Astronomy Final Test 1

40 Questions  I  By Brentzel on December 7, 2010

  
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1.  The orbit of each planet around the Sun is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  When do the highest tides occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Only one of the following statements used the term theory in its correct scientific sense, what is it?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following scientific terms encompasses the most verified information
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  A lunar eclipse occurs when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  To be scientifically valid, and experiment should 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  All of the following statements are true. Which one follows directly from Kepler's 3rd Law?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Suppose the Sun shrank in size but its mass remained the same. What would happen to the orbit of the Earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Who discovered Jupiter has moons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The entire range of light is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  If we observe one edge of a planets to be redshifted and the opposite edge to be blueshifted, what can we conclude about the planet? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following would require the fastest escape velocity to escapes Earth's gravity and fly off into space?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Earth's rotation axis is tilted by 23.5 degrees with respect to Earth's orbit around the Sun. This causes the effect we call
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Who discovered the universal law of gravity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  What observation did the ancient Greek astronomers try to search for to prove a heliocentric Solar System?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  On what day is South Carolina in direct Sunlight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which of the following statements about scientific theories in NOT true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Say a yellow star was moving toward Earth at a very high speed. What color might it appear to an astronomer on Earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  From a laboratory measurements, we know that a particular spectral line formed by hydrogen appears at a wavelength of 121.6 nm. The spectrum of a particular star show the same hydrogen line appearing at a wavelength of 121.8 nm. What can we conclude?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  If you wanted to increase the force of gravity between to objects you could
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B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The light from an object can help astronomers determine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Why did Copernicus' model of the Solar System do no better in predicting the position of the planets than the ancient Greeks?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  On which of the following days does the Sun rise due east and set due west everywhere on Earth
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which property of stars cannot be determined from our model of the Celestial Sphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Suppose that star X and Star Y both have redshifts, but Star X has a larger redshift than Star Y. What can you conclude
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of the following is NOT a way that light and matter interact?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Stars rise in the east and set in the west over the course of a single night due to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The purpose of science as discussed in class is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  According to Kepler's Laws, when does a planet move fastest in its orbit around the Sun?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  A spectrume that has a rainbow background with black lines in it is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which color star would have the highest temperature?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the following best describes the origin of ocean tides on Earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Why are astronauts weightless in the Space Station?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  A hypothesis is considered scientific only if it
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The Milky Way feature in the sky shows that the shape of our Galaxy is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  How does the force of gravity of the Sun on Mars compare to the force of gravity of Mars on the Sun?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which of the following is NOT one of, nor a direct consequence of, Kepler's Laws?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  What causes the apparent retrograde motion of the planets?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The color of light is determined by
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B.
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D.
E.
40.  Which one explains the reason there are not eclipses every month?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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