The Rotation of Earth.
The object being thrown.
Leonardo da Vinci.
Gaspard Gustave de Coriolis.
Because it is less dense than cold air.
Because the suns gravitational pull pulls the warm air towards the sun.
Because it is colder the higher the altitude and the warm air wants to maintain homoestasis.
Uneven Solar Heating.
The rotation of Earth.
Latitudes where there is a high population of horses.
Area of high atmospheric pressure and little surface wind.
Area of low atmospheric pressure and high surface wind.
None of the above.