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1.  Media access control refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  ___________ is the translation of application layer addresses into IP addresses.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The type of media usually installed on homes and businesses by the telephone company is called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  In which layer of the Internet model would the HTTP standard be used?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following is not true about de facto standards?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  On digital circuits, we use _________ to reshape the incoming signal and prevent attenuation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Hubs:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following is not an important factor to consider when selecting media to be used in a network?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following media can best withstand harsh environmental conditions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The older version of IP has a ________ header of control information.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  UDP is not commonly used for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  _____________ is an effective way to prevent impulse noise, cross talk, and intermodulation noise.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  With _____________, the AP permits the owner to provide a list of valid addresses that can connect.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  _____________ refers to practice of writing symbols in chalk on sidewalks and walls to indicate the presence of an unsecured WLAN.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The two basic types of media are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  ________ is the presentation of information to the user and the acceptance of the user’s commands.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  _____________ is not a form of modulation used to transform digital data into analog signals.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Modern (1990s and beyond) data communication networks are characterized by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The newer form of IP, version 6 (Ipv6):
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The acronym, Modem, stands for _________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The three fundamental approaches to routing are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The negotiation by the transport layer at the sender with the transport layer at the receiver to determine what size packets should be set up is done via establishing a(n) ___________ between the sender and receiver.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  A switch uses a _____________ that is very similar to a routing table used in a router.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following is not a purpose for using hubs in a network?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  ____________ is not a function of a data link protocol.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Frequency division multiplexing:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which is not a function of the physical layer:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Cross-talk:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Asynchronous transmission:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which of the following is not given to a client computer when it is first installed on a TCP/IP network so that it has the appropriate routing/addressing information?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Server name resolution is done using the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the following media is least susceptible to noise?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following is not true about a server?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  In communication protocols, _________ are used to convey the user¡¯s meaning.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  ______________ refers to the time it takes for a signal to travel from sender to recipient (highly exaggerated with satellite transmission).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The protocol that makes it possible for a Macintosh web browser to be able to retrieve a Web page from a Microsoft Web server is called _____________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Each of the circuits connected to a switch is a separate _______________ circuit connecting the switch to a device on the network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The height of a sound wave is called its:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  A response status code of 404 means:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The transport layer must break messages from the application layer into several _____ that can be sent to the data link layer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  ________ is a hybrid version of Ethernet that uses either 10Base-T or 100Base-T.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  There are required and optional parts of an HTTP response. They are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  In a ___________ architecture, computers are both client and server, thus sharing the work.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The ____________ layer of the OSI model is responsible for data format translation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Synchronous transmission:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  When TCP/IP translates a network layer address into a data link layer address, it sends a special ____________ to all computers in the subnet.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which of the following is not a WLAN standard?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  A special type of message that is used when sending the same message to a specific group of computers is called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  One drawback to dynamic routing is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Marc Andreessen led a team that developed the first graphical Web browser, which was called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which of the following is not true about layer-2 switched Ethernet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The IEEE designation for the type of wireless standard that uses both the 2.4 and 5 GHz range is __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  As part of the five-layer network model used in this textbook, the data link layer sits directly between:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Microwave transmission:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The maximum data rate of an 802.11g WLAN is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  ______________, or the algorithms or business logic programmed into the application, can be simple or complex depending on the application.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which wireless standard will become the dominant standard of all the current standards?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  _______________ is a type of dynamic routing.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  In 1983, the Internet was split into two parts, one dedicated solely to the military and one dedicated to university research centers. The two parts were called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Which of the following is not true about CSMA/CD?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Assume that more than one application program is using the same communications line on a particular computer. To be able to decide to which application program a message should be delivered on this computer, TCP/IP relies on the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  A “thin client” architecture approach:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The acronym, HTML, refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  A backbone network is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  A coding scheme that uses 10 bits to represent each character is capable of representing_________ different characters.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  A(n) ___________ is a radio transceiver that plays the same role as a hub or switch in a wired network and connects the WLAN to the wired network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  TCP/IP:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  An application layer address using TCP/IPv4 looks like:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  In ARQ, a NAK:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  A(n) _____________ is not a common type of dedicated server
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The function of the file server is to :
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Which of the following is not a basic LAN component?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  TCP uses _____________ so that the destination station can reassemble the packets into the correct order.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The _________ layer is responsible for routing of messages from the sender to the final destination.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Which of the following is a function of the transport layer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Calculating the actual throughput of a data communication network is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  A type of message that is used when sending a message from one computer to another computer is called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Which of the following is a term used to group together the physical and data link layers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol):
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  The software that runs on the mail server is referred to as the ____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  _________ is not a type of Ethernet specification.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  The probability of detecting an error, given that one has occurred, using parity checking is about:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  __________ is NOT a function of the transport layer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which of the following is not a key advantage of digital transmission?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The _____________ is used by a computer to determine how messages will travel through the network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  A(n) __________ is the way in which the functions of the application layer software are spread among the clients and servers in the network
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  _________ is a special type of one directional videoconferencing in which content is sent from the server to the user.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The loss of power a signal suffers as it travels from the transmitting computer to a receiving computer is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Which of the following is not a function of the data link layer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  ____________ is one of the most commonly used coding schemes used in data transmission.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  The primary reason for networking standards is to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  A client computer is assigned a data link layer address by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  A(n) _____________ is a set of rules that determine what a layer would do and provides a clearly defined set of messages that software at the layer needs to understand.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  To interact with the World Wide Web, a client computer needs an application layer software package called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Two fundamentally different types of data are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  A _________ is a group of related resources.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  Which layer of the OSI model is responsible for ensuring that all packets sent are received by the destination station by dealing with end-to-end issues?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  A(n) ________ refers to a group of computers that are logically grouped together by IP number.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  The probability of detecting an error, provided that one has occurred, using cyclic redundancy checking is about:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  _______ is the dominant network protocol today.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Which of the following is not an error detection method used in the data link layer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Equipment used to transform analog voice signals to digital signals and digital signals to analog signals.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  Client-server architectures:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  TRIB, an acronym that relates to throughput, stands for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  ARQ means that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol was developed for ________ in 1974.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Which of the following is a characteristic of sound waves that can be modulated to convert digital data into analog signals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  A(n) _____________ is used in a computer to connect it to a WLAN.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  The network layer of the Internet model uses the _____________ protocol to route messages though the network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  ICANN:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  The representation of the character A by the group of 8 bits, 01000001, is an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  A(n) ___________ divides one high-speed communication circuit into several lower speed circuits for the primary reason of saving communication line costs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Errors on a network can occur:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  The acronym, MIME, refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Which of the following is not a property of a WAN:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  CSMA/CA is an acronym for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  A(n) __________ circuit is another name for a multipoint configuration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  A __________ indicates what resources on each server are available on the network for use by other computers and what people are allowed what access to the network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  If each sample uses 16 bits and the number of samples taken each second is 8000; then the transmission speed on the circuit is?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Which of the following is true about the data link protocol, PPP?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  Which of the following is true about the data link protocol, SDLC:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Which of the following is the most secure wired media?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  Which of the following is not a controlled access method of media access control?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  Which of the following is not true about Telnet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  In general, controlled approaches:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Which standards body is responsible for the development of local area network (LAN) standards?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  With QoS routing different __________ are defined, each with different priorities.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  With ________ routing, computers or routers count the number of hops along a route and periodically exchange information on the hop count with their neighbors.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  _____________ can be thought of as dividing the circuit horizontally.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Which of the following is not true about de juro standards?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Time (non-statistical) division multiplexing differs from frequency division multiplexing because it:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  The familiar background static on radios and telephones is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Switch-based Ethernet:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  When TCP/IP translates an application layer address into an IP address, it sends a special __________ to the nearest DNS server.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  In a client-server network, _________ gets software from different vendors to work together.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  Which of the following is true about ISO:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  A ________ is a group of computers linked together so that they act as one computer
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  Which of the following is not a user agent package?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Which of the following is true about the data link protocol, Ethernet (IEEE 802.3)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  How can a set of 802.11b access points be configured to operate without interference?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  With the “thin client” architecture, when an application changes, only the _________ with the application logic needs to be updated.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  In the Internet model, the application layer corresponds to the ________, layer(s) s of the OSI model.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  Which of the following is not determined by a site survey?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  __________ is a line-of-sight type of wireless media.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Which layer of the OSI model is responsible for ensuring flow control so that the destination station does not receive more packets that it can process at any given time?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  A majority of routers use the following operating system:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  _________________ is defined as the total number of information bits divided by the total number of bits in the transmission.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  ___________ is how the network works conceptually.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  A typical TCP packet has a _______ header of control information.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  __________ antennas project a signal in only one direction and are most often used on the inside of an exterior wall pointing to the inside of the building for security reasons.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  The ability to transmit in both directions, but only in one direction at a time is an example of _______________ transmission.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  Which of the following is not true about ITU-T:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  Media access control:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  Which of the following standards is backward compatible with IEEE802.11a, b, and g?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Another term for the weakening of a signal over distance is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  __________ is not true with respect to network hubs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  ____________ refers to changing the shape of the signal waves in different ways to represent a 1 or a 0.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  The internet standards organization that will allow anyone to join is __________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  Stop-and-wait ARQ uses ___________ type of data flow.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  802.11g is backward compatible with which type of LAN?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
161.  With odd parity (assume that the parity bit (in bold) has been placed at the end of each of the following) and a 7-bit ASCII code, which of the following is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
162.  ___________ is the process of determining the path that a message will travel from sending computer to receiving computer.