too many disulfide bonds are broken

    • B. 

      The hair is overly softened

    • C. 

      The hair is curlier at the scalp

    • D. 

      Too few disulfide bonds are broken


  • 51. 
    Neutralizer performs two functions, deactivating any remaining waving solution in the hair and:
    • A. 

      Rebuilding broken disulfide bonds

    • B. 

      Conditioning the hair

    • C. 

      Re-forming broken hydrogen bonds

    • D. 

      Breaking remaining disulfide bonds


  • 52. 
    The chemical reaction involved in neutralizing is:
    • A. 

      Hydrogenation

    • B. 

      Activating

    • C. 

      Oxidation

    • D. 

      Reduction


  • 53. 
    Perm solution should be rinsed from the hair for at least:
    • A. 

      Three minutes

    • B. 

      Eight minutes

    • C. 

      Ten minutes

    • D. 

      Five minutes


  • 54. 
    Perm solution should be rinsed from the hair before neutralizing to avoid scalp irritation and:
    • A. 

      Underprocessing

    • B. 

      Lightening the hair color

    • C. 

      Neutralizing the perm solution

    • D. 

      Darkening the hair color


  • 55. 
    After rinsing perm solution from the hair, the next step is to:
    • A. 

      Remove the rods

    • B. 

      Apply more waving solution

    • C. 

      Blot the rods with towls

    • D. 

      Apply neutralizer


  • 56. 
    An optional step after blotting the hair before applying neutralizer is to:
    • A. 

      Apply a pre-neutralizing conditioner

    • B. 

      Wash with a gentle shampoo

    • C. 

      Rinse a second time

    • D. 

      Apply protective cream


  • 57. 
    The hydrogen atoms in the broken disulfide bonds are so strongly attracted to the oxygen in the neutralizer they they release their bond with the:
    • A. 

      Sulfur atoms

    • B. 

      Nitrogen atoms

    • C. 

      Salt bond

    • D. 

      Sodium


  • 58. 
    Unless the scalp is irritated, hair that has just been permed may be colored with:
    • A. 

      Oxidation haircolor

    • B. 

      Demipermanent haircolor

    • C. 

      A double-process color application

    • D. 

      Permanent haircolor


  • 59. 
    It is safe to perm hair that:
    • A. 

      Has been colored with metallic haircolor

    • B. 

      Has been treated with hydroxide relaxer

    • C. 

      Shows signs of breakage

    • D. 

      Has been treated with thio relaxer


  • 60. 
    Metallic salts leave a coating on the hair that may cause severe discoloration, hair breakage, or:
    • A. 

      Uneven curls

    • B. 

      Mild odor

    • C. 

      Hair straightening

    • D. 

      Smooth curls


  • 61. 
    To test for metallic salts in the hair, immerse at least 20 strands in a mixture of peroxide and:
    • A. 

      Thio

    • B. 

      Bleach

    • C. 

      Alcohol

    • D. 

      Ammonia


  • 62. 
    The basic perm wrap is also called the:
    • A. 

      Bricklay perm wrap

    • B. 

      Weave technique

    • C. 

      Straight set wrap

    • D. 

      Curvature perm wrap


  • 63. 
    The perm wrap that creates a movement that curves within sectioned-out panles is the:
    • A. 

      Weave technique

    • B. 

      Straight perm wrap

    • C. 

      Bricklay perm wrap

    • D. 

      Curvature perm wrap


  • 64. 
    Zigzag partings are used to divide base areas in the perm wrapping technique called the:
    • A. 

      Bricklay perm

    • B. 

      Spiral technique

    • C. 

      Weave technique

    • D. 

      Curvature perm


  • 65. 
    The double tool perm technique is also called the:
    • A. 

      Curvature wrap

    • B. 

      Spiral technique

    • C. 

      Bricklay wrap

    • D. 

      Piggyback wrap


  • 66. 
    The spiral perm technique:
    • A. 

      Uses two tools on one strand of hair

    • B. 

      Produces a uniform curl from scalp to ends

    • C. 

      Follows the curvature of the head

    • D. 

      Is particularly suited for short hair


  • 67. 
    To determine the proper processing time needed for optimal curl development, you should do:
    • A. 

      Preliminary test curls

    • B. 

      A strand test

    • C. 

      An elasticity test

    • D. 

      A patch test


  • 68. 
    When giving a partial perm, you can make a smooth transition from a rolled to an unrolled section by using a ___ as the last tool next to an unrolled section.
    • A. 

      Concave tool

    • B. 

      Circle tool

    • C. 

      Pin curl

    • D. 

      Larger tool


  • 69. 
    The process of rearranging the basic structure of extremely curly hair into a straight form is called:
    • A. 

      Thermal hair relaxing

    • B. 

      Chemical hair waving

    • C. 

      Chemical hair relaxing

    • D. 

      Permanent waving


  • 70. 
    Chemical hair relaxing is very similar to:
    • A. 

      Permanent haircolor

    • B. 

      Permanent waving

    • C. 

      Hair pressing

    • D. 

      Thermal waving


  • 71. 
    All relaxers and permanents change the shape of the hair by:
    • A. 

      Creating hydrogen bonds

    • B. 

      Breaking hydrogen bonds

    • C. 

      Creating disulfide bonds

    • D. 

      Breaking disulfide bonds


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