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Abnormal Psychology Mood Disorders

23 Questions  I  By Wftorres
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia
Chapter 11

  
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1.  - Elevated, expansive or irritable mood.- Impairment of social and occupational functioning.- uninhabited and impulsive behavior.- Pressured and accelerated speech.- Decreased need for sleep with high level of arousal.
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    1. Genetic Factors – The Role of Heredity
Mood disorders tend to run in families.  Twin studies reveal this factor, especially in bipolar disorders.
    1. Biochemical Factors – Neurotransmitters & Mood Disorders
Genetic factors influence the amount of neurotransmitters in the synapses. Depression is caused by a deficit of specific neurotransmitters nor-epinephrine, dopamine and serotonin. Mania is caused by an over supply of these substances. Depression is also linked with increase in REM sleep (Rapid Eye Movement). In more severe disorders including the psychotic forms of major mood disorders, endogenous (internal) factors may become more prominent.
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3.  Intense Sadness, Feelings of worthlessness and withdrawal.
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4.  Separation or loss of a significant other, causing reduced reinforcement is important in depression. Reduction in environmental reinforcement is another important contributor. There is a need to replace lost reinforcements. Patients need to learn social behaviors that can elicit positive reinforcements.
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5.  Indicates the presence of mania and depressive episodes in the same patient
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6.  Depressive Disorders are classified as follows:
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7.  Include feelings of pessimism, loss of interest and motivation, ideas of guilt, difficulty in concentration and making decisions.
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8.  This theory focuses on separation and anger as the causes of depression.  Loss through separation or death is crucial.   Anger stems from feelings of being deserted or abandoned. Anger turned toward the self causes depression.
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9.  Elevated mood, expansiveness, irritability and hyperactivity.
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10.  Two categories under Bipolar Disorder
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11.  Disturbances in emotions that cause personal discomfort.
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12.  Include sadness, unhappiness, "blue mood" and apathy.
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13.  Seligman states that feelings of helplessness are learned which happens when one’s actions have no effect on the environment, as a result of which passivity and depression occur. Attributional styles can be optimistic or pessimistic. Depressed persons make depressive attributions.
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14.  Seasonal mood changes or post-partum depression are called:
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15.  - The main symptoms are depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure, loss of weight and others.- No history of manic disorder.- can be a single episode or recurrent episodes.
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16.  - Affective symptoms- Cognitive symptoms- Behavioral symptoms- Physiological symptoms
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17.  Low self-esteem is related to depression. Beck feels depression is a disturbance of thinking rather than mood.  Patients have schemas that set them up for depression.
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18.  A persistent and chronic mood disorder in the form of mood swings.
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19.  Mood Disorders are classified as follows:
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20.  Expression of depression differs from culture to culture.  Some of these factors include: Stress and Depression – Stress may activate a person’s predisposition (diathesis) to depression.  A severe stress is more effective than several minor ones.  Chronic stress is more highly related to depression.  Stress results in relapse as well. Social support counteracts stress. Gender & Depression Depression is far more common among women than men. Women may seek help more often than men.  Submissive nature of some women lends to depression.  In men, depression is masked by substance abuse and anger.
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21.  Loss or gain of appetite and weight, constipation, sleep disturbance and loss of sexual desire.
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22.  The main symptoms are low-grade depressed mood, feelings of pessimism or guilt, loss of interest of chronic nature lasting over years.
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23.  Include neglect of personal appearance, psychomotor retardation, agitation and suicide gestures.
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