Psychology Final

249 Questions  I  By Mygreenstars
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1.  Researchers found that reciprocity of liking doesn't work when ____________________.
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B.
2.  Description involves ________ a person's behavior
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B.
3.  If a test measures what it is supposed to measure, that test has ____________________.
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4.  Eduardo is watching people walk down the street, and all of a sudden, he thinks, "Was that man wearing a bright purple suit?" As a result of this thought, he looks back at the man to see if it is true. Which type of memory is responsible for Eduardo's behavior?
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B.
5.  To be described as unreliable, lazy, careless, and negligent, one would receive a low score on the trait known as ____________________
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6.  Because the term schizophrenia literally means "split mind," it has often been confused with ____________________.
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7.  Twice a week, Jerry meets for discussion and support with a group of people who, like him, are trying to stay away from using drugs. Jerry's group is not lead by a therapist or counselor. Jerry is participating in ____________________.
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8.  Rational-emotive behavior therapy was developed by ____________________.
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9.  Archaeologists have found human skulls that bear the sign of ancient surgeries. This surgery has been termed ____________________.
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10.  The cell that sends and receives messages in the nervous system is called the ____________________.
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11.  Terms such as diagnosis, mental patient and remission are examples of the ______ model's influence on the language used to describe disorders.
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12.  According to the College Undergraduate Stress Scale, which of the following is considered to be the most stressful?
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13.  In psychology, researchers try to find the answers to ________ questions.
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14.  Putting the care of the family ahead of your own care is called ____________________.
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15.  Ryan sees a woman collapse in the mall. He doesn't run over to help her because he assumes there is probably someone else in the crowd who is a doctor or nurse and who can provide better assistance. This is an example of ____________________.
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B.
16.  A student in a fourth-grade class keeps talking out of turn, no matter how many times the teacher tells her to stop. Finally, in desperation, the teacher sends the student to the principal's office. This action of sending the student to the principal's office is a form of ____________________.
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17.  The mental events that take place inside a person's mind while behaving are known as ____________________.
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18.  Which theorists believes the individual who is experiencing magnification tends to exaggerate all the negative experiences in his or her life?
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19.  Kinesthetic sense involves ____________________.
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20.  In his later studies, Bandura added the condition of _____ into his studies of children and the Bobo doll.
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21.  Roger Sperry was looking for a cure for this disease when researching differentiation of the left and right hemispheres of the brain
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22.  William James was responsible for developing the theory of ____________________.
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23.  In most employment situations, people are paid on a fixed interval schedule of reinforcement rather than on a variable interval schedule of reinforcement.
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24.  Prejudice is to ____ as discrimination is to _______
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25.  ________ suggests that behavioral responses are reinforced when rewarded with pleasurable consequences.
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26.  Kohler's idea of animal insight was controversial because other researchers, like Thorndike, did not believe that animals demonstrated that trait.
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27.  Crying has the possible effect of ____________________.
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28.  Post-traumatic stress disorder ____________________.
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29.  An action therapy that is based on the principles of classical and operant conditioning and aimed at changing disordered behaviors is ____________________.
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30.  The risk of getting a cold virus ________ as the months of exposure to a stressor increases.
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31.  ________ is the technique to use when dealing with uncontrollable stressors.
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32.  Which of the following statements correctly summarizes the results of studies that attempted to verify the existence of ESP?
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33.  If the pancreas secretes too little insulin, it results in ________. If it secretes too much insulin, it results in ________.
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34.  ________ was denied a Ph.D degree because she was a woman.
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35.  One criticism of Freud's psychoanalytic theory is that it ____________________.
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36.  An example of biological preparedness is ____________________.
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37.  ______ was one of the first researchers to look at the laws involved in learning voluntary responses.
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38.  Within the field of psychology, mental processes refer to ____________________.
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39.  Many of the "teachers" in the Milgram study followed the commands of the authority figure even though they begged to be allowed to stop.
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40.  ________ can produce lowered blood pressure in people with hypertension.
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41.  Correct The visual centers of the brain area are contained in the ____________________.
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42.  Thomas Young's theory of color vision ____________________.
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43.  Nick wanted his friend Jason to go skiing with him for the day. Jason didn't want to go because he said it would cost too much money. Nick said it would just cost $20. When they got there, lift tickets cost $20 as Nick said, but Jason also had to pay for ski rentals and rental insurance. Nick used the ____________________.
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B.
44.  Over the years it has been widely accepted to prescribe antidepressants to relieve depression in children and adolescents
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45.  F a jury member voted "guilty" because the defendant had "shifty eyes" and not because of any of the evidence presented, he or she is demonstrating ____________________.
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46.  ________ is a developmental delay related to living in poverty conditions and one that usually produces relatively mild retardation.
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47.  Which of the following is a feature of the storage stage of memory?
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48.  Natalie sees a beautiful flower, so she walks over to touch and smell it. She is using the ____________________.
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49.  According to humanistic therapists, the closer a person's real self and the ______ match, the happier and more well-adjusted that person will be.
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50.  The individual that is diagnosed with ______ personality disorder usually has very intense and unstable relationships with others
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51.  How many primary taste sensations have been identified by researchers?
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52.  Another name for a depressive disorder is a mood disorder
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53.  In John Watson's experiment with "Little Albert," he demonstrated that ____________________.
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54.  In the "Robber's Cave" study, prejudice was created between two groups of boys at a summer camp by dividing them up into separate housing and keeping them apart during daily activities.
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55.  Someone with an IQ score of 60 has ________ developmental delay.
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56.  The second group of rats in Tolman's maze experiment were not reinforced for finding the exit until the tenth day. Once they started getting reinforcement, the rats ____________________.
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57.  ________ are personal judgments based on beliefs rather than facts.
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58.  Stronger attitudes are more likely to predict behavior than weaker ones.
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59.  The group most likely to become a scapegoat is the group ____________________.
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60.  According to Cattell's 16PF self-report inventory, airline pilots, when compared to writers, tend to be more ____________________.
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61.  According to Bandura's four elements of observational learning, learning can take place even when the learner is not paying attention.
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62.  Dara tends to have motion sickness while spinning around during her gymnastics routine. Her teacher advises her that she can avoid this problem by ____________________.
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63.  Which is NOT a strategy to minimize the possibility of groupthink?
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64.  Micah's husband tells her how much happier he would be if she stayed home to raise their children. She believes he would stop loving her if she decided to take a job. Micah's husband is offering ____________________
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65.  This carries messages from the senses to the spinal cord.
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66.  In ________, the minority person gives up the old cultural identity and completely adopts the majority culture's ways.
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67.  The three components of attitude are _____, thoughts and actions.
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68.  Four-year-old Joshua reacts with anxiety to the sound of thunder. A chair slides across the wooden floor making a sound similar to thunder. Joshua reacts with some slight anxiety. This is an example of ____________________.
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69.  Terman determined that gifted people ____________________.
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70.  The role of a humanistic therapist is to get clients to look at and test their beliefs to see how accurate their beliefs really are.
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71.  Recognition is much easier than recall because the cue is the actual object, word, or sound that one is simply trying to detect as familiar.
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72.  With respect to suicide,
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73.  Correct One way to reduce prejudice is to promote personal involvement with people from other groups that is cooperative and occurs when all groups are equal in terms of power or status. This is known as ____________________.
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74.  A syndrome caused by antipsychotic drugs that causes repetitive involuntary jerks and movements of the face, lips, legs, and body is ____________________.
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75.  These sensory receptors are triggered by chemicals substances.
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76.  Freud believed that there was a portion of the brain that remained hidden from the individual except in symbolic form in dreams and other behaviors. This portion of the brain is called the
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77.  Temperament refers to
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78.  _______ theorists link depression to learned helplessness.
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79.  The diagnosis of mental retardation depends on all of the following criteria EXCEPT ____________________.
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80.  A therapy style that results from combining elements of several different therapy techniques is called ____________________.
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81.  Jackson has decided that the best way to help his friend who just lost his job is to loan him some money. What stage of the helping decision process has Jackson just completed?
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B.
82.  Seligman connects learned helplessness to ____________________.
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83.  Wayne's doctor has prescribed lithium for his bipolar disorder. Because of the way lithium affects nerve and muscle cells, the doctor cautions Wayne to ____________________.
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84.  Optimism is associated with all of the following EXCEPT ____________________.
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85.  Assie's mother suffered a stroke. Since then, she sometimes says strange things, such as, "I need to go to the store to buy some canaries," when she means to say that she needs groceries. Cassie's mother seems to be suffering from ____________________.
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86.  A modern term for a form of behavior modification that uses shaping techniques to mold a desired behavior or response is ____________________.
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87.  The Rorschach inkblot test ____________________.
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88.  Early asylums for the mentally ill were more like prisons than "places of safety."
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89.  Ivan Pavlov was a Russian _____ who spent his life studying classical conditioning.
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90.  When Jane Elliot divided her class into two groups based on eye color,
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91.  When Rashid graduated from college, he believed he had finally achieved his full potential. Maslow called this ____________________.
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92.  Marco's mom gives him a treat every night after dinner when he picks up his plate and places it in the dishwasher. Marco's mom uses
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93.  ________ is the tendency for memory of any kind of information to be improved if the physical surroundings available when the memory is first formed are also available when the memory is being retrieved.
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94.  The area of the brain that controls aggressive responses is the ____________________.
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95.  One important advantage of an MRI over a CT scan is that the MRI ____________________.
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96.  The olfactory bulbs are located ____________________.
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97.  Layla's new puppy keeps chewing the bottoms of her favorite curtains. Now, whenever Layla sees the puppy begin chewing, she turns on a device that makes a continuous loud, annoying sound. She will not turn it off until the puppy stops chewing. Layla is using which technique to change the puppy's behavior?
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B.
98.  Afferent neurons, efferent neurons and inter neurons make up the ____________________.
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99.  ________ is also called a muscular cue.
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100.  If life gives a Type A personality lemons, he or she will ____________________.
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101.  Research suggests strongly that once people learn something, it is always present somewhere in memory.
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102.  Personality disorders are different from other psychological disorders in that personality disorders ____________________.
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103.  In Asch's black line experiment, participants ____________________.
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104.  Personality may be defined as the sum total of who you are and the unique ways that you think, feel and
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105.  A(n) ________ specifically names the steps that the experimenter must use to control or measure the variables in the experiment.
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106.  Gestalt psychology ____________________.
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107.  Although some researchers have found evidence for a high degree of accuracy in flashbulb memories of major events, others have found that flashbulb memories are just as subject to decay and alterations over time as other kinds of memories.
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108.  In this rare type of schizophrenia, it's as if the person has two "speeds:" totally off or totally on.
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B.
109.  If an environmental group is trying to persuade the public to join its cause, it needs to focus on the ____________________.
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110.  Bandura defined ________ as a person's expectancy of how effective his or her efforts to accomplish a goal will be in any particular circumstance.
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111.  Erik solved a crossword puzzle on Monday. By Thursday, he could not remember the words in the puzzle. On Thursday night when he was playing a word game with his best friend, however, he unconsciously used words that were in the puzzle. Erik's experience is an example of ____________________.
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B.
112.  The central idea of toilet training a cat is breaking down the process into a series of small stages. This is an example of ____________________.
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113.  ________ pain is detected in the organs
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