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Not anxious at all
A little anxious
Clear, coherent speech
Low levels of serotonin are sufficient to explain the etiology of mood disorders
The norepinephrine system regulates serotonin levels; if norepinephrine is low, depression will occur
When serotonin levels are low, other neurotransmitter systems become dysregulated and contribute to mood irregularities
The absolute levels of neurotransmitters are more significant in mood regulation than the overall balance of the various neurotransmitters
Their immediate world
Become anxious that the drug is too toxic
Miss the euphoric feelings that mania produces
Start to have panic attacks
Cannot afford the high cost of the medication
Relief of symptoms occurs more rapidly with ECT Relief of symptoms occurs more rapidly with ECT
B. Relief of symptoms occurs more rapidly with medication. Relief of symptoms occurs more rapidly with medication. Relief of symptoms occurs more rapidly with medication
Short-term memory loss is a side effect of treatment with medication. Short-term memory loss is a side effect of treatment with medication. Short-term memory loss is a side effect of treatment with medication. Short-term memory loss is a side effect of treatment with medication.
Psychotically depressed patients should be treated with medication, not ECT
Just doing it for attention
Vulnerable due to an existing psychological disorder
Not really serious about the suicide attempt
Trying to impress others
Belief that her weight and body shape influence her popularity
Belief that her boyfriend cares less about the relationship than she does
Strong influence of genetics
Role that family instability plays
Power of neurobiological influences
Influence of society and culture
Anorexia patients tend to have a better prognosis than bulimia patients
Bulimia patients tend to have a better prognosis than anorexia patients
Both anorexia and bulimia patients almost always make a full and long term recovery after treatment
Neither anorexia nor bulimia patients tend to make long term recoveries, with most patients going through repeated bouts of these disorders throughout their lives
REM sleep is related to depression
Sleep abnormalities follow clinical depression
Sleep problems don't predict who is at risk for later mood disorders
Sleep deprivation has permanent antidepressant effects on some people
Giving patients a greater sense of control
Helping patients utilize social support networks
Changing patients' negative cognitions
Helping patients realize that their sense of hopelessness is realistic
Regulated rest periods
Women desire demonstrations of love and intimacy during sex, while men focus on arousal.
Men and women focus mostly on sexual arousal during sex.
Men tend to be aroused by both males and female sexual stimuli, while women respond only to male sexual stimuli.
Men and women focus equally on the romantic aspects of their sexual experiences.
Very low, with far less than 1% of the population affected
Very low, with approximately 1% of the population affected
Moderately low, with approximately 1% to 5% of the population affected
Moderate, with about 5% or more of the population affected
Sexually liberal cultures
Sexually conservative cultures
Some anxiety about getting caught
The fact that these individuals are rarely caught
The desire to hurt their victims
Some sense that their victims really enjoy being subjected to their fetish
Biological influences such as genetics and neurotransmitters
Reinforced but inappropriate masturbatory fantasies
Social influences such as inadequate development of social skills
Paradoxical effects of repeated attempts to suppress unwanted arousal
Nausea and/or vomiting
The humoral system
Cope with unpleasant feelings
To raise awareness of their feelings
Both of these
Neither of these
A failure of cognitive and behavioral coping skills
A failure of willpower
Proof that a person will never be able to control their drinking
An insurmountable obstacle to treatment for substance abuse
Patient feelings of distress
Pervasive pattern of behavior
Chronic course of behavior
Histrionic personality disorder
Paranoid personality disorder
Schizotypal personality disorder
Schizoid personality disorder
Early trauma resulting in post traumatic stress disorder symptoms that are not recognized or dealt with during childhood
Stressful life events
Biological predisposition interacting with life events such as childhood trauma and later life stressors
About 50% of persons diagnosed with the disorder eventually recover.
Recovery is possible only if the person stays on medication.
Recovery is possible only if the patient receives psychotherapy.
Complete recovery from schizophrenia is rare.
Schizotypal personality disorder
Brief psychotic disorder
In delusional disorder, the imagined events could really be happening but there is no evidence that they are happening.
In paranoid schizophrenia, the imagined events have actually happened or are now happening.
In delusional disorder, the imagined events are so bizarre that they could never have happened and never will happen.
There is no difference. Delusions are defined similarly for all conditions.
An individual with a schizophrenic identical twin has the highest risk factor (almost 50%) of developing schizophrenia.
In family studies of schizophrenia, the genetic influence can be separated from the environmental impact.
If one person in a family has a particular subtype of schizophrenia, e.g., paranoid, the other family members inherit a predisposition for that subtype only.
The more severe a parent's schizophrenic disorder, the less likely the children were to develop it.
The symptoms can vary as a function of culture or race
The symptoms are similar across culture and race
The symptoms simply reflect biases in the minds of mental health professionals
The label is derogatory and has no clinical utility
Change in symptoms over the lifespan
Genetic component to the disorder
Significant dysfunction during childhood
General decline in functioning over time
Is based on well controlled studies
Is not well understood or studied, but generally effective as a treatment
Appears true for a small subset of individuals diagnosed with ADHD
Has no scientific evidence
Paul, who is wealthy and well educated
Rena, who completed college although she has an average IQ
Jason, who is extremely bright but never finished college
Carrie, who dropped out of school when she was very young
The prevention of the disease
A delay in the onset of symptoms
A slow course of deterioration once it starts
The rapid onset of symptoms