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A+ COMPTIA Guide To Hardware 1

32 Questions  I  By Msjoanne
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1.  The latest motherboard form factor is the _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A new method of error checking called ________ that can detect and correct and error in a single bit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  _______ is also called the real time clock/nonvolatile RAM (RTC/NVRAM) chip, which retains the data even when the computer is turned off.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  On the bottom of the motherboard, is a maze of circuits that make up a bus. These embedded wires carry four kinds of cargo which are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  ______or spacers are round plastic or metal pegs that separate the motherboard from the case, so that components on the back of the motherboard do not touch the case.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  A ______is an area on the motherboard that holds the minimum number of memory chips or memory modules that must work together as a unit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Ports coming directly off the motherboard are called _________ or integrated components.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  These DIMMs have two notches on the edge connector and run at constant speeds independent of the system bus speed. What are they called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  ________tells the system at what speed the computer is running, or to turn a power-saving feature on or off.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Older PC's had an Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) which had an __-bit data path and ran at 4.77 MHz.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  ______ refers to an error checking procedure in which either every byte has an even number of ones or every byte has an odd number of ones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  You can configured the motherboard in three different ways which are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  An early version of the SDRAM is _______, which was never embraced by the industry.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  A _____ has an ON position and an OFF position. ON represents the binary 1 and OFF represents the binary 0. Older motherboards and expansion cards and a few others store setup data using this also.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  In Windows, memory errors can cause frequent __________ errors which causes a computer to freeze, hang, boot failures, or become unstable.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Older motherboards have small expansion slots the length of a PCI Express x1 slot called an__________ slot or a communication or networking riser (CNR) slot.
A.
B.
C.
17.  _______ is a command to the processor to wait for slower devices to catch up
A.
B.
C.
18.  What does CAS (Column Access Strobe) Latency and RAS (Row Access Strobe) Latency do?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  With ________, the memory controller can communicate with two DIMMs at the same time, effectively doubling the speed of memory access.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  SRAM is faster than DRAM and does not have to be refreshed as often.
A.
B.
21.  The most popular motherboard form factor is the ____
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Access to a computer can be controlled using a start-up password, sometimes called a user password, or a ______ password.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  This bus has three major revisions and are backward-compatible, increased bandwidth and data integrity. It is generally to keep up with system bus speeds.
A.
B.
C.
24.  Three form factors used for motherboards are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  ______is a legacy memory that uses RIMM memory modules and is named after Rambus Inc.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Small slots such as the AMR and CNR slots accomodate small, inexpensive expansion cards called _______ cards
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  ________is an improved version of SDRAM.It has one notch and uses 184 pins. Instead of processing data for each beat of the system clock, as a regular SDRAM does, it processes data, when the beat rises and again falls, doubling the data rate of memory.
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.   How many power-on passwords can the CMOS Setup hold to help secure a system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  This PCI bus is not backward-compatible and uses a serial bus, which is faster than a parallel bus because it transmits data in packets similar to how an Ethernet network, USB, and Firewire transmits data.
A.
B.
C.
30.  If a slot does not hold a RIMM, it must hold a placeholder module called a ________, to ensure continuity throughout all slots.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  The first DIMM to run synchronized with the system clock is ______, which has two notches and uses 168 pins.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The first PCI bus that had a 32-bit data path, supplied 5 V of power and allowed expansion cards to run in sync with the CPU is
A.
B.
C.
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