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Chapter 4: Civil Liberties And Public Policy

47 Questions
AP Government Quizzes & Trivia

AP US Government

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Civil liberties are legal and constitutional protections against
    • A. 

      Criminals

    • B. 

      Government

    • C. 

      Foreign invasions

    • D. 

      Private enterprise

  • 2. 
    Civil liberties are formally set down in the 
    • A. 

      Bill of Rights

    • B. 

      Preamble to the Constitution

    • C. 

      Declaration of Independence

    • D. 

      Articles of Confederation

  • 3. 
    Most cases concerning civil liberties are easy and straight forward
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      The first Congress passed the Bill of Rights

    • B. 

      All of the original states had their own bills of rights

    • C. 

      The American people are entirely devoted to political rights in both theory and practice.

    • D. 

      Our civil liberties often conflict.

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      The states

    • B. 

      Congress

    • C. 

      The Courts

    • D. 

      All units of government

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Barron v. Baltimore

    • B. 

      The first Congress

    • C. 

      Gitlow v. New York

    • D. 

      The Tenth Amendment

  • 8. 
    The Bill of RIghts
    • A. 

      Applies only to the national government

    • B. 

      Immediately applied to the states after ratification of the FOurteenth Amendment

    • C. 

      Was gradually incorporated into state laws

    • D. 

      Has always applied to the states as well as national government

  • 9. 
    According to Thomas Jefferson, the First Amendment was designed to create
    • A. 

      A national church

    • B. 

      Federal support for religious pursuits

    • C. 

      A wall of separation between church and state

    • D. 

      Government control of churches

  • 10. 
    The "wall of separation" separates
    • A. 

      Assembly and association

    • B. 

      Government and religion

    • C. 

      Protected and unprotected speech

    • D. 

      Civil liberties and civil rights

  • 11. 
    According to the Supreme Court, school-sponsored prayers in public schools are acceptable only with certain restrictions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Which of the following statements regarding religion in the United States in recent years is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Religious issues and controversies have assumed much greater importance in political debate.

    • B. 

      Fundamentalist religious groups have shied away from political action due to recent controversies

    • C. 

      Some groups have advocated the teaching of "intelligent design" as an alternative to evolution in the public school.

    • D. 

      Conservative Republicans have pushed for a constitutional amendment permitting school prayer.

  • 13. 
    Who said, "The most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting 'fire' in a theater and causeing a panic"?
    • A. 

      Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes

    • B. 

      Justice Hugo Black

    • C. 

      Justice Thurgood Marshall

    • D. 

      Justice Potter STewart

    • E. 

      Darth Vader

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Is frequently exercised by the United STates government

    • B. 

      Was allowed in Near v. Minnesota (1931)

    • C. 

      Means government prevention of publication

    • D. 

      Allows a newspaper to print libelous materials

  • 15. 
    According to the SUpreme Court in the case of Schenck v. United STates (1919), free speech can be restricted by the government only on the basis of
    • A. 

      Obscenity

    • B. 

      Community sentiment

    • C. 

      Symbolic protest

    • D. 

      Clear and present danger

  • 16. 
    In the caes of Dennis v. United States (1951), the SUpreme Court permitted the government to 
    • A. 

      Exercise prior restraint over certain publications

    • B. 

      Jail some American Communist Party leaders

    • C. 

      Prohibit all forms of symbolic speech

    • D. 

      Use wiretaps to spy on American citizens

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Some states have passed shield laws that protect
    • A. 

      Criminals from self-incrimination

    • B. 

      Publications from prior restraint

    • C. 

      Reporters' notes and information from being revealed in court

    • D. 

      Courts from holding trials in public

  • 19. 
    In Roth v. United States (1957), the Supreme Court ruled that obscene material was not within the realm of constitutionally protected speech or press.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Obscenity

    • B. 

      Libel

    • C. 

      Crime

    • D. 

      Cruel and unusual punishment

  • 21. 
    In Miller v. California (1973), defining obscenity was left up to
    • A. 

      Private individuals

    • B. 

      Courts

    • C. 

      Congress

    • D. 

      State and local officials

  • 22. 
    The newest issue in the obscenity controversy involves
    • A. 

      Regulations aimed at keeping obscene material away from the young

    • B. 

      The proliferation of pornography on the internet

    • C. 

      The proliferation of pornography in video stores

    • D. 

      The use of obscene words in public places

  • 23. 
    To be libelous, a statement must be knowingly false or malicious
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    The Supreme Court case of New York Times v. Sullivan (1964)
    • A. 

      Made it easier for public officials to win libel cases

    • B. 

      Held that statements about public officials are libelous only if made with malice and reckless disregard for the truth

    • C. 

      Held that statements about public officials are libelous is they are intended to damage severely the person's reputation

    • D. 

      Severely limited the ability of the press to express its opinions freely

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    The Supreme Court has dealt with questions of free speech by 
    • A. 

      Allowing the government to regulate the content of speech on the airwaves

    • B. 

      Distinguishing between pure and symbolic speech

    • C. 

      Using a "clear and present danger" test.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 27. 
    In 1989, the SUpreme Court ruled that the burning of an American flag was a form of constitutionally protected speech.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    Which of the following has received the greatest amount of regulation by the federal government?
    • A. 

      Symbolic speech

    • B. 

      Commercial speech

    • C. 

      Television news

    • D. 

      Newspapers

  • 29. 
    The Federal Communications Commission regulates the content, nature, and licensing of radio, television, and newspapers
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    The Supreme Court has 
    • A. 

      Ruled that newspapers must provide space for political candidates to reply to newspaper criticisms.

    • B. 

      Allowed the policy of barring certain words from radio or television when children might hear them.

    • C. 

      Ruled that cable television is subject to the same regulations as commercial television

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    The Supreme Court has ruled that spontaneous demonstrations at any time, anywhere, and in any way are protected by the First Amendment's freedom of assembly.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Most of the words contained in the Bill of Rights pertain to the rights of persons accused of crime.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    • A. 

      Crime

    • B. 

      Arrest

    • C. 

      Prosecution

    • D. 

      Trial

  • 35. 
    In Mapp v. Ohio (1961), the Supreme Court
    • A. 

      Extended the principle of unreasonable searches and seizures to the states

    • B. 

      Established the exclusionary rule

    • C. 

      Required probable cause to make an arrest

    • D. 

      Protected individuals against self-incrimination

  • 36. 
    The exclusionary rule prohibits a court's use of 
    • A. 

      Illegally seized evidence

    • B. 

      Cruel and unusual punishment

    • C. 

      Search warrants

    • D. 

      Plea bargaining

  • 37. 
    Fifth Amendment protection against self-incrimination begins with
    • A. 

      A trial

    • B. 

      Prosecution

    • C. 

      An arrest

    • D. 

      Criminal sentencing

  • 38. 
    According to the Supreme Court's decision in Miranda v. Arizona (1966), police suspects must be told that 
    • A. 

      They are constitutionally entitled to remain silent

    • B. 

      Anything they say can be used against them

    • C. 

      They have a right to have a lawyer present during police questioning

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 39. 
    • A. 

      Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

    • B. 

      Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)

    • C. 

      Mapp v. Ohio (1961)

    • D. 

      Gregg v. Georgia (1976)

  • 40. 
    Most criminal cases are settled through plea bargaining.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    The Constitution
    • A. 

      Does not specify the size of a jury

    • B. 

      Sets jury size at twelve

    • C. 

      Sets jury size according to the type of crime

    • D. 

      Sets jury size according to the type of court

  • 42. 
    The SUpreme COurt has ruled that the death penalty
    • A. 

      Is suitable to the most extreme of crimes

    • B. 

      Is always unconstitutional

    • C. 

      Can be made mandatory for certain crimes

    • D. 

      Is the highest form of cruel and unusual punishment

  • 43. 
    The Bill of Rights spells out the right of privacy in the Third Amendment
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    In Roe v. Wade (1973), the Supreme court
    • A. 

      Forbade state regulation of abortion during the first trimester.

    • B. 

      Permitted states to allow abortion in the second timester only to protect a mother's health.

    • C. 

      Permitted states to forbid abortions in the third trimester.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 45. 
    Which of the following statements about recent Supreme Court decisions concerning abortion is FALSE?
    • A. 

      It has upheld state laws forbidding the use of state funds to pay for abortions

    • B. 

      It has upheld a ban on abortion counseling in federally supported family planning programs

    • C. 

      It has upheld a law requiring a married woman to tell her husband of her intent to have an abortion

    • D. 

      It has upheld a law requiring a 24-hour waitin period prior to an abortion.

  • 46. 
    Which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      First Amendment rights are essential to a democracy.

    • B. 

      Ultimately, Congress decides what constitutional guarantees mean in practice.

    • C. 

      The courts enhance democracy by protecting liberty and equality from the excesses of majority rule.

    • D. 

      The Bill of Rights places strict limitations on governmental power.

  • 47. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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