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Astronomy Final Test 1

40 Questions  I  By Brentzel
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1.  Say a yellow star was moving toward Earth at a very high speed. What color might it appear to an astronomer on Earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The light from an object can help astronomers determine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  When do the highest tides occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Suppose the Sun shrank in size but its mass remained the same. What would happen to the orbit of the Earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Why did Copernicus' model of the Solar System do no better in predicting the position of the planets than the ancient Greeks?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  A spectrume that has a rainbow background with black lines in it is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Suppose that star X and Star Y both have redshifts, but Star X has a larger redshift than Star Y. What can you conclude
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  What causes the apparent retrograde motion of the planets?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The color of light is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Only one of the following statements used the term theory in its correct scientific sense, what is it?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Stars rise in the east and set in the west over the course of a single night due to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The Milky Way feature in the sky shows that the shape of our Galaxy is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  A hypothesis is considered scientific only if it
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14.  According to Kepler's Laws, when does a planet move fastest in its orbit around the Sun?
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B.
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D.
E.
15.  How does the force of gravity of the Sun on Mars compare to the force of gravity of Mars on the Sun?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  What observation did the ancient Greek astronomers try to search for to prove a heliocentric Solar System?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Which of the following would require the fastest escape velocity to escapes Earth's gravity and fly off into space?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The entire range of light is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  If you wanted to increase the force of gravity between to objects you could
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E.
20.  To be scientifically valid, and experiment should 
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21.  Who discovered the universal law of gravity?
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B.
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22.  Which of the following statements about scientific theories in NOT true?
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B.
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E.
23.  Which of the following scientific terms encompasses the most verified information
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24.  The purpose of science as discussed in class is
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25.  On which of the following days does the Sun rise due east and set due west everywhere on Earth
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B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which color star would have the highest temperature?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  All of the following statements are true. Which one follows directly from Kepler's 3rd Law?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which one explains the reason there are not eclipses every month?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  If we observe one edge of a planets to be redshifted and the opposite edge to be blueshifted, what can we conclude about the planet? 
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B.
C.
D.
30.  The orbit of each planet around the Sun is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of the following best describes the origin of ocean tides on Earth?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Who discovered Jupiter has moons?
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B.
C.
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E.
33.  A lunar eclipse occurs when
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34.  Which of the following is NOT one of, nor a direct consequence of, Kepler's Laws?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Earth's rotation axis is tilted by 23.5 degrees with respect to Earth's orbit around the Sun. This causes the effect we call
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  On what day is South Carolina in direct Sunlight?
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B.
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D.
E.
37.  Which property of stars cannot be determined from our model of the Celestial Sphere?
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B.
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D.
E.
38.  Which of the following is NOT a way that light and matter interact?
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B.
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D.
E.
39.  Why are astronauts weightless in the Space Station?
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B.
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D.
40.  From a laboratory measurements, we know that a particular spectral line formed by hydrogen appears at a wavelength of 121.6 nm. The spectrum of a particular star show the same hydrogen line appearing at a wavelength of 121.8 nm. What can we conclude?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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