A&p 2 Urinary & Respiratory

101 Questions  I  By Rocio1 on April 11, 2010
Anatomoy and psyhiology quiz over urinary system & respiratory system

  
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1.  Which of the choices below is not a functional process performed by the respiratory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The loudness of a persons voice depends on the
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The walls of the alveioli are composed of to types of cells, type I and type II.  The function of type II is to _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Complete the following statement using the choices below.  Air moves out of the lungs when the pressure inside the lungs is
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Unlike inspiration, expiration is a passive act because no muscular contractions are involved.  Expiration, however, depends on two factors.  Which of the choices below lists those two factors?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which of the following maintains the patency (openness) of the trachea? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Intrapulmonary pressure is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The relationship between the pressure and volume of gases is given by
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The statement "in a mixture of gases, the total pressure is the sum of the individual partial pressures of gases in the mixture" paraphrases
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Surfactant helps to prevent the alveoli from collasping by
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  For gas exchange to be efficient, the respiratory membrane must be
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  With the Bohr effect, more oxygen is released because a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The most powerful respiratory stimulus for breathing in a healthy person is
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Nerve impulses from __________________ will result in inspiration
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  In the plasma, the quantity of oxygen in solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following statements is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Which of the choices below describes the forces that act to pull the lungs away from the thorax wall and thus collapse the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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18.  Which of the following does not influence the increase in ventilation that occurs as exercise is initiated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Which of the following is not a form of lung cancer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the following is not an event necessary to supply the body with O2 and dispose of CO2?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which of the following is not true of the respiratory tract from the medium bronchi to the aveoli?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Which of the following determines lung compliance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Tidal volume is air
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Which of the choices below determines the direction of respiratory gas movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Possible causes of hypoxia include
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The lung volume that represents the total volume of exchangeable air is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Because the lungs are filled with fluid during fetal life, which of the following statements is true regarding repiratory exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following is not a stimulus for breathing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Respiratory control centers are located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The amount of air that can be inpired above the tidal volume is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Which statement about CO2 is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged in the lungs and through all cell membranes by
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Select the correct statement about pharynx
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The larynx contains
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which respiratory associated muscles would contract if you were to blow up a balloon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  How is the bulk of carbon dioxide carried in blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which of the following is not found on the right lobe of the lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Which of the choices below is not a role of the pleura?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Factors that influence the rate and depth of breathing include
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Which of the following provide the greatest surface area for gas exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The respiratory membrane is a combination of
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Gas emboli may occur because a
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Inspiratory capacity is
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Which center is located in the pons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The nose serves all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  A premature baby usually has difficulty breathing.  However, the respiratory system is developed enough for survival by
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the following statements is true regarding the respiratory rate of a newborn?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Select the correct statement about the neural mechanisms of respiratory control
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Which of the choice below is not a factor that promotes oxygen binding to and dissociation from hemoglobin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The factors responsible for holding the lungs to the thorax wall are
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  The erythrocyte count increases after a while when an individual goes from a low to a high altitude because the
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Most inspired particles such as dust fail to reach lungs because of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Which of the following is not possible?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Select the correct statement about the physical factors influencing pulmonary ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Select the correct statement about oxygen transport in blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Which of the disorders below is characterized by destruction of the walls of the alveoli producing abnormally large air spaces that remain filled with air during exhalation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Which of the following does not influence hemoglobin saturation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The mechanism that establishes the medullary osmotic gradient depends most on the permiebility properties of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Urine passes through the
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Which of the following is not associated with the renal corpuscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  An increase in the permeability of the cells of the collecting tubule to water is due to a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  The urinary bladder is composed of __________ epithelium
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  The kidneys are stimulated to produce renin
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Which of the choices below is not a function of the urniary system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Which gland sits at top of kindeys
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  The _____________ artery lies on the boundry between the cortex and medulla of the kidney
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  The glomerulus differs from other capillaries in the body in that it
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  The descending limb of the loop of henle
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Select the correct statement about ureters
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  The fatty tissue surrounding the kidneys is important because it
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  The renal corpsucle is made up of
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  The functional and stuctural unit of the kidneys is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  The juxtaglomerular apparatus is responsible for
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  The cheif force pushing water and solutes out of the blood across the filtration membrane is
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Which of the following statements desbribes the histology of th ureters?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Which of the following statements is a false or incorrect statement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Which of the following acts as the trigger for the intitiation of micturition (voiding)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  The filtration membrane includes all except
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  The mechanisms of water reabsortption by the renalubules is
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Most electrolyte reabsorption by the renal tubules is
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  The macula densa cells respond to
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Which of the following is not reaborbed by the proximal convoluted tublue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  The fluid in the glomerular (bowmans) capusle is similar to plasma except that it does not contain a significant amount of
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  Alcohol acts as a diuretic because it
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  The function of angiotensin II is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  A disease caused by inadequate secretion of anitdiuretic hormone (ADH) by pituitary  glands with symptoms of ployuria is
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  An important characteristic of urine is its specific gravity or density which is
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Place the following in correct sequence from the formation of a drop of urine to its elimination from the body.1. major calyx2. minor calyx3. nephron4. urethra5. ureter6. collecting duct
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Select the correct statement about the nephrons
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above normal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Which of the following is not a part of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Tubular reaborption
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Which of the following is not a reason why substances are either not reaborbed or are incompletley reabsorbed from the nephron?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Reabsorbption of high levels of glucose and amino acids in the filtrate is accomplished by
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Which of the choices below is a function of the loop of henle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Fetal kidneys do not have to work very hard because
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Which of the following best describes kidney function in older adults (70 yrs or older)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  The factor favoring filtrate formation at the glomerlus is the
A.