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1.  _________ is a special type of one directional videoconferencing in which content is sent from the server to the user.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  A type of message that is used when sending a message from one computer to another computer is called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  If each sample uses 16 bits and the number of samples taken each second is 8000; then the transmission speed on the circuit is?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which is not a function of the physical layer:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  A client computer is assigned a data link layer address by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  A __________ indicates what resources on each server are available on the network for use by other computers and what people are allowed what access to the network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The three stages of the de juro standardization process are ______________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  UDP is not commonly used for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  A(n) ___________ is a radio transceiver that plays the same role as a hub or switch in a wired network and connects the WLAN to the wired network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The function of the file server is to :
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The transport layer must break messages from the application layer into several _____ that can be sent to the data link layer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  ARQ means that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of the following is not a key advantage of digital transmission?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Asynchronous transmission:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  In a client-server network, _________ gets software from different vendors to work together.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  A response status code of 404 means:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Media access control refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following is true about the data link protocol, Ethernet (IEEE 802.3)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of the following is not true about de facto standards?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  _________________ is defined as the total number of information bits divided by the total number of bits in the transmission.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  With odd parity (assume that the parity bit (in bold) has been placed at the end of each of the following) and a 7-bit ASCII code, which of the following is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  When TCP/IP translates an application layer address into an IP address, it sends a special __________ to the nearest DNS server.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which of the following is not true about a server?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Each of the circuits connected to a switch is a separate _______________ circuit connecting the switch to a device on the network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The _____________ is used by a computer to determine how messages will travel through the network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The representation of the character A by the group of 8 bits, 01000001, is an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of the following is a term used to group together the physical and data link layers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  A majority of routers use the following operating system:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following standards is backward compatible with IEEE802.11a, b, and g?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  _______ is the dominant network protocol today.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  _________ is a specially formatted request used to perform IP address to data link address resolution.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Having a conversation with someone using a cellular phone is an example of _________ transmission.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The probability of detecting an error, given that one has occurred, using parity checking is about:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  __________ antennas project a signal in only one direction and are most often used on the inside of an exterior wall pointing to the inside of the building for security reasons.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which layer of the OSI model is responsible for ensuring that all packets sent are received by the destination station by dealing with end-to-end issues?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The older version of IP has a ________ header of control information.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following is not a WLAN standard?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  _____________ can be thought of as dividing the circuit horizontally.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Client-server architectures:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Stop-and-wait ARQ uses ___________ type of data flow.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Marc Andreessen led a team that developed the first graphical Web browser, which was called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Assume that more than one application program is using the same communications line on a particular computer. To be able to decide to which application program a message should be delivered on this computer, TCP/IP relies on the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of the following is true about roll call polling?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The ability to transmit in both directions, but only in one direction at a time is an example of _______________ transmission.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the following is true about the data link protocol, SDLC:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which of the following would be a standard used at the Data Link layer of the Internet or OSI model?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which of the following is not an advantage of using Cat5 unshielded twisted pair for cabling LANs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  A typical TCP packet has a _______ header of control information.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  When a computer transmits at the same time because it cannot sense that another computer on the WLAN is currently transmitting is referred to as the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which of the following is not a user agent package?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Networks that are designed to connect similar computers that share data and software with each other are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Which wireless standard will become the dominant standard of all the current standards?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The ____________ layer of the OSI model is responsible for data format translation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which of the following is not a purpose for using hubs in a network?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  A(n) ________ refers to a group of computers that are logically grouped together by IP number.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  When TCP/IP translates a network layer address into a data link layer address, it sends a special ____________ to all computers in the subnet.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  A local area network is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  The acronym, HTML, refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  ________ is the presentation of information to the user and the acceptance of the user’s commands.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  On digital circuits, we use _________ to reshape the incoming signal and prevent attenuation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The most commonly used e-mail standard is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  A(n) __________ is the way in which the functions of the application layer software are spread among the clients and servers in the network
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  ____________ refers to changing the shape of the signal waves in different ways to represent a 1 or a 0.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  With ________ routing, computers or routers count the number of hops along a route and periodically exchange information on the hop count with their neighbors.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  A(n) ___________ divides one high-speed communication circuit into several lower speed circuits for the primary reason of saving communication line costs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  The newer form of IP, version 6 (Ipv6):
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  A metropolitan area network is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  _______________ is a type of dynamic routing.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Which of the following is not an important future trend in communication and networking?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Which of the following is not a function of the data link layer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Which of the following media is least susceptible to noise?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Another term for the weakening of a signal over distance is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Which standards body is responsible for the development of local area network (LAN) standards?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  A(n) __________ circuit is another name for a multipoint configuration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Server name resolution is done using the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Which of the following is the most secure wired media?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The type of media usually installed on homes and businesses by the telephone company is called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Which of the following is not a property of a WAN:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  ____________ is not a function of a data link protocol.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  A backbone network is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The three fundamental approaches to routing are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  802.11g is backward compatible with which type of LAN?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  The acronym, Modem, stands for _________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  The familiar background static on radios and telephones is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The ____________ layer links the application layer with the network layer and is responsible for end-to-end delivery of messages.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  There are optional and required parts of an HTTP request. They are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Another term for a user agent is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  A(n) _____________ is used in a computer to connect it to a WLAN.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  The maximum data rate of an 802.11g WLAN is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  The probability of detecting an error, provided that one has occurred, using cyclic redundancy checking is about:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Each server on a network that needs to act as a web server needs an application layer software package called a (n) ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Which of the following is not a protocol used at the application layer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  A special type of message that is used when sending the same message to a specific group of computers is called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  _____________ provide information about resources on the network that are available to the users, such as shared printers, file servers and application software.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  The negotiation by the transport layer at the sender with the transport layer at the receiver to determine what size packets should be set up is done via establishing a(n) ___________ between the sender and receiver.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  ____________ refers to bits that have been changed, in error, from 1 to 0, or vice versa, in a data transmission.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  In a ___________ architecture, computers are both client and server, thus sharing the work.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  The internet standards organization that will allow anyone to join is __________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  ______________ refers to the time it takes for a signal to travel from sender to recipient (highly exaggerated with satellite transmission).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  In general, controlled approaches:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  A ________ is a group of computers linked together so that they act as one computer
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  As part of the five-layer network model used in this textbook, the data link layer sits directly between:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  With QoS routing different __________ are defined, each with different priorities.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  TRIB, an acronym that relates to throughput, stands for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  With respect to converting digital data into analog signals, AM stands for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  Which of the following is not given to a client computer when it is first installed on a TCP/IP network so that it has the appropriate routing/addressing information?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Which layer of the OSI model is responsible for ensuring flow control so that the destination station does not receive more packets that it can process at any given time?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  The network layer of the Internet model uses the _____________ protocol to route messages though the network.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  ________ is a hybrid version of Ethernet that uses either 10Base-T or 100Base-T.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  The software that runs on the mail server is referred to as the ____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Which of the following media can best withstand harsh environmental conditions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Which of the following is not true about CSMA/CD?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol):
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  The two basic types of media are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  A special type of message that is used when sending the same message to all computers on a specific LAN or subnet is called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Microwave transmission:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  To interact with the World Wide Web, a client computer needs an application layer software package called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  A logical bus topology:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Which of the following is a characteristic of sound waves that can be modulated to convert digital data into analog signals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  Media access control:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  The loss of power a signal suffers as it travels from the transmitting computer to a receiving computer is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  With contention:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  In a two-tier client-server architecture, a client computer needs to use an application layer software package called a ________________ to send e-mail:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  How can a set of 802.11b access points be configured to operate without interference?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  A “thin client” architecture approach:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  In ARQ, a NAK:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol was developed for ________ in 1974.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  The acronym, MIME, refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  _________ is not a type of Ethernet specification.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Which of the following is not true about switched Ethernet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  The _________ layer is responsible for routing of messages from the sender to the final destination.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  A switch uses a _____________ that is very similar to a routing table used in a router.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Synchronous transmission:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  In which layer of the Internet model would the HTTP standard be used?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  The integration of voice, video, and data communications is also known as __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  To get a page from the Web, a user must type in a URL, which stands for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  Dynamic addressing:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  The type of logical topology that Ethernet uses is a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  _____________ is not a form of modulation used to transform digital data into analog signals.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  ___________ is the translation of application layer addresses into IP addresses.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  There are required and optional parts of an HTTP response. They are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  The primary reason for networking standards is to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  ____________ is one of the most commonly used coding schemes used in data transmission.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  A _________ is a group of related resources.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  __________ is NOT a function of the transport layer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  The height of a sound wave is called its:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  A(n) _____________ is a set of rules that determine what a layer would do and provides a clearly defined set of messages that software at the layer needs to understand.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  The source port number tells the destination station _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Breaking a network into smaller parts is called network:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Which of the following is not true about layer-2 switched Ethernet?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  An application layer address using TCP/IPv4 looks like:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  Frequency division multiplexing:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  Which of the following is true about ISO:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  Which of the following is not true about ITU-T:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Time (non-statistical) division multiplexing differs from frequency division multiplexing because it:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  _____________ is an effective way to prevent impulse noise, cross talk, and intermodulation noise.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  Hubs:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  In the three tier architecture the software on the client computer is responsible for____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  In the Internet model, the application layer corresponds to the ________, layer(s) s of the OSI model.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  Calculating the actual throughput of a data communication network is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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