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Astronomy Final Test 1

40 Questions  I  By Brentzel
Astronomy Final Test 1

  
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1.  Who discovered Jupiter has moons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  If we observe one edge of a planets to be redshifted and the opposite edge to be blueshifted, what can we conclude about the planet? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The entire range of light is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  If you wanted to increase the force of gravity between to objects you could
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Suppose the Sun shrank in size but its mass remained the same. What would happen to the orbit of the Earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which color star would have the highest temperature?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  A spectrume that has a rainbow background with black lines in it is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Why did Copernicus' model of the Solar System do no better in predicting the position of the planets than the ancient Greeks?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following is NOT one of, nor a direct consequence of, Kepler's Laws?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  To be scientifically valid, and experiment should 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which one explains the reason there are not eclipses every month?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Say a yellow star was moving toward Earth at a very high speed. What color might it appear to an astronomer on Earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of the following statements about scientific theories in NOT true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Suppose that star X and Star Y both have redshifts, but Star X has a larger redshift than Star Y. What can you conclude
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The light from an object can help astronomers determine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following would require the fastest escape velocity to escapes Earth's gravity and fly off into space?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  What observation did the ancient Greek astronomers try to search for to prove a heliocentric Solar System?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Only one of the following statements used the term theory in its correct scientific sense, what is it?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  A lunar eclipse occurs when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  All of the following statements are true. Which one follows directly from Kepler's 3rd Law?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  When do the highest tides occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  On which of the following days does the Sun rise due east and set due west everywhere on Earth
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which of the following best describes the origin of ocean tides on Earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The purpose of science as discussed in class is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Why are astronauts weightless in the Space Station?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  According to Kepler's Laws, when does a planet move fastest in its orbit around the Sun?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The Milky Way feature in the sky shows that the shape of our Galaxy is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Who discovered the universal law of gravity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following scientific terms encompasses the most verified information
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which property of stars cannot be determined from our model of the Celestial Sphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  A hypothesis is considered scientific only if it
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  What causes the apparent retrograde motion of the planets?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The orbit of each planet around the Sun is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  On what day is South Carolina in direct Sunlight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  From a laboratory measurements, we know that a particular spectral line formed by hydrogen appears at a wavelength of 121.6 nm. The spectrum of a particular star show the same hydrogen line appearing at a wavelength of 121.8 nm. What can we conclude?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Stars rise in the east and set in the west over the course of a single night due to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following is NOT a way that light and matter interact?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The color of light is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Earth's rotation axis is tilted by 23.5 degrees with respect to Earth's orbit around the Sun. This causes the effect we call
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  How does the force of gravity of the Sun on Mars compare to the force of gravity of Mars on the Sun?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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