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1.  Media access control refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  ______________, or the algorithms or business logic programmed into the application, can be simple or complex depending on the application.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  When a computer transmits at the same time because it cannot sense that another computer on the WLAN is currently transmitting is referred to as the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The type of logical topology that Ethernet uses is a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The acronym, Modem, stands for _________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  A(n) _____________ is used in a computer to connect it to a WLAN.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  A “thin client” architecture approach:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  A majority of routers use the following operating system:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  In communication protocols, _________ are used to convey the user¡¯s meaning.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  In its simplest form, the __________ has two columns: the first column lists every computer and device in the network, while the second column lists the computer or device to which that computer should send messages, if they are destined for the computer in the first column.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  A local area network is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following is not true about layer-2 switched Ethernet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which is not a function of the physical layer:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Calculating the actual throughput of a data communication network is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which of the following is true about the data link protocol, Ethernet (IEEE 802.3)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  In a two-tier client-server architecture, a client computer needs to use an application layer software package called a ________________ to send e-mail:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which of the following media is least susceptible to noise?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following is a function of the transport layer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  There are optional and required parts of an HTTP request. They are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  When TCP/IP translates a network layer address into a data link layer address, it sends a special ____________ to all computers in the subnet.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  ___________ is the process of determining the path that a message will travel from sending computer to receiving computer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which of the following is not true about de juro standards?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The function of the file server is to :
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following is true about roll call polling?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  ____________ refers to changing the shape of the signal waves in different ways to represent a 1 or a 0.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The newer form of IP, version 6 (Ipv6):
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  ARQ means that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Which of the following is not a protocol used at the application layer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  ___________ is how the network works conceptually.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  _____________ can be thought of as dividing the circuit horizontally.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Hubs:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The protocol that makes it possible for a Macintosh web browser to be able to retrieve a Web page from a Microsoft Web server is called _____________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  ____________ is not a function of a data link protocol.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Many organizations today are installing traditional wired Ethernet for desktop users and install Wi-Fi as ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of the following is not given to a client computer when it is first installed on a TCP/IP network so that it has the appropriate routing/addressing information?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Switch-based Ethernet:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following is not true about CSMA/CD?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  A(n) _____________ is not a common type of dedicated server
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  In the Internet model, the application layer corresponds to the ________, layer(s) s of the OSI model.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  A response status code of 404 means:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  ________ is a hybrid version of Ethernet that uses either 10Base-T or 100Base-T.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Each of the circuits connected to a switch is a separate _______________ circuit connecting the switch to a device on the network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  In general, controlled approaches:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The height of a sound wave is called its:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the following is not a function of the data link layer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which of the following is not an important factor to consider when selecting media to be used in a network?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  _____________ is an effective way to prevent attenuation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  How can a set of 802.11b access points be configured to operate without interference?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Asynchronous transmission:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  CSMA/CA is an acronym for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  _________________ is defined as the total number of information bits divided by the total number of bits in the transmission.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The most commonly used e-mail standard is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the following is the most secure wired media?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Modern (1990s and beyond) data communication networks are characterized by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  __________ is not true with respect to network hubs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  A type of message that is used when sending a message from one computer to another computer is called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  __________ is NOT a function of the transport layer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Synchronous transmission:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  A(n) ___________ is a radio transceiver that plays the same role as a hub or switch in a wired network and connects the WLAN to the wired network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  ___________ is the translation of application layer addresses into IP addresses.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The probability of detecting an error, provided that one has occurred, using cyclic redundancy checking is about:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  When TCP/IP translates an application layer address into an IP address, it sends a special __________ to the nearest DNS server.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Breaking a network into smaller parts is called network:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The acronym, MIME, refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Two fundamentally different types of data are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  An application layer address using TCP/IPv4 looks like:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Which of the following standards is backward compatible with IEEE802.11a, b, and g?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Which of the following is not true about switched Ethernet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Marc Andreessen led a team that developed the first graphical Web browser, which was called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  The older version of IP has a ________ header of control information.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The internet standards organization that will allow anyone to join is __________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Dynamic addressing:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  ______________ refers to the time it takes for a signal to travel from sender to recipient (highly exaggerated with satellite transmission).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  With QoS routing different __________ are defined, each with different priorities.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  The source port number tells the destination station _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  A metropolitan area network is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Which of the following is not a component of a router?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  A switch uses a _____________ that is very similar to a routing table used in a router.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Cross-talk:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Frequency division multiplexing:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  802.11g is backward compatible with which type of LAN?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  The type of media usually installed on homes and businesses by the telephone company is called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Which of the following would be a standard used at the Data Link layer of the Internet or OSI model?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  The idea for a special hypertext network, called the World Wide Web, was conceived of by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  To interact with the World Wide Web, a client computer needs an application layer software package called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Another term for the weakening of a signal over distance is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  A typical TCP packet has a _______ header of control information.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  If the highest frequency of a circuit is 10KHZ and the lowest frequency is 900 Hz, the bandwidth available for this circuit is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  The acronym, HTML, refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  The familiar background static on radios and telephones is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  The transport layer must break messages from the application layer into several _____ that can be sent to the data link layer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  __________ antennas project a signal in only one direction and are most often used on the inside of an exterior wall pointing to the inside of the building for security reasons.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  The probability of detecting an error, given that one has occurred, using parity checking is about:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Which wireless standard will become the dominant standard of all the current standards?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol was developed for ________ in 1974.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  Server name resolution is done using the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  ICANN:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  Which of the following is true about ISO:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  TCP uses _____________ so that the destination station can reassemble the packets into the correct order.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  A client computer is assigned a data link layer address by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  The two basic types of media are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  The _____________ is used by a computer to determine how messages will travel through the network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  With the “thin client” architecture, when an application changes, only the _________ with the application logic needs to be updated.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  The network layer of the Internet model uses the _____________ protocol to route messages though the network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  On digital circuits, we use _________ to reshape the incoming signal and prevent attenuation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  The loss of power a signal suffers as it travels from the transmitting computer to a receiving computer is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  _________ is a special type of one directional videoconferencing in which content is sent from the server to the user.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  A coding scheme that uses 10 bits to represent each character is capable of representing_________ different characters.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  TCP/IP:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  Which layer of the OSI model is responsible for ensuring that all packets sent are received by the destination station by dealing with end-to-end issues?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  ____________ refers to bits that have been changed, in error, from 1 to 0, or vice versa, in a data transmission.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Which of the following is not true about ITU-T:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  With _____________, the AP permits the owner to provide a list of valid addresses that can connect.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  Which of the following is not a purpose for using hubs in a network?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  A(n) __________ circuit is another name for a multipoint configuration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  In the three tier architecture the software on the client computer is responsible for____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  The three stages of the de juro standardization process are ______________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  _____________ is an effective way to prevent impulse noise, cross talk, and intermodulation noise.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  _____________ is not a form of modulation used to transform digital data into analog signals.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  The software that runs on the mail server is referred to as the ____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Which of the following is true about the data link protocol, SDLC:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  With odd parity (assume that the parity bit (in bold) has been placed at the end of each of the following) and a 7-bit ASCII code, which of the following is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  In a client-server network, _________ gets software from different vendors to work together.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  In which layer of the Internet model would the HTTP standard be used?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  To get a page from the Web, a user must type in a URL, which stands for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  A(n) __________ is the way in which the functions of the application layer software are spread among the clients and servers in the network
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  TRIB, an acronym that relates to throughput, stands for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Time (non-statistical) division multiplexing differs from frequency division multiplexing because it:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  A logical bus topology:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  The IEEE designation for the type of wireless standard that uses both the 2.4 and 5 GHz range is __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Which of the following is not a user agent package?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  _______________ is a type of dynamic routing.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Which of the following is true about the data link protocol, PPP?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  The maximum data rate of an 802.11g WLAN is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  The negotiation by the transport layer at the sender with the transport layer at the receiver to determine what size packets should be set up is done via establishing a(n) ___________ between the sender and receiver.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  Which of the following is not true about Telnet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  Which of the following is not a key advantage of digital transmission?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  The representation of the character A by the group of 8 bits, 01000001, is an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  _________ is a specially formatted request used to perform IP address to data link address resolution.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  The _________ layer is responsible for routing of messages from the sender to the final destination.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  __________ is a line-of-sight type of wireless media.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  Which of the following is not a WLAN standard?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  Which is not true about point-to-point circuits?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  Which of the following is not determined by a site survey?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  A(n) ___________ divides one high-speed communication circuit into several lower speed circuits for the primary reason of saving communication line costs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  Which of the following is not an important future trend in communication and networking?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  Which of the following is not true about a server?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  If each sample uses 16 bits and the number of samples taken each second is 8000; then the transmission speed on the circuit is?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  _____________ provide information about resources on the network that are available to the users, such as shared printers, file servers and application software.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Which of the following is a term used to group together the physical and data link layers?
A.
B.
C.