AP Human Geography Practice Exam #4

47 Questions  I  By JokerIncolor1995aa
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AP Human GeogrAPhy Quizzes & Trivia
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  • 1. 
    Slash-and-burn agriculture is
    • A. 

      Not sustainable

    • B. 

      Practiced in high, mountainous regions

    • C. 

      Typical for tropical forests

    • D. 

      A relatively new invention

    • E. 

      Always completely sustainable


  • 2. 
    Increased air pollution, inner city decay, homogenization of landscapes, and loss of productive farmland are all caused by
    • A. 

      Climate change

    • B. 

      Postmodernism

    • C. 

      Gentrification

    • D. 

      Suburbanization

    • E. 

      Ghettoization


  • 3. 
    Chile is an example of a(n)
    • A. 

      Microstate

    • B. 

      Fragmented state

    • C. 

      Compact state

    • D. 

      Elongated state

    • E. 

      Perforated state


  • 4. 
    The religious practices of many cultural groups combine elements of Christianity with the traditional religions of their ancestors. This is an example of a(n)
    • A. 

      Independent innovation of cultural traits

    • B. 

      Cultural lag

    • C. 

      Relocation diffusion

    • D. 

      Creolized religion

    • E. 

      Culutral syncretism


  • 5. 
    All of the following characterize the Green Revolution EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Development and improvement of chemicals used in agricultural production

    • B. 

      Technological improvements such as hybrid seeds

    • C. 

      Exportation of agricultural techniques from developed to developing countries

    • D. 

      Use of more environmentally sustainable "green" techniques in agricultural production

    • E. 

      More intensive production of agricultural goods in developing regions


  • 6. 
    A cognitive map (mental map) is
    • A. 

      A map of exact differences between landmarks

    • B. 

      Made up of beliefs of what is in the environment and where it is

    • C. 

      Any map without a projection

    • D. 

      A map someone sketches to give another person directions

    • E. 

      A map showing where people prefer to live


  • 7. 
    Cindy's store on main street sells paintings primarily to tourists visiting Hilton Head, South Carolina from other cities. This is part of the
    • A. 

      Basic economy of HIlton Head

    • B. 

      Non basic economy of Hilton Head

    • C. 

      Informal economy of Hilton Head

    • D. 

      Secondary economy of Hilton Head

    • E. 

      Ancillary economy of Hilton Head


  • 8. 
    A ____ is a group of people with a common cultural identity, and a ____ is a country with recognized borders.
    • A. 

      Territory...state

    • B. 

      Nation...territory

    • C. 

      State...territory

    • D. 

      Nation...state

    • E. 

      Territory...nation


  • 9. 
    Which of the following contributes MOST to both current and projected population growth?
    • A. 

      Decreasing crude birth rate

    • B. 

      Decreasing total fertility rate

    • C. 

      Decreasing death rate

    • D. 

      Pronatalist population policies

    • E. 

      Demographic momentum


  • 10. 
    The number of live births each woman has in her lifetime, on average, is the
    • A. 

      Rate of natural increase

    • B. 

      Fertility rate

    • C. 

      Replacement rate

    • D. 

      Dependency ratio

    • E. 

      Crude birth rate


  • 11. 
    Which is true about agriculture as a cultural innovation?
    • A. 

      It was probably first carried out by women, not men

    • B. 

      It definitely involved seed planting before vegetative planting

    • C. 

      It probably occurred in nomadic cultures first

    • D. 

      It is the first example of genetic modification of organisms

    • E. 

      It happened exclusively in the Middle East


  • 12. 
    The Demographic Accounting Equation takes all of the following factors into account when calculating a country's population except
    • A. 

      Natural increase

    • B. 

      Natural decrease

    • C. 

      Total fertility rate

    • D. 

      Immigration

    • E. 

      Emigration


  • 13. 
    When two groups of people who speak different languages interact (to make trade, for example), they often make up a simplified language combination to communicate with each other. This is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Dialect

    • B. 

      Pidgin

    • C. 

      Pig tounge

    • D. 

      Creole

    • E. 

      Accent


  • 14. 
    How does the amount of generalization typically change when map scale decreases(i.e., changes from a larger scale to a smaller scale map)?
    • A. 

      That depends on whether it's a reference map or not

    • B. 

      It decreases

    • C. 

      It increases

    • D. 

      It depends on the map scale

    • E. 

      It does not change


  • 15. 
    If only biotic potential is operating (no checks on population growth), a standard graph of population growth would look like
    • A. 

      A ? curve

    • B. 

      An S-curve

    • C. 

      A J-curve

    • D. 

      A straight line

    • E. 

      A diagonal line with a slope of one


  • 16. 
    According to rank-size rule, a city that has a rank of three
    • A. 

      Would be the second city closest to that city's primate city

    • B. 

      Would contain approximately one-third of the urban amenities generally provided within that country

    • C. 

      Would contain one-third of the country's total urban population

    • D. 

      Would be the third closest city to the country's capital

    • E. 

      Would contain one-third of the population of the country's largest city


  • 17. 
    Country A is in stage 1 of demographic transition, while country B is in stage 2. Net migration is equal in both countries. Which of the following is true about the population growth of these two countries?
    • A. 

      Population growth rate of country A is higher than that of country B

    • B. 

      Population growth rate of country B is higher than that of country A

    • C. 

      The population of both countries is decreasing

    • D. 

      The population of both countries is not changing

    • E. 

      It depends on the total fertility rates in each country


  • 18. 
    Which of the following best describes "exurbia?"
    • A. 

      Usually found in Europe and Asia

    • B. 

      Generally locatedalong freeways on the outskirts of major cities

    • C. 

      Made up of small, isolated communities consisting mostly of telecommuters

    • D. 

      Usually designed by the Beautiful City tradition

    • E. 

      Lies outside of urban zoning restrictions


  • 19. 
    Primate cities are those that
    • A. 

      Are seats of political power within a country

    • B. 

      Are disproportionately larger than other cities in a country

    • C. 

      Are the largest cities in a country

    • D. 

      Conform to the rank-size rule as the highest ranked city in a country

    • E. 

      Are giant conurbations


  • 20. 
    Why does Central Place Theory (CPT) predict hexagonal market areas?
    • A. 

      Because CPT deals with consumer behavior

    • B. 

      Hexagons prevent overlap or unaccounted space in market areas

    • C. 

      People within hexagonal circular market areas live only within urban areas

    • D. 

      Actually, CPT does not predict hexagonal market areas

    • E. 

      Because CPT only applies to rural areas where market areas are small


  • 21. 
    These makeshift neighborhoods, constructed of scrap materials, are found in all of the world's largest peripheral cities.
    • A. 

      Edge cities

    • B. 

      Squatter settlements

    • C. 

      Swidden lands

    • D. 

      Gentrified districts

    • E. 

      Informal economic sectors


  • 22. 
    According to Von Thunen's model, why is wheat farmed further from the market than dairy is?
    • A. 

      People like milk more than bread

    • B. 

      Dairy generates more revenue per acre

    • C. 

      The climate is different near the market

    • D. 

      Land rent is more expensive further from the market

    • E. 

      Wheat is more expensive to transport


  • 23. 
    Which of the following languages is the dominant language (other than English) spoken by people over the age of five in their homes in the U.S.?
    • A. 

      Madarin Chinese

    • B. 

      Spanish

    • C. 

      Hindu

    • D. 

      Native American languages

    • E. 

      Tagalog


  • 24. 
    According to the Material Index Model, if you are a tire producer and the weight of the rubber required to make your tires is MORE near the trees where it is harvested than the rubber that's processed as a tire product, you will locate your tire factory
    • A. 

      Close to the tire market

    • B. 

      Close to the rubber trees

    • C. 

      In the middle between trees and the market

    • D. 

      It doesn't matter because tires are easy to transport

    • E. 

      It doesn't matter because tires are a footloose industry


  • 25. 
    Which language family has the most speakers across the globe?
    • A. 

      Sino-Tibetan

    • B. 

      Madarin Chinese

    • C. 

      Indo-European

    • D. 

      Afro-Asiatic

    • E. 

      Uralic Altaic


  • 26. 
    A company that sells through the INternet is free to locate far from its market. It is a
    • A. 

      Primary economic activity

    • B. 

      Cottage industry

    • C. 

      Service activity

    • D. 

      Basic industry

    • E. 

      Footloose industry


  • 27. 
    Given a topographic contour (isoline) map, which pattern of contour lines would show the sleepest slope?
    • A. 

      Open areas with no contour lines

    • B. 

      Widely spaced contour lined

    • C. 

      Evenly spaced contour lines

    • D. 

      Closely spaced contour lines

    • E. 

      You can't tell slopes from contour lines, only elevations


  • 28. 
    The _________________ in the U.S. will greatly increase over the next couple of decades as baby boomers reach old age and are no longer able to provide for themselves,
    • A. 

      Poverty line

    • B. 

      Population pyramid

    • C. 

      Doubling time

    • D. 

      Population total

    • E. 

      Dependency ratio


  • 29. 
    Which is a good example of a functional region?
    • A. 

      The Bible belt states

    • B. 

      The area served by a local bus line

    • C. 

      The state of california

    • D. 

      An individual's perception of his/her daily activity space

    • E. 

      An area where one dominant langauage prevails


  • 30. 
    A thematic map that shows quanities of some variable by shrinking or expanding the sizes of regions is called
    • A. 

      An image map

    • B. 

      A choropleth map

    • C. 

      A projected map

    • D. 

      An isoline map

    • E. 

      A cartogram


  • 31. 
    On a Mercator projection map, where will you find the landmasses most exaggerated in relative size?
    • A. 

      Near the poles

    • B. 

      Actually, land masses aren't exaggerated on a Mercator map

    • C. 

      Near the prime meridian

    • D. 

      Near the equator

    • E. 

      Near the major oceans


  • 32. 
    According to the demographic transition model, a country at the end of demographic transition usually has which of the following?
    • A. 

      High birth and low death rates

    • B. 

      A high infant mortality rate

    • C. 

      A high crude birth rate

    • D. 

      Low birth and death rates

    • E. 

      Low fertility and high death rate


  • 33. 
    To map the surface of the Earth, geographers use different projections because
    • A. 

      No projection can show the entire Earth on a single map

    • B. 

      No projection is ideal for the purposes of every map

    • C. 

      The appearence of the earth's surface changes with the seasons

    • D. 

      Some parts of the earth haven't been surveyed accurately

    • E. 

      They don't anymore; all maps are now produced using the same projection


  • 34. 
    Mexico's maquiladoras are examples of
    • A. 

      Offshore financial centers

    • B. 

      Brick-and-mortar businesses

    • C. 

      Ancillary activities

    • D. 

      Informal economic activities

    • E. 

      Export processing zones


  • 35. 
    Which is a good example of planned agriculture?
    • A. 

      Increased transport costs for bulkier items

    • B. 

      Price supports for milk

    • C. 

      Pastoral nomadism

    • D. 

      The price of oranges going up after a hard freeze in FL

    • E. 

      Markets that conform to von Thunen model


  • 36. 
    Domingo owns a piece of land in the southwest U.S. that he irrigated heavily in order to grow tomatoes. Domingo's land is now infertile. What process most likely caused Domingo's soil to become unproductive?
    • A. 

      Gentrification

    • B. 

      Deforestation

    • C. 

      Salinization

    • D. 

      Desertification

    • E. 

      Global climate change


  • 37. 
    Where do people move when they participate in gentrification?
    • A. 

      To the city

    • B. 

      To residential suburbs

    • C. 

      To rural wilderness areas

    • D. 

      They don't move, they just change jobs

    • E. 

      To the ghetto


  • 38. 
    Which is true about the conditions of women in MDCs compared to those in LDCs?
    • A. 

      Women are more likely to be employed in agriculture in MDCs

    • B. 

      Women are less likely to be literate in LDCs

    • C. 

      Women do not perform labor in MDCs

    • D. 

      Women are more likely to participate in government positions in MDCs

    • E. 

      Women are more likely to have multiple children in MDCs


  • 39. 
    Which of the following is the best example of what geographers mean when they say that cities exist as a part of urabn hierarchy?
    • A. 

      Cities are nucleated entities

    • B. 

      Like small cities, large cities provide low-order commodities; large cities also provide high-order commodities

    • C. 

      Cities provide goods and services for their inhabitants

    • D. 

      The size of cities has been increasing

    • E. 

      Cities are always the source of innovations that diffuse hierarchically


  • 40. 
    All of the following were part of the Green Revolution in the 1960s and 1970s EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Use of chemical fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides

    • B. 

      New hybrid seeds

    • C. 

      GIS-based "smart agriculture"

    • D. 

      Dissemination of technology from the core to the periphery

    • E. 

      More intensive use of land


  • 41. 
    Activities such as janitorial services, grocery stores, and delivery services can all be described as
    • A. 

      Basic activities

    • B. 

      Secondary activities

    • C. 

      Ancillary activities

    • D. 

      Localized activities

    • E. 

      Informal economic activities


  • 42. 
    All of the following are true statements about the English language EXCEPT
    • A. 

      In the next couple of decades, the number of secondary and tertiary speakers will outnumber the number primary speakers

    • B. 

      It is the dominant primary language across the globe

    • C. 

      It is the language of the internet

    • D. 

      It is generally considered the language of science

    • E. 

      Even in other countries, much advertising exists in English


  • 43. 
    All of the following could be barriers to spatial interaction EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A neighborhood where people speak a different language than the surrounding neighborhoods

    • B. 

      A highway

    • C. 

      An ocean

    • D. 

      A different ethnicity

    • E. 

      Any of the above could be barriers


  • 44. 
    According to von Thunen's model, which of the following products is most likely to be farmed farthest away from the market?
    • A. 

      Strawberries

    • B. 

      Dairy

    • C. 

      Wheat

    • D. 

      Cabbage

    • E. 

      Flowers


  • 45. 
    Which of the following is an example of a nation without a state?
    • A. 

      Israel

    • B. 

      Serbia

    • C. 

      Kurdistan

    • D. 

      Texas

    • E. 

      Afghanistan


  • 46. 
    According to the "dependency theory" of development
    • A. 

      Highly developed parts of the world got that way, and stay that way, by exploiting the underdeveloped parts

    • B. 

      A region becomes highly developed when a large segment of its population is very young or old, and dependent on other segments

    • C. 

      The underdeveloped parts of the world will only develop if they follow the rules and advice of the highly developed parts

    • D. 

      The periphery is economically dominant over the core

    • E. 

      Eventually every region of the glove will become highly developed


  • 47. 
    Which of the following statements best describes deindustrialization?
    • A. 

      An economy's transition from primary to secondary economic activities

    • B. 

      The diffusion of the Industrial Revolution from Britain to Western Europe and the U.S.

    • C. 

      Effect of movement of secondary economic activities from developed to developing countries

    • D. 

      Global decrease in the amount of natural gas available to run industrial facilities

    • E. 

      Global transition from secondary economic activities to tertiary and quaternary activities


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