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Anatomy And Physiology Final Exam Prep Test

272 Questions  I  By Jlpena
Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

  
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1.  Olfactory receptors are found
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which hormones does the posterior pituitary gland produce?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  This is the volume of blood ejected from the left ventricle into the aorta each minute.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following processes is the function of the smooth muscle layer of the digestive system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  An acute allergic reaction can lead to
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which hormone promotes an increased metabolic rate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following is NOT a function of the lymphatic and immune system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  How much of the total volume of body fluid is intracellular fluid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  What is the major hormone that regulates water loss?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The ______________ muscles contract in response to cold temperatures and move the testes closer to the body to absorb more body heat.
12.  The B Cell receptors, the light/heavy variable regions are located
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which artery wall is responsible for vasoconstriction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  When B and T cells are fully developed and mature, they are known to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The cardiovascular center is located in _____________ _______________.
16.  Which is NOT a major function of the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which blood glucose lowering hormone is produced by the pancreatic islet cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  How many hormones do the five types of anterior pituitary cells secrete?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The pars distalis and the pars tuberalis comprise:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  These cells provide for the sense of smell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the below structures converts vibrations to action potentials?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  This darkly pigmented structure reduces light reflection within the eyeball.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Taste buds are found
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the below vessels is a pulse point at the wrist?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which of the below vessels supplies blood to the intestines?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The lymph from the right foot empties into the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  This induces production of a specific antibody. ____________________
28.  This pressure provides information about the condition of the cardiovascular system such as atherosclerosis and patent ductus arteriosus. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  This is a small hormone that can stimulate or inhibit many normal cell functions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The left subclavian vein receives lymph from 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Continuous capillaries can be found in the following tissues.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the below is NOT found in arteries but IS found in veins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which of these does NOT provide a physical or chemical barrier?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  This is a blood vessel that conveys blood from the tissues back to the heart.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  When an artery or arteriole is damaged, its smooth muscle contracts producing
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following is the blood vessel that distributes blood to organs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following reduces blood loss?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  List the 10 cells, structures, and fluids that light must pass through to reach the photoreceptor cells. (in order)
39.  Which of the following provides immune responses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  What controls the anterior pituitary gland?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the following is NOT a function of a hormone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following plasma proteins plays a role in blood clotting?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Parathyroid hormone is the major regulator of the concentration of which of the following ions in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of the following nerves serves in a gustatory function? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  List the 3 items secreted by basophils at sites of inflammation:
46.  Which of the following hormones opposes the action of parathyroid hormone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which methods provide homeostasis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following hormones contribute to the body's long term response to stress?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of the following is NOT a part of the process used to synthesize and secrete T3 and T4?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  This is the heaviest gland of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  This is the principle bile pigment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Brunners glands
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  One of the four pancreatic enzymes that help digest proteins is:
54.  These cells secrete testosterone 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  This is the most abundant mineral in the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  About 80% of the extracellular fluid is _________________.
57.  Which of the following is the most accurate function of an electrolyte in the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  This is a condition where blood pH is below 7.35
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  This lies posterior to the bladder and anterior to the rectum and secretes an alkaline, fructose filled fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  This is a test to measure kidney function.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  These cells may eventually become spermatozoa.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  This occurs when water loss is greater than water gain.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  This is composed of three cylindrical masses of erectile tissue each surrounded by a fibrous tissue.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The peritubular capillaries are exactly the same as the vasa recta.
A.
B.
65.  The palatine tonsil and the pharyngeal tonsils are the same thing
A.
B.
66.  The cilia in the upper and lower respiratory tract move in opposite directions.
A.
B.
67.  The vocal cords in males tend to vibrate slower, causing a lower range of pitch.
A.
B.
68.  The Macula Lutea contains the fovea centralis.
A.
B.
69.  The Organ of Corti and the otoliths are the same thing.
A.
B.
70.  The cochlea acts to convert sound waves to vibrations.
A.
B.
71.  Upon reaching their targets, lipid-soluble hormones diffuse through the phospholipid bilayer of the target cell membrane and bind to receptors in the cytosol or nucleus.
A.
B.
72.  A megakaryoblast will develop into platelets.
A.
B.
73.  The endocrine system is comprised solely of endocrine glands.
A.
B.
74.  Acromegaly and gigantism are caused by hypersecretion of the same hormone.
A.
B.
75.  An increase in the number of circulating WBC's usually indicates inflammation or infection.
A.
B.
76.  The optic disc is synonymous for the fovea centralis
A.
B.
77.  Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus are exactly the same thing.
A.
B.
78.  The mitral valve and the tricuspid valve are the same thing.
A.
B.
79.  If the SA node stops working, the heart will stop and the person will die
A.
B.
80.  It is the depolarization and repolarization of the heart that cause our heart beats
A.
B.
81.  Lymph from the small intestines appears white due to the presence of lipids.
A.
B.
82.  There are two atrioventricular valves and two semilunar valves
A.
B.
83.  Veins are the blood vessels that only return blood to the heart.
A.
B.
84.  The myogenic response make smooth muscle contract more forcefully when relaxed.
A.
B.
85.  Fever intensifies the effect of interferons and promotes the rate of repair.
A.
B.
86.  Pluripotent stem cells come from the Thymus
A.
B.
87.  The cricoid cartilage assist to maintain an open airway.
A.
B.
88.  Tracheotomy is accomplished to allow change of vocal pitch
A.
B.
89.  Change of pitch is accomplished by changing tension in the vocal cords.
A.
B.
90.  Lymphoid stem cells give rise to lymphocytes. 
A.
B.
91.  Myeloid stem cells and lymphoid stem cells are exactly the same thing
A.
B.
92.  An important function of lymphatic vessels is to return the plasma proteins to the bloodstream that could not diffuse back into the capillaries.
A.
B.
93.  The distal convoluted tubule is the first section of the tubule and leads to the Loop of Henle.
A.
B.
94.  The arcuate veins drains directly into the renal vein.
A.
B.
95.  The arcuate artery drains into the interlobar arteries prior to reaching the glomerulus. 
A.
B.
96.  Binocular vision assists with depth perception.
A.
B.
97.  The sclera and cornea are exactly the same thing.
A.
B.
98.  The tarsal glands secrete a substance specifically designed to prevent the palpebrae from sticking together.
A.
B.
99.  The parafollicular cells help regulate Na+ and water in the body.
A.
B.
100.  A person with diabetes Mellitus may have the same cellular processes as someone undergoing starvation.
A.
B.
101.  Water soluble hormones also diffuse through the phospholipid bilayer of the target cell membrane.
A.
B.
102.  A hemocrit measures the percentage of RBC in packed blood
A.
B.
103.  Blood viscosity depends mostly on the ratio of RBC to plasma volume
A.
B.
104.  The major difference between lymph and interstitial fluid is location. 
A.
B.
105.  The arytenoid cartilage assist in the tension of the true vocal cords and therefore assist speech.
A.
B.
106.  The esophagus is located anterior to the trachea
A.
B.
107.  These provide physical support, nourishment, and electrical insulation for olfactory receptors. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  Adaptation of olfactory sensations
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Infection of a sebaceous ciliary gland can result in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  Which is the correct order in the flow of tears?
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  Which of the following is the space between the upper and lower eyelids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  The lens is made of layers of proteins called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  This lies between the lens and the retina
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Which of the anterior pituitary hormones stimulates milk production?
115.  The name of the hormone produced by the chief cells of the parathyroid gland.
116.  List the 5 white blood cells (in any order)
117.  The name of the structure that increases the volume of the atria is called an ______________.
118.  List 2 of the barriers used in innate defense:
119.  List one of the five actions of antibodies.
120.  These are mainly used to kill infectious microbes and tumor cells.
121.  ______________ can only become activated when bound to a foreign antigen AND simultaneously receiving a costimulate.
122.  This is the sum of the residual and the expiratory reserve volume:
123.  The cough reflex is usually due to stimulation of the mucous membrane of the _____________.
124.  The name of the structure that is found in the digestive system, consists of prominent lymphatic tissue and functions in the immune response is ________ (acronym) which stands for: _________ __________ __________ __________.
125.  This digestive aid, produced by the stomach, begins degestion by denaturing proteins is _________.
126.  This is the portion of the stomach that connects to the duodenum:
127.  Which cells secretes intrinsic factor?
128.  The blood vessel that is the immediate inferior continuation of the external iliac artery is the _________ artery.
129.  Name the (specific) disease in which  the beta cells are being destroyed by the victim's immune system.
130.  Epinephrine and thyroxine cause both heart rate and cardiac output to _____________.
131.  Aldosterone causes blood volume to __________.
132.  A decrease in peripheral resistance causes arterial blood pressure to ______________.
133.  Name the structure on the tongue that is placed as an inverted V shape at the back of the tongue and that each house 100-300m taste buds.
134.  Name the ossicles in order from external to internal:
135.  These _______ cells of the gland _________ secrete somatostatin that is identical to the growth inhibiting hormones secreted by the ______________.
136.  Name the structure of the heart that is comprised of endothelial tissue over a layer of connective tissue which serves to minimize surface friction as blood passes through the heart and blood vessels ___________.
137.  The other name for pluripotent stem cells is: __________________
138.  Name the TWO hormones produced by the follicular cells of the thyroid gland:
139.  List 2 functions of the hypothalamus
140.  The olfactory tract
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  Which of the below structures senses dynamic equilibrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  How many extrinsic eye muscles are responsible for moving the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  The first step in visual transduction is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  Which of the below receptors is primarily used during high light situations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  The main function of this structure is to regulate the amount of light entering the eyeball through the pupil.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  This is the transparent coat that covers the iris.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  Ferritin is used to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Which of the following promotes inflammation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Which of the following is a phagocyte?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  What antibodies does a person with type O blood have in their plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  A red blood cell without a nucleus is called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  When a hormone is present in excessive levels, the number of target-cell receptors may decrease. This is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  These hormones act on neighboring cells without entering the bloodstream.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  These lipid soluable hormones derived from cholesterol.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  What is the major difference in the action of a water soluble hormone versus a lipid soluble hormone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  When one hormone is opposing the action of another hormone it is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  Which of the following anterior pituitary hormones stimulates Cortisol production?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  Which of the following anterior pituitary hormones stimulates growth of long bones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  Which type of anterior pituitary cell secretes human growth hormone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  The amount of ADH that is secreted varies with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  Once this is formed, the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways are identical.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  This hormone causes the development of megakaryblasts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
163.  Which of the following destroys antigen-antibody complexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
164.  Which of the following is an anticoagulant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
165.  What antigens does a person have on their RBC if their plasma has antibody A?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
166.  Which layer consists of cardiac muscle tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
167.  To which side of the body is the apex pointed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
168.  This is the layer that protects the heart
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
169.  This is the mass of tissue from the sternum to the vertebral column between the lungs. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
170.  Which of the following consists of inelastic dense irregular connective tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
171.  This is used to reduce the friction between membranes of the heart.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
172.  The largest factor that promotes reabsorption of fluids, into blood, from the interstitial fluids is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
173.  Which of the following is most important in forcing blood flow through veins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
174.  Blood flow depends on which of the following criteria.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
175.  Which of the below would NOT increase blood pressure
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
176.  Which of the below would be the response of the body as a result of decreased frequency of action potentials arising from the baroreceptors?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
177.  Which of the below factors do NOT increase systemic vascular resistance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
178.  How much of blood plasma is water (approximately)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
179.  This structure increases the capacity of the atrium.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
180.  Which type of immunity defends against any type of invader?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
181.  As each atrium contracts where does blood move?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
182.  This vessel plays a key role in regulating blood flow into capillaries.
A.
B.
C.
183.  This can only stimulate an immune response if attached to a large carrier molecle.
A.
B.
C.
184.  T cells secrete this toxin that is used to fragment DNA
A.
B.
C.
185.  This is a network of specialized cardiac muscle fibers that provide a path for each cycle of cardiac excitation to progress through the heart.
A.
B.
C.
186.  Capillaries are known as
A.
B.
C.
187.  This term refers to the period of time during a cardiac cycle when contraction occurs and blood pressure rises.
A.
B.
C.
188.  Chemoreceptors in blood vessels measuring high levels of blood carbon dioxide would NOT cause which of the following:
A.
B.
C.
189.  Which is the correct order of filtrate flow?
A.
B.
C.
190.  Which of the following is NOT of function of the liver?
A.
B.
C.
191.  This part of the heart can initiate a contraction and can set a constant heart rate of about 100 beats per minute. 
A.
B.
C.
192.  Which of the following tissues forms the exchange surfaces of the alveolus?
A.
B.
C.
193.  PTH, Calcitriol, and calcitonin are
A.
B.
C.
194.  Water usually accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?
A.
B.
C.
195.  An analysis of the physical, chemical, and microscopic properties of urine is called
A.
B.
C.
196.  This structure protects and regulates the temperature of the testes
A.
B.
C.
197.  The primary function of the epididymis is
A.
B.
C.
198.  Which of the following is not a glucocorticoid effect?
A.
B.
C.
199.  Which of the following is not an agranular leukocyte?
A.
B.
C.
200.  Through which structure does blood pass from the right atrium to the right ventricle?
A.
B.
C.
201.  This heart structure(s) carries deoxygenated blood.
A.
B.
C.
202.  Cardiac muscle fibers electrically connect to neighboring fibers by
A.
B.
C.
203.  In this disorder the aortic valve is narrowed.
A.
B.
C.
204.  What types of tissue comprise the valves of the heart?
A.
B.
C.
205.  From the left ventricle, through what structure does blood pass?
A.
B.
C.
206.  In a fetus, this structure temporarily shunts blood from the pulmonary trunk into the aorta.
A.
B.
C.
207.  This electrical event represents repolarization of the ventricle.
A.
B.
C.
208.  This electrical event triggers contraction of the atria.
A.
B.
C.
209.  The second heart sound represents which of the below events?
A.
B.
C.
210.  Stimulation of this nerve reduces heart rate.
A.
B.
C.
211.  Which of the below is the most important capillary exchange method?
A.
B.
C.
212.  What do these chemicals have in common: potassium, hydrogen ions, lactic acid, nitric oxide, and adenosine?
A.
B.
C.
213.  Where can pulse not be felt?
A.
B.
C.
214.  Which of the following hormones would NOT cause an increase in blood pressure?
A.
B.
C.
215.  All the veins of the systemic circulation drain into the 
A.
B.
C.
216.  The skeletal muscle and respiratory pumps are used in
A.
B.
C.
217.  These control the flow of blood through a capillary bed.
A.
B.
C.
218.  Which of the following is NOT considered an organ of the immune system?
A.
B.
C.
219.  The pulmonary trunk divides into
A.
B.
C.
220.  Lack of immune resistance is also known as:
A.
B.
C.
221.  Which of these provides a non-specific cellular disease resistance mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
222.  Which of the following is NOT a sign of inflammation?
A.
B.
C.
223.  This class of antibodies is mainly found in sweat, tears, breast milk, and GI secretions
A.
B.
C.
224.  This action makes microbes more susceptible to phagocytosis.
A.
B.
C.
225.  These display CD 4 in their membrane and are associated with MHC class II molecules.
A.
B.
C.
226.  This will lead to inflammation, enhancement of phagocytosis and bursting of microbes.
A.
B.
C.
227.  This is characterized by the inability of the immune system to protect the body from a pathogen.
A.
B.
C.
228.  This class of cells includes macrophages, B cells, and dendritic cells. 
A.
B.
C.
229.  Which of the following is responsible for diversity in the immune system?
A.
B.
C.
230.  Which of the following do NOT induce vasodilation and permeability (increased fluid flow) to an infection site.
A.
B.
C.
231.  A natural exposure to an infectious agent leads to:
A.
B.
C.
232.  This class of antibodies is produced after an initial exposure to antigens.
A.
B.
C.
233.  Lymphocytes can recognize
A.
B.
C.
234.  Of the following which is considered the body's second major defense.
A.
B.
C.
235.  Which of the following is NOT part of the upper respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
236.  The opening to the pharynx from the mouth is called
A.
B.
C.
237.  Which of the below tissues maintains open airways in the lower respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
238.  Which of the following is NOT a factor that the rate of pulmonary and systemic gas exchange depends on
A.
B.
C.
239.  This is the direction of diffusion of gases at the alveoli of the lungs.
A.
B.
C.
240.  This means the lungs and the chest wall expand easily
A.
B.
C.
241.  Which is the dominant method of carbon dioxide transport?
A.
B.
C.
242.  Which is a factor that does NOT affect hemoglobin's affinity for oxygen?
A.
B.
C.
243.  When blood pH drops the the amount of oxyhemoglobin___________ and oxygen delivery to the tissue cells ____________.
A.
B.
C.
244.  This is the direction of diffusion of gases at capillaries near systemic cells.
A.
B.
C.
245.  Exhalation begins when
A.
B.
C.
246.  Which of the following processes is the primary function of the villi of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
247.  The hard palate
A.
B.
C.
D.
248.  How many stages of deglutition are there?
A.
B.
C.
249.  This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue that binds the mucosa to the muscularis. 
A.
B.
C.
250.  This layer functions by secreting a lubricating fluid.
A.
B.
C.
251.  Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
A.
B.
C.
252.  This portion of the peritoneum drapes over the transverse colon and coils the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
253.  This is the structure of a nephron that filters blood.
A.
B.
C.
254.  Deciduous molars are replaced by
A.
B.
C.
255.  Which of the following secrete gastric acid?
A.
B.
C.
256.  Why do emotions such as anger or fear slow digestion?
A.
B.
C.
257.  How long can food stay in the fundus before being mixed with gastric juices?
A.
B.
C.
258.  Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce monosaccarides?
A.
B.
C.
259.  Which of the following gastric enzymes digests proteins?
A.
B.
C.
260.  This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue containing blood and lymph vessels.
A.
B.
C.
261.  Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
262.  The capability of the GI tract to move material along its length is called
A.
B.
C.
263.  Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid that functions to emulsify dietary fats?
A.
B.
C.
264.  This structure regulates the flow of material into the colon
A.
B.
C.
265.  Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce smaller peptides from proteins?
A.
B.
C.
266.  Which of the following is the primary function of the large intestines?
A.
B.
C.
267.  This hormone functions to counteract the effect of gastric acid in the small intestines.
A.
B.
C.
268.  Which of the following is the blood vessel that distributes blood at each organ?
A.
B.
C.
269.  In extracellular fluid the most abundant cation is
A.
B.
C.
270.  In extracellular fluid the most abundant anion is:
A.
B.
C.
271.  In intracellular fluid the most abundant cation is:
A.
B.
C.
272.  These function to secrete surfactant
A.
B.
C.
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