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Cj # 121american Corrections : Mid-term

25 Questions
Cj # 121american Corrections : Mid-term

Mid term exam for CJ #121 American Corrections.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is the central purpose of punishment?
    • A. 

      To provide housing

    • B. 

      To protect society

    • C. 

      To carry out the criminal sentence

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    Corrections ideally serves which goal(s)?
    • A. 

      Moral code

    • B. 

      Protection

    • C. 

      Punishment

    • D. 

      Both protection and punishment

  • 3. 
    Corrections can be seen as a series of ;
    • A. 

      Processes

    • B. 

      Agencies

    • C. 

      Loops

    • D. 

      Both processes and agencies

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Considering all forms of corrections, more than ___ of all adults under some form of correctional control.
    • A. 

      3%

    • B. 

      5%

    • C. 

      10%

    • D. 

      50%

  • 6. 
    What is "Transportation" as stated in the text?
    • A. 

      A ride

    • B. 

      Transplanting of offenders

    • C. 

      Deportation

    • D. 

      Exile to other places

  • 7. 
    Is Determinate sentencing;
    • A. 

      A fixed period of incarcertion

    • B. 

      Punishment inflicted on the offender

    • C. 

      A fixed period of probation

    • D. 

      Punishment inflicted on the offender's family

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    The following is an example of corporal punishment.
    • A. 

      Forgiveness

    • B. 

      Whipping

    • C. 

      Imprisonment

    • D. 

      Religious education

  • 9. 
    During the Age of Reason, which of the following concepts dominated social and political thinking?
    • A. 

      Liberalism

    • B. 

      Rationality

    • C. 

      Equality

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    Are the goals of punishment , retribution, deterrence, incapacitation rehabilitation?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Is Retribution punishment inflicted on a person who has infringed on the rights of others ?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Is General Deterrence;
    • A. 

      Punishment to discourage

    • B. 

      Punishment to inflict harm

    • C. 

      Punishment to inflict death

    • D. 

      Punishment to reward

  • 13. 
    Punishment must be perceived as;
    • A. 

      Fast, certain, severe

    • B. 

      Fast, slow, and certain

    • C. 

      Fast, faster, and fastest

    • D. 

      Fast, deter, and discourage

  • 14. 
    Is Probation a sentence allowing the offender to serve the sanctions imposed by the court while he or she lives in the community under supervision?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Corporal Punishment can best be described as,
    • A. 

      Punishment of death

    • B. 

      Punishment inflicted on the offenders body

    • C. 

      Punishment inflicted on the offenders body to cause death

    • D. 

      Punishment inflicted on the offenders body for pleasure

  • 16. 
    According to the concept of_________, offenders are returned to society once they are cured.
    • A. 

      Deterrence

    • B. 

      Retribution

    • C. 

      Incapacitation

    • D. 

      Rehabilitation

  • 17. 
    Punishment of criminal that is intended to be an example to the publice and to discourage the commission of offenses by others is known as:
    • A. 

      Specific deterrence

    • B. 

      Specific deterrence

    • C. 

      General deterrence

    • D. 

      General rehabilitation

  • 18. 
    Retribution espouses taht an offender should be punished __________ to the gravity of the offense
    • A. 

      In proportion

    • B. 

      In prosecution

    • C. 

      In protest

    • D. 

      In propeller

  • 19. 
    Who is " IT" ?
    • A. 

      Ex wife

    • B. 

      Ex friend

    • C. 

      A clown

    • D. 

      Ex girlfriend

  • 20. 
    What are some of the problems associated with the elderly offender?
  • 21. 
    Discribe a Sex offender and give an 2 examples  of a typical  sex offense.
  • 22. 
    Explain in detail the goals of Rehabilitation in corrections.
  • 23. 
    Explain the Classical School of Criminology ?
  • 24. 
    Name 5 punishments common in Europe before the 1800's besides fines;
  • 25. 
    Explain what the Enlightenment or Age of Reason was during the 1700's