Chapter 6, Memory

67 Questions  I  By Adkinsjr
Questions derived from material in Chapter 6 (memory) of Hockenbury & Hockenbury, 5th Edition.

  
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1.  The research psychologist known for experimentally demonstrating the duration of memory sensory.
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2.  The process of transforming information into a form that can be entered into and retained by the memory system.
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3.  During the very brief time that the information is held in _________________ memory, you "select," or pay attention to, just a few aspects of all the environmental information that's being registered.
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4.  __________ memory has a large capacity for information
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5.  Sensory memory has a ______________ capacity for information.
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6.  __________________ refers to the active, working memory system.
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7.  Information retrieved from long-term memory is then moved to _______________ memory
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8.  _______________ memory has a limited capacity for information.
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9.  __________________ memory has an unlimited capacity for information.
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10.  The average duration for short-term memory is _________________
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11.  In Baddeley's model of working memory, the phonological loop component...
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12.  In Braddely's model of working-memory, the visuospatial sketchpad...
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13.  In Braddley's model of working-memory, the central exectutive component...
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14.  _______________ rehearsal allows you to relate the information to other information you already know.
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15.  Which form of memory rehearsal is more effective?
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16.  _________________ interference occurs when a new memory interferes with remembering an old memory; backward-acting memory interference
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17.  Autobiographical memory is closely related to ________________ memory.
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18.  Information or knowledge that can be consciously recolleted; also called declarative memory.
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19.  Information or knowledge that affects behavior or task performance but cannot be consciously recollected; also called non-declarative memory
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20.  The content of ____________ memories of individuals living in collectivistic cultures have been shown to significantly differ from those of non-collectivistic western cultures.
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21.  The ______________________ describes units of information in long-term memory as being organized in a complex network of associations.
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22.  A test of long-term memory that involves remembering an item of information in response to a retrieval cue.
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23.  A test of long-term memory that involves retrieving information without the aid of retrieval cues; also called free recall.
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24.  A test of long-term memory that involves identifying correct information out of several possible choices.
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25.  The tendency to remember items at the beginning and end of a list better than items in the middle.
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26.  Fill-in-the Blank and matching questions are examples of _________ tests.
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27.  Multiple choice tests use ___________ as a measure of memorization.
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28.  The context effect and mood congruence are associated with the ________________.
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29.  The ______________________ is the tendency to recover information more easily when the retrieval occurs in the same setting as the original learning of the information.
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30.  An encoding specificity phenomenon in which a given mood tends to evoke memories that are consistent with that mood.
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31.  In seriously depressed individuals, the _______________________ effect can actually pro-long depression. the depressed mood enhances memory retrieval of sad experiences, such as personal failures or losses. In turn, dwelling on negative memories can intensify or prolong the depression.
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32.  The recall of very specific images or details sorrounding a vivid, rare, or significant personal event; details may or may not be accurate.
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33.  Psychologist who used 'nonsense syllables' to test memory; originated the scientific study of forgetting; plotted the first forgetting curve, which describes the basic pattern of forgetting learned information over time.
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34.  Prospective coding failures are largely due to _______________ failure
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35.  Absent mindedness is a phenomenon that often causes ______________ failure
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36.  Which of the following is NOT a proposed explanation for the phenomenon known as "deja vu"
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37.  The forgetting curves plotted by Hermann Ebbinghaus seem to contradict which theory of forgetting?
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38.  Forgetting in which an old memory interferes with remembering a new memory; forward-acting memory interference.
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39.  _____________ is motivated forgetting that occurs consciously, while ________________ is motivated forgetting that occurs unconsciously.
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40.  The ______________________ is a memory distortion phenomenon in which a person's existing memories can be altered if the person is exposed to misleading information.
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41.  American psychologist who has conducted extensive research on the memory distortions that can occur in eyewitness testimony.
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42.  A memory distortion that occurs when the true source of the memory is forgotten.
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43.  Source confusion and false memories can result from the _______________ effect
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44.  No longer just a utilitarian communication device, phones can be used to flirg, play games, or make a fashion statement. As the capabilities and function of phones have expanded, your _________ has changed to incorporate these new attributes.
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45.  Several studies have shown that vividly imagining an event markedly increases confidence that the event actually occurred in childhood, an effect called___________________
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46.  A teacher who is having difficulty remembering the names of new students, because of her vivid memories of students' names from a previous semester, is experiencing:
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47.  The brain changes associated with a particular stored memory is called a ______________
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48.  Physiological psychologist who attempted to find the specific brain location of particular memories.
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49.  Although __________________ failed to show that memories can be localized, psychologist ________________________ succeded in confirming Pavlov's speculations.
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50.  The combined work of Richard f. Thompson and his predecessor, Karl Lashley, suggests that memories_________________
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51.  Researcher who Aplysia, a kind of sea snail, to study neuronal changes that occur when a new memory is formed for a simple classically conditioned response.
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52.  A long-lasting increase in synaptic strength between two neurons.
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53.  Loss of memory, especially for episodic information; backward-acting amnesia
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54.  The gradual, physical process of converting new long-term memories to stable, enduring long-term memory codes.
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55.  Loss of memory caused by the inability to store new memories.
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56.  People who have ________ amnesia are unable to remember some or all of their past, especially episodic memories for recent events. People who have ____________ amnesia, such as in the famous cause of H.M., have difficulty forming new memories.
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57.  Psychologists ___________ and ______________________ studied the famous case of H.M.
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58.  Neuropsychologist who has extensively investigated the neural basis of memory.
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59.  Neuropsychologist whose groundbreaking research on the role of brain structures and functions in cognitive processes helped establish neuropsychology as a field.
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60.  H.M.'s case suggests that:
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61.  Richard F. Thompson found that a classically conditioned behavior is associated with a small area of the brain called the _________________
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62.  H.M. could not readily form new __________ or _____________ memories, which reflect the explicit memory system. But it turns out the H.M.can from new ______________ memories, which reflect the _______________ memory system
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63.  Normal monkeys are afraid of snakes, but if the __________ is damaged, a monkey loses its fear of snakes and other natural predators. This part of the brain is also involved in encoding memories of sensory stimuli that are associated with rewards and punishments.
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64.  Region of the brain involved in the retrieval and organization of information associated with autobiographical and episodic memories.
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65.  The part of the brain that seems to play a role in working memory.
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66.  Similarily to the frontal lobes, what part of the brain is involved in encoding complex memories by forming links among the information stored in multiple brain regions?
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67.  Dementia is often caused by ________
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