Bacteria, Archaea, And Viruses

22 Questions  I  By Mpridemore14
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Bacteria Quizzes & Trivia

  
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  • 1. 
    Which systems are prokaryotic?
    • A. 

      Archaea

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Protista

    • D. 

      Fungi

    • E. 

      Plantae

    • F. 

      Animalia


  • 2. 
    Reproduction is mostly _____ by means of binary fission
    • A. 

      Asexual

    • B. 

      Sexual


  • 3. 
    Small, circular DNA molecules are called plasmids 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 4. 
    Which of the following may bacteria have?
    • A. 

      Cell wall with unusual chemical properties

    • B. 

      Slimy-coating capsule

    • C. 

      Fimbriae: Hair like appendages


  • 5. 
    Kingdom Archaea-the archaebacteria has a unique RNA sequence and lacks muramic acid in their cell walls
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 6. 
    Methane bacteria is:
    • A. 

      Anaerobic

    • B. 

      Aerobic


  • 7. 
    Salt bacteria can carry on a simple form of photosynthesis with the aid of a membrane-bound red pigment called bacterial rhodopsin
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 8. 
    Kingdom Bacteria-the true bacteria contains muramic acid in the cell walls, and different RNA base sequences and lipids than archaebacteria 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 9. 
    Call Bacteriae are mostly _____
    • A. 

      Autotrophs

    • B. 

      Heterotrophs


  • 10. 
    Cyanobateria have blue and red phycobilin pigments that are found in higher plants
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 11. 
    Cyanobacteria produce oxygen when they photosynthesize 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 12. 
    Only organisms that can fix nitrogen use atmospheric nitrogen and produce oxygen
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 13. 
    Larger, colorless cells, nitrogen-fixing cells where fragmentation often takes place
    • A. 

      Heterocysts

    • B. 

      Akinetes


  • 14. 
    Thick-walled cells that can resist freezing and other adverse conditoins
    • A. 

      Heterocysts

    • B. 

      Akinetes


  • 15. 
    Viruses consist of a nuclei acid core (RNA or DNA) surrounded by a protein coat
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    Viruses reproduce themselves only by taking over host cells
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 17. 
    Tail fibers that stick to receptors 
    • A. 

      Attachment

    • B. 

      Pentration

    • C. 

      Release

    • D. 

      Biosynthesis

    • E. 

      Maturation


  • 18. 
    Tail sheath injects DNA
    • A. 

      Release

    • B. 

      Biosynthesis

    • C. 

      Penetration

    • D. 

      Maturation

    • E. 

      Attachment


  • 19. 
    Viral DNA takes over -Makes enzymes to break down host DNA, then uses the nucleosides for its own replication -Makes proteins for its own structure 
    • A. 

      Maturation

    • B. 

      Release

    • C. 

      Attachment

    • D. 

      Biosynthesis

    • E. 

      Penetration


  • 20. 
    Viral proteins assemble
    • A. 

      Maturation

    • B. 

      Attachment

    • C. 

      Release

    • D. 

      Biosynthesis

    • E. 

      Penetration


  • 21. 
    Viral enzymes destroy the cell membrane and escape 
    • A. 

      Release

    • B. 

      Attachment

    • C. 

      Maturation

    • D. 

      Biosynthesis

    • E. 

      Penetration


  • 22. 
    Viroids are circular strands of RNA that invade the nuclei of infected plants 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


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