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Unit 1 Test: Foundations Of American Govt

26 Questions
Unit 1 Test: Foundations Of American Govt

This test is designed to evaluate students' knowledge of Virginia Civics and Economics SOLs 2. A and 2. B

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     This group of  founding fathers created the United States of America's first plan of government which  gave individual states most of the major powers. What early governing body is this?
    • A. 

      2nd Continental Congress

    • B. 

      Jamestown Council

    • C. 

      Virginia House

  • 2. 
    This fundamental political principle is idea that people are the source of government power and must agree or give permission to the government to be governed.
    • A. 

      Rule of Law

    • B. 

      Democracy

    • C. 

      Consent of the Governed

  • 3. 
    Citizens gave their consent to be governed to President Obama by voting.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The police not having the power to search your home whenever they feel like is an example of what fundamental political principle?
    • A. 

      Rule of Law

    • B. 

      Limited Government

    • C. 

      Democracy

  • 5. 
    Using our fundamental political principles, what powers does the government have?
    • A. 

      Ones it needs to operate effectively

    • B. 

      Only the ones the people have given it

    • C. 

      Any and all powers it wants

  • 6. 
    If the mayor of Culpeper drinks and drives and gets arrested, then clearly the law applies to him and any other citizens who do the same. This is an example of which fundamental political principle?
    • A. 

      Rule of law

    • B. 

      Democracy

    • C. 

      Representative Government

  • 7. 
    This picture is of the ruins of the Areopagus in Athens, Greece. This place served as the birth place for which fundamental political principle which in Greek means "rule of the people".
    • A. 

      Rule of law

    • B. 

      Consent of the Governed

    • C. 

      Democracy

  • 8. 
    In Ancient Greece, citizens themselves made and carried out laws in what is known as a direct democracy. However, currently in America we have officials we elect to make and carry out laws for us. This fundamental principle is known as what?
    • A. 

      Democracy

    • B. 

      Consent of the Governed

    • C. 

      Representative Government

  • 9. 
    If a leader must have the consent of the governed, then is it possible for citizens to transfer the consent to another leader when given the oppurtunity?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

  • 10. 
    What is a fundamental political principle?
    • A. 

      A basic idea about government

    • B. 

      Rules for elections

    • C. 

      The people in charge of government

  • 11. 
    This picture is the seal of the Virginia Company whose charters gave colonists the rights of full rights. Who authorized for colonists to have these rights?
    • A. 

      King James I of England

    • B. 

      King Ferdinand of Spain

    • C. 

      King Louis XIV of France

  • 12. 
    The Charters of the Virginia Company laid the groundwork for what in the New World as it allowed for colonists to work with Colonial governors to make laws?
    • A. 

      Representative government

    • B. 

      Business

    • C. 

      Rule of law

  • 13. 
    This picture is of the author the Virginia Declaration of Rights. Who is this famous Virginian and founding father?
    • A. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • B. 

      George Mason

    • C. 

      George Washington

  • 14. 
    This document included ideas about natural rights, freedom of press and religion, and the notion of property and fair trials. It would serve as the model for the Bill of Rights years after it was enacted as a plan of government for one of the colonies.
    • A. 

      Declaration of Independence

    • B. 

      U.S. Constitution

    • C. 

      Virginia Declaration of Rights

  • 15. 
    2.) He (King George III) has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his assent should be obtained, and, when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.5.) He (King George III) has dissolved representative houses repeatedly for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.These grievances or complaints written by Thomas Jefferson are most likely from what document?           
    • A. 

      Virginia Statue of Religious Freedoms

    • B. 

      Bill of Rights

    • C. 

      Declaration of Independence

  • 16. 
    Jefferson wrote these words in the Declaration of Independence "it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government" in reference to colonists and the King of England's rule. What does this quote represent?
    • A. 

      Colonists withdrawing their consent to be governed

    • B. 

      Colonists' natural rights

    • C. 

      The importance of rule of law

  • 17. 
    The Declaration of Independence builds on the idea of natural rights written about by John Locke and George Mason. Thomas Jefferson refers to these rights as "certain unalienable rights". What are they?
    • A. 

      Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

    • B. 

      Life, liberty, and property

    • C. 

      Life, freedom, and the pursuit of happiness

  • 18. 
    Complete this analogy involving Declaration of Independence quotes and fundamental political principles."all men are created equal" is to _________________as"deriving their just powers from...the governed" is to consent of the governed
    • A. 

      Rule of law

    • B. 

      Representative government

    • C. 

      Limited government

  • 19. 
    What was America's first plan of government which included a weak national government lacking the power to tax or regulate interstate commerce.
    • A. 

      Articles of Confederation

    • B. 

      U.S. Constitution

    • C. 

      Bill of Rights

  • 20. 
    Under the Articles of Confederation, who had most of the major powers?
    • A. 

      Individual states

    • B. 

      The national government

    • C. 

      The national army

  • 21. 
    Why was the U.S. Constitution eventually written and adopted as the United States of America's plan of government?        
    • A. 

      The Articles of Confederation had too weak of a national government

    • B. 

      There was no Bill of Rights in the Articles of Confederation

    • C. 

      England never signed off on the Articles of Confederation

  • 22. 
    Jefferson also wrote this document which would later serve as the model for the 1st amendment as lead to the separation of church and government.
    • A. 

      Declaration of Independence

    • B. 

      Virginia Statue of Religious Freedom

    • C. 

      Bill of Rights

  • 23. 
    Current plan of government for the United States including a federalist system which balances power between a national government and state governments.
    • A. 

      Articles of Confederation

    • B. 

      Virginia Declaration of Rights

    • C. 

      U.S. Constitution

  • 24. 
    What are the 10 amendments included in the U.S. Constitution known as?
    • A. 

      Articles of Confederation

    • B. 

      Bill of Rights

    • C. 

      Charters of the Virginia Company

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is not an individual right protect in the Bill of Rights
    • A. 

      Freedom of speech

    • B. 

      Freedom of religion

    • C. 

      Right to a fair trial

    • D. 

      All of the above are protected in the Bill of Rights

  • 26. 
    What is civics?
    • A. 

      The study of citizens and their role in government

    • B. 

      The study of small Honda cars

    • C. 

      The study of history

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