Anatomy And Physiology Final Exam Prep Test

272 Questions  I  By Jlpena on May 9, 2011

  

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1.  Olfactory receptors are found
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which hormones does the posterior pituitary gland produce?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  This is the volume of blood ejected from the left ventricle into the aorta each minute.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following processes is the function of the smooth muscle layer of the digestive system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  An acute allergic reaction can lead to
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which hormone promotes an increased metabolic rate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following is NOT a function of the lymphatic and immune system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  How much of the total volume of body fluid is intracellular fluid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  What is the major hormone that regulates water loss?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The ______________ muscles contract in response to cold temperatures and move the testes closer to the body to absorb more body heat.
12.  The B Cell receptors, the light/heavy variable regions are located
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which artery wall is responsible for vasoconstriction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  When B and T cells are fully developed and mature, they are known to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The cardiovascular center is located in _____________ _______________.
16.  Which is NOT a major function of the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which blood glucose lowering hormone is produced by the pancreatic islet cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  How many hormones do the five types of anterior pituitary cells secrete?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The pars distalis and the pars tuberalis comprise:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  These cells provide for the sense of smell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the below structures converts vibrations to action potentials?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  This darkly pigmented structure reduces light reflection within the eyeball.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Taste buds are found
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the below vessels is a pulse point at the wrist?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which of the below vessels supplies blood to the intestines?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The lymph from the right foot empties into the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  This induces production of a specific antibody. ____________________
28.  This pressure provides information about the condition of the cardiovascular system such as atherosclerosis and patent ductus arteriosus. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  This is a small hormone that can stimulate or inhibit many normal cell functions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The left subclavian vein receives lymph from 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Continuous capillaries can be found in the following tissues.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the below is NOT found in arteries but IS found in veins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which of these does NOT provide a physical or chemical barrier?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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34.  This is a blood vessel that conveys blood from the tissues back to the heart.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  When an artery or arteriole is damaged, its smooth muscle contracts producing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following is the blood vessel that distributes blood to organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following reduces blood loss?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  List the 10 cells, structures, and fluids that light must pass through to reach the photoreceptor cells. (in order)
39.  Which of the following provides immune responses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  What controls the anterior pituitary gland?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the following is NOT a function of a hormone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following plasma proteins plays a role in blood clotting?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Parathyroid hormone is the major regulator of the concentration of which of the following ions in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of the following nerves serves in a gustatory function? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  List the 3 items secreted by basophils at sites of inflammation:
46.  Which of the following hormones opposes the action of parathyroid hormone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which methods provide homeostasis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following hormones contribute to the body's long term response to stress?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of the following is NOT a part of the process used to synthesize and secrete T3 and T4?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  This is the heaviest gland of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  This is the principle bile pigment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Brunners glands
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  One of the four pancreatic enzymes that help digest proteins is:
54.  These cells secrete testosterone 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  This is the most abundant mineral in the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  About 80% of the extracellular fluid is _________________.
57.  Which of the following is the most accurate function of an electrolyte in the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  This is a condition where blood pH is below 7.35
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  This lies posterior to the bladder and anterior to the rectum and secretes an alkaline, fructose filled fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  This is a test to measure kidney function.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  These cells may eventually become spermatozoa.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  This occurs when water loss is greater than water gain.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  This is composed of three cylindrical masses of erectile tissue each surrounded by a fibrous tissue.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The peritubular capillaries are exactly the same as the vasa recta.
A.
B.
65.  The palatine tonsil and the pharyngeal tonsils are the same thing
A.
B.
66.  The cilia in the upper and lower respiratory tract move in opposite directions.
A.
B.
67.  The vocal cords in males tend to vibrate slower, causing a lower range of pitch.
A.
B.
68.  The Macula Lutea contains the fovea centralis.
A.
B.
69.  The Organ of Corti and the otoliths are the same thing.
A.
B.
70.  The cochlea acts to convert sound waves to vibrations.
A.
B.
71.  Upon reaching their targets, lipid-soluble hormones diffuse through the phospholipid bilayer of the target cell membrane and bind to receptors in the cytosol or nucleus.
A.
B.
72.  A megakaryoblast will develop into platelets.
A.
B.
73.  The endocrine system is comprised solely of endocrine glands.
A.
B.
74.  Acromegaly and gigantism are caused by hypersecretion of the same hormone.
A.
B.
75.  An increase in the number of circulating WBC's usually indicates inflammation or infection.
A.
B.
76.  The optic disc is synonymous for the fovea centralis
A.
B.
77.  Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus are exactly the same thing.
A.
B.
78.  The mitral valve and the tricuspid valve are the same thing.
A.
B.
79.  If the SA node stops working, the heart will stop and the person will die
A.
B.
80.  It is the depolarization and repolarization of the heart that cause our heart beats
A.
B.
81.  Lymph from the small intestines appears white due to the presence of lipids.
A.
B.
82.  There are two atrioventricular valves and two semilunar valves
A.
B.
83.  Veins are the blood vessels that only return blood to the heart.
A.
B.
84.  The myogenic response make smooth muscle contract more forcefully when relaxed.
A.
B.
85.  Fever intensifies the effect of interferons and promotes the rate of repair.
A.
B.
86.  Pluripotent stem cells come from the Thymus
A.
B.
87.  The cricoid cartilage assist to maintain an open airway.
A.
B.
88.  Tracheotomy is accomplished to allow change of vocal pitch
A.
B.
89.  Change of pitch is accomplished by changing tension in the vocal cords.
A.
B.
90.  Lymphoid stem cells give rise to lymphocytes. 
A.
B.
91.  Myeloid stem cells and lymphoid stem cells are exactly the same thing
A.
B.
92.  An important function of lymphatic vessels is to return the plasma proteins to the bloodstream that could not diffuse back into the capillaries.
A.
B.
93.  The distal convoluted tubule is the first section of the tubule and leads to the Loop of Henle.
A.
B.
94.  The arcuate veins drains directly into the renal vein.
A.
B.
95.  The arcuate artery drains into the interlobar arteries prior to reaching the glomerulus. 
A.
B.
96.  Binocular vision assists with depth perception.
A.
B.
97.  The sclera and cornea are exactly the same thing.
A.
B.
98.  The tarsal glands secrete a substance specifically designed to prevent the palpebrae from sticking together.
A.
B.
99.  The parafollicular cells help regulate Na+ and water in the body.
A.
B.
100.  A person with diabetes Mellitus may have the same cellular processes as someone undergoing starvation.
A.
B.
101.  Water soluble hormones also diffuse through the phospholipid bilayer of the target cell membrane.
A.
B.
102.  A hemocrit measures the percentage of RBC in packed blood
A.
B.
103.  Blood viscosity depends mostly on the ratio of RBC to plasma volume
A.
B.
104.  The major difference between lymph and interstitial fluid is location. 
A.
B.
105.  The arytenoid cartilage assist in the tension of the true vocal cords and therefore assist speech.
A.
B.
106.  The esophagus is located anterior to the trachea
A.
B.
107.  These provide physical support, nourishment, and electrical insulation for olfactory receptors. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Adaptation of olfactory sensations
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Infection of a sebaceous ciliary gland can result in:
A.
B.
C.