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Bacteria, Archaea, And Viruses

22 Questions
Bacteria Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Archaea

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Protista

    • D. 

      Fungi

    • E. 

      Plantae

    • F. 

      Animalia

  • 2. 
    Reproduction is mostly _____ by means of binary fission
    • A. 

      Asexual

    • B. 

      Sexual

  • 3. 
    Small, circular DNA molecules are called plasmids 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Cell wall with unusual chemical properties

    • B. 

      Slimy-coating capsule

    • C. 

      Fimbriae: Hair like appendages

  • 5. 
    Kingdom Archaea-the archaebacteria has a unique RNA sequence and lacks muramic acid in their cell walls
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Anaerobic

    • B. 

      Aerobic

  • 7. 
    Salt bacteria can carry on a simple form of photosynthesis with the aid of a membrane-bound red pigment called bacterial rhodopsin
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Kingdom Bacteria-the true bacteria contains muramic acid in the cell walls, and different RNA base sequences and lipids than archaebacteria 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Call Bacteriae are mostly _____
    • A. 

      Autotrophs

    • B. 

      Heterotrophs

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Only organisms that can fix nitrogen use atmospheric nitrogen and produce oxygen
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Heterocysts

    • B. 

      Akinetes

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Heterocysts

    • B. 

      Akinetes

  • 15. 
    Viruses consist of a nuclei acid core (RNA or DNA) surrounded by a protein coat
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Viruses reproduce themselves only by taking over host cells
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Tail fibers that stick to receptors 
    • A. 

      Attachment

    • B. 

      Pentration

    • C. 

      Release

    • D. 

      Biosynthesis

    • E. 

      Maturation

  • 18. 
    Tail sheath injects DNA
    • A. 

      Release

    • B. 

      Biosynthesis

    • C. 

      Penetration

    • D. 

      Maturation

    • E. 

      Attachment

  • 19. 
    Viral DNA takes over -Makes enzymes to break down host DNA, then uses the nucleosides for its own replication -Makes proteins for its own structure 
    • A. 

      Maturation

    • B. 

      Release

    • C. 

      Attachment

    • D. 

      Biosynthesis

    • E. 

      Penetration

  • 20. 
    Viral proteins assemble
    • A. 

      Maturation

    • B. 

      Attachment

    • C. 

      Release

    • D. 

      Biosynthesis

    • E. 

      Penetration

  • 21. 
    Viral enzymes destroy the cell membrane and escape 
    • A. 

      Release

    • B. 

      Attachment

    • C. 

      Maturation

    • D. 

      Biosynthesis

    • E. 

      Penetration

  • 22. 
    Viroids are circular strands of RNA that invade the nuclei of infected plants 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False