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Abnormal Psychology Mood Disorders

23 Questions
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter 11

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Disturbances in emotions that cause personal discomfort.
    • A. 

      Mood Disorders

    • B. 

      Depression

    • C. 

      Mania

  • 2. 
    Intense Sadness, Feelings of worthlessness and withdrawal.
    • A. 

      Depression

    • B. 

      Mood Disorder

    • C. 

      Mania

  • 3. 
    Elevated mood, expansiveness, irritability and hyperactivity.
    • A. 

      Mania

    • B. 

      Depression

    • C. 

      Mood Disorders

  • 4. 
    Include sadness, unhappiness, "blue mood" and apathy.
    • A. 

      Cognitive Symptoms

    • B. 

      Affective Symptoms

    • C. 

      Behavioral Symptoms

  • 5. 
    Include feelings of pessimism, loss of interest and motivation, ideas of guilt, difficulty in concentration and making decisions.
    • A. 

      Affective symptoms

    • B. 

      Behavioral symptoms

    • C. 

      Cognitive symptoms

  • 6. 
    Include neglect of personal appearance, psychomotor retardation, agitation and suicide gestures.
    • A. 

      Physiological symptoms

    • B. 

      Behavioral symptoms

    • C. 

      Cognitive symptoms

  • 7. 
    Loss or gain of appetite and weight, constipation, sleep disturbance and loss of sexual desire.
    • A. 

      Affective symptoms

    • B. 

      Physiological Symptoms

    • C. 

      Behavioral Symptoms

  • 8. 
    - Affective symptoms- Cognitive symptoms- Behavioral symptoms- Physiological symptoms
    • A. 

      Symptoms of Mania

    • B. 

      Symptoms of Depression

    • C. 

      Symptoms of Mood disorders

  • 9. 
    - Elevated, expansive or irritable mood.- Impairment of social and occupational functioning.- uninhabited and impulsive behavior.- Pressured and accelerated speech.- Decreased need for sleep with high level of arousal.
    • A. 

      Symptoms of Mania

    • B. 

      Symptoms of Depression

    • C. 

      Symptoms of Mood disorders

  • 10. 
    Mood Disorders are classified as follows:
    • A. 

      Depressive Disorders/Bipolar Disorders

    • B. 

      Major Depressive Disorders/Dysthymic Disorder

  • 11. 
    Depressive Disorders are classified as follows:
    • A. 

      Depressive Disorder/Bipolar Disorder

    • B. 

      Major Depressive Disorder/Dysthymic Disorder

  • 12. 
    - The main symptoms are depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure, loss of weight and others.- No history of manic disorder.- can be a single episode or recurrent episodes.
    • A. 

      Major Depressive Disorder

    • B. 

      Dysthymic Disorder

    • C. 

      Bipolar Disorder

  • 13. 
    The main symptoms are low-grade depressed mood, feelings of pessimism or guilt, loss of interest of chronic nature lasting over years.
    • A. 

      Bipolar Disorder

    • B. 

      Dysthymic Disorder

    • C. 

      Major Depressive Disorder

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Bipolar Disorder, Mania, & Depression/Cyclothymia

    • B. 

      Dysthymic Disorder/Major Depressive Disorder

  • 15. 
    Indicates the presence of mania and depressive episodes in the same patient
    • A. 

      Dysthymic

    • B. 

      Cyclothymia

    • C. 

      Bipolar

  • 16. 
    A persistent and chronic mood disorder in the form of mood swings.
    • A. 

      Cyclothymia

    • B. 

      Bipolar

    • C. 

      Dysthymic

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Cyclothymia

    • B. 

      Course Specifiers

    • C. 

      Depressive Disorders

  • 18. 
    Expression of depression differs from culture to culture.  Some of these factors include: Stress and Depression – Stress may activate a person’s predisposition (diathesis) to depression.  A severe stress is more effective than several minor ones.  Chronic stress is more highly related to depression.  Stress results in relapse as well. Social support counteracts stress. Gender & Depression Depression is far more common among women than men. Women may seek help more often than men.  Submissive nature of some women lends to depression.  In men, depression is masked by substance abuse and anger.
    • A. 

      Sociocultural Explanation

    • B. 

      Psychoanalytic Explanation

    • C. 

      Learning Explanation

  • 19. 
    This theory focuses on separation and anger as the causes of depression.  Loss through separation or death is crucial.   Anger stems from feelings of being deserted or abandoned. Anger turned toward the self causes depression.
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic Explanation

    • B. 

      Learning Explanation

    • C. 

      Cognitive Explanation

  • 20. 
    Separation or loss of a significant other, causing reduced reinforcement is important in depression. Reduction in environmental reinforcement is another important contributor. There is a need to replace lost reinforcements. Patients need to learn social behaviors that can elicit positive reinforcements.
    • A. 

      Learning Explanation

    • B. 

      Cognitive Explanation

    • C. 

      Learned Helplessness

  • 21. 
    Low self-esteem is related to depression. Beck feels depression is a disturbance of thinking rather than mood.  Patients have schemas that set them up for depression.
    • A. 

      Cognitive Explanation

    • B. 

      Learned Helplessness

    • C. 

      Psychoanalytic Explanation

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic Explanation

    • B. 

      Learning Explanation

    • C. 

      Learned Helplessness

  • 23. 
      1. Genetic Factors – The Role of Heredity
    Mood disorders tend to run in families.  Twin studies reveal this factor, especially in bipolar disorders.
      1. Biochemical Factors – Neurotransmitters & Mood Disorders
    Genetic factors influence the amount of neurotransmitters in the synapses. Depression is caused by a deficit of specific neurotransmitters nor-epinephrine, dopamine and serotonin. Mania is caused by an over supply of these substances. Depression is also linked with increase in REM sleep (Rapid Eye Movement). In more severe disorders including the psychotic forms of major mood disorders, endogenous (internal) factors may become more prominent.
    • A. 

      Biological Perspectives Regarding Mood Disorders

    • B. 

      Sociocultural Explanation Regarding Mood Disorders

    • C. 

      Cognitive Explanation Regarding Mood Disorders