Congenital Disorders Of Spleen

40 Questions  I  By Agambino
Quiz 2 for packet 1 of spleen

  
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1.  Splenic abscesses may have some ________  components but otherwise is a complex _______mass with __________ (irregular or regular) borders. Dirty shadowing is seen because of ______
2.  This is a mirror image condition, known as _______  __________.
3.  True cysts of the spleen are rare and congenital.
A.
B.
4.  In this condition, the spleen is small and non functioning due to a chronic condition; NOT congenital. This results from repeated splenic infarctions such as with sickle cell anemia, celiac disease, or thyrotoxicosis.
5.  This is an inherited condition, autosomal dominant,  associated with cysts in the spleen, liver, and pancreas.
6.  Check all that apply to the differential diagnosis of accesory spleen:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  ____________ is a collection of fluid without an epithelial lining; is a pancreatic cyst; spleen is usually involved beacause of its close proximity to the pancreas.
8.  Sono appearance of psuedocyst:
A.
B.
C.
9.  Most common abscesses to invade spleen
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Commonly with splenic abscess, you may see reactive _______  ________ because the spleen is in contact with the diaphragm.
11.  This is a rare congenital condition in which there are multiple spleens; usually there are 2 larger spleens with a bunch of smaller one. This is known as ___________.
12.  __________ is a rare congenital absence of the spleen; associated with congenital heart defects and ______  _______.
13.  Wandering spleen is also known as _________ spleen or _________ spleen.
14.  Sono Appearance of acquired hypoplasia is characterized as a small, _______ spleen; fibrotic and ________.
15.  Asplenia is associated with " __________  ________  __________  syndrome."
16.  Check all that apply to the sono appearance ofparasitic cysts:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  This is a syndrome in which structures on the right side are more dominant and is associated with an absent spleen, midline liver and GB, reversed aorta and IVC, horseshoe Kidneys, and congenital heart disease.
18.  These are true cysts of the spleen lined with squamous epithelium and they typically appear as a solitary cyst averaging 10cm in size.
19.  ____________ disease results in the formation of an echinococcal cyst
20.  With epidermoid cysts, the walls may be __________ and the internal contents may appear _____________ due to cholesterol crystals.
21.  Polysplenia is associated with "bilateral ______  sidedness."
22.  Because of the vascularity, pseudocysts may erode the vessels, causing pseudoaneurysms and bleeings into the pseudocysts.
A.
B.
23.  Sono appearance of accessory spleen:
A.
B.
C.
24.  In bilateral left sidedness syndrome, structures on the left side of the body are more ___________.  This condition includes multiple spleens, 2 left lungs, absent GB, possible bilairy atresia, GI malrotation, liver located centrally or on left side, and cardiac abnomalities.
25.  Parasitic cysts cannot be aspirated because patient may go into anaphylactic shock
A.
B.
26.  Epidermoid cysts usually have a "swiss cheese" appearance and usually are multiple in number.
A.
B.
27.  _____________ cysts are the most common splenic cysts worldwide.  They are more common than congenital cysts.
28.  When a splenectomy is performed, and the accessory spleen is not removed, it may enlarge and is known as the "_____  _______" spleen.
29.  Hydatid disease is common in _______, _________, and ______ raising countries.
30.  What is the name of the only parasite that forms cysts in the spleen?
31.  This occurs with chronic hyperthyroidism.
32.  Hydatid disease is transmitted via ______.
33.  Symptoms of parasitic cysts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
34.  ____________ is death or necrosis due to loss of blood supply.
35.  _________________ spleen is a rare developmental anomaly in which the spleen is abnormally positioned and the spleen may move around within the abdominal cavity, leading to increased risk of torsion.
36.  This is a very common normal variant, most commonly found at the splenic hilum, and usually measure 1-3 cm in size.
37.  _____________ disease is an intestinal malabsorption syndrome characterized by diarrhea, malaise, and hypocalcemia.
38.  Splenic ________ are associated with general sepsis in 80% of cases; however in immunocompromised patient, the _______ (organ) may be the only site of _________.
39.  What are the 3 symptoms of splenic abscess? (alphabetically)
40.  The normal arrangement of visceral organs is known as _______  ________.
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