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US History Final Exam-civil War Review

51 Questions
US History Quizzes & Trivia

11 Grade US History Exam Review Civil War.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Civil War began with which battle?
    • A. 

      Ft. Sumter

    • B. 

      Antietam

    • C. 

      Gettysburg

    • D. 

      Fts. Jackson and St. Phillip

    • E. 

      Sherman's March

  • 2. 
    General McClellan was fired after the Battle of _________ for ____________ .
    • A. 

      Vicksburg ... breaking the seige

    • B. 

      2nd Bull Run ... losing

    • C. 

      Antietam ... hesitating

    • D. 

      Gettysburg ... stealing shoes

  • 3. 
    Which of these early eastern battles ended in a tie?
    • A. 

      Ft. Sumter

    • B. 

      1st Battle of Bull Run

    • C. 

      Seven Days'

    • D. 

      2nd Battle of Bull Run

    • E. 

      Antietam

  • 4. 
    Who won most of the battles over control of the Mississippi River?
    • A. 

      Union

    • B. 

      Confederacy

    • C. 

      Nazis

    • D. 

      Britain

    • E. 

      Spain

  • 5. 
    Which battle was fought in Pennsylvania?
    • A. 

      Ft. Sumter

    • B. 

      Antietam

    • C. 

      Fredricksburg

    • D. 

      Gettysburg

    • E. 

      Vicksburg

  • 6. 
    Who won the Vicksburg Seige, Sherman's March, and Grants' Series of Battles in Virgina?
    • A. 

      Union

    • B. 

      Confederates

    • C. 

      Spain

    • D. 

      Sweden

    • E. 

      Britain

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      South Carolina

    • B. 

      Tennessee

    • C. 

      Mississippi

    • D. 

      Pennsylvania

    • E. 

      Virginia

  • 8. 
    Who was the Confederate President during the Civil War? 
    • A. 

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B. 

      Rutherford B. Hayes

    • C. 

      Jefferson Davis

    • D. 

      Ulysses S. Grant

    • E. 

      Stonewall Jackson

  • 9. 
    Which of these statements is not true of Ulysses S. Grant?
    • A. 

      He was the Union general during most battles for control of the Mississippi River.

    • B. 

      He was promoted to be the Commander of all Union Armies.

    • C. 

      He was elected President of the United States later.

    • D. 

      He fought in the Mexican-American War

    • E. 

      His nickname was "Unanimous Solidarity."

  • 10. 
    Who was a union nurse that later founded the Red Cross?
    • A. 

      Elenor Roosevelt

    • B. 

      Robert E. Lee

    • C. 

      Clara Barton

    • D. 

      Stonewall Jackson

    • E. 

      Florence Nightengale

  • 11. 
    Who was imprisioned following the Civil War, held without trial, released, and retired to live off of charity and write his memiors?
    • A. 

      George McClellan

    • B. 

      Jefferson Davis

    • C. 

      Robert E. Lee

    • D. 

      Ulysses S. Grant

    • E. 

      Abraham Lincoln

  • 12. 
    How did "Stonewall" Jackson's military career end?
    • A. 

      He was depressed after Gettysburg, tried to quit, but the Confederate President wouldn't let him.

    • B. 

      He was shot by friendly fire and died a few days later of pneumonia.

    • C. 

      He retired, lived off charity, and wrote his memoirs.

    • D. 

      He was assassinated by John Wilkes Boothe.

    • E. 

      He was elected US President after Andrew Johnson.

  • 13. 
    Who led a march of destruction through three southern states to bring the Civil War to an end?
    • A. 

      "Stonewall" Jackson

    • B. 

      Ulysses S. Grant

    • C. 

      Willam Tecumseh Sherman

    • D. 

      Robert E. Lee

    • E. 

      Michael Jackson

  • 14. 
    Which of these men was not a Union general?
    • A. 

      Ulysses S. Grant

    • B. 

      George McClellan

    • C. 

      "Stonewall" Jackson

    • D. 

      William Sherman

  • 15. 
    Who said this? “My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or destroy Slavery….  [A]ccording to my view of official duty … [despite] my oft-expressed personal siwh that all men, everywhere, could be free.”
    • A. 

      Robert E. Lee

    • B. 

      William Yancey

    • C. 

      Jefferson Davis

    • D. 

      Abraham Lincoln

    • E. 

      Ulysses S. Grant

  • 16. 
    Who said this and why?It is the “most execrable measure recorded in the history of guilty man.”
    • A. 

      Phillip Yancey in response to Britain's refusal to buy Southern cotton

    • B. 

      Robert E. Lee in response to the death of his collegue

    • C. 

      Abraham Lincoln expressing his views of slavery

    • D. 

      Jefferson Davis in reaction to the Emancipation Proclamation

    • E. 

      Clara Barton in describing soldiers' living conditions

  • 17. 
    Who complained and why? It’s a “rich man’s war and poor man’s fight.”
    • A. 

      Abraham Lincoln to explain the suspension of habeous corpus

    • B. 

      Poor Northerners who didn't want to help slaves

    • C. 

      Poor Southerners who were angry about the draft

    • D. 

      Jefferson Davis to recruit bounty jumpers

  • 18. 
    What was the context of this quote? “It is an error to say that ‘Cotton is King.’  It is not.  It is a great and influential factor in commerce, but not its dictator.”
    • A. 

      The South hoped that the cotton trade would force Britain to be an ally during the Civil War, but Britain had other options and never recognized the Confederacy as a separate nation.

    • B. 

      The South hoped to finance the Civil War with procedes from Cotton, but the Union burned their fields and so they had to turn to tobacco.

    • C. 

      The North hoped that the South would sell its cotton to the Union army in order to make uniforms, but the South withheld its cotton as a war tactic to try to cripple the northern cities.

    • D. 

      The South sold its cotton to India and Egypt, thereby bypassing old markets in Britain and making money for the war.

    • E. 

      The South burned its own cotton in order to keep it from falling into Union hands.

  • 19. 
    What was the Anaconda Plan?
    • A. 

      The Confederate plan to strangle the North

    • B. 

      The Union plan to strangle the South

    • C. 

      General Lee's plan to release deadly snakes in Union war camps

    • D. 

      President Lincoln's plan to free the slaves

  • 20. 
    Which of these was not part of the Anaconda Plan?
    • A. 

      Blockade ports

    • B. 

      Capture the capital of Richmond, Virginia

    • C. 

      Control the Mississippi River

    • D. 

      Set fire to farms and private homes in Georgia

  • 21. 
    How were the goals of the Anaconda Plan accomplished?
    • A. 

      The win at Gettysburg led to Union control of the Mississippi River; Lee and Jackson converged on Washington, DC from different directions, leaving a path of destruction along the way; and Britain sent soldiers to Canada.

    • B. 

      The win at Gettysburg led to Union control of the Mississippi River; Grant and Sherman converged on New Orleans from different directions, leaving a path of destruction along the way; Lee stole Confederate supplies like shoes and gave them to Union soldiers.

    • C. 

      The Seige of Vicksburg led to Union control of the Mississippi River; Grant and Sherman converged on Richmond from different directions, leaving a path of destruction along the way; Union ships blocked ports and other battles caused major port cities like New Orleans and Savannah to fall.

    • D. 

      The Seven Days' Battle led to Confederate control of the Cumberland River; Lee and Jackson converged on Washington, DC from different directions, leaving a path of destruction along the way; and Britain sent soldiers to Canada.

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B. 

      Jefferson Davis

    • C. 

      Both

    • D. 

      Neither

  • 23. 
    What is habeous corpus?
    • A. 

      A person cannot be held in jail without food and water

    • B. 

      A person can be held in jail if they support an enemy of the US

    • C. 

      A person can be held in jail if they can't produce proof of citizenship

    • D. 

      A person cannot be held in jail without appearing before a judge first

    • E. 

      A person cannot voice objections to government policies during war time

  • 24. 
    Why was habeous corpus suspended during the Civil War?
    • A. 

      So Confederates could be punished by their captors

    • B. 

      So prisoner of war camps could exist

    • C. 

      So dissenters could be held in jail without trials

    • D. 

      So presidents could feel more powerful

    • E. 

      So the Emancipation Proclamation could take effect

  • 25. 
    What does dissent mean?
    • A. 

      Reduction

    • B. 

      Disagreement

    • C. 

      Agreement

    • D. 

      Surplus

    • E. 

      Disbelief

  • 26. 
    What does secede mean?
    • A. 

      Add on

    • B. 

      Achieve one's goals

    • C. 

      Surround and starve out

    • D. 

      Split, separate, or withdraw from

    • E. 

      Form a confederacy

  • 27. 
    What does emancipation mean?
    • A. 

      Explanation

    • B. 

      An oozing substance

    • C. 

      Freedom

    • D. 

      Slavery

    • E. 

      Confrontation

  • 28. 
    What does abolish mean?
    • A. 

      complain, disagree

    • B. 

      Stop, halt, bring to an end

    • C. 

      Start, ignite, like a spark

    • D. 

      Free, release

    • E. 

      Escape

  • 29. 
    What does annex mean?
    • A. 

      Add on to, such as a piece of land

    • B. 

      Splite or separate from

    • C. 

      An eating disorder

    • D. 

      An organized protest

    • E. 

      A deadly bacteria used for biological warfare

  • 30. 
    Grant and Sherman believed in total war.  Which tactics did they employ?  (Check two.)
    • A. 

      They cut out the tonges of captured soldiers

    • B. 

      They had more men to lose, so they just kept attacking to wear down the enemy, no matter how many of their own soldiers died

    • C. 

      They burned everything in site,including civilian homes and farms, and wrapped railroad tracks around trees

    • D. 

      They held woman and children hostage

    • E. 

      They held Southern sympathizers in POW camps without trial

  • 31. 
    Define conscription.
    • A. 

      Writing

    • B. 

      Payments for a series of magazines

    • C. 

      Draft

    • D. 

      Guilty of a crime

    • E. 

      Enlisting in the military, taking the sign-up bonus, quitting, then doing it again

  • 32. 
    Which side surrendered at the end of the Civil War?
    • A. 

      Union

    • B. 

      Confederates

    • C. 

      Britain

    • D. 

      France

    • E. 

      Mexico

  • 33. 
    What was Appomatox Court House?
    • A. 

      The original name for the White House

    • B. 

      The horse Robert E. Lee was riding when the treaty ending the Civil War was signed

    • C. 

      The building where the treaty ending the Civil War was signed

    • D. 

      The village where the treaty ending the Civil War was signed

    • E. 

      The cabin where Abraham Lincoln was born

  • 34. 
    When did the Civil War end?
    • A. 

      April, 1865

    • B. 

      Never, it is still going on

    • C. 

      August, 1861

    • D. 

      July, 1776

    • E. 

      June, 1835

  • 35. 
    Why was the Union army particularly brutal in South Carolina?
    • A. 

      Because this is where the Civil War ended

    • B. 

      Because this is where most of the Civil War was fought

    • C. 

      Because this is where the Civil War began

    • D. 

      Because they wanted control of the Mississippi River

  • 36. 
    What is a cavalry?
    • A. 

      Military on horses

    • B. 

      A place of crosses, like a graveyard

    • C. 

      Horses and mules

    • D. 

      Soldiers on boats

    • E. 

      Types of weapons

  • 37. 
    When Union soldiers reached the state of ___________, they began handing out _____________ because they knew the war was almost over.
    • A. 

      South Carolina ... shovels

    • B. 

      North Carolina ... food and supplies

    • C. 

      Georgia ... blankets and pamphlets

    • D. 

      Tennessee ... money for rebuilding

  • 38. 
    For the Union, emancipation was not just a _____________ issue; it became a weapon of __________ .
    • A. 

      Controversial ... secession

    • B. 

      Sensitive ... commerce

    • C. 

      Confusing ... peace

    • D. 

      Moral ... war

  • 39. 
    Copperheads were ________ Democrats who advocated peace with the _______ .
    • A. 

      Northern ... South

    • B. 

      Southern ... North

    • C. 

      Eastern ... British

    • D. 

      Western ... French

  • 40. 
    The four border states were these:
    • A. 

      Maryland, Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina

    • B. 

      Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia, and Texas

    • C. 

      Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and Missouri

    • D. 

      Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Kentucky

  • 41. 
    Which of these states did not secede from the Union before April, 1861?
    • A. 

      Texas

    • B. 

      Virginia

    • C. 

      South Carolina

    • D. 

      Alabama

  • 42. 
    True or False.  _____ The Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in the Union.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    True or False.  In the Trent incident, Confederates arrested two Union delegates on their way to Britain.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    True or False.  Britain did recognize the Confederacy as a separate nation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    True or False.  Ulysses S. Grant was shot accidentally by his own men.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    True or False.  President Lincoln was a northern Democrat.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    True or False.  Jeb Stuart led the Union cavalry.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    True or False.  Most of the Civil War was fought in the North.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 51. 
    True or False.  The South had exceptional military leaders and a strong military tradition.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False