Chapter 15 Darwins Theory Of Evolution

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  • 1. 
    What animals did darwin observed?

  • 2. 
    Nature provided the variation and humans selected the useful ones is called __________ ___________

  • 3. 
    A well supported testabloe explaination that have occured in the natural world is a ____________________

  • 4. 
    What islands did darwin visited that had the most changes?

  • 5. 
    What is natural selection?

  • 6. 
    During his travels, darwin made numerous _________ and collected _________ that led him to propose a revolutionary hypothesis about the way _____ changes over time.
    • A. 

      Experiments, specimens, plants

    • B. 

      Observations, evidence, life

    • C. 

      Observations, species, life

    • D. 

      Hypthesis, evidence, evolution

  • 7. 
    Separate answers with a commamalthus reasoned that if the __________  p___________ continued to ________ unchecked, sooner or later there would be ____________ living __________ and __________ for everyone

  • 8. 
    What are fossils?

  • 9. 
    What is evolution?
    • A. 

      Changes in inherited characteristics of a population that help increase the fitness of a species

    • B. 

      Ability of animal to reproduce

    • C. 

      Change over time where modern organisms have descended from ancient organism

  • 10. 
    What did lyell and hutton helped scientists recognize?
    • A. 

      Earth is millions years old and the processes that changed earth in the past are still operating

    • B. 

      Human population are growing and we will run out of supplies

    • C. 

      Inheritance of traits could be acquired

  • 11. 
    What did lamarck's evolution hypotheses suggest?
    • A. 

      Animals changed over time because of natural selection

    • B. 

      Organisms are not adapted to their environment

    • C. 

      Selective use or disuse for a body part change lead to change in that organ when its passed on to the offspring

  • 12. 
    What are the three ideas of evolution?
    • A. 

      Struggle for existence, survival of the fittest, and decent with modification

    • B. 

      Fossil records, survival of the fittest, and geogrpaphic distribution of living things

    • C. 

      Descent with modification , homologous body structures, and similarities in embryology

  • 13. 
    What is fitness
    • A. 

      How healthy an organism is

    • B. 

      The ability to adapt

    • C. 

      The ability to fight

    • D. 

      The ability to reproduce and survive

  • 14. 
    Over time natural selection results in  _____ in the ________ characteristics of a population

  • 15. 
    These changes over time increase the _________ of a species in its environment

  • 16. 
    What are the four indirect evidence of evolution?

  • 17. 
    What book did darwin published with his ideas on evolution?
    • A. 

      Essay on the principle of population

    • B. 

      On the origin of species

    • C. 

      Principles of geology

  • 18. 
    Who is another scientist that presented the idea of evolution around the same time as darwin
    • A. 


    • B. 

      Thomas malthus

    • C. 


    • D. 

      Alfred wallace

  • 19. 
    What was the name of the name of darwin's voyage called?

  • 20. 
    Differences among individual of a species are referred to as
    • A. 

      Natural variation

    • B. 


    • C. 

      Natural selection

    • D. 


  • 21. 
    What is speciation?

  • 22. 
    Fitness is a result of
    • A. 


    • B. 

      Common descent

    • C. 


    • D. 


  • 23. 
    Structures that have different mature forms but develop from the same embryonic tissue are

  • 24. 
    Describe three observations about animals in South America on the Galapagos islands

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