Anatomy And Physiology: Muscles

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 Anatomy And Physiology: Muscles
NAnatomy and physiology muscles practice quiz Adam Graupe

  
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  • 1. 
    Muscle contractions depend on:
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • E. 

      Striations

    • F. 

      Myofilaments: both actin and myosin


  • 2. 
    Which below are types of muscle tissue--check all that apply
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 3. 
     which below are elongated and are called muscle fibers?
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 4. 
    Which term below means:  "muscle plasma membrane" ?
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • E. 

      Striations

    • F. 

      Myofilaments: both actin and myosin


  • 5. 
    Which term (s) below mean:  "a contractile protein of muscle" ?
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • E. 

      Striations

    • F. 

      Myofilaments: both actin and myosin


  • 6. 
    Muscle Tissues:which type of muscle tissue:is controlled voluntarily
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Skeletal

    • E. 

      Cardiac

    • F. 

      Smooth


  • 7. 
    Which term below means:  "cytoplasm of a muscle cell" ?
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • E. 

      Striations

    • F. 

      Myofilaments: both actin and myosin


  • 8. 
    Muscle Tissues:which type (s) of muscle tissue:has striations
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 9. 
    Muscle Tissues:which type (s) of muscle tissue:contracts rapidly but tires easily
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 10. 
    Muscle Tissues:which type (s) of muscle tissue:occurs only in the heart
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 11. 
    Muscle Tissues:which type (s) of muscle tissue:is striated like skeletal muscle but is not voluntary
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 12. 
    Muscle Tissues:which type (s) of muscle tissue:Found in the walls of hollow visceral organs, such as the stomach, urinary bladder, and respiratory passages
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 13. 
    Muscle Tissues:which type (s) of muscle tissue:forces food and other substances through internal body channels
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 14. 
    Muscle Tissues:which type (s) of muscle tissue:is not striated and is involuntary
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 15. 
    Muscle characteristics:which term below is this characteristic of muscle tissue?The ability to receive and respond to stimuli
    • A. 

      Excitability or irritability

    • B. 

      Contractility

    • C. 

      Extensiblity

    • D. 

      Elasticity


  • 16. 
    Muscle characteristics:which term below is this characteristic of muscle tissue?The ability to shorten forcibly
    • A. 

      Excitability or irritability

    • B. 

      Contractility

    • C. 

      Extensiblity

    • D. 

      Elasticity


  • 17. 
    Muscle characteristics:which term below is this characteristic of muscle tissue?the ability to be stretched or extended
    • A. 

      Excitability or irritability

    • B. 

      Contractility

    • C. 

      Extensiblity

    • D. 

      Elasticity


  • 18. 
    Muscle characteristics:which term below is this characteristic of muscle tissue?the ability to recoil and resume the original resting length
    • A. 

      Excitability or irritability

    • B. 

      Contractility

    • C. 

      Extensiblity

    • D. 

      Elasticity


  • 19. 
    Muscle Tissues:which type (s) of muscle tissue:responsible for all locomotion
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 20. 
    Muscle Tissues:which type (s) of muscle tissue:responsible for coursing blood through the body
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 21. 
    Muscle Tissues:which type (s) of muscle tissue:helps maintain blood pressure and propels sustances through organs (i.e. food, feces)
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 22. 
    Each muscle is a discrete organ composed of:  (check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Muscle tissue

    • B. 

      Blood vessels

    • C. 

      Nerve fibers

    • D. 

      Connective tissue


  • 23. 
    Which below are connective tissue sheaths?
    • A. 

      Endomysium--fine sheath of connective tissue composed of reticular fibers surrounding each muscle fiber

    • B. 

      Perimysium--fibrous connective tissue that surrounds groups of fascicles

    • C. 

      Epimysium--an overcoat of connective tissue that surrounds the whole muscle


  • 24. 
    An overcoat of connective tissue that surrounds the whole muscle
    • A. 

      Endomysium

    • B. 

      Perimysium

    • C. 

      Epimysium


  • 25. 
    Fibrous connective tissue that surrounds groups of fascicles
    • A. 

      Endomysium

    • B. 

      Perimysium

    • C. 

      Epimysium


  • 26. 
    Fine sheath of connective tissue composed of reticular fibers surrounding each muscle fiber
    • A. 

      Endomysium

    • B. 

      Perimysium

    • C. 

      Epimysium


  • 27. 
    Each muscle is an organ true or false
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 28. 
    Each muscle is served by:
    • A. 

      One nerve, one artery and one vein

    • B. 

      One nerve, one or more arteries and one vein

    • C. 

      One nerve, one artery, and one or more veins


  • 29. 
    Wastes are washed away via:
    • A. 

      Nerves

    • B. 

      Arteries

    • C. 

      Veins


  • 30. 
    Contracting fibers require continuous delivery of oxygen and nutrients via
    • A. 

      Nerves

    • B. 

      Arteries

    • C. 

      Veins


  • 31. 
    Each muscle fiber is supplied with a ______ to control contractions
    • A. 

      Nerve

    • B. 

      Artery

    • C. 

      Vein


  • 32. 
    Whe muscles contract the moveable bone, the muscle's insertion moves toward the immovable bone,the muscle's origin
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 33. 
    Muscles attach:
    • A. 

      Directly: epimysium of hte muscle is fused to the periosterum of the bone

    • B. 

      Indirectly: connective tissue wrappings extend byond the muscle as a tendon or aponeurosis

    • C. 

      Through osmosis


  • 34. 
    Which term below has numerous glycosomes and a unique oxygen-binding protein called myoglobin
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • E. 

      Striations

    • F. 

      Myofilaments: both actin and myosin


  • 35. 
    An oxygen-binding protein
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • E. 

      Striations

    • F. 

      Myofilaments: both actin and myosin

    • G. 

      Myoglobin


  • 36. 
    Densly packed, rodlike contractile elements
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • E. 

      Myofibrils

    • F. 

      Myofilaments: both actin and myosin

    • G. 

      Myoglobin


  • 37. 
    These make up most of muscle volume
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • E. 

      Myofibrils

    • F. 

      Myofilaments: both actin and myosin

    • G. 

      Myoglobin


  • 38. 
    This is such that is perfectly aligned by a repeating seres of dark a bands and light i bands
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • E. 

      Myofibrils

    • F. 

      Myofilaments: both actin and myosin

    • G. 

      Myoglobin


  • 39. 
    The smallest contractile unit of a muscle
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • E. 

      Sarcomere

    • F. 

      Myofilaments: both actin and myosin

    • G. 

      Myoglobin


  • 40. 
    Composed of myofilments made up of contractile proteins
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • E. 

      Sarcomeres

    • F. 

      Myofilaments: both actin and myosin

    • G. 

      Myoglobin


  • 41. 
    The region of a myofibril between two successive Z discs
    • A. 

      Actin

    • B. 

      Myosin

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • E. 

      Sarcomeres

    • F. 

      Myofilaments: both actin and myosin

    • G. 

      Myoglobin


  • 42. 
    Extend the entire length of an A (dark) band
    • A. 

      Thick filaments

    • B. 

      Thin filaments

    • C. 

      Z-disc


  • 43. 
    Extend across the I (light) band and partway into the A (dark) band
    • A. 

      Thick filaments

    • B. 

      Thin filaments

    • C. 

      Z-disc


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