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Integumentary Practice Exam Part 1 - A & P Zoo 172 For Exam 1

100 Questions  I  By Shelleyr
Zoology Quizzes & Trivia
This is a part one of a practice exam for the first Exam in Zoology 172 A & P for Nursing School at Miami University.   This covers integumentary system and some skeletal system.

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  A fracture in which a ligament pulls the part of the bone to which it is attached away from the main bone mass is called a ___________ fracture.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The suture that separates the parietal bones is called the ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  65 to 70% of bone is made up of ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Sebaceous glands produce an oily substance called _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Heat is conserved by all of the following EXCEPT _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The deepest layer of the epidermis is the __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A sunburn is an example of a _____ degree burn.
A.
B.
C.
8.  The outer layer of epidermis is the __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  When heat is lost through contact with a substance with a lower temperature this is called_____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The dermis is avascular?
A.
B.
11.  Inorganic salts stored in the bone matrix are a form of calcium phosphate called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The structural unit of compact bone is the _________, or Haversian system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Stratum granulosum is the epidermal layer that provides waterproofing.
A.
B.
14.  ___________ are stimulated by parathyroid hormone (PTH).
A.
B.
C.
15.  The tension resisting layer of the epidermis that is called the prickly layer is __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Spongy bone is found within the ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  An increase in the width, or diameter of bones is called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The nerve endings found in the dermal papillae and are for light touch are the ____________.
A.
B.
C.
19.  Thrombocytes are ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Blistering is associated with _______ degree burns.
A.
B.
C.
21.  Heat is carried away from the body by all of these methods EXCEPT __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The expanded portion at either end of a long bone is called the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The bones of the wrists and ankles are considered _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  When the bone is fractured on one side, while the other side bends (an incomplete fracture) this is called a __________fracture.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  An example of a long bone is the __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The hair shaft is made up of __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The specialized cells in the stratum basale  for light touch sensation are ________.
A.
B.
C.
28.  Blood cell formation is called ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Vitamin _____ and GH (growth hormone) are required for collagen formation for the bone matrix framework.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The shaft of the long bone is also called the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  __________ lower blood calcium levels.
A.
B.
C.
32.  In childhood, Vitamin D deficiency can result in __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  The articulating surface of a long bone is coated with a layer of hyaline cartilage, called articular cartilage.
A.
B.
34.  The bones of the skull are considered___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  When the bone is fractured ACROSS its longitudinal axis (a complete fracture) it is called a _________ fracture.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The process whereby skin cells die and harden is called____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The suture that joins the temporal bones to the parietal bones is called the __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Bones function to do many things.  Which thing does bone NOT do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  In compact bone, the _________ deposit matrix and form osteons.
A.
B.
C.
40.  Superficial cuts usually leave a scar.
A.
B.
41.  Most bones start out as cartilage and convert into bone in a process known as endochondral ossification.
A.
B.
42.  The femur can be found in the _________ skeleton.
A.
B.
43.  Sweat glands are also called ______________ glands.
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Osteocytes are located in ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The suture that joins the frontal bone to the parietal bones is called the __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  _________ are stimulated by GH which stimulates the release of thyroxine.
A.
B.
C.
47.  The appendicular skeleton contains all of the following EXCEPT ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  When the bone is fractured by a twisting motion it is called a _______ fracture.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The _________ contains bone-forming cells that line the inside of bones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Skin has how many tissue layers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  When heat is lost  due to heated air rising and cooler air replacing it this is called ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  A second degree burn is classified as a full thickness burn.
A.
B.
53.  The humerus is considered a ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  When heat is lost by dissipation from the body to the environment this is called ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  As deep wounds begin to heal, they form a white, foam-like substance.  This is pus and you should wash this off to let the wound air out.
A.
B.
56.  The __________ encases the entire bone except for the articular cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  The occipital bone is part of the _________ bones.
A.
B.
C.
58.  What is the largest organ in the human body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  ________ glands secrete ear wax.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  When the body's core temperature is over heated this is called_________.
A.
B.
61.  The subcutaneous layer is also called the ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  The _________ is the hollow chamber within the diaphysis of a long bone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  At the base of the nail plate is a whitish, thickened, "half-moon shaped" area called the _______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Brownish/black hair has more ______________.
A.
B.
C.
65.  Burns that may not be painful due to sensory nerves having been destroyed are found in a _______ degree burn.
A.
B.
C.
66.  The "primary ossification center" is at the center of the __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  The hair follicle is part of the __________.
A.
B.
68.  The epidermis is made up of _____ layers.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The suture that joins the occipital bone to the parietal bones is called the ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Canals that travel in a transverse direction and connect one central canal to another are called perforating, or _____________ canals.
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Langerhan's cells are found in the _____________ layer of the epidermis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  When heat is lost by being carried away by sweat this is called_______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Melanoma is a type of ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  Most of the bones in the body, except for skull and rib bones, are ____________.
A.
B.
75.  ___________ glands are responsible for the odor in sweat due to bacteria metabolizing its secretions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  ___________ invade the fourth layer of the epiphyseal plate and secrete an acid that dissolves the inorganic component of the calcified matrix to make way for bone tissue.
A.
B.
C.
77.  The osteon is also called the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  _________ break down calcified matrix.
A.
B.
C.
79.  Organic components of bone include all of the following EXCEPT ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  The flat bones of the skull and ribs are ___________.
A.
B.
81.  The layer of the epiphyseal plate that is closest to the end of the bone is composed of __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  The patella is considered a/an _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  The skin can appear yellowish along with the sclera of the eye due to ___________.
A.
B.
C.
84.  The layer in the epiphyseal plate where the bone actually lengthens is the ______ layer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Trabeculae are found in cancellous bone which is also called _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  What disease is known as "the great imitator?"
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  The ___________ glands project into the hair follicles.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Which layer of the epidermis can only be found in thick skin which is only found on the palms of the hand and soles of the feet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  The smooth muscles that pull the hair follice to an erect position are the __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Too much GH after epiphyseal plate ossification can result in ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  An increase in the length of bones is called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  ___________ deposit bone matrix.
A.
B.
C.
93.  The vertebrae are considered ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  A fracture in which the bone is actually crushed into itself is called a _________ fracture.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  All of these are steps in bone repair EXCEPT __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  The skin can appear orangish due to ___________.
A.
B.
C.
97.  The papillary layer is in the____________.
A.
B.
98.  Hyperthermia is a __________ loop.
A.
B.
99.  According to the rule of nines, someone with a burn with blisters over the entire anterior torso and down the anterior right lower extremity would have.
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  The axial skeleton contains all of the following EXCEPT ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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