Barium Enema Sample Questions

25 Questions  I  By DannyDalayon
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  • 1. 
    What is the name of the flexure that lies between transverse colon and the ascending colon?
    • A. 

      Splenic

    • B. 

      Ileocecal

    • C. 

      Hepatic

    • D. 

      Sigmoid


  • 2. 
    Obstruction or infection may be indicated if air is seen in the _________ on a radiograph of the abdomen.
    • A. 

      Small intestine

    • B. 

      Fundus of the stomach

    • C. 

      Colon

    • D. 

      Rectum


  • 3. 
    These are purposes of one hour delayed film in Upper GI Series examination, except what extent?
    • A. 

      To demonstrate the stomach empty.

    • B. 

      To demonstrate the presence of ascaris.

    • C. 

      To determine stomach habitus.

    • D. 

      To know how much barium was left.


  • 4. 
    Radiographs with the patient in the decubitus position are produced following an air-contrast barium enema examination. The radiographer fails to properly label the radiograph. To identify the right lateral decubitus image, the radiographer should see:
    • A. 

      Air in the lateral descending colon and medial ascending colon.

    • B. 

      Barium in the lateral descending colon medial descending colon.

    • C. 

      Air in the descending colon and barium in the stomach.

    • D. 

      Air in the stomach and barium in the lateral descending colon


  • 5. 
    A scout film radiograph on a large hypersthenic patient reveals that the entire abdomen is not included on the 14x17 inches IR. What can be done to correct this on the repeat radiograph?
    • A. 

      Use two cassettes placed lengthwise.

    • B. 

      Use two cassettes placed crosswise.

    • C. 

      Expose during deep inspiration.

    • D. 

      Perform Scout film with patient in erect position.


  • 6. 
    The best way to control voluntary motion is
    • A. 

      Immobilization of the part.

    • B. 

      Careful explanation of the procedure.

    • C. 

      Short exposure time.

    • D. 

      Physical restraint.


  • 7. 
    All of the following are methods used to help reduce colonic spasms during radiographic examination of the barium-filled large bowel, EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Lowering the enema bag a few inches

    • B. 

      Placing the patient in Trendelenburg.

    • C. 

      Administering glucagon prior to the exam.

    • D. 

      Slowing or stopping the floe of barium.


  • 8. 
    Which of the following is the correct examination scheduling sequence?
    • A. 

      Upper GI series, Barium enema & intravenous pyelogram.

    • B. 

      Barium enema, Upper GI & IVP

    • C. 

      IVP, Barium enema & Upper GI.

    • D. 

      IVP, Upper GI & Barium enema.


  • 9. 
    All of the following positions are likely to be employed for both single contrast and double contrast examinations of the large bowel, EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Lateral rectum

    • B. 

      AP axial rectosigmoid

    • C. 

      Right & Left lateral decubitus abdomen

    • D. 

      RAO & LAO abdomen


  • 10. 
    All of the following are characteristics of the hypersthenic body type, EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Short thoracic cavity

    • B. 

      Short, wide, transverse heart

    • C. 

      Diaphragm positioned low

    • D. 

      Large bowel high and peripheral


  • 11. 
    What event signals the completion of small bowel series?
    • A. 

      Barium enters the cecum of the large bowel via the ileocecal valve.

    • B. 

      Barium in the appendix.

    • C. 

      Barium in the ileum.

    • D. 

      Barium in the rectum.


  • 12. 
    Why must fluid be at the enema tip prior to inserting it in the rectum?
    • A. 

      Venous emboli are avoided.

    • B. 

      The instillation of air into the colon is avoided.

    • C. 

      Air left in the tubing will slow the flow of fluid.

    • D. 

      Air emboli are avoided.


  • 13. 
    Which statement is NOT true regarding large-bowel radiography?
    • A. 

      The large bowel must be completely empty prior to examination.

    • B. 

      Retained fecal material can stimulate pathology.

    • C. 

      Single-contrast studies help to demonstrate polyps.

    • D. 

      Double-contrast studies help to demonstrate intaluminal lesions.


  • 14. 
    Fluoroscopic imaging of the ileocecal valve is generally part of an 
    • A. 

      Esophagram

    • B. 

      Upper GI Series

    • C. 

      Small Bowel Series

    • D. 

      Barium Enema


  • 15. 
    Which is the correct sequence of events when performing a double-contrast studies in Upper GI Series?
    • A. 

      Patient is given gas-producing substance, then given a small amount of high density barium, then placed recumbent.

    • B. 

      Patient is placed recumbent, given a small amount of high-density barium, then given a gas-producing substance.

    • C. 

      Patient is given a gas-producing substance, placed recumbent, then given a small amount of high-density barium.

    • D. 

      Patient is given a small amount of high-density barium, placed recumbent, then given a gas-producing substance.


  • 16. 
    During a double-contrast BE, which position would afford the best double -contrast visualization of both colic flexures?
    • A. 

      LAO and RPO

    • B. 

      Lateral

    • C. 

      Left Lateral Decubitus

    • D. 

      AP or PA Erect


  • 17. 
    Which is recommended to demonstrate small amounts of air within the peritoneal cavity?
    • A. 

      Lateral decubitus, affected side up

    • B. 

      Lateral decubitus, affected side down

    • C. 

      AP trendelenburg

    • D. 

      AP supine


  • 18. 
    Which position is required in order to demonstrate small amounts of fluid in the pleural cavity?
    • A. 

      Lateral decubitus, affected side up

    • B. 

      Lateral decubitus, affected side down

    • C. 

      AP trendelenburg

    • D. 

      AP supine


  • 19. 
    Which projection of the abdomen may be used to demonstrate air or fluid levels? Dorsal decubitus Lateral decubitus AP trendelenburg
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      1 and 2

    • C. 

      1 and 3

    • D. 

      1, 2 and 3


  • 20. 
    Which best demonstrate the size and shape of the liver and kidneys?
    • A. 

      Lateral abdomen

    • B. 

      AP abdomen

    • C. 

      Dorsal decubitus abdomen

    • D. 

      Ventral decubitus abdomen


  • 21. 
    Which projection would best demonstrate hepatic flexure?
    • A. 

      AP projection

    • B. 

      RAO position

    • C. 

      LAO position

    • D. 

      Left lateral


  • 22. 
    Which would describe an ambulatory patient?
    • A. 

      One who is able to walk.

    • B. 

      One who arrive by an ambulance.

    • C. 

      One who cannot speak.

    • D. 

      One who is bedridden.


  • 23. 
    Which radiographic projection of the large intestine best demonstrate the rectum?
    • A. 

      Oblique

    • B. 

      Upright

    • C. 

      Lateral

    • D. 

      PA


  • 24. 
    To demonstrate the large bowel, which view seperates the overlying loops of sigmoid colon?
    • A. 

      Right lateral decubitus

    • B. 

      Supine, with the tube angled 45 degree caudally

    • C. 

      Oblique, with the tube angled 45 degree caudally

    • D. 

      Prone


  • 25. 
    In which of the following parts of the colon do most malignant tumors arise?
    • A. 

      Hepatic flexure

    • B. 

      Transverse

    • C. 

      Recto-sigmoid

    • D. 

      Cecum


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