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Ch-3

17 Questions
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Ch-3

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1. Which of the following are prominent theories of justice examined in the text? 
    • A. 

      Aristotle’s principle of proportionate equality

    • B. 

      John Rawls’ egalitarian theory of justice

    • C. 

      John Mill’s theory of justice based on utility

    • D. 

      Robert Nozick’s libertarian entitlement theory

    • E. 

      All of these

  • 2. 
    2. Kant’s moral philosophy is based on:
    • A. 

      Consequences of action.

    • B. 

      Human reason.

    • C. 

      False pretenses.

    • D. 

      All of these.

    • E. 

      None of these.

  • 3. 
    3. “Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law” is an example of which of the following? 
    • A. 

      Categorical imperative

    • B. 

      Hypothetical imperative

    • C. 

      Prudential imperative

    • D. 

      All of these

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 4. 
    4. “Act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of another, always as an end and never as a means only” is an example of which of the following? 
    • A. 

      Categorical imperative

    • B. 

      Hypothetical imperative

    • C. 

      Prudential imperative

    • D. 

      All of these

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 5. 
    5. Which of the following theories holds that rights, properly so called, belong to all persons solely by virtue of being human? 
    • A. 

      Utilitarianism

    • B. 

      Kantian or deontological theories

    • C. 

      Natural Rights theory

    • D. 

      All of these

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 6. 
    6. Which of the following theories holds that rights, properly so called, because they facilitate the human good? 
    • A. 

      Utilitarianism

    • B. 

      Kantian or deontological theories

    • C. 

      Natural Rights theory

    • D. 

      All of these

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 7. 
    7. Which of the following theories holds that innate rights depend on some human convention or judicial act? 
    • A. 

      Utilitarianism

    • B. 

      Kantian or deontological theories

    • C. 

      Natural rights theory

    • D. 

      All of these.

    • E. 

      None of these.

  • 8. 
    8. Which of the following describes “virtue?”
    • A. 

      Those traits that everyone needs for the good life.

    • B. 

      An excellence that is admired in a person

    • C. 

      A disposition to act in a certain way.

    • D. 

      A specific state of character.

    • E. 

      . All of these.

  • 9. 
    9. Which of the following is a strength of virtue ethics? 
    • A. 

      Virtue ethics does not address the problem of conflict.

    • B. 

      Virtue ethics does not fit particularly well with our everyday moral experience.

    • C. 

      Virtue ethics fits well with our everyday moral experience.

    • D. 

      Virtue ethics is incomplete.

  • 10. 
    10. Which of the following is a weakness of virtue ethics?
    • A. 

      Virtue ethics does not fit particularly well with our everyday moral experience.

    • B. 

      Virtue ethics fits well with our everyday moral experience.

    • C. 

      Virtue ethics is incomplete

    • D. 

      There are no weaknesses in virtue ethics.

  • 11. 
    11. According to John Rawls, perfect procedural justice does which of the following? 
    • A. 

      Always produces just outcomes.

    • B. 

      Produces just outcomes only to a certain extent

    • C. 

      Rarely produces just outcomes

    • D. 

      None of these.

  • 12. 
    12. Which of the following holds that all public offices and employment should be made available to everyone?
    • A. 

      The principle of equal liberty

    • B. 

      The difference principle

    • C. 

      The principle of equal opportunity

    • D. 

      All of these

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 13. 
    13. Which of the following states that each person has an equal right to the most extensive set of basic liberties that are compatible with a system of liberty for all? 
    • A. 

      The principle of equal liberty

    • B. 

      The difference principle

    • C. 

      The principle of equal opportunity

    • D. 

      All of these

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 14. 
    14. Which of the following allows an exception to the principle of that each person has an equal right to the basic liberties if some unequal arrangement benefits the least well-off person?
    • A. 

      The principle of equal liberty

    • B. 

      The difference principle

    • C. 

      The principle of equal opportunity

    • D. 

      All of these

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 15. 
    15. According to Adam Smith’s “Invisible Hand” argument, each individual in pursuit of personal gain is: 
    • A. 

      Led by an invisible hand to promote an end (his own benefit) which was no part of his intention.

    • B. 

      Led by an invisible hand to promote an end (his own self-interest) which was no part of his intention.

    • C. 

      Led by an invisible hand to promote an end (the welfare of society) which was no part of his intention

    • D. 

      None of these.

  • 16. 
    16. According to Robert Nozick, under which of the following conditions is a person entitled to their holdings? 
    • A. 

      The principle of just transfer

    • B. 

      The principle of just original acquisition

    • C. 

      The principle of rectification

    • D. 

      . A and B

    • E. 

      All of these

  • 17. 
    17. The point of justice, for Nozick, is which of the following? 
    • A. 

      To protect rights and promote human well-being

    • B. 

      To protect rights and achieve equality

    • C. 

      To protect rights, promote human well-being, and achieve equality

    • D. 

      To protect rights, not to promote human well-being or to achieve