A+ CompTIA Guide To Hardware 1

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  • 1. 
    Three form factors used for motherboards are:
    • A. 

      NLX, Baby AT, Micro ATX

    • B. 

      PicoBTX, ATX, NLX

    • C. 

      ATX, BTX, AT

    • D. 

      BTX, MicroATX, NLX

    • E. 

      AT, NLX, BTX


  • 2. 
    On the bottom of the motherboard, is a maze of circuits that make up a bus. These embedded wires carry four kinds of cargo which are:
    • A. 

      Electrical Power

    • B. 

      Control Signals

    • C. 

      Data

    • D. 

      Data Path

    • E. 

      Memory Addresses


  • 3. 
    _______ is a command to the processor to wait for slower devices to catch up
    • A. 

      Word size

    • B. 

      Overclocking

    • C. 

      Wait state


  • 4. 
    Older PC's had an Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) which had an __-bit data path and ran at 4.77 MHz.
    • A. 

      8

    • B. 

      16

    • C. 

      24

    • D. 

      32

    • E. 

      64


  • 5. 
    The first PCI bus that had a 32-bit data path, supplied 5 V of power and allowed expansion cards to run in sync with the CPU is
    • A. 

      PCI-X

    • B. 

      PCI Express

    • C. 

      Conventional PCI


  • 6. 
    This bus has three major revisions and are backward-compatible, increased bandwidth and data integrity. It is generally to keep up with system bus speeds.
    • A. 

      PCI-X

    • B. 

      PCI Express

    • C. 

      Conventional PCI


  • 7. 
    This PCI bus is not backward-compatible and uses a serial bus, which is faster than a parallel bus because it transmits data in packets similar to how an Ethernet network, USB, and Firewire transmits data.
    • A. 

      PCI-X

    • B. 

      PCI Express

    • C. 

      Conventional PCI


  • 8. 
    Ports coming directly off the motherboard are called _________ or integrated components.
    • A. 

      USB ports

    • B. 

      On-board ports

    • C. 

      Network ports

    • D. 

      Modem ports

    • E. 

      Serial ports


  • 9. 
    Older motherboards have small expansion slots the length of a PCI Express x1 slot called an__________ slot or a communication or networking riser (CNR) slot.
    • A. 

      Expansion slot

    • B. 

      PCI slot

    • C. 

      Audio/modem riser (AMR) slot


  • 10. 
    Small slots such as the AMR and CNR slots accomodate small, inexpensive expansion cards called _______ cards
    • A. 

      PC

    • B. 

      Riser

    • C. 

      Network

    • D. 

      Expansion


  • 11. 
    You can configured the motherboard in three different ways which are:
    • A. 

      DIP switches

    • B. 

      SDRAM

    • C. 

      CMOS RAM

    • D. 

      Jumpers

    • E. 

      CMOS Setup


  • 12. 
    A _____ has an ON position and an OFF position. ON represents the binary 1 and OFF represents the binary 0. Older motherboards and expansion cards and a few others store setup data using this also.
    • A. 

      Dual core processor

    • B. 

      Dual inline package (DIP) swtich

    • C. 

      Jumper

    • D. 

      Processor

    • E. 

      Data Packet


  • 13. 
    ________tells the system at what speed the computer is running, or to turn a power-saving feature on or off.
    • A. 

      Dual inline package (DIP) switch

    • B. 

      Jumpers

    • C. 

      CMOS RAM

    • D. 

      Standoffs


  • 14. 
    _______ is also called the real time clock/nonvolatile RAM (RTC/NVRAM) chip, which retains the data even when the computer is turned off.
    • A. 

      SDRAM

    • B. 

      Communication and Networking riser (CNR)

    • C. 

      CMOS RAM

    • D. 

      Data Packet


  • 15. 
     How many power-on passwords can the CMOS Setup hold to help secure a system?
    • A. 

      1 or 2

    • B. 

      3 or 4

    • C. 

      5 or 6

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 16. 
    Access to a computer can be controlled using a start-up password, sometimes called a user password, or a ______ password.
    • A. 

      Master

    • B. 

      Administrator

    • C. 

      System

    • D. 

      Power on


  • 17. 
    ______or spacers are round plastic or metal pegs that separate the motherboard from the case, so that components on the back of the motherboard do not touch the case.
    • A. 

      Jumpers

    • B. 

      Dual Inline Package (DIP) switches

    • C. 

      Standoffs

    • D. 

      On-board ports


  • 18. 
    SRAM is faster than DRAM and does not have to be refreshed as often.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    ________is an improved version of SDRAM.It has one notch and uses 184 pins. Instead of processing data for each beat of the system clock, as a regular SDRAM does, it processes data, when the beat rises and again falls, doubling the data rate of memory.
    • A. 

      DDR2

    • B. 

      Rambus DRAM

    • C. 

      Synchronous DRAM

    • D. 

      DDR (Double Data Rate) SDRAM


  • 20. 
    The first DIMM to run synchronized with the system clock is ______, which has two notches and uses 168 pins.
    • A. 

      SyncLink SDRAM (SLDRAM)

    • B. 

      Rambus DRAM (RDRAM)

    • C. 

      Synchronous DRAM (SDRAM)

    • D. 

      DDR (Double Data Rate) SDRAM


  • 21. 
    These DIMMs have two notches on the edge connector and run at constant speeds independent of the system bus speed. What are they called?
    • A. 

      Burst EDO (BEDO)

    • B. 

      DDR SDRAM

    • C. 

      DDR2

    • D. 

      EDO


  • 22. 
    An early version of the SDRAM is _______, which was never embraced by the industry.
    • A. 

      Synchronous DRAM (SDRAM)

    • B. 

      Rambus DRAM (RDRAM)

    • C. 

      SyncLink SDRAM (SLDRAM)

    • D. 

      Burst EDO (BEDO)


  • 23. 
    With ________, the memory controller can communicate with two DIMMs at the same time, effectively doubling the speed of memory access.
    • A. 

      Fast Page Memory (FPM)

    • B. 

      Extended Data Out (EDO)

    • C. 

      Dual Channels

    • D. 

      Rambus DRAM (RDRAM)


  • 24. 
    ______is a legacy memory that uses RIMM memory modules and is named after Rambus Inc.
    • A. 

      Double Data Rate SDRAM (DDR SDRAM)

    • B. 

      Direct Rambus DRAM (RDRAM or Direct RDRAM)

    • C. 

      DDR2 SDRAM

    • D. 

      SyncLink SDRAM (SLDRAM)


  • 25. 
    If a slot does not hold a RIMM, it must hold a placeholder module called a ________, to ensure continuity throughout all slots.
    • A. 

      Direct Rambus DRAM (RDRAM or Direct RDRAM)

    • B. 

      Double Data Rate SDRAM (DDR SDRAM)

    • C. 

      C-RIMM (Continuity RIMM)

    • D. 

      DDR2 SDRAM


  • 26. 
    A ______is an area on the motherboard that holds the minimum number of memory chips or memory modules that must work together as a unit.
    • A. 

      Bank

    • B. 

      SD card

    • C. 

      Expansion card

    • D. 

      Memory slot


  • 27. 
    ______ refers to an error checking procedure in which either every byte has an even number of ones or every byte has an odd number of ones.
    • A. 

      ECC (error-correcting code)

    • B. 

      Parity

    • C. 

      System Restore

    • D. 

      Reboot


  • 28. 
    A new method of error checking called ________ that can detect and correct and error in a single bit.
    • A. 

      ECC (error-correcting code)

    • B. 

      Parity

    • C. 

      System Restore

    • D. 

      Reboot


  • 29. 
    What does CAS (Column Access Strobe) Latency and RAS (Row Access Strobe) Latency do?
    • A. 

      Read and Write data

    • B. 

      Measures Speed

    • C. 

      Correct Errors

    • D. 

      Adds memory


  • 30. 
    In Windows, memory errors can cause frequent __________ errors which causes a computer to freeze, hang, boot failures, or become unstable.
    • A. 

      Parity

    • B. 

      Disk

    • C. 

      General Protection Fault (GPF)

    • D. 

      Parity Memory


  • 31. 
    The most popular motherboard form factor is the ____
    • A. 

      ATX

    • B. 

      BTX

    • C. 

      AT

    • D. 

      NLX


  • 32. 
    The latest motherboard form factor is the _____
    • A. 

      ATX

    • B. 

      BTX

    • C. 

      AT

    • D. 

      NLX


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