A&p Chapter 7 Self Quiz - The Skeletal System: The Axial Skeleton

15 Questions  I  By MelMH
For Anatomy

  
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1.  Membrane-filled spaces between cranial bones that enable the fetal skull to modify its size and shape for passage through the birth canal are called                       .
2.  The hypophyseal fossa of the sella turcica of the sphenoid bone contains the                           .
3.  The regions of the vertebral column that consist of fused vertebrae are the                   and the                .
4.  The atlanto-occipital joints allow you to rotate the head, as in signifying "no".
A.
B.
5.  Ribs that are not attached to the sternum are known as the true ribs.
A.
B.
6.  In which of the following bones are paranasal sinuses not found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following pairs are mismatched?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following bones are not paired?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The suture located between a parietal and temporal bone is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The primary vertebral curves that appear during fetal development are the 1. cervical curve 2. thoracic curve 3. lumbar curve 4. coccyx curve 5. sacral curve
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the following are functions of the cranial bones? 1. protection of the brain 2. attachment of muscles that move the head 3. protection of the special sense organs 4. attachment to the meninges 5. attachment of muscles that produce facial expressions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Match the following:
A. prominent ridge or elongated projection
A.
B. tublike opening
B.
C. large round protuberance at the end of a bone
C.
D. smooth, flat articular surface
D.
E. sharp, slender projection
E.
F. opening for passage of blood vessels, nerves, or ligaments
F.
G. large, rounded, rough projection
G.
H. shallow depression
H.
I. narrow slit between adjacent parts of bones for passage of blood vessels or nerves
I.
13.  Match the following:
A. supraorbital foramen
A.
B. temporomandibular joint
B.
C. external auditory meatus
C.
D. foramen magnum
D.
E. optic foramen
E.
F. cribriform plate
F.
G. palatine process
G.
H. ramus, body, and condylar process
H.
I. transverse foramina, bifid spinous processes
I.
J. dens
J.
K. promontory
K.
L. costal cartilages
L.
M. xiphoid process
M.
14.  Match the following (the same answer may be used more than once):
A. bones that have greater length than width and consist of a shaft and a variable number of extremities
A.
B. cube-shaped bones that are nearly equal in lenght and width
B.
C. bones that develop in certain tendons where there is considerable friction, tension, and physical stress
C.
D. small bones located within joints between certain cranial bones
D.
E. thin bones composed of two nearly parallel plates of compact bone enclosing a layer of spongy bone
E.
F. bones with complex shapes, including the vertebrae and some facial bones
F.
G. patella is an example
G.
H. bones that provide considerable protection and extensive areas for muscle attachement
H.
I. include femur, tibia, fibula, humerus, ulna, and radius
I.
J. include cranial bones, sternumb, and ribs
J.
K. include almost all of the carpal and tarsal bones
K.
15.  Match the following:
A. forms the forehead
A.
B. form the inferior lateral aspects of the cranium and part of the cranial floor; contain zygomatic process and mastoid process
B.
C. forms part of the anterior portion of the cranial floor, medial wall of the orbits, superior portions of nasal septum, most of the side walls of the nasal cavity; is a major supporting structure of the nasal cavity
C.
D. form the prominence of the cheek and part of the lateral wall and floor of each orbit
D.
E. the largest, strongest facial bone; is the only movable skull bone
E.
F. a roughly triangular bone on the floor of the nasal cavity; one of the components of the nasal septum
F.
G. form greater portion of the sides and roof of the cranial cavity
G.
H. forms the posterior part and most of the base of the cranium; contains the foramen magnum
H.
I. called the keystone of the cranial floor; contains the sella turcica, optic foramen, and pterygoid processes
I.
J. form the bridge of the nose
J.
K. the smallest bones of the face; contain a vertical groove that houses a structure that gathers tears and passes them into the nasal cavity
K.
L. does not articulate with any other bone
L.
M. unite to form the upper jawbone and articulate with every bone of the face except the lower jawbone
M.
N. form the posterior part of the hard palate, part of the floor and lateral wall of the nasal cavitym and a small portion of the floors of the orbits
N.
O. scroll-like bones that form a part of the lateral walls of the nasal cavity; functions in the turbulent circulation and filtration of air
O.
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