Psy 320--human Motivation--final Exam

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia
This is the final exam for PSY 320 Human Motivation. You may use your notes, the textbook, and the class readings to answer the questions below, but you must complete the exam on your own.

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    In the early 1900s, most psychologists believed that motivation was explained by…
    • A. 

      Will power

    • B. 

      Instincts

    • C. 

      Environmental incentives

    • D. 

      Beliefs and expectations

    • E. 

      Greed


  • 2. 
    John believes that women make better parents than men because women have an inborn tendency to "mother" children. John's statement would reflect which of the following theories of motivation?
    • A. 

      Instinct

    • B. 

      Incentive

    • C. 

      Cognitive

    • D. 

      Expectation-attribution

    • E. 

      Philosophical


  • 3. 
    External stimuli or rewards which we desire and can motivate behavior are called…
    • A. 

      Needs

    • B. 

      Drives

    • C. 

      Incentives

    • D. 

      Peripheral cues

    • E. 

      Focus


  • 4. 
    A race car driver wants to win the prize money and feels as if the money is pulling him to win. Which of the following would explain this behavior?
    • A. 

      Pleasure center theory

    • B. 

      Fixed action patterns

    • C. 

      Incentive theory

    • D. 

      Instinct

    • E. 

      Motivation


  • 5. 
    Intrinsic motivation influences us to engage in behaviors that…
    • A. 

      Obtain rewards or incentives important for survival

    • B. 

      Are personally rewarding

    • C. 

      Satisfy biological needs

    • D. 

      Are instinctual fixed action patterns

    • E. 

      Provide stimulation


  • 6. 
    Intrinsic is to ____ as extrinsic is to ____.
    • A. 

      Biological; psychological

    • B. 

      Instinct; social

    • C. 

      Biological; internal

    • D. 

      Internal; external

    • E. 

      Internal; reward


  • 7. 
    Carl works hard to get A's on his report card because his mother pays him 25 dollars for each one. Carl's behavior is being influenced by…  
    • A. 

      Fixed action patterns

    • B. 

      Hierarchy of needs

    • C. 

      Extrinsic motivation

    • D. 

      Drive-reduction theory

    • E. 

      Human motivation


  • 8. 
    An incentive is ____, whereas needs are ____.      
    • A. 

      External; internal

    • B. 

      A fixed action pattern; instinctual

    • C. 

      A biological need; social needs

    • D. 

      a safety need; self-actualization needs

    • E. 

      Optional; necessary


  • 9. 
    Beliefs, expectations, and goals are important concepts in which of the following theories of motivation?     
    • A. 

      Instinct theory

    • B. 

      Drive-reduction theory

    • C. 

      Self-actualization

    • D. 

      Cognitive theory

    • E. 

      Biological theory


  • 10. 
    Which of the following words best explains incentive theory of motivation?
    • A. 

      Pulling us

    • B. 

      Pushing us

    • C. 

      Helping us

    • D. 

      Compelling us

    • E. 

      Forcing us


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