P12 Likely 13

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  • 1. 
    2. Improved function of the heart and brain during a stress response results from: 1. glycogenesis 2. bronchodilation 3. vasoconstriction in the skin and viscera 4. decreased metabolic rate
    • A. 

      A. 1, 2

    • B. 

      B. 2, 3

    • C. 

      C. 2, 4

    • D. 

      D. 3, 4


  • 2. 
    3. In which of the following situations would the stress response be used to prevent blood pressure from dropping too low?
    • A. 

      A. increasing anger during an argument

    • B. 

      B. writing a final examination

    • C. 

      C. fear about a medical diagnosis

    • D. 

      D. internal hemorrhage from injuries in a car accident


  • 3. 
    4. During the stress response, glucocorticoids assist in:
    • A. 

      A. increasing blood glucose levels and stabilizing blood pressure

    • B. 

      B. depressing and calming cerebral function

    • C. 

      C. stimulating increased secretion of aldosterone and insulin

    • D. 

      D. preventing excessive secretion of epinephrine


  • 4. 
    5. Severe, prolonged stress may cause acute renal failure or stress ulcers to develop due to:
    • A. 

      A. a deficit of glucose and oxygen in the body

    • B. 

      B. development of decompensated acidosis

    • C. 

      C. prolonged vasoconstriction and ischemia

    • D. 

      D. the supply of hormones has been exhausted


  • 5. 
    6. Selye defined 3 stages in the stress response. The third stage is designated as the:
    • A. 

      A. alarm stage

    • B. 

      B. resistance stage

    • C. 

      C. stage of exhaustion

    • D. 

      D. maladaptive stage


  • 6. 
    7. The stress response involves the integrated action of the: 1. hypothalamus 2. hypophysis 3. sympathetic nervous system 4. adrenal glands
    • A. 

      A. 1, 3

    • B. 

      B. 2, 3

    • C. 

      C. 1, 2, 4

    • D. 

      D. 1, 2, 3, 4


  • 7. 
    8. Possible complications caused by prolonged, severe stress include all EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      A. hypertension

    • B. 

      B. tension headache

    • C. 

      C. diabetes mellitus

    • D. 

      D. infection

    • E. 

      E. blindness


  • 8. 
    9. A serious consequence of a major disaster, first recognized in war veterans is:
    • A. 

      A. stress ulcers

    • B. 

      B. delayed tissue healing

    • C. 

      C. posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    • D. 

      D. cancer


  • 9. 
    10. The basic physiologic response to stress is the same in all individuals.
    • A. 

      A. true

    • B. 

      B. false


  • 10. 
    11. Which of the following may alter a person’s perception of a stressor?
    • A. 

      A. the presence of several stressors at the same time

    • B. 

      B. past experiences

    • C. 

      C. lack of effective coping mechanisms

    • D. 

      D. b, c

    • E. 

      E. a, b, c


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