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Biology Quarterly Test 3

25 Questions
Biology Quarterly Test 3

Quarterly test 3

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What change to the concept of macroevolution did Neo-Darwinism make?
  • 2. 
    What age-old concept was Darwin able to dispel with his research?
  • 3. 
    How would an adherent to punctuated equilibrium explain the lack of intermediate links in the fossil record?
  • 4. 
    Does the study of structural homology provide evidence for or against macroevolution? Why?
  • 5. 
    Did Darwin ever recant his scientific beliefs?
  • 6. 
    The amino acid sequences in the protein called cytochrome C are studied for many different organisms. The sequences are all compared to that of a horse. According to the macroevolution hypothesis, which should be more similar to the cytochrome C of a horse: the cytochrome C of a fish, the cytochrome C of a giraffe, or the cytochrome C of a bacterium?
  • 7. 
    If the data discussed in problem #6 were actually analyzed, would the result be as predicted by the macroevolution hypothesis?
  • 8. 
  • 9. 
    What is the principal means by which oxygen is taken from the air?
  • 10. 
    What is the principal means by which oxygen is restored to the air?
  • 11. 
    Between which two trophic levels is the smallest amount of energy wasted? 
  • 12. 
    Is global warming occurring now?
  • 13. 
    Are the vast majority of animals vertebrates or invertebrates?
  • 14. 
    How do sponges get their prey?
  • 15. 
    What roles do amebocytes play in the life of a sponge?
  • 16. 
    Why do cnidarians not need respiratory or excretory systems?
  • 17. 
    If a jellyfish reproduces sexually, what form is it in?
  • 18. 
    What will happen to an earthworm if its cuticle gets dry?
  • 19. 
    If a flatworm has complex nervous and digestive systems, is it most likely free-living or parasitic?
  • 20. 
    Name the five common characteristics among the arthropods.
  • 21. 
    What happens when a crayfish loses a limb?
  • 22. 
    Why do arthropods molt?
  • 23. 
    What five characteristics set arachnids apart from the other arthropods?
  • 24. 
    What four characteristics set insects apart from the other arthropods?
  • 25. 
    Why don’t insects have respiratory systems?