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Political factors play no role in making civil service appointments.
Employees must pass competitive examinations for promotion.
Half of the employees in the Executive branch are appointed by the president.
Federal employees face no limitations on their participation in the political process.
Once hired, a federal employee can never lose his/her job.
The need to regulate business
Responsibility of the government for the welfare of the people.
Administrators who push for larger budgets and staff.
Supreme Court decisions on federal-state relations.
The creation of new agencies to give policy issues a high profile.
Executive agencies are funded through executive departments.
The head of an executive agency holds cabinet rank.
Presidential appointments to a regulatory agency serve for a fixed term.
Executive agencies do no engage in rule making.
Actions by regulatory agencies must be approved by Congress.
The White House press corps, the press secretary, major networks.
Congressional committees, interest groups, federal agencies.
The national security advisor, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State.
Congressional campaign committees, PACs, party national committees.
Defense contractors, Department of Defense, Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Too many civil servants are political appointees.
There are no controls over federal agencies.
The public is unaware of how federal agencies make decisions.
Overlapping jurisdiction contribute to wasteful spending.
It is constantly growing in responsibilities and labor force.
Corporation for Public Broadcasting
Tennessee Valley Authority
U.S. Postal Service
National Endowment for the Arts
I and II only
II and III only
I and IV only
I, II, and IV only
Reduce the size of the work force and reorganize the structure.
Increase spending for all federal agencies.
Get Congress to approve additional staffing levels for executive departments.
Eliminate the Department of Labor
Limit congressional oversight of independent regulatory agencies
Standard operating procedures
Power of the purse
Confirmation presidential appointments