Unit 2 History Ch. 27

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History Quizzes & Trivia
America: A Narrative History

  
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  • 1. 
    With the Republicans in control of the federal government, progressivism disappeared in the 1920s.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 2. 
    As president, Warren Harding was actually more progressive than Woodrow Wilson in his attitudes and policies toward African Americans.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 3. 
    While Warren Harding presided over what can be argued as the most corrupt administration in American history, he was never personally linked to any official wrongdoing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 4. 
    The biggest scandal under President Hoover was the “Teapot Dome” affair of 1930.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 5. 
    Warren G. Harding was shot by the assassin Charles Guiteau.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 6. 
    Calvin Coolidge was notorious for his love of whiskey, poker, and women.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 7. 
    According to Calvin Coolidge, the president should passively defer to Congress.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 8. 
    Robert La Follette said, “The chief business of the American people is business.”
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 9. 
    The federal government refused to assist the young aircraft industry in the 1920s.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 10. 
    By the mid-1920s, most Americans still could not afford to buy a Model T Ford.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 11. 
    One of the most important results of the automobile age was the discovery of California and Florida by American families.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 12. 
    “Parity,” as used in this chapter, refers to farm prices.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 13. 
    The Hawley-Smoot Tariff raised import duties to an all-time high.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 14. 
    In the 1920s, many investors bought stocks on margin, that is, with borrowed funds.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 15. 
    One major cause of the Depression was that workers’ wages were too high.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    Herbert Hoover refused to involve the government in efforts to relieve the effects of economic depression.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 17. 
    Although Herbert Hoover strictly resisted giving federal assistance directly to individuals, he did actively pursue avenues intended to put the nation’s economy on the path of recovery.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 18. 
    Businessmen flew “Hoover flags” to show their support for the president’s hands-off approach to the Depression.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    Politically, Democrats suffered most from the stock market crash and the beginning of the Depression.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    The “Bonus Expeditionary Force” was organized to secure the U.S.–Mexico border.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 21. 
    The progressive coalition that elected Woodrow Wilson president dissolved by 1920 for all the following reasons EXCEPT: Ref: Wilson’s progressive coalition had dissolved by
    • A. 

      Many of the progressive reforms still seemed unattainable

    • B. 

      Intellectuals became disillusioned because of the anti-evolution movement

    • C. 

      Radicals and pacifists became disenchanted with America’s entrance into the Great War and the war’s aftermath

    • D. 

      The middle class became more interested in business than reform


  • 22. 
    The result in the presidential election of 1920 might be attributed to:
    • A. 

      The smear campaign directed against Democratic candidate A. Mitchell Palmer

    • B. 

      The fact that Americans in the 1920s were “tired of issues, sick at heart of ideals, and weary of being noble”

    • C. 

      Southerners who expressed their displeasure at President Wilson’s policies by voting Republican

    • D. 

      The lack of women voters in the election


  • 23. 
    The “Ohio gang”:
    • A. 

      Rivaled Charlie Chaplin in box office receipts in the 1920s

    • B. 

      Directed Herbert Hoover’s rise to the presidency

    • C. 

      Was a group of angry young men in a short story by Sinclair Lewis about the consumer culture

    • D. 

      Was a group of President Harding’s friends who were named to political office


  • 24. 
    The tariff policy of the early 1920s:
    • A. 

      Made it easier for other nations to sell to the United States

    • B. 

      Made it harder for other nations to sell to the United States

    • C. 

      Made it easier for other nations to repay their war debts

    • D. 

      Led Americans to cut back on loans and investments abroad


  • 25. 
    Harding’s secretary of the treasury:
    • A. 

      Favored retaining the high wartime level of taxation in order to build up the public treasury

    • B. 

      Favored a reduction of the high wartime level of taxation, but mainly for the rich

    • C. 

      Favored a reduction of the high wartime level of taxation, but mainly for the poor and middle class

    • D. 

      Persuaded Congress to drop the personal income tax instituted under Wilson


  • 26. 
    On the issue of regulating big business, President Harding:
    • A. 

      Showed his support for regulation by pressuring Congress to pass stricter laws

    • B. 

      Named conservative advocates of big business to head the Interstate Commerce Commission and the Federal Trade Commission

    • C. 

      And his administration brought a record number of suits against corporations

    • D. 

      Named Robert La Follette, a former leading progressive, to head a government commission to investigate unfair business practices


  • 27. 
    The biggest scandal of the Harding administration:
    • A. 

      Led to an attempt to impeach Harding that fell just four votes short of success in the House of Representatives

    • B. 

      Concerned a corrupt U.S. customs official who had regularly allowed Chinese imports into the country duty-free

    • C. 

      Was the impeachment of the attorney general for fraudulent handling of German assets seized after World War I

    • D. 

      Involved the leasing of government-owned oil deposits to private companies


  • 28. 
    John W. Davis:
    • A. 

      Was the Democratic presidential candidate in 1924

    • B. 

      Invented the radio

    • C. 

      Starred in The Jazz Singer

    • D. 

      Was the first head of the Federal Communications Commission


  • 29. 
    Coolidge’s administration was marked by:
    • A. 

      A continuation of the post–World War I economic slump

    • B. 

      Continued tax breaks for the lower and middle classes at the expense of the upper class

    • C. 

      Prosperity

    • D. 

      The creation of the Internal Revenue and Tariff Commission, which drastically reformed taxation formulas and duty lists


  • 30. 
    The growing consumerism of the 1920s manifested itself in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Passenger rail service

    • B. 

      Automobiles

    • C. 

      Radios

    • D. 

      Home appliances


  • 31. 
    The rise of the automobile did all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Was aided by Henry Ford’s mass-production innovations

    • B. 

      Encouraged the sprawl of suburbs

    • C. 

      Quickened the good-roads movement

    • D. 

      Opened Alaska to tourism


  • 32. 
    As secretary of commerce, Herbert Hoover:
    • A. 

      Endorsed strict laissez-faire policies to allow businesses to govern themselves

    • B. 

      Supported the trade-association movement

    • C. 

      Pushed for stricter regulation of big business in order to protect individual Americans

    • D. 

      Spent most of his time preparing for a run at the presidency


  • 33. 
    In the 1920s, farm prices:
    • A. 

      Were subsidized by the federal government

    • B. 

      Kept at their high wartime levels

    • C. 

      Kept at their low wartime levels

    • D. 

      Fell sharply


  • 34. 
    One of the most significant economic and social developments of the early twentieth century was the development of the:
    • A. 

      Airplane

    • B. 

      Telephone

    • C. 

      Television

    • D. 

      Automobile


  • 35. 
    The McNary-Haugen bill:
    • A. 

      Called for dumping surplus crops on the world market in order to raise domestic prices

    • B. 

      Failed to pass Congress in 1922 but passed in 1927 with the support of President Coolidge

    • C. 

      Effectively raised domestic commodity prices

    • D. 

      Was viewed with derision by American farmers


  • 36. 
    In “yellow-dog” contracts, employers:
    • A. 

      Agreed to submit all grievances to an arbitration panel whose decision was binding

    • B. 

      Forced workers to agree to stay out of unions

    • C. 

      Agreed to hire only union workers

    • D. 

      Forced workers to sign a statement that they would vote the Democratic ticket


  • 37. 
    In the 1920s, labor unions:
    • A. 

      Won a number of important victories in the Supreme Court

    • B. 

      Gained about 1.5 million members

    • C. 

      Lost about 1.5 million members

    • D. 

      Were helped by the prosperity of the decade


  • 38. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of the “American plan” concept of employment?
    • A. 

      It originated in Chicago.

    • B. 

      It allowed employers to hire nonunion workers.

    • C. 

      It established open shops.

    • D. 

      It promised a more democratic work environment than most other shops.


  • 39. 
    In the 1928 presidential election, the Democrats nominated:
    • A. 

      Franklin D. Roosevelt

    • B. 

      Herbert Hoover

    • C. 

      Rex Tugwell

    • D. 

      Al Smith


  • 40. 
    Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Depression?
    • A. 

      The gold standard caused a tightening of currency supplies worldwide.

    • B. 

      Corporate structures had been bloated by the success of the 1920s but were unprepared for the tightening of the economy.

    • C. 

      Andrew Mellon was overconfident in the power of market capitalism to right itself.

    • D. 

      Much of the profits that had been taken during the 1920s had been put back into companies rather than saved or invested in other ways.


  • 41. 
    Part of the reason for the stock market crash was:
    • A. 

      The high rate of deflation in the 1920s

    • B. 

      The tax policies of the 1920s that hurt the wealthy, who might otherwise have bought more stocks

    • C. 

      The buying of great amounts of stock on margin

    • D. 

      The low tariff, which allowed imports to corner several important American markets


  • 42. 
    Calvin Coolidge derisively called President Hoover:
    • A. 

      “the best president money could buy”

    • B. 

      “a fool”

    • C. 

      “the best president in modern times”

    • D. 

      “Wonder Boy”


  • 43. 
    How many people were out of work in early 1933?
    • A. 

      13,000

    • B. 

      130,000

    • C. 

      1.3 million

    • D. 

      13 million


  • 44. 
    Hoover’s early efforts to end the Depression included:
    • A. 

      Cutbacks in public works, to shore up the public treasury

    • B. 

      A stricter credit policy by the Federal Reserve, to stop the flow of “easy money” available for speculation

    • C. 

      An increase in aid to farmers, to allow them to produce more

    • D. 

      Asking businessmen to maintain wages and avoid layoffs, in order to keep purchasing power strong


  • 45. 
    In the elections of 1930:
    • A. 

      Herbert Hoover was soundly defeated by Franklin D. Roosevelt

    • B. 

      Herbert Hoover won a second term as president, but by a very small margin

    • C. 

      Republicans won a majority in the House of Representatives

    • D. 

      Democrats won a majority in the House of Representatives


  • 46. 
    In 1931, just as economic indicators were beginning to rise:
    • A. 

      New York’s Chase Manhattan Bank closed, increasing investors’ panic and setting off runs on other banks

    • B. 

      Austria’s largest bank closed, triggering a panic that swept through Europe and caused European investors to withdraw their American gold and dump their American securities

    • C. 

      A drought in the Midwest caused crop failures that raised food prices and increased panic

    • D. 

      The tax increase of 1928 took effect, suddenly lessening the purchasing power of the average consumer


  • 47. 
    The Reconstruction Finance Corporation:
    • A. 

      Was created over Hoover’s veto

    • B. 

      Did little to prevent bankruptcies

    • C. 

      Was criticized for its alleged favoritism to farmers and workers

    • D. 

      Offered emergency loans to banks, farm mortgage associations, building-and-loan societies, and other such businesses


  • 48. 
    The federal Emergency Relief Act:
    • A. 

      Gave direct aid to individuals suffering during the Depression

    • B. 

      Refused to allow any state to give aid

    • C. 

      Was passed only after the vice president broke a tie in the Senate

    • D. 

      Avoided a direct dole to individuals


  • 49. 
    The “Bonus Expeditionary Force”:
    • A. 

      Consisted of angry farmers who sometimes acted outside the law to prevent the foreclosure of mortgages on their farms

    • B. 

      Toured the country to create support for the Communist party

    • C. 

      Marched on Washington in an attempt to get immediate payment of a veterans’ bonus that Congress had approved in 1924

    • D. 

      Was a special division within the army created to help local authorities deal with disturbances


  • 50. 
    In his 1920 campaign for president, Warren Harding said the country needed a return to:
    • A. 

      Energetic government

    • B. 

      Patriotism

    • C. 

      Normalcy

    • D. 

      Experimentation


  • 51. 
    Harding’s secretary of the treasury, who pushed tax cuts for the wealthy, was:
    • A. 

      Herbert Hoover

    • B. 

      Calvin Coolidge

    • C. 

      Charles Evans Hughes

    • D. 

      Andrew Mellon


  • 52. 
    Harding’s administration is most remembered for:
    • A. 

      The fact that he died while in office

    • B. 

      The poor state of the economy while he was president

    • C. 

      His promotion of the arts and culture

    • D. 

      The scandals that plagued it


  • 53. 
    Robert La Follette’s 1924 presidential campaign:
    • A. 

      Was supported by the Socialists and organized labor

    • B. 

      Resulted in one of the best third-party showings in history

    • C. 

      Was as the candidate for the Progressive party

    • D. 

      Is correctly represented by all of the above statements


  • 54. 
    In the 1920s, home entertainment was bolstered by the spectacular growth of:
    • A. 

      Radio

    • B. 

      Television

    • C. 

      Personal computers

    • D. 

      Tape recorders


  • 55. 
    Charles Lindbergh became immensely popular in the 1920s due to:
    • A. 

      His invention of the airplane

    • B. 

      His solo flight from New York to California

    • C. 

      Disappearing during his attempt to fly around the world

    • D. 

      His solo flight across the Atlantic


  • 56. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of the Gastonia strike of 1929?
    • A. 

      It involved textile workers in North Carolina.

    • B. 

      Communists were active leaders in the strike and in the union.

    • C. 

      Violence resulted in at least two deaths.

    • D. 

      The strikers won higher pay and union recognition.


  • 57. 
    Democratic presidential nominee Al Smith was hurt in 1928 by the fact that he was:
    • A. 

      A New Yorker and a Catholic

    • B. 

      A boring public speaker

    • C. 

      A member of the Ku Klux Klan

    • D. 

      A supporter of Prohibition


  • 58. 
    In 1926, one warning sign for the economy surfaced when a real estate boom collapsed in:
    • A. 

      California

    • B. 

      Florida

    • C. 

      Texas

    • D. 

      Colorado


  • 59. 
    In response to the Bonus Army marchers, Herbert Hoover:
    • A. 

      Got Congress to approve immediate payment of their bonuses

    • B. 

      Put them to work building schools and roads

    • C. 

      Sent the U.S. Army to evict them from their Hooverville

    • D. 

      Promised them that prosperity was just around the corner


  • 60. 
    Which of the members of Harding’s cabinet was jailed for his role in the Teapot Dome scandal?
    • A. 

      Charles Evans Hughes

    • B. 

      Andrew Mellon

    • C. 

      Henry Wallace

    • D. 

      Albert Fall


  • 61. 
    Despite the many well-founded criticisms of Warren Harding as president, he was a visionary for his era in the field of:
    • A. 

      Civil rights

    • B. 

      Economic development

    • C. 

      Government oversight

    • D. 

      Business regulation


  • 62. 
    Which of the following was NOT part of Warren Harding’s presidency?
    • A. 

      Increasing tariff levels

    • B. 

      Lowering taxes for the wealthy

    • C. 

      Supporting progressive legislation

    • D. 

      Rolling back governmental oversight of business


  • 63. 
    Of the following presidents, which tied government and business closer together than at any other time in the twentieth century?
    • A. 

      Warren Harding

    • B. 

      Calvin Coolidge

    • C. 

      Herbert Hoover

    • D. 

      Franklin Roosevelt


  • 64. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of the McNary-Haugen plan?
    • A. 

      It drew the rural South and West together in defense of agriculture.

    • B. 

      It was passed by both houses of Congress, but vetoed by President Coolidge.

    • C. 

      It promised to export agricultural surpluses internationally in order to stabilize the domestic farm market.

    • D. 

      It was supported by Coolidge as a way to empower farmers.


  • 65. 
    “Yellow-dog” contracts:
    • A. 

      Were used by employers to restrict union membership

    • B. 

      Required membership in a labor union in order to work in certain trades

    • C. 

      Enforced the idea of an open shop

    • D. 

      Restricted the ability of a company to control its workers


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