Quiz 11

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Quiz 11
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  • 1. 
    What is the study of the size, compostion, growth, and distribution of human population?
    • A. 

      Geography

    • B. 

      Demography

    • C. 

      Geology

    • D. 

      Ethnography


  • 2. 
    What impact did the introduction of the potato have on the demography of Europe?
    • A. 

      It caused an initial increase in the death rate because Europeans could not digest the potato.

    • B. 

      It sparked a migration of people from the cities to rural areas wehre the potato could be cultivated

    • C. 

      It caused Europe's population to soar as fertility increased and te death rate droppd.

    • D. 

      It contributed to the nations of Europe achieving zero populatin growth


  • 3. 
    Who was the English economist who saw the surging population in Europe as a sign of pending planetary doom?
    • A. 

      August Haley

    • B. 

      Adolphe Quetelet

    • C. 

      Thomas Malthus

    • D. 

      Paul Erlich


  • 4. 
    What is the basic formula of the Malthus theorem?
    • A. 

      Crude birth rate- crude death rate + net migration

    • B. 

      Population grows geometrically while food supply grows arithmetically

    • C. 

      Exponential grwoth - geometric growht + food supply

    • D. 

      Populatin growth is a function of industrialization wile food supply is a function of the agrarian society


  • 5. 
    It took 130 years for world population to increase from 1 billion to 2 billion. What span of time did it take for world population to grow from 5 billion to 6 billion?
    • A. 

      6 years

    • B. 

      12 years

    • C. 

      25 years

    • D. 

      50 years


  • 6. 
    What is the name of the three-stage theory Anti-Malthusians rely on to explain world population growth?
    • A. 

      Demographic transtion theory

    • B. 

      Population inversion theory

    • C. 

      Geographic regression theory

    • D. 

      Urban growth and development theory


  • 7. 
    Some Anti-Malthusians predict that the world's population will peak at about 8 or 9 billion and then begin to grow smaller. What term do the Anti-Malthusians use to refer to this process?
    • A. 

      Demographi free fall

    • B. 

      Geographic implosion

    • C. 

      Thinning the herd

    • D. 

      Population transfer


  • 8. 
    According to the symbolic interactionist perspective, why do women in poor nations bear a large number of children?
    • A. 

      Men control reproductive choice in the poor nations

    • B. 

      They cannot afford to spend money on birth control

    • C. 

      They are not educated about methods of birth control

    • D. 

      Large familes are rewareded socially and econnomically


  • 9. 
    If a demographer wanted t ocompare the United States population by age and sex with that of Mexico, what would he or she use to illustrate the population dynamic btween these two contries?
    • A. 

      Population index

    • B. 

      Population pyramids

    • C. 

      Demographic pictures

    • D. 

      Basic demographic equation


  • 10. 
    What two variables does a population pyramid usually display?
    • A. 

      Race and ethnicity

    • B. 

      Age and race

    • C. 

      Age and sex

    • D. 

      Race and sex


  • 11. 
    What are the three demographic variables?
    • A. 

      Faertility, mortality, migration

    • B. 

      Age, sex, race

    • C. 

      Politics, economy, family

    • D. 

      Population, immigration, emigration


  • 12. 
    Which region of the world has the highest fertility rate?
    • A. 

      North america

    • B. 

      Southeast asia

    • C. 

      Eastern europe

    • D. 

      Middle africa


  • 13. 
    What was the key factor in the development of cities beginning in approximately 3500 bc?
    • A. 

      More efficient agricultural practices

    • B. 

      The invention of the steam engine

    • C. 

      The rising literacy rate among common people

    • D. 

      The industrialzatin of the feudal society


  • 14. 
    In what part of the world did cities first appear?
    • A. 

      Amazon river basin

    • B. 

      Southest asia

    • C. 

      Mesopotamia

    • D. 

      Oceania


  • 15. 
    What invention made cities possible?
    • A. 

      Steam engine

    • B. 

      Printing press

    • C. 

      Plow

    • D. 

      Wheel


  • 16. 
    In 1800, what was the city in the world to have a population greater than 1 million?
    • A. 

      London

    • B. 

      Peking

    • C. 

      New york

    • D. 

      Paris


  • 17. 
    What social event promoted the number of citiies with a population of at least 1 million to grow from 1 to 16 between 1800 and 1900?
    • A. 

      Growth of democracies

    • B. 

      Fall of monarchies

    • C. 

      Colonization movement

    • D. 

      Industrial revolution


  • 18. 
    What term describes an overlapping area consisting of at least two central cities and thier many suburbs, such as San Fran-san diego and miami-orlanda?
    • A. 

      Regional city

    • B. 

      Metro plex

    • C. 

      Megalopolis

    • D. 

      Edge cities


  • 19. 
    Outside of Philly, at the intersection of major highways, a variety of office parks, aparment complexes, shopping malls, and hotels have developed. What do urban sociologists call these areas with overlapping political boundaries that include parts of several cities or towns?
    • A. 

      Metroplitan statsistical areas

    • B. 

      Edge cities

    • C. 

      Suburban regions

    • D. 

      Specialized suburbs


  • 20. 
    Jim and Milly have decided to buy and restore an olddr house in a deteriorated urban neighborhood. Jim and MIlly will thenl ivee in their renovated home. What title appleis to such activity?
    • A. 

      Urban renovation

    • B. 

      Gentrification

    • C. 

      Urban networking

    • D. 

      City upgrading


  • 21. 
    What is the fastest-growing city in the US
    • A. 

      Scranton, PA

    • B. 

      Provo, UT

    • C. 

      Phoenix, AR

    • D. 

      Orlando, FL


  • 22. 
    What term was used when white moved from cities to suburbs in the 1950's and 1960's.
    • A. 

      Relocation

    • B. 

      Suburbanization

    • C. 

      Migration

    • D. 

      White flight


  • 23. 
    What term did sociologist Robert Park use to describe how people adapt to their environment?
    • A. 

      Environmental sociology

    • B. 

      Ecological domination

    • C. 

      Invasion and dominance

    • D. 

      Human ecology


  • 24. 
    What ist he process where one group of people displaces a group whose racial, ethnic, or social class characteristics differ from their own and then this new group is later dispalced by another group?
    • A. 

      Invation-succession cycle

    • B. 

      Invasion-dispersion cycle

    • C. 

      Acculturation-assimilation cycle

    • D. 

      Acculturation-succession cycle


  • 25. 
    The city of Brownstown has several centers of activties. On the west side of town there is a culster of retail stores and a residential district. All of the factories are located on the east side of town. this city follows the ______ model of urban growht.
    • A. 

      Concentric zone

    • B. 

      Multiple-nuclei

    • C. 

      Sector

    • D. 

      Urban village


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