Chapter 15 Test - The Cold War

36 Questions  I  By Eajohansson
Chapter 15, Cold War Materials + Century Videos Materials

  
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1.  What is one effect of the TV's arrival in the 1950s?
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2.  “Enlistment for general service implies that the individual may be sent anywhere,—to any ship or station where he is needed. Men on board ship live in particularly close association; in their messes, one man sits beside another; their hammocks or bunks are close together; in their common tasks they work side by side; and in particular tasks such as those of a gun’s crew, they form a closely knit, highly coordinated team. How many white men would choose, of their own accord, that their closest associates in sleeping quarters, at mess, and in a gun’s crew should be of another race? How many would accept such conditions, if required to do so, without resentment and just as a matter of course? The General Board believes that the answer is “Few, if any,” and further believes that if the issue were forced, there would be a lowering of contentment, teamwork and discipline in the service.” —Memo from Chairman of the General Board to the Secretary of the Navy, February 3, 1942   The writer of this memo would most likely advise that
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3.  U.S. actions in China after World War II demonstrated that the United States
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4.  World events in the late summer and fall of 1949 caused
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5.  Which of the following was the sequence in which tests of the policy of containment occurred?
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6.  What effect did Churchill’s Iron Curtain speech have on the tensions of the Cold War?
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7.  Which of the following events helped fuel the second Red Scare?
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8.  What was one effect of the Marshall Plan?
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9.  “Six years ago, . . . there was within the Soviet orbit, 180,000,000 people. Lined up on the antitotalitarian side there were in the world at that time, roughly 1,625,000,000 people. Today, only six years later, there are 80,000,000,000 people under the absolute domination of Soviet Russia—an increase of over 400 percent. On our side, the figure has shrunk to around 500,000. In other words, in less than six years, the odds have changed from 9 to 1 in our favor to 8 to 1 against us. “This indicates the swiftness of the tempo of Communist victories and American defeats in the cold war. As one of our outstanding historical figures once said, “When a great democracy is destroyed, it will not be from enemies from without, but rather because of enemies from within.” . . . “The reason why we find ourselves in a position of impotency is not because our only powerful potential enemy has sent men to invade our shores . . . but rather because of the traitorous actions of those who have been treated so well by this Nation. It has not been the less fortunate, or members of minority groups who have been traitorous to this Nation, but rather those who have had all the benefits that the wealthiest Nation on earth has had to offer . . . the finest homes, the finest college education and the finest jobs in government we can give. “This is glaringly true in the State Department. There the bright young men who are born with silver spoons in their mouths are the ones who have been most traitorous . . .” —Speech of Joseph McCarthy, Wheeling, West Virginia, February 9, 1950   What is the most likely reason that Senator McCarthy’s speech made him so popular with the American people?
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10.  Where were details of the armistice agreement that ended the Korean War negotiated?
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11.  Americans accurately perceived the level of threat posed by domestic communism after World War II.
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12.  Why was Joseph McCarthy able to wage a successful anti-Communist campaign?
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13.  Why was the conflict in Korea called a police action?
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14.  George F. Kennan created a foreign policy known as containment.
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15.  The foreign policy that aimed to stop communism from spreading was called
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16.  People on the "Blacklist" could not do what?
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17.  Which of the following was a result of the German invasion of the Soviet Union?
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18.  The opposite of 'anarchy' might be
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19.  What does the word 'prosperous' mean?
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20.  What kept the U.S. economy strong after World War II?
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21.  What was one effect of the Berlin Crisis?
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22.  Why did President Truman fire General Douglas MacArthur?
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23.  What does a Litmus Test do, in common-place langauge?
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24.  What did HUAC investigate in the 1950s?
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25.  What does Shot Simon and Shot Grable have in common?
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26.  Study the political cartoon and answer the question. Considering that this political cartoon was published in 1947, it most likely was intended to show support for which of the following policies?
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27.  Which of the following represented one of the first efforts of the United Nations to fulfill its mission?
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28.  Why did the United States and Britain begin the Berlin airlift?
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29.  What phrase did Winston Churchill coin?
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30.  The GI in the GI Bill stands for what?
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31.  How might a member of Congress in 1950 have defended the passage of the McCarran Act?
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32.  President Truman fired General Douglas MacArthur because MacArthur spoke out against the president and made threats against China.
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33.  The staggering number of casualties in the final two months of the Korean War showed that
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34.  After World War II many people believed that solving economic problems would help ensure world peace.
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35.  Why was the United States able to implement the Marshall Plan after World War II?
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36.  What is one effect of the Baby Boom today?
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