Take Another Quiz

AP Environmental Science Natural Resources And Energy Exam

25 Questions
AP environmental science natural resources and energy exam

Multiple Choice Questions

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      A. Thermal pollution of streams in the area

    • B. 

      B. Acid drainage due to leaching of spoil heaps by rainwater

    • C. 

      C. Air pollution caused by smog from ozone formation

    • D. 

      E. Released nutrients that cause eutrophication into streams d. Alkaline solutions that pollute streams

    • E. 

      E. Released nutrients that cause eutrophication into streams

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      A. A flat-panel solar collector system

    • B. 

      B. A solar collector system using mirrors or lenses to concentrate sunlight

    • C. 

      C. A passive solar system that uses building design to block summer sunlight

    • D. 

      D. A flat non-tracking array of photovoltaic panels

    • E. 

      E. A passive solar system that uses building design to collect winter sunlight

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      A. The photovoltaic array in a solar electric system

    • B. 

      B. The overhang that blocks sunlight in a passively cooled home.

    • C. 

      C. The insulated windows in a passively heated solar home

    • D. 

      D. The sun-tracking mirrors in a power tower system

    • E. 

      E. The hot water tank in a solar hot water system

  • 4. 
    Some automobiles in the United States are fueled by natural gas.  What is the primary environmental advantage of natural gas relative to gasoline as a transportation fuel?
    • A. 

      A. The United States has 60% of the world’s proven natural gas reserves

    • B. 

      B.Natural gas is a renewable resource that is usually produced from corn and other agricultural products.

    • C. 

      C.When natural gas is burned in an automobile engine, the only emission product is water vapor.

    • D. 

      D. Natural gas combustion emits fewer pollutants.

    • E. 

      E. There is an extensive retail distribution network for natural gas so that natural gas is available at most gas stations

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      A. The densities of the components

    • B. 

      B. The boiling points of the components

    • C. 

      C. The solubility of the components

    • D. 

      D. The sulfur content of the components

    • E. 

      E. The viscosities of the components

  • 6. 
    1. The majority of atmospheric mercury is produced by  
    • A. 

      A. medical waste incinerators

    • B. 

      B. volatilization of lead-based paint

    • C. 

      C. coal-burning power plants

    • D. 

      D. runoff from thermometer factories

    • E. 

      E. municipal waste incinerators

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      A. Burial deep underground at sites remote from population centers

    • B. 

      B. Storage in huge pools of water at the nuclear plants where they are produced

    • C. 

      C. Storage in concrete and steel casks, above ground in air-cooled buildings, at nuclear plants where they are produced

    • D. 

      D. Storage deep in the Antarctic ice sheet and burial beneath the ocean floor

    • E. 

      E. Injection deep underground in remote areas between impervious layers of shale and clay e. Injection deep underground in remote areas between impervious layers of shale and clay e. Injection deep underground in remote areas between impervious layers of shale and clay e. Injection deep underground in remote areas between impervious layers of shale and clay a. Injection deep underground in remote areas between impervious layers of shale and clay a. Injection deep underground in remote areas between impervious layers of shale and clay a. Injection deep underground in remote areas between impervious layers of shale and clay a. Injection deep underground in remote areas between impervious layers of shale and clay e. Injection deep underground in remote areas between impervious layers of shale and clay

  • 8. 
    Which of the following has the largest proven coal reserves?
    • A. 

      A. South America

    • B. 

      B. The United Sates

    • C. 

      C. Australia

    • D. 

      D. Indonesia

    • E. 

      E. Africa

  • 9. 
    Between 1960 and 1970, world oil consumption approximately doubled.  Which of the following explanations is consistent with this increase?
    • A. 

      A. The number of passengers per car increased.

    • B. 

      B. People drove less, conserving gasoline.

    • C. 

      C. The price of gasoline increased.

    • D. 

      D. The number of cars on the road increased.

    • E. 

      E. Cars that were more fuel-efficient were manufactured.

  • 10. 
    Which of the following best describes the process known as "mountainto removal?
    • A. 

      A. The use of trees planted at high elevations to eliminate carbon dioxide from the atmosphere

    • B. 

      B. The use of heavy equipment to move overburden downhill during the strip mining of coal

    • C. 

      C. The placement of hazardous-waste disposal sites at high elevations in mountainous regions

    • D. 

      D. The shearing away of undersea mountain peaks to improve shipping lanes

    • E. 

      E. The reduction of glacial ice resulting from increased global temperatures

  • 11. 
    Approximate efficiency of an average coal-fired power 
    • A. 

      A) 100%

    • B. 

      B)95%

    • C. 

      (c) 30%

    • D. 

      D) 15%

    • E. 

      (e) 1%

  • 12. 
    Approximate percentage of electrical energy converted to heat in the average incandescent
    • A. 

      A) 100%

    • B. 

      B) 95%

    • C. 

      C) 30%

    • D. 

      D) 15%

    • E. 

      E) 1%

  • 13. 
    The maximum efficiency possible in an energy conversion process that is not limited by the second law of thermodynamics     
    • A. 

      A) 100%

    • B. 

      B) 95%

    • C. 

      C) 30%

    • D. 

      D)15%

    • E. 

      E) 1%

  • 14. 
    Approximate efficiency of the conversion of light energy to chemical energy in photosynthesis    
    • A. 

      A)100%

    • B. 

      B) 95%

    • C. 

      C) 30%

    • D. 

      D) 15%

    • E. 

      E) 1%

  • 15. 
    The most abundant element in Earth’s crust  
    • A. 

      A) Oxygen

    • B. 

      (B) Aluminum

    • C. 

      (C) Iron

    • D. 

      (D) Nitrogen

    • E. 

      (E) Argon

  • 16. 
    The most abundant element in Earth’s atmosphere     
    • A. 

      (A) Oxygen

    • B. 

      (B) Aluminum

    • C. 

      (C) Iron

    • D. 

      (D) Nitrogen

    • E. 

      (E) Argon

  • 17. 
    The most abundant element in Earth’s core     
    • A. 

      (A) Oxygen

    • B. 

      (B) Aluminum

    • C. 

      (C) Iron

    • D. 

      (D) Nitrogen

    • E. 

      (E) Argon

  • 18. 
    The element commercially extracted from bauxite  
    • A. 

      (A) Oxygen

    • B. 

      (B) Aluminum

    • C. 

      (C) Iron

    • D. 

      (D) Nitrogen

    • E. 

      (E) Argon

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      A. Geothermal

    • B. 

      B. Photovoltaic

    • C. 

      C. Hydroelectric

    • D. 

      D. Biomass

    • E. 

      E. Wind

  • 20. 
    An industry uses natural gas for manufacturing and uses the waste heat to produce electricity.  This is an example of which of the following processes?
    • A. 

      A. Cogeneration

    • B. 

      B. Electrolysis

    • C. 

      C. Gas hydration

    • D. 

      D. Gasification

    • E. 

      E. Reclamation

  • 21. 
    Of the following sources, which supplies the most commercial energy in the world today?
    • A. 

      A. Solar

    • B. 

      B. Oil

    • C. 

      C. Biomass

    • D. 

      D. Nuclear

    • E. 

      E. Hydroelectric

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is the primary environmental problem associated with the use of nuclear power to generate electricity?
    • A. 

      A. Radon leaking into buildings

    • B. 

      B. Production of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      C. Disposal of radioactive waste

    • D. 

      D. Depletion of the ozone layer

    • E. 

      E. Production of acid rain

  • 23. 
    Compared to a coal-fired power plant that produces the same amount of energy, a nuclear power plant generates more
    • A. 

      A. CO2

    • B. 

      B. SO2

    • C. 

      C. Fly ash

    • D. 

      D. Particulates

    • E. 

      E. Thermal pollution

  • 24. 
    Acid rain is associated with which of the following?
    • A. 

      A. Formation of the Antarctic ozone hole

    • B. 

      B. Release of PCBs into the atmosphere

    • C. 

      C. Damage to tropical rain forests

    • D. 

      D. The burning of fossil fuels

    • E. 

      E. The increasing pH of lake waters

  • 25. 
    Which statement best describes the approximate global distribution of coal supplies?
    • A. 

      A. Brazil and South Africa together contain 33% of proven reserves.

    • B. 

      B. The United States contains 40% of proven reserves.

    • C. 

      C. Australia, Japan, and France together contain 45% of proven reserves.

    • D. 

      D. The United States, the former Soviet Union, and China together contain 50% of proven reserves.

    • E. 

      E. Germany, Brazil, and India together contain 75% of proven reserves.