A&p 2 Chapters 23 & 24 Quiz - Lonestar

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AP Quizzes & Trivia
Chapter 23 - Digestive SystemChapter 24 - Nutrition & Metabolism

  
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  • 1. 
    What are the types of digestions?
    • A. 

      Chemical & Physical

    • B. 

      Mechanical

    • C. 

      Chemical

    • D. 

      Biological & Physical

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT part of the chemical digestion?
    • A. 

      Catabolic reaction

    • B. 

      Enzymatic hydrolysis

    • C. 

      Break down of carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Mixing

    • E. 

      Salivary amylase


  • 3. 
    Which is NOT part of the accessory structures?
    • A. 

      Oral cavity

    • B. 

      Teeth

    • C. 

      Tongue

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

    • E. 

      Liver


  • 4. 
    What are the layers of the GI Tract?
    • A. 

      Mucosa, Sub-mucosa, Muscularis externa, & Serosa

    • B. 

      Epithelium, Lamina Propria, & Muscularis Mucosae

    • C. 

      Epithelium and Connective tissue

    • D. 

      Longitudinal and Circular muscle

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 5. 
    Which cells are in the epithelium layer of the mucosa?
    • A. 

      Stratified squamos

    • B. 

      Simple columnar

    • C. 

      Both A&B

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 6. 
    Which layer in the mucosa contains the goblet cells?
    • A. 

      Lamina propria

    • B. 

      Muscularis Mucosae

    • C. 

      Both A&B

    • D. 

      Epithelium

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 7. 
    Lamina propria is
    • A. 

      Thick layer of loose CT

    • B. 

      Thin layer of loose CT

    • C. 

      Highly vascularized with lymphatic tissue protection

    • D. 

      Thin layer of smooth muscle tissue

    • E. 

      Only B&C


  • 8. 
    Submucosa contains dense connective tissue
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 9. 
    __________________ controls secretion of G.I. Tract

  • 10. 
    What are the two layers of Peritoneum?
    • A. 

      Visceral

    • B. 

      Parietal

    • C. 

      None of the above

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 11. 
    Peritonitis is the inflammation of the visceral layer of the peritoneum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 12. 
    What are the three glands in the mouth?
    • A. 

      Parotid, Submandibular, Sublingual

    • B. 

      Buccal, Parotid, Submandibular

    • C. 

      Sublingual, Buccal, Lingual Frenulum

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 13. 
    Which enzyme breaks down starch?
    • A. 

      Salivary amylase

    • B. 

      Lingual lipase

    • C. 

      Pepsinogen

    • D. 

      Gastrin

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 14. 
    Enamel is the softest substance in the body
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 15. 
    How many secondary teeth are there?
    • A. 

      20

    • B. 

      33

    • C. 

      32

    • D. 

      30

    • E. 

      3


  • 16. 
    Mechanism that moves food from the mouth to the stomach and is facilitated by saliva and mucus
    • A. 

      Deglutition

    • B. 

      Digestion

    • C. 

      Ingestion

    • D. 

      Defecation

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 17. 
    Pierces the diaphragm through an opening
    • A. 

      Esophageal hiatus

    • B. 

      Esophageal sphincter

    • C. 

      Cardia sphincter

    • D. 

      Esophageal valve

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 18. 
    What are the phase(s) of deglutition?
    • A. 

      Involuntary

    • B. 

      Voluntary

    • C. 

      Voluntary, Involuntary, Pharyngeal

    • D. 

      Voluntary, Pharyngeal, Esophageal

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 19. 
    Peristalsis pushes food down to the esophagus
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    Difficulty in swallowing
    • A. 

      Dysphagia

    • B. 

      Deglutition

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Ingestion

    • E. 

      Defecation


  • 21. 
    GERD is 
    • A. 

      Lower esophageal sphincter fails to close

    • B. 

      Stomach acids enter esophagus & cause heartburn

    • C. 

      Both A&B

    • D. 

      Only B

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 22. 
    Which gastric cell secretes intrinsic factor?
    • A. 

      Parietal Cell

    • B. 

      Chief Cell

    • C. 

      G Cell

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 23. 
    Which gastric cell secrets pepsinogen?
    • A. 

      Parietal Cell

    • B. 

      Chief Cell

    • C. 

      G Cell

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 24. 
    Which one is/are a layer(s) in the stomach?
    • A. 

      Longitudinal

    • B. 

      Circular

    • C. 

      Oblique

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 25. 
    Hormones in the stomach are:
    • A. 

      Gastrin

    • B. 

      CCK

    • C. 

      Secretin

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 26. 
    The products of the Islets of Langerhans are insulin and glucagon.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 27. 
    Liver produces 
    • A. 

      Insulin

    • B. 

      Bile

    • C. 

      Stomach Acid

    • D. 

      HCl

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 28. 
    Hepatocytes are surrounded by blood-filled spaces called
    • A. 

      Kupffer cells

    • B. 

      Lobules

    • C. 

      Hepatocytes

    • D. 

      Sinusoids

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 29. 
    What is the triad group in the liver?
    • A. 

      Hepatic portal venule, arteriole, and cystic duct

    • B. 

      Inferior vena cava, right atrium of heart

    • C. 

      Liver sinusoids, central vein, and inferior vena cava

    • D. 

      Hepatic portal venule, arteriold, and bile duct

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 30. 
    One of the functions of the liver is to convert ammonia to urea.
    • A. 

      False

    • B. 

      True


  • 31. 
    How long is the largest region in the small intestine?
    • A. 

      12 inches

    • B. 

      12 centimeters

    • C. 

      12 feet

    • D. 

      12 meters

    • E. 

      12 kilometers


  • 32. 
    Paneth cells secrete 
    • A. 

      Sinusoids

    • B. 

      Hepatocytes

    • C. 

      Pepsin

    • D. 

      Lysozyme

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 33. 
    Segmentation is un-localized contraction of the muscularis to mix and church the chyme with intestinal juices 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 34. 
    Diarrhea is a defecation problem that 
    • A. 

      Bile passes too quickly through intestine

    • B. 

      Chyme passes too quickly through intestine

    • C. 

      Pepsin is secreted and burns the anal canal

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 35. 
    Anabolism is hydrolysis
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 36. 
    Catabolism is hydrolysis
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 37. 
    Substrate-level phosphorylation in the mitochondria
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 38. 
    Glycolysis occurs in cytoplasm and changes glucose to glycogen
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 39. 
    Aerobic respiration involves
    • A. 

      Krebs Cycle

    • B. 

      Electron transport chain

    • C. 

      Glycolysis

    • D. 

      Formation of Acetyl CoA

    • E. 

      Both A&B


  • 40. 
    The difference between oxidation and reduction is that oxidation gains and reduction loses.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 41. 
    After citric acid is formed in the Krebs Cycle, what is formed next?
    • A. 

      Fumaric acid

    • B. 

      Succinyl-CoA

    • C. 

      Succinic acid

    • D. 

      Isocitric acid

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 42. 
    How many ATPs are produced in Krebs Cycle for 2 groups of Acetyl-CoA?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      19

    • E. 

      6


  • 43. 
    ATP synthesis occurs as H+ diffuses through a special H+ channel in inner membrane in 
    • A. 

      Glycolysis

    • B. 

      Formation of Acetyl-CoA

    • C. 

      Formation of Lactic Acid

    • D. 

      Electron Transport Chain

    • E. 

      Krebs Cycle


  • 44. 
    Glycogenolysis is the conversion of
    • A. 

      Glucose to glycogen

    • B. 

      Glycogen to glucose

    • C. 

      Glycogen to amino acids

    • D. 

      Glucose to maltose

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 45. 
    Storage of glucose when energy levels are high (in liver & skeletal muscles)
    • A. 

      Glycogenesis

    • B. 

      Glycogenolysis

    • C. 

      Gluconeogenesis

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 46. 
    Triglycerides go through ________________________ to Acetyl Co-A

  • 47. 
    Which class of Lipoproteins are bad cholesterol?
    • A. 

      Chylomicrons

    • B. 

      VLDLs

    • C. 

      LDLs

    • D. 

      HDLs

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 48. 
    Which one is the water-soluble vitamin?
    • A. 

      Vitamin A

    • B. 

      Vitamin K

    • C. 

      Vitamin D

    • D. 

      Folic acid

    • E. 

      Vitamin E


  • 49. 
    How many essential amino acids our bodies cannot make?
    • A. 

      9

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      11

    • D. 

      12

    • E. 

      83


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