Bio 113 Final

88 Questions  I  By Manic19oo
Bio 113 Final
Bio 113 Final
Howard Jennings

  
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1.  A molecule that stores energy by linking charged prosphate groups near each other is called:
2.  In eukaryotes, the glycolytic reactions take place in the:
3.  The first stage of cellular respiration, and the oldest in terms of evolution is:
4.  In the absence of oxygen, hydrogen atoms generated by glycolysis are donated to organic molecules in a process called:
5.  At least 90% of organisms on the earth are heterotrophs. Example include all of the following except:
6.  Chemiosmotic generation of ATP is driven by:
7.  The reaction C6 H6 O6 + 6O2 = 6 CO2 + 6 H20, when it occurs in living cells is known as:
8.  Out of the total amount of free energy potentially available from total oxidation of glucose, the number of ATP made by cells is equal to an energy efficiency of about:
9.  In which of the following steps of glycoloysis are two ATP molecules required?
10.  A process common to all living organisms, aerobic and anaerobic, is
11.  All of the following are the end products of glycolysis except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  A single glucose molecule can drive the Krebs cycle:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The coenzyme electron carriers produced in the Krebs cycle are:
14.  The oxygen utilized in cellular respiration finally shows up as:
15.  The enzymes of the Krebs cycle are located in the
16.  The energy released in the mitochondrial electron transport chain is used to transport protons to the:
17.  Yeast cells under anaerobic conditions
18.  In muscle cells, fermentation produces not alcohol but
19.  A gram of fatty acid can yeild how many more times the energy as one gram of glucose?
20.  During aerobic respiration the final acceptor of the hydrogen atoms is:
21.  Select the correct sequence concerning glucose catabolism
22.  Which of the following statements accurately refelcts the process of glycolysis?
23.  When substrate-level phosphorylation occurs, it means that
24.  Cells release energy from molecules such as glucose in a process very similar to inhaltion of air and exhaltion of carbon dioxide by humans. This process is called cellular:
25.  In a cell exposed to DNP, how many ATP molecules would be generated per molecule of glucose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Eukaryotic chromosomes are composed of a complex of 60% protein and 40% DNA. The name of this chemical complex is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  If a eukaryotic cell has a single set of chromosomes, it is called:
A.
B.
C.
28.  The physical map of the array of chromosomes is called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The physical distribution of cytoplasmic material into the two daughter cells is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  What of the following cell functions are maintained by cell division?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The number of chromosomes characterisic of eukaryotes, in general is:
32.  Before cell division of the body cells, each homologue replicates into two pairs. These parts are connected by a centromere and are called:
33.  Which of the following sequence of cell-cycle phases is characteristic of eukaryotes
34.  The primary growth phase of a cell is:
35.  The phase of the cell cycle which the cytoplasm divides to form two cells is:
36.  The first stage of mitosis, when the chromosomes become visibly shorter and thicker is
37.  The chromosomes line up at the equator of the spindle during:
38.  Microtubules become shorter, pulling chromatids to the ends of the spindle, during
39.  Animal cells typically achieve cytokinesis by:
40.  The proteins that participate in the functioning of the checkpoints for the cell cycle controls are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  A scientsis wants to study histones. Histones are:
42.  A cell biologist is conducting a karyotype procedure on alligator red blood cells. Exactly what does this mean?
43.  If a cell has 32 chromosomes prior to the S and undergoes mitosis following by cytokinesis, each new daughter celll with have how many chromosomes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Diploid organisms use meiosis for the development of gametes. Meiosis consist of how many rounds of nuclear division?
45.  The paring of chromosomes along their lengths which is essential for crossing over is referred to as:
46.  The cell produced by the fusion of an egg and sperm is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  All of the following animal cells are diploid except
48.  The point of connection between two sister chromatids before anaphase of mitosis seperates them is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  In one the first steps in meoiosis, the
50.  Chromosomes exchange generic information by
51.  Between the two divisions of meiosis there is
52.  Crossing over of chromosoems takes palce in
53.  Sexual reproduction increases genetic variability through all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  One of the most likely explanations for the evolutionary origin of sexual reproduction is that
55.  Meosis and mitosis are both processes that involve nuclear division. What is the difference between the two?
56.  The homologous chromosomes pair up during meiosis 1. Each homologue pairs along its entire length. This process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The majority of the meiosis 1 is spent in prophase 1 and metaphase 1. After metaphase 1 is completed, anaphase 1, and telophase quickly proceed, thus ending meiosis 1. Which immediately follows meiosis 1?
58.  All of the folloing are processes that promote new genetic combinations except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The only mammals that lay eggs are called
60.  In humans, which embryonic tissues are indifferent?
61.  Mammals that retain their young for a long period of development within the mother's uterus are
62.  An adult male produces sperm continuously by meiotic division of the germinal cells ling the
63.  The horomone that is tested for in all pregnancy test is
64.  Which of the following is not correctly mated in their modes of reproduction?
65.  Metamorphosis is a feature of
66.  The intense selective pressure for terrestrial vertebrates to evolve internal fertilization was that on land
67.  Which of the following statements is true in reptiles?
68.  Animals that maintain a relatively constant body temperature independent of the environment are called
69.  The hormones involved in the estrous cycle are
70.  The embryos of placental mammals
71.  The scrotum, the inguinal canal outside the abdomen in which the testes are suspended, is essential in the males of mammals because?
72.  The sperm head encloses a compact nucleus and is capped by a vesicle called a
73.  Which of the following is not a female accessory sex organ
74.  Select the correct sequence of events of the human menstrual phase beginning and ending with the menstrual cycle
75.  The uterine lining prolifeates during the female cycle and then sloughs off in the process of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  The hormone assayed in the pregnancy test is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Normal fertilization of an egg by a sperm to produce the zygote in a human female occurs
78.  Birth control pills prevent fertilization by
79.  Vertebrates that practice internal fertilization emply three strategies for embryonic and fetal development. The stragey in which the female retains the young and the young develop and obtain nourishment from the females blood is referred to as:
80.  The eggs of birds contain a fluid-filled cavity called the
81.  Fish thing
82.  Which of the following determines genetic sex in mammals?
83.  Which of the following have young which feed on breast milk
84.  All of the following are male accesorry organs except the
85.  Select the incorrect staement regarind the human female reproductive system
86.  Select the mismatched hormone with its function
87.  The most commonly employed form of birth control in the United States
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Which of the following are considered asexual reproduction?1 fission2 parthogenesis3. budding4. hermaphroditism
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