organized pattern of behavior that governs people’s relationships. Gives us the
feeling that life is orderly and predictable rather than random because it
guides our actions. Limits personal choices. Encompasses statuses, roles,
groups, organizations, and institutions.
Refers to a social position that an individual
occupies in a society. (Social statuses
include executive, secretary, physician, nurse etc.) Refers to ANY societal position within a
A social position that a person is born into.
Can’t control, change or choose our ascribed statues, which includes sex, age,
race, ethnicity, and family relationships.(Prince henry ascribed as
A social position that a person attains through
personal effort or assumes voluntarily. ( highschool graduate, husband, wife,
etc.) Can be controlled and changed.
An ascribed or achieved status can be a master
status that determines a person’s identity.
(Sex, Age, Physical ability, and race are all master statuses because
they are very visible.)
Refers to the conflict that arises from occupying
social positions that are ranked differently. (computer programmer who works
hard as a bartender, or a welder who stocks at walmart because they cant find
jobs in a weak economy.)
Display one’s status. (medal- Olympian,
Lamborghini – rich etc.)
Is the behavior expected of a person who has a particular
status. (role is the dynamic aspect of the status). Formal and informal
behaviors. Ex: college student. Formal – studying, class, assignments, exams.
Informal- partying, clubs, friends, football games.
The frustrations and uncertainties a person experiences
when confronted with the requirements of two or more statuses. (college
students with a full time job).
A technique that examines social interaction as if
occurring on a stage where people play different roles and act out scenes for
the “audiences” with whom they interact. (were all actors and performing,
presenting different versions of ourselves to people in different settings).
Ex: meeting parents.
A process of suppressing unfavorable traits and stressing
favorable ones. Often rely on props to reinforce particular image. Ex:
decorating homes with art giving impression their art collectors.
Attempting to prevent embaressment for someone.
The perspective whose fundamental premise is
that any social interaction between two people is based on each person’s trying
to masximize rewards (or benefits) and minimize punishments (or costs).