Respiratory Therapy Quiz

10 Questions  I  By Jcrubino
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Health Quizzes & Trivia
A few questions for respiratory therapists

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    When implementing positive expiratory pressure (PEP) therapy the following are true:
    • A. 

      The patient inhale larger then normal tidal volume.

    • B. 

      Breath pressures that provide a volume slightly less then their FRC.

    • C. 

      Do not use diaphragmatic breathing.

    • D. 

      Forcefully use a huffing maneuver to clear their secretions.

    • E. 

      Is a worthy alternative to Chest Physio-therapy.


  • 2. 
    The heart is appears larger in AP than a PA chest x-rays because:
    • A. 

      The film is closer to the heart

    • B. 

      The film is farther from the heart

    • C. 

      The AP x-ray is taken closer to the patient

    • D. 

      The PA x-ray is taken closer to the patient


  • 3. 
    An adult patient is on a pressure controlled ventilation mode.  Suctioning is needed often.  The patient is experiencing repeated bouts of severe coughing, tachypnea, wheezing and is not receiving adequate tidal volumes.  This can be best corrected by:
    • A. 

      Increasing the diameter of the suction catheter.

    • B. 

      Changing to a closed system (inline) suction catheter.

    • C. 

      Increasing the pressure limit.

    • D. 

      Changing to a volume regulated mode.


  • 4. 
    To calculate a patients dead space (VD) without body plethysmography a caregiver needs to know:
    • A. 

      The change in the amount of Helium.

    • B. 

      The change in the amount of Nitrogen.

    • C. 

      The PaCO2

    • D. 

      The average PetCO2

    • E. 

      The average PetO2


  • 5. 
    What formula correctly calculates the dead space of a patient
    • A. 

      (PaCO2 - PetCO2) / PaCO2

    • B. 

      (PetCO2 - PaCO2) / PetCO2

    • C. 

      (PaCO2 - PetCO2) / PetCO2

    • D. 

      (PetCO2 - PaCO2) / PaCO2


  • 6. 
    The following are true in regards to APRV
    • A. 

      The expiratory time should be between 0.4 and 0.6 seconds

    • B. 

      The tidal volume should be between 4ml - 6ml per kg

    • C. 

      Should have the high pressure set at the mean airway pressure of the previous mode

    • D. 

      Should start at 28 cmH20 or less if first mode on a patient

    • E. 

      The low pressure (peep or low CPAP) should be 0 cmH20


  • 7. 
    Which test best diagnosis upper airway obstructions?
    • A. 

      FEV 1

    • B. 

      FEV 25%-75%

    • C. 

      Helium Washout

    • D. 

      Nitrogen Washout

    • E. 

      Maximum Expiatory Flow Volume


  • 8. 
    Patients with variable airway compliance and resistance should be placed on what type of ventilation mode?
    • A. 

      CPAP

    • B. 

      Pressure Control

    • C. 

      Volume Control


  • 9. 
    A 20-year-old patient is admitted to the ER while having an asthma attack.  She is being treated with 0.63 mg of levalbuterol (Xopenex) by small volume nebulizer. After 45 minutes, the patient's wheezing has decreased in the lower lobes, her respiratory rate has decreased from 32 to 15 per minute, and heart rate has decreased from 120 to 87 beats/min. Based on this information, the physician wants to know what you would recommend.
    • A. 

      Switch to 2.5 mg Albuterol

    • B. 

      Decrease the levalbuterol dose to 0.31 mg

    • C. 

      Continue this dose (0.63) of levalbuterol.

    • D. 

      Send the patient home after telling them to always use their inhaler


  • 10. 
    What is the best way to reduce intrapulmonary shunting in ARDS patients while on a ventilator.
    • A. 

      High FiO2

    • B. 

      Increase in i Time

    • C. 

      Decrease in i Tim

    • D. 

      Carefully adjusting the PEEP to help Oxygenation

    • E. 

      High Pressures to help Oxygenation


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