Astronomy Final Test 1

40 Questions  I  By Brentzel
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Astronomy Quizzes & Trivia

  
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1.  According to Kepler's Laws, when does a planet move fastest in its orbit around the Sun?
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2.  Which color star would have the highest temperature?
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B.
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E.
3.  The entire range of light is called the
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B.
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D.
4.  If we observe one edge of a planets to be redshifted and the opposite edge to be blueshifted, what can we conclude about the planet? 
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B.
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D.
5.  On what day is South Carolina in direct Sunlight?
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6.  The Milky Way feature in the sky shows that the shape of our Galaxy is
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7.  Say a yellow star was moving toward Earth at a very high speed. What color might it appear to an astronomer on Earth?
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8.  Only one of the following statements used the term theory in its correct scientific sense, what is it?
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9.  Stars rise in the east and set in the west over the course of a single night due to 
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10.  When do the highest tides occur?
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11.  From a laboratory measurements, we know that a particular spectral line formed by hydrogen appears at a wavelength of 121.6 nm. The spectrum of a particular star show the same hydrogen line appearing at a wavelength of 121.8 nm. What can we conclude?
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12.  Which one explains the reason there are not eclipses every month?
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13.  Suppose the Sun shrank in size but its mass remained the same. What would happen to the orbit of the Earth?
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14.  To be scientifically valid, and experiment should 
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15.  Why are astronauts weightless in the Space Station?
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16.  Which of the following statements about scientific theories in NOT true?
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17.  The light from an object can help astronomers determine
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18.  If you wanted to increase the force of gravity between to objects you could
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19.  Which property of stars cannot be determined from our model of the Celestial Sphere?
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20.  Which of the following is NOT a way that light and matter interact?
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21.  Which of the following best describes the origin of ocean tides on Earth?
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22.  What observation did the ancient Greek astronomers try to search for to prove a heliocentric Solar System?
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23.  All of the following statements are true. Which one follows directly from Kepler's 3rd Law?
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D.
24.  The purpose of science as discussed in class is
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25.  On which of the following days does the Sun rise due east and set due west everywhere on Earth
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26.  A hypothesis is considered scientific only if it
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27.  Which of the following would require the fastest escape velocity to escapes Earth's gravity and fly off into space?
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28.  The color of light is determined by
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29.  Earth's rotation axis is tilted by 23.5 degrees with respect to Earth's orbit around the Sun. This causes the effect we call
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30.  Which of the following is NOT one of, nor a direct consequence of, Kepler's Laws?
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31.  A lunar eclipse occurs when
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32.  Why did Copernicus' model of the Solar System do no better in predicting the position of the planets than the ancient Greeks?
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33.  Suppose that star X and Star Y both have redshifts, but Star X has a larger redshift than Star Y. What can you conclude
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B.
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34.  The orbit of each planet around the Sun is a(n)
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E.
35.  What causes the apparent retrograde motion of the planets?
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36.  Who discovered Jupiter has moons?
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37.  How does the force of gravity of the Sun on Mars compare to the force of gravity of Mars on the Sun?
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38.  A spectrume that has a rainbow background with black lines in it is called
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39.  Who discovered the universal law of gravity?
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40.  Which of the following scientific terms encompasses the most verified information
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E.
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